World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kalpeshwar

Article Id: WHEBN0023761484
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kalpeshwar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Panch Kedar, Madhyamaheshwar, Rudranath, Tungnath, Tourism in Uttarakhand
Collection: Hindu Temples in Uttarakhand, Panch Kedar, Shiva Temples
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kalpeshwar

Kalpeshwar Temple
Kalpeshwar Temple is located in Uttarakhand
Kalpeshwar Temple
Kalpeshwar Temple
Location in Uttarakhand
Coordinates:
Name
Proper name: Kalpeshwar Temple
Location
Country: India
State: Uttarakhand
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Shiva
Architectural styles: North Indian architecture
History
Date built:
(Current structure)
Unknown
Creator: Pandavas

Kalpeshwar (Sanskrit: कल्पेश्वर) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located at an elevation of 2,200 m (7,217.8 ft) in the picturesque Urgam valley in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand state in India. The temple’s ancient legend linked to the Pandavas, heroes of epic Mahabharata eminence is the fifth temple of the Panch Kedars (five temples) of Shiva’s five anatomical divine forms; the other four temples in the order of their worship are Kedarnath, Rudranath, Tungnath and Madhyamaheshwar temples; all in the Kedar Khand region of the Garhwal Himalayas.[1][2][3] Kalpeshwar is the only Panch Kedar temple accessible throughