World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John Trevor (speaker)

Article Id: WHEBN0000935775
Reproduction Date:

Title: John Trevor (speaker)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sir William Williams, 1st Baronet, of Gray's Inn, Joseph Jekyll, Master of the Rolls, Samuel Pepys, Paul Foley (ironmaster)
Collection: 1630S Births, 1717 Deaths, 17Th-Century English People, 17Th-Century Lawyers, British Judges, English Judges, English Mps 1661–79, English Mps 1679, English Mps 1680–81, English Mps 1681, English Mps 1685–87, English Mps 1689–90, English Mps 1690–95, Irish Mps 1692–93, Irish Mps 1695–99, Masters of the Rolls, Members of the Parliament of England (Pre-1707) for Constituencies in Wales, Members of the Parliament of Ireland (Pre-1801), Members of the Privy Council of Ireland, People from Denbighshire, People of the Stuart Period, Place of Death Unknown, Speakers of the House of Commons of England, Tory Mps (Pre-1834), Welsh Lawyers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

John Trevor (speaker)

Sir John Trevor
Engraving of Sir John Trevor
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
Monarch William III and Mary II
Preceded by Henry Powle
Succeeded by Paul Foley
In office
Monarch James II
Preceded by Sir William Williams
Succeeded by Henry Powle
Personal details
Born c. 1637
Died 20 May 1717
Nationality British
Residence Brynkinalt, Denbighshire, Wales
Alma mater Ruthin School
Occupation Politician and lawyer

Sir John Trevor (c. 1637 – 20 May 1717) was a Welsh lawyer and politician. He was Speaker of the English House of Commons from 1685 to 1687 (the Loyal Parliament) and from 1689 to 1695. Trevor also served as Master of the Rolls from 1685 to 1689 and from 1693 to 1717. His second term as Speaker came to an end when he was expelled from the House of Commons for accepting a substantial bribe. He remained the most recent Speaker to be forced out of office until Michael Martin resigned in 2009.


  • Early life 1
  • Political and judicial appointments 2
  • Scandal 3
  • Family 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6

Early life

John Trevor was born around 1637 or 1638, the exact date of his birth being unrecorded. His father, also called John Trevor, was the son of Sir Edward Trevor; his mother was Margaret Jeffreys. The family lived at Brynkinalt in the Welsh county of Denbighshire.[1]

Trevor was educated at king's counsel by Charles II.[2]

Political and judicial appointments

In 1685 he was appointed to the high offices of Master of the Rolls and Speaker of the House of Commons by James II.[2] Being a tory and a partisan of James II, the accession of William III saw Trevor deprived of his office. In 1690, however, he once again returned to parliament as Speaker. From 1693, he also once again held the judicial office of Master of the Rolls. Between 1692 and 1695, he represented Newry in the Irish House of Commons.

As Speaker he was memorable for being severely cross-eyed—the affliction was so confusing to members of the House that they were frequently uncertain as to which of them had "caught the Speaker's eye", and would try to speak out of turn.[3]


On 7 March 1695, he was found guilty of accepting a bribe of 1000 guineas (£1050, but equivalent to around £1.6 million in 2009[4]) from the City of London to aid the passage of a bill through the house.[2] This was judged to be a "high crime and misdemeanour" and he was expelled from the House of Commons,[5] a move which he initially resisted on the ground of ill-health. He was not asked to refund the bribe[2] and retained his judicial position until his death at the age of 79 or 80 on 20 May 1717.[2]


Sir John Trevor

Trevor married Jane Mostyn, the daughter of Sir Roger Mostyn. They are known to have had four children: Edward, Arthur, John and Anne. Trevor's wife predeceased him, dying in August 1704.[1]

Through his daughter Anne, Sir John was the ancestor of the Hills, Marquesses of Downshire, the family of Hill-Trevor, Viscounts Dungannon, the Duke of Wellington, and Queen Elizabeth II.


  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (1 May 2008). "Person Page – 3657". Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f  
  3. ^  
  4. ^
  5. ^ "17th Century Speaker's downfall". BBC News. BBC. 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 


Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir John Maynard
Sir William Bastard
Member of Parliament for Bere Alston
With: Sir William Bastard
Succeeded by
Sir Duncombe Colchester
John Elwill
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Myddelton
Member of Parliament for Denbighshire
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Myddelton
Preceded by
Sir John Salusbury
Member of Parliament for Denbigh Boroughs
Succeeded by
Edward Brereton
Preceded by
Hon. Fitton Gerard
Sir Robert Holmes
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth
With: Charles Duncombe
Succeeded by
Henry Holmes
Charles Duncombe
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Newry
With: Frederick Porter
Succeeded by
Frederick Porter
Robert Echlin
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Williams
Speaker of the House of Commons
Succeeded by
Henry Powle
Preceded by
Henry Powle
Speaker of the House of Commons
Succeeded by
Paul Foley
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir John Churchill
Master of the Rolls
Succeeded by
Henry Powle
Preceded by
Sir Henry Powle
Master of the Rolls
Succeeded by
Sir Joseph Jekyll
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Thomas Whitley
Custos Rotulorum of Flintshire
Succeeded by
Sir Roger Mostyn, 3rd Baronet
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.