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Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois

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Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois

Jean Gaston
Duke of Valois
An engraving of Jean Gaston.
Full name
Jean Gaston d'Orléans
House House of Orléans
Father Gaston d'Orléans
Mother Marguerite de Lorraine
Born (1650-08-17)17 August 1650
Palais d'Orléans, Paris, France
Died 10 August 1652(1652-08-10) (aged 1)
Palais d'Orléans, Paris, France
Burial 30 May 1656[1]
Royal Basilica of Saint Denis

Jean Gaston d'Orléans, petit-fils de France, Duke of Valois (17 August 1650 – 10 August 1652) was a French Prince and Grandson of France. He was a member of the House of Orléans.

Biography

Born at the Palais d'Orléans, the present day Luxembourg Palace in Paris, he was the first and only son born to the Duke and Duchess of Orléans. His father, Gaston d'Orléans, was the youngest brother of the late Louis XIII; as such, Jean Gaston was born during the reign of his first cousin, the 12 year old Louis XIV.

He was given the title of Duke of Valois, a title which was from his father's appanage from Louis XIII.[2]

As a Grandson of France, he was allowed the style of Royal Highness and from his birth, was the fourth male in the kingdom after Louis XIV, the Duke of Anjou and his father, Gaston. His birth was greatly celebrated by his older half-sister, Anne Marie Louise, "la Grande Mademoiselle"[3] who ordered a large fireworks display in Paris to celebrate his birth.[4] He was adored by la Grande Mademoiselle despite the child always having frail health; he was never able to walk and could not speak - Jean Gaston had a crooked leg which had been attributed to the Duchess of Orléans lying on her side throughout her pregnancy.[4]

The little Duke of Valois died at the Palais d'Orléans of diarrhoea[1] and was greatly mourned by his parents and half sister. He was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis outside Paris, the traditional burial place of the House of Bourbon. The duchy of Valois reverted to his father (died 1660), after whose death the duchy of Orléans reverted to the Crown. The previously mentioned Duke of Anjou became the Duke of Orléans and it is from him the present House of Orléans descends.

Ancestors

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 17 August 1650 – 10 August 1652 His Royal Highness the Duke of Valois (Monseigneur le duc de Valois)

References and notes

  1. ^ a b "Jean-Gaston d'Orléans". Roglo.eu. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Which Gaston had been given in 1626 upon his marriage to the heiress Marie de Bourbon
  3. ^ Biography of la Grande Mademoiselle, amazon.com; accessed 15 April 2014.
  4. ^ a b West, V. Sackville, Daughter of France: The Life of Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchesse de Montpensier, 1627-1693, La Grande Mademoiselle, Doubleday & Company (1st edition), London: 1959, ASIN B0010Z3TNE, pp. 124-125

See also

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