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Iowa Democratic Party

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Iowa Democratic Party

Iowa Democratic Party
Chairperson Andy McGuire
Senate leader Mike Gronstal
House leader Mark Smith
Founded 1836
Headquarters Des Moines, Iowa
Ideology Liberalism
Progressivism
Social liberalism
National affiliation Democratic Party
Colors Blue
Seats in the Upper House
26 / 50
Seats in the Lower House
40 / 100
Website
www.iowademocrats.org

The Iowa Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Iowa.

While existing when Iowa was granted statehood in 1846 it has only had electoral success from the mid-1950s to the present day. Iowa Democrats are in power at both the federal and state level. The party's platform was last updated in 2014. The Iowa Democratic Party organizes the Democratic Iowa Caucuses in presidential elections.

Contents

  • Current elected officials 1
    • Members of congress 1.1
      • U.S. Senate 1.1.1
      • U.S. House of Representatives 1.1.2
    • Statewide offices 1.2
  • Prominent former elected officials 2
    • Governor 2.1
    • Senator 2.2
  • Iowa caucuses 3
    • Past winners (excluding incumbents) 3.1
  • Party platform and legislative positions 4
    • Party platform 4.1
      • Top seven planks 4.1.1
      • Platform stances 4.1.2
        • Civil rights 4.1.2.1
        • Taxation 4.1.2.2
        • Social Security 4.1.2.3
        • Gun regulation 4.1.2.4
        • Agriculture and the environment 4.1.2.5
    • Legislative positions 4.2
  • Legislative accomplishments 5
    • Civil rights 5.1
    • Agriculture 5.2
    • Social issues 5.3
    • Jobs program 5.4
    • Renewable energy 5.5
    • Military and veterans 5.6
  • Current political strength 6
    • Presidential level 6.1
    • Congressional level 6.2
    • State level 6.3
    • Registered voters 6.4
  • History and past political strength 7
    • Presidential level 7.1
    • Congressional level 7.2
    • State level 7.3
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Current elected officials

Senator Tom Harkin

Iowa Democrats are in control of the Iowa Senate, and one out of the state's four United States House of Representatives seats. They hold a minority of the seats in the Iowa House of Representatives.

Members of congress

U.S. Senate

  • None

U.S. House of Representatives

Statewide offices

Prominent former elected officials

Chet Culver speaking

Governor

Harold E. Hughes 36th Governor of Iowa January 17, 1963 – January 1, 1969

Tom Vilsack 40th Governor of Iowa January 15, 1999- January 12, 2007

Chet Culver 41st Governor of Iowa January 12, 2007 – January 14, 2011

Senator

Harold E. Hughes January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1975

Tom Harkin January 3, 1985 – January 3, 2015. He previously served in the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 1985.

Iowa caucuses

Barack Obama strolls the Iowa State fairgrounds - Aug. 16th 2007

Considered the official start of the Presidential election season. The Iowa Caucuses have been the first official votes cast in the Democratic Presidential nomination process since 1972.[2] That year the Iowa Democratic Party scheduled its caucus to occur before the Jimmy Carter claim the Democratic nomination in 1976.[3] From 1984-1996 the winner of the Iowa Caucus, excluding incumbents, did not go on to win their party's nomination. However, in 2008 then Senator Barack Obama won the caucus over Senator Hillary Clinton and used the win's momentum to eventually win the Democratic nomination.

George McGovern

Past winners (excluding incumbents)

2008: Barack Obama-Eventual party nominee

2004: John Kerry-Eventual party nominee

2000: Al Gore-Eventual party nominee

1992:Tom Harkin

1988:Dick Gephardt

1984:Walter Mondale-Eventual party nominee

1976:"Uncommitted"

1972: "Uncommitted"

Party platform and legislative positions

Party platform

The Iowa Democratic Party re-adopts its platform every two years, most recently on June 14, 2014.[4]

Top seven planks

In the order of votes received from Democratic delegates seven issues were chosen based on the number of votes received. The first plank is the opposition to corporate personhood. The second plank is the support of a single-payer health care for the United States. The third plank is opposition to the Defense of Marriage Act. The fourth plank states that the Party supports the separation of church and state. The fifth plank supports energy independence by using renewable and eco-sustainable resources from Iowa. The sixth plank supports removing the cap on Social Security contributions and the seventh plank supports repealing "right to work" laws.

