World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Irano-Afghan race

Article Id: WHEBN0018784705
Reproduction Date:

Title: Irano-Afghan race  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Historical definitions of race, Maurice Fishberg, Ludwig Hermann Plate, Calvin Ira Kephart, Robert E. Kuttner
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Irano-Afghan race

Afghan man of Irano-Afghan type, from Augustus Henry Keane's Man, Past and Present (1899).

The Irano-Afghan race (also known as Iranid race) was an historical term for a physical type most common among populations native to the Iranian plateau.[1][2][3] The Irano-Afghan type was classified as belonging to the greater Caucasian race. It was variously associated with either the Nordic or the Mediterranean subtypes, depending on the authority consulted.

Physiognomy

Carleton S. Coon in his The Races of Europe classifies the Indo-Afghans and Irano-Afghans as Nordic, describing them as being long-faced, high-headed and nose-hooked. Bertil Lundman by contrast postulates an "Iranid" subtype of his "Eastern Mediterranean" race. Earnest Hooton in 1946 describes the "Iranian Plateau type" as distinct from the Atlanto-Mediterranean one:

particularly in its long, high-bridged, and boldly jutting nasal promontory. It has the same huge dolichocephalic head and massive, usually long face. The great nose may be either straight or convex, more often the latter.[4]

According to Renato Biasutti the type was defined by:

Brunet-white color, very dark hair and eyes, abundant pilosity; medium stature (165), slim body; very long (74) and high head with prominent occiput; long face; large and high nose with root at the level of the forehead, straight or convex spine, strongly curved nostrils (64); full lips, robust chin.[5]

John Lawrence Angel following Coon in 1971 discusses a "Nordic-Iranian type" in the following terms:

D1 lies between Anglo-Saxon and Keltic area norms, and D2 is the earlier pre-Bronze Age Corded form which Coon identifies. Type D3, lighter and more hawk-nosed, is transitional to the Mediterranean type B4 and to type D4 (Iranian), which is the Proto-Iranian of Vallois, Irano-Afghan of others, and Proto-Nordic of Krogman, and which is more linear and more rugged than D3 and has a more tilted chewing plane, more nasal convexity, and deeper occiput. Type D5 approximates Coon's Danubian-Halstatt and successor Central European forms.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ S. M. Garn, Human races, Thomas, 1971, 3rd ed., University of Michigan, p. 196
  2. ^ Race and Racism: An Introduction (see also) by Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Pages 127–133, Publication Date: December 8, 2005, ISBN 0759107955
  3. ^ The Races of Europe by Carleton S. Coon
  4. ^ "Earnest Hooton on the Mediterranean Subrace (from E. A. Hooton, Up from the Ape, 1946)". Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  5. ^ Biasutti, Renato. "Renato Biasutti on Caucasoid Subraces: from Le Razze e i popoli della terra". pp. 409–410. 
  6. ^ J. Lawrence Angel, The people of Lerna; analysis of a prehistoric Aegean population, Princeton, N.J., American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1971, pp. 36–38 [1]

Literature

  • Coon, Carleton S., The Races of Europe.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.