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Iridium 33

Iridium 33
A mockup of an Iridium satellite
Mission type Communication
Operator Iridium Satellite LLC
COSPAR ID 1997-051C
Spacecraft properties
Bus LM-700A
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
Start of mission
Launch date 14 September 1997 (1997-09-14)
Rocket Proton-K/DM2
Launch site Baikonur 81/23
Contractor ILS
End of mission
Destroyed Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. UTC
Collision with Kosmos 2251
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth

Iridium 33 was a U.S. Iridium communications satellite. It was launched into low Earth orbit from Site 81/23 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 01:36 GMT on 14 September 1997, by a Proton-K carrier rocket with a Block DM2 upper stage.[1][2] It was operated in Plane 3 of the Iridium satellite constellation, with an ascending node of 230.9°.[1]

Destruction

On 10 February 2009, at 16:56 GMT, Kosmos 2251 (a retired Strela satellite) and Iridium 33 collided, resulting in the destruction of both spacecraft.[3] NASA reported that a large amount of space debris was produced by the collision.[4][5][6]

References

  1. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Iridium". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Proton". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  3. ^ Iannotta, Becky (2009-02-11). "U.S. Satellite Destroyed in Space Collision". Space.com. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  4. ^ "2 orbiting satellites collide 500 miles up". Associated Press. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  5. ^ "Google Earth KMZ file of the debris". John Burns. 2009-03-05. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Space debris environment and operational updates". NASA. 2011-02-07. Retrieved 201-08-25. 


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