Platform stances

Civil rights

The Iowa Democratic Party supports 1.Marriage Equality or Gay Marriage 2.Habeas Corpus 3.Affirmative Action 4. Title IX

Taxation

The IDP supports 1. Revoking tax breaks for and imposing heavy tax penalties on corporations sending jobs out of the country 2. Legalizing, taxing, regulating marijuana 3. Expanding “Earned Income Tax Credits” eligibility

Social Security

The IDP supports 1. Removing cap on Social Security contributions. 2. Honoring federal budget obligations to “Social Security Trust Fund”. 3. Social Security benefits for married same-sex couples

Gun regulation

The IDP supports 1. Fair, responsible, reasonable gun ownership. 2. Banning private ownership of assault-style weapons

Agriculture and the environment

The IDP supports 1. Energy independence with locally owned renewable, eco-sustainable sources. 2. Carbon/mercury sequestration; safe storage/disposal of coal ash and hazardous nuclear waste. 3. Cap and trade on carbon dioxide emissions; fines on excess. 4. National smart-grid with standardized interconnect agreement. 5. Net-metering, front-end loaded and declining for consumer investment of renewable energy production. 6. Improved “Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency” standards for all vehicles. 7. Green public transportation. 8. Passage of “Land and Water Legacy Constitutional Amendment”. 9. Industrial hemp production

Legislative positions

Iowa Democrats support President Obama's job plans and are urging their Republican colleagues to back the proposal.[5] Chair of the Education committee State Senator Herman Quirmback (D-Ames) spoke favorably about Iowa Democrats supporting Governor Terry Branstad's education proposals.

Legislative accomplishments

Civil rights

Governor Tom Vilsack issued a governor's order in 2005 that restored voting rights to felons who completed serving their sentences. The order's anticipated result would be returning the right to vote to over 80,000 Iowans.[6] In 2011 Governor Terry Branstand rescinded this order.[7]

Agriculture

Governor Tom Vilsack also signed a governor's order in 2000 that created the Iowa Food Policy Council.[8]

Social issues

In 2007 Governor Chet Culver signed legislation easing limitations on stem cell research.[9]

Jobs program

Later in 2009 and 2010 Governor Culver signed into law $875 million to go towards the I-Jobs program.[10] Analysis from both Minnesota State Colleges and Universities and Southern Illinois University estimate that through 2011 the I-Jobs program will create 32,000-36,000 jobs.[11]

Renewable energy

Governor Chet Culver signed legislation in 2007 that created the Iowa Power Fund.[12] The fund spent a total of $70 million on 49 projects related to renewable energy. The largest project dealt with experimenting with cellulosic ethanol at an ethanol plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. In June 2011 the project was ended by Governor Terry Branstad.[13]

Military and veterans

Governor Chet Culver's first Executive Order in 2007 orders that the United States flag be flown at half staff to honor members of the Iowa National Guard, Iowa Air National Guard, or resident of Iowa who was serving as a member of the U.S. military and was killed in the line of duty.[14] In 2010 Governor Chet Culver signed House File 2532 which allows benefits paid for by the Veterans Trust Fund to be exempted from individual income taxes.[15]

Current political strength

Presidential level

Democrats at the residential level have had consistent success in Iowa since 1988. With the exception of the most recent election in 2008, Barack Obama carried the state with 54% to John McCain's 44.7%.

Congressional level

Senator Tom Harkin was Iowa's junior U.S. Senator from January 3, 1985 to January 3, 2015, serving alongside Republican Chuck Grassley. Harkin previously served in the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 1985.

In the 2006 U.S. House elections, Democrats captured Iowa's 1st congressional district and Iowa's 2nd congressional district from the Republican Party, which had controlled both districts for over three decades. When Senator Harkin announced his retirement, U.S. Representative Bruce Braley, from Iowa's 1st congressional district, announced he would run for the seat. In the 2014 U.S. House elections, Republicans re-captured Iowa's 1st congressional district, but Democrats retained David Loebsack in Iowa's 2nd congressional district. In the 2014 U.S. Senate elections, State Senator Joni Ernst beat U.S. Representative Bruce Braley.

