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Isma'il ibn Jafar

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Title: Isma'il ibn Jafar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ja'far al-Sadiq, Imamah (Ismaili doctrine), Muhammad ibn Ismail, Imamah (Shia doctrine), Islamic schools and branches
Collection: 721 Births, 755 Deaths, Ismaili Imams
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Date:
 

Isma'il ibn Jafar

Isma'il ibn Jafar, Abu Mohammad Ismail
Other names Abu Muhammad
Personal
Born 100/103 AH
(approximately 719/722 AD)
Medina
Died 138 AH
(approximately 755 AD)
Resting place Salamiyah, Syria
Children Muhammad ibn Ismail (successor), Ali, Fatima
Parents
Senior posting
Title az-Azbab-i-Itlaq (Absolute lord), Al-Wafi
Religious career
Initiation 148 AH
Post sixth Ismāʿīlī Imām

Ismāʿīl ibn Ja‘far al-Mubārak (Arabic: إسماعيل بن جعفر‎; c. Born:Shawwal 100 AH/719 AD) was the eldest son of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, and he was the full-brother of Abdullah al-Aftah. Their mother, Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali, was the first wife of Ja'far al-Sadiq. Following Ja'far's death, the Shia community split between the element that would become the Twelver Shia, and those who believed the Imamate passed through to Ismail's son; the Ismaili branch of Shia Islam is accordingly named for Ismail.[1] According to both the Nizari and Mustaali Shia sects, he is the sixth Imam. He was buried in Jannat al-Baqi.

Mousoleum Imam Abadullah at Salamia.

Contents

  • The Ismāʿīlī-Ithna’asheri Division 1
  • Imam Ismail and the Commencement of the Dawr-al-Satar (Ismaili Period of Concealment) 2
  • Some of his ancestors, important descendents and the tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5
  • Timeline 6

The Ismāʿīlī-Ithna’asheri Division

A major crisis arose among the Shia after the death of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq, who had five sons. Abdullah and Ismail were the eldest sons by his first wife Fatima, a granddaughter of "Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali". Imam al-Sadiq did not take a second wife as long as Fatima was alive. Thus, there was a considerable gap in the ages of Abdullah and Ismail, on the one hand; Musa al-Kazim, Ishaq and Muhammad were Imam Sadiq’s three other sons from Hamida of Sudanese origins, on the other. Ismail was probably the second son of Imam al-Sadiq. He was about 25 years older than Musa, his younger half-brother. The exact date and circumstances of Ismail’s death also remain obscure. Some Ismaili authors relate that he survived his father, but a large number of Shia sources report that he pre-deceased his father by five years.

According to the majority of the available sources, Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq had indeed designated Ismail by nass (divine decree) as his successor in Imamate. After the death of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq a great confusion arose amongst his sons as each of his surviving sons claimed the Imamat but could not produce sufficient credentials, and so their followers melted away in a short period except for two candidates; Ismail and Musa. Ultimately the majority of the Shia favoured Musa al-Kazim, a younger son of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq and half-brother of Ismail. The Twelver Shia, however, believe that Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq did not decree a nass in favour of Ismail, and his only nass was in favour of his son Musa al-Kazim.

Thus after the death of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (148AH/765 CE) a major split came about among the Shia community. One section of Shia recognised the Imamat of Musa al-Kazim (d. 182 AH/798 CE) as their Imam and followed the future Imams from his progeny. The line of Musa al-Kazim continued until the twelfth Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi who is said to have disappeared at a very young age in Samara (Iraq) in the year 260 AH/873 CE, and is still the awaited Imam by the great majority of Shias at the present time. This group of Shia, the followers of the twelve Imams, are known as Ithna’asheri or Twelvers. [10]

Ismaili shia also considered Imam Ismail as the righteous & pious person and teacher of al-Kazim the Twelver Shia Imam,thus al Kazim gave his life to protect truthful Imam Ismail,but could not tell this truth during his life as he was put to death by Al-Rashid.

