World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Independent forest monitoring

Article Id: WHEBN0009892728
Reproduction Date:

Title: Independent forest monitoring  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: IFM, World forestry, Deforestation, Forest certification, Forest governance
Collection: Anti-Corruption Agencies, Deforestation, Forest Certification, Forest Governance, World Forestry
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Independent forest monitoring

Independent forest monitoring (IFM) is a tool for assessing and strengthening legal compliance in the forest sector internationally. By complementing official forest law enforcement activities with the objectivity and public credibility of an independent third party, IFM can improve transparency in the short term while contributing to the development of a sound legislative and regulatory framework for responsible forest management.

Transparency was emphasized as a key element in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the Conference of the Parties (COP-15) in Copenhagen in December 2009 in its decisions on methodological guidance for forest monitoring systems.[1]


  • Principles 1
  • Use 2
  • References 3
    • Notes 3.1
    • Further reading 3.2
  • External links 4


IFM has been defined by Global Witness as “the use of an independent third party that, by agreement with state authorities, provides an assessment of legal compliance, and observation of and guidance on official forest law enforcement systems.”[2]

IFM centres around the establishment of a partnership between an official ‘host institution’ responsible for oversight of the forest sector and an appointed monitoring organisation. The monitor’s principal activity is to conduct field investigations to observe the work of the official law enforcement agency and to document illegal activity in the forest and related trade. These investigations result in the publication of authoritative information on forest operations, which is made widely available to all levels of government, industry, and civil society.

By monitoring official forest law enforcement, IFM enables mechanisms of illegal activity and corruption to be identified. Monitors expect their evidence to be acted on and will pro-actively guard against entrenched resistance to improved governance.


IFM has been undertaken in Cambodia, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Honduras, and Nicaragua, and piloted in many other countries.

IFM has also been called Independent Monitoring, Independent Observation, and Third Party Observation.



  1. ^ "Methodological Guidance" (PDF). UNFCC. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  2. ^ .A Guide to Independent Forest MonitoringGlobal Witness. (2005).

Further reading

  • Resource Extraction Monitoring, Independent Monitor
  • IFM pages at Global Witness
  • Cameroon IFM site
  • The Overseas Development Institute's Verifor project on forest legality verification systems includes discussion of IFM

External links

  •, a networking site providing background information on the key issues in the illegal logging debate

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.