State level

Iowa Democrats held the Governor's office from 1999 to 2011. In 1999, Democrat Tom Vilsack was elected governor and served two terms. Following Vilsack's decision to not run for reelection then-Secretary of State Chet Culver ran in 2006 and won. However, in 2010, Republican Terry Branstad defeated Culver 52.9% to 43.3%.

Registered voters

As of July 2010 about 700,000 Iowans are registered Democrats compared to around 645,000 Republicans. Voters claiming independent outnumber both parties at just under 750,000 voters.[16]

History and past political strength

The Democratic Party existed in what is present day Iowa when it was still part of the John C. Culver and Richard C. Clark. They accomplished this by using computer models in a precinct by precinct basis to run issue driven campaigns.[23] Both would be elected to the U.S. Senate in 1972 and 1974, respectively. Republicans would once again regain party dominance in the late 1970s, but Democrats remained a competitive party in Iowa.

Presidential level

Democratic presidential candidates were historically unsuccessful in capturing the state's electoral votes. In fact the Republican Party's presidential nominee captured Iowa's electoral votes from 1856-1908. Democrat Woodrow Wilson won Iowa in the 1912 presidential election. Twenty years passed before another Democrat, Franklin D. Roosevelt, won the state. With the exception of Lyndon B. Johnson's landslide election win in the 1964 presidential election the Democratic nominee for President did not win Iowa's electoral votes from 1952-1984. Since the 1988 presidential election Democrats have had success in capturing Iowa's electoral votes.

Congressional level

Iowa Democrats were largely locked out of power at the national level until the 1930s. No Iowa Democrat served more than one term in the U.S. Senate until Guy Mark Gillette was elected in 1936. With Guy Gillette's defeat in 1944 Iowa Democrats wouldn't control a U.S. Senate seat till the election of Harold Hughes in 1969. From 1985 to 2015, Democrat Tom Harkin and Republican Chuck Grassley each held a U.S. Senate seat.

State level

In 1957 Herschel C. Loveless would break nearly two decades of Republican control by being elected Governor. Two years later he was reelected to a second term. In 1963 Harold Hughes was elected Governor of Iowa and would serve from 1963-1969. On January 1, 1969 Hughes resigned to take the U.S. Senate seat he had just won making his Lieutenant Governor, Robert D. Fulton, Governor. Fulton was the last Democratic Governor of Iowa until Tom Vilsack was elected in 1999.

See also

References


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local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ http://www.treasurer.state.ia.us/
  2. ^ http://thecaucuses.com/index.php
  3. ^ http://www.iowapolitics.com/index.iml?Article=87630
  4. ^ http://iowademocrats.org/about/official-documents/
  5. ^ http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20111003/NEWS/111003023/Iowa-Democrats-support-presidential-jobs-act-passage-Branstad-s-education-plans
  6. ^
  7. ^ http://publications.iowa.gov/10194/1/Exec_Order_70.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.food-matters.org/pages/iowa.htm
  9. ^ http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5252449
  10. ^ http://www.ijobsiowa.gov/en/about_ijobs/
  11. ^ http://www.ijobsiowa.gov/documents/filelibrary/report_to_the_governor_7_26_10/I_JOBS_Report_to_Governor_72810__80F80DD294C19.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.iowademocrats.org/2010/11/save-the-iowa-power-fund/
  13. ^ http://www.siouxcityjournal.com/business/local/article_2906ee96-e459-50f2-80fe-f69fb8ec91ae.html
  14. ^ http://publications.iowa.gov/4600/1/01-070127.pdf
  15. ^ http://qctimes.com/news/local/government-and-politics/article_2ce4c702-41cb-11df-87cf-001cc4c002e0.html
  16. ^ http://blogs.desmoinesregister.com/dmr/2010/07/06/democratic-voters-still-outnumber-republicans-in-iowa/
  17. ^
  18. ^ Iowa Journal of History, Volume 6 pg. 7
  19. ^ Iowa Journal of History, Volume 6 pg.51
  20. ^
  21. ^ A Party Reborn pg. 45
  22. ^ A Party Reborn pg. 63
  23. ^ A Party Reborn pg.74

External links

  • Iowa Democratic Party


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