Imam Ismail and the Commencement of the Dawr-al-Satar (Ismaili Period of Concealment)

The second group of the Shia recognized Ismail as the legitimate Imam, who they believe had not pre-deceased his father Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq. With regard to the Shia Twelver claims that Imam Ismail had pre-deceased Musa al-Kazim, the Ismailis believe that Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq observed taqiyya (dissimulation) [11] and gave a chance to his real successor to go underground so that their enemy, the Abbasids, did not pursue Ismail, and that his Imamat and his activities went un-noticed. Thus Musa al-Kazim who was believed to be poisoned by the Abbasid Caliph Harun was in fact a veil (hijab) for his elder brother Ismail. Ismailis believe that Musa al-Kazim gave his own life as a sacrifice for the sake of his brother Ismail, the true Imam. [12]

The Ismailis further argued that the Imam being masum (infallible) could not make an error of Judgement and therefore the first nass (designation) of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq was the correct one. Thus, this group accepted Hazrat Ismail as their Imam and are known as Ismailia or Ismāʿīlīs.

Strong Abbasid persecution had put the entire Shia movement on guard and had indeed driven the general run of the Shias, particularly the

Isma'il ibn Jafar
of the Ahl al-Bayt
Clan of the Quraish
Born: 103 AH 721 AD Died: 138 AH 755 AD
Shia Islam titles
Preceded by
Ja'far al-Sadiq
6th Imam of Ismailism
predeceased his father
Succeeded by
Muhammad ibn Ismail

Timeline

  • Imam Ismail's house in Syria
  • Complete History of Leadership
  • History of the Ismaili Imams Tarikh-e Imamat
  • ISMAIL BIN JAFAR SADIK (148-158/765-775), 6TH IMAM | Ismaili.NET - Heritage F.I.E.L.D.
  • Ismaili History

External links

  1. ^ John Norman Hollister (1979). The Shi'a of India. Oriental Books Reprint Corp. : [exclusively distributed by Munshiram Manoharla]. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  2. ^ http://simerg.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/jabal-mashad-5.jpg

References



 
 
 
 
 
İbrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
İsmail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qedarites
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adnān
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mālik
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh
Fihr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harith
 
Muhārib
 
Gālib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salabah
 
 
 
 
 
Lu'ay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sûrayr
 
 
 
 
 
Kâ'b
 
Sayl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mûrrah
 
Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hind
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kilab ibn Murrah
 
Fatimah bint Sa'd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Qusai ibn Kilab
 
 
 
 
 
Hubba bint Hulail
 
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Waqida bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
ʿAbd Manāf ibn Zuhrah
 
ʿĀtika
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf
 
Atikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd Shams ibnʿAbdManaf
 
Hala
 
Barra
 
 
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf
 
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
 
 
 
Hashemites
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Banu Nawfal
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Wahb ibn 'Abd Manaf
 
Abusayfah
 
‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
Asad ibn Hashim
 
Nazle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah
 
 
 
Aminah bint Wahb
 
‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
 
Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-'As
 
 
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
 
Muhammed
(Family tree)
 
Khadijah (Daughters)
 
 
Ali
(Family tree)
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allâh bin `Abbâs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah I
 
 
Marwan ibn al-Hakam
 
 
Uthman ibn Affan
 
Ruqayyah bint Muhammad
 
Fatimah Zahra
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
Al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi
(Kaysān’îyyah)
 
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ummayads
 
 
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
 
 
Hasan al-mujtaba
 
Mother of Fātimāh
 
Hussein ibn Ali (Family)
 
Shahrbanu
 
Abu Hāshim al-Hānafiyyah (Kaysān’īyyah)
 
 
Muhammad "al-Imām"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazid I
 
 
Zayd ibn al-Hasan
 
Hasan al-Mu'thannā
 
Fatimah bint Hasan
 
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
 
Jayda al-Sindhi
 
As-Saffah
 
Ibrāheem "al-Imām"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah II
 
 
Hasan ibn Zayd ibn Hasan
 
ʿAbd Allāh al-Kāmil
 
Farwah bint al-Qasim
 
Muhammad al-Baqir
(Imāmah)
 
Zayd ash-Shaheed
(Zaidiyyah)
 
