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Jüterbog

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Jüterbog

Jüterbog
View of the town from St. Nicholas church
View of the town from St. Nicholas church
Coat of arms of Jüterbog
Coat of arms
Jüterbog   is located in Germany
Jüterbog
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Teltow-Fläming
Government
 • Mayor Arne Raue
Area
 • Total 175.68 km2 (67.83 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 12,131
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 14913
Dialling codes 03372
Vehicle registration TF (auslaufend JB)
Website www.jueterbog.eu

Jüterbog is a historic town in north-eastern Germany, in the Teltow-Fläming district of Brandenburg. It is on the Nuthe river at the northern slope of the Fläming hill range, about 65 km (40 mi) southwest of Berlin.

Church of Kloster Zinna

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demography 2
  • Sights 3
  • Politics 4
  • Transportation 5
  • Notable people 6
  • International relations 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Dammtor gateway

The Slavic settlement of Jutriboc in the Saxon Eastern March was first mentioned in 1007 by Thietmar of Merseburg, chronicler of Archbishop Tagino of Magdeburg. It nevertheless was not incorporated into the Magdeburg diocese until in 1157 Archbishop Wichmann von Seeburg in the train of Albert the Bear established a burgward here. In 1170 Wichmann also founded neighbouring Zinna Abbey and granted Jüterbog town privileges in 1174. The area remained a Magdeburg exclave between the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg and the Margraviate of Brandenburg throughout the Middle Ages.

It was in Jüterbog that a - failed - attempt was made to end the War of the Jülich succession by a treaty signed in March 1611 between the Saxon Electorate and Brandenburg. In November 1644 during the Thirty Years' War, Swedish troops defeated an Imperial army nearby. While the Magdeburg Archbishopric was promised to Brandenburg-Prussia by the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the town of Jüterbog passed to Saxony.

The Battle of Dennewitz occurred two miles (3 km) southwest of Jüterbog on 6 September 1813 during the Napoleonic Wars. The Final Act of the 1815 Congress of Vienna finally adjudicated the town to the Kingdom of Prussia, it was subsequently administered within the Province of Brandenburg and became a garrison town of the Prussian Army. In 1871 it became part of the German Empire during the unification of Germany.

Under Nazi rule, Jüterbog's army base was greatly expanded and three surrounding villages were razed to make space for training areas. During the partition of Germany from 1945 to 1990, Jüterbog was part of East Germany and remained an important garrison town, now of the Red Army. Up to 40,000 Soviet soldiers were garrisoned in imposing Nazi-era barracks and in new buildings in the countryside. The huge garrison, about four times larger than the civilian population, strongly disrupted civilian life and the town was occasionally shelled as a result of indiscriminate Soviet artillery training. After the Red Army left reunified Germany in 1990, the 20,000 hectares (77 sq mi) military area was and remains closed to the public because of security and environmental hazards.[2]

Demography

Jüterbog:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[3]
Year Population
1875 11 989
1890 12 955
1910 14 104
1925 16 694
1933 17 982
1939 20 538
1946 21 322
1950 20 923
1964 17 855
1971 17 389
Year Population
1981 15 880
1985 15 483
1989 15 283
1990 15 065
1991 14 802
1992 14 757
1993 14 660
1994 14 332
1995 14 139
1996 14 010
Year Population
1997 14 021
1998 13 865
1999 13 917
2000 13 875
2001 13 804
2002 13 604
2003 13 449
2004 13 345
2005 13 141
2006 13 075
Year Population
2007 12 942
2008 12 830
2009 12 740
2010 12 668
2011 12 211
2012 12 142
2013 12 131

Sights

The town is surrounded by a medieval wall including three gateways and barbicans. It encompasses two Protestant churches, of which Gothic St Nicholas' (14th century) is remarkable for its three fine aisles and features a preserved coffer of Johann Tetzel.

There are also a Roman Catholic church, the old town-hall with a statue of Saint Maurice from the 16th century and a modern school. Jüterbog carries on weaving and spinning both of flax and wool, and trades in the produce of those manufactures and in cattle. Vines are cultivated in the neighborhood.

Zinna Abbey, the Cistercian monastery founded in 1170, is about 3 km (1.9 mi) north of the town.

Politics

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:

Transportation

In 1841 Jüterbog received access to the Berlin-Anhalt Railway line. Today the station is located at the junction of the railway line from Berlin to Wittenberg and a branch-off to Falkenberg/Elster, all served by Regional-Express trains of the Deutsche Bahn company. A third railway connection to Beelitz and Berlin-Wannsee is provided by the private Veolia Verkehr company.

Furthermore Jüterbog can be reached via Bundesstraße 101 from Berlin and the Berliner Ring motorway as well as via Bundesstraße 102 from the Bundesautobahn 9 at Niemegk junction.

Notable people

International relations

Jüterbog is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)".  
  2. ^ Hauser, Beat (27 September 2010). "Nachbarschaft mit Sprengkraft".  
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.
  •  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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