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Jewish Ghetto Police

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Jewish Ghetto Police

Jewish Ghetto Police in the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland May 1941-Jakub Lejkin, second in command of Jewish Order Service in front
Litzmannastadt (Łódź) Ghetto Police in Nazi-occupied Poland.

Jewish Ghetto Police (German: Jüdische Ghetto-Polizei, Jüdischer Ordnungsdienst), also known as the Jewish Police Service and referred to by the Jewish ghettos of Europe by local Judenrat councils under orders of occupying German Nazis.[1]

Armband worn by the Jewish Ghetto Police in the Warsaw Ghetto.

Overview

Members of the Jüdischer Ordnungsdienst did not have official uniforms, often wearing just an identifying armband and a badge, and were not allowed to carry firearms. They were used by the Germans primarily for securing the deportation of other Jews to the concentration camps.

The Jüdischer Ordnungsdienst were Jews who usually had little prior association with the communities they oversaw (especially after the roundups and deportations to [1]

One of the largest police units was to be found in the Warsaw Ghetto, where the Jüdischer Ordnungsdienst numbered about 2500. The Łódź Ghetto had about 1200, and the Lviv Ghetto 500.[3]

The Polish-Jewish historian and the Warsaw Ghetto archivist Emanuel Ringelblum has described the cruelty of the ghetto police as "at times greater than that of the Germans, the Ukrainians and the Latvians."[4] The fate of the Jewish Policemen was eventually the same as all other ghetto Jews. Upon the liquidation of the ghettos (1942-1943) they were either murdered on site or sent to the extermination camps.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Judischer Ordnungsdienst".  
  2. ^ http://www.deathcamps.org/occupation/warsaw%20ghetto.html
  3. ^ Raul Hilberg: The Destruction of the European Jews, Quadrangle Books, Chicago 1961, p. 310.
  4. ^ Collins, Jeanna R. "Am I a Murderer?: Testament of a Jewish Ghetto Policeman (review)". Mandel Fellowship Book Reviews.  

External links

  • Jüdischer Ordnungsdienst Yad Vashem
  • The Jewish Police of the Warsaw Ghetto-shoaheducation.com
  • The "Order Rules" for the Police of the Warsaw Ghetto
  • The relations between Judenrat and the Jewish police
  • (Photo) Jewish Police in Westerbork camp
  • (Photo) Jewish Police Station in the 4th precinct of the Warsaw ghetto
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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