Abbasids
 
Jāʿfar ibn Abī Tālīb
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
 
 
Ismā‘il ibn Hassan
 
 
Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
 
Hamīdah al-Barbariyyah Khātūn
 
Jāʿfar al-Sādiq (Imamāh‘Shi'ā)
 
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram
 
Hasan ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī (Tabaristan)
 
 
ʿAbd Allāh ibn Jāʿfar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Umar al-Ashraf
 
 
Muhammed ibn Ismā‘il
 
 
Idris ibn ʿAbd Allāh
 
Ummul Banīn Najmah
 
Musa al-Kadhim
(Athnā‘ashariyyah)
 
Ismā‘il
(Ismā‘il’īyyah)
 
 
Yāhyā ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī
 
 
Ismā‘il ibn ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
 
Zayyed
 
 
Idrisids
 
Sabīkah Khayzurān
 
Ali al-Ridha
 
Muhammed
 
 
Hussein
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Hussayn
 
 
 
Dā‘ī al-Kabīr
 
 
Ibrāhim
 
Sumānah
 
M. al-Jawād
 
Al-Wafi
 
 
Yāhyā
 
al-Hussayn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Alī
 
Al-ṣāghīr
 
 
 
Yāhyā
 
Hadīthah/Sūsan/Savīl
 
‘Alī al-Hādī
 
At-Tāqī
 
 
‘Umar
 
Fatımā
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Nāṣīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narjis
 
Hasan al-Askari
 
Ar-Rāḍī
 
 
 
 
Yāhyā Kufī
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alavids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad Mahdi
 
Mahdi Billāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Twelve Imams (Twelvers)
 
Fatimids (Ismailism)
 
Al-Aftāh (Aftāhīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qā'im
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mansur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mu'izz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Aziz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hakim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Az-Zahir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Mustansir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizār al-Muṣṭafá (Nizārīyyah)
 
Muhammed
 
Al-Mustā‘lī (Mustā‘līyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Āmīr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alamut Castle (Hassasins)
 
Al-Hāfeez (Ḥāfīzīyyah)
 
 
Aṭ-Ṭāyyīb (Ṭāyyībīyyah)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Zāfīr
 
Yūssuf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizārī Imāmah
 
 
Al-Fā'īz
 
 
Taiyabi Dā'ĩs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Āḍīd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nizārī Ismāilism
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dawoodi Dā'ĩs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ayyubids
 
 
 
 


Tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam.

Some of his ancestors, important descendents and the tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam

The Ismaili Caliphate, first in North Africa and then in Egypt, lasted for 285 years with their purpose-built capital al-Qahira (Cairo) with a majestic Mosque Jami’ al-Azhar and the very first University of the world, long before Oxford or Cambridge were planned.

The Ismaili Imams carried out their mission from the secret hideouts from the year 148AH/765 CE until the time Imam al-Mahdi (the 5th generation of Imam Ismail) emerged as the rightful Imam in Sijilmasa, and established the Fatimid Caliphate in North Africa in the year 297 AH/909 CE. [13]

During this period, the Imams settled in Salamiyya, near Hamma in Syria, but their identity and whereabouts were known only to a few completely trusted disciples. The four Imams who had succeeded Imam Ismail – Ismāʿīlīs. [15]. The Ismāʿīlī faith retained its vitality in this period, during which the identities of the Imams remained protected, living as they were in hazardous circumstances. This period has been described as dawr- al-satar (period of concealment).

Maqam al Imam is one of the two mausoleums in the city of Salamiyya that are of special significance to the Ismāʿīlīs living there. The locals mentioned that this shrine holds the tombs of Imam Taqi Muhammad and Rabi Abdullah. Some also believe that Imam Ismāʿīlī is buried here. The building is built on top of tunnels. During the Dawr al-Satr (period of concealment), the Imams resided in Salamiyya and its environs to avoid arrest by the Abbasids. On occasions when the soldiers threatened, the Imams were whisked up via underground tunnels. There is a famous story of Ismāʿīlī fidais claiming to be the Imam and risking arrest in order to confuse and delay the soldiers, giving the Imam time to flee.

[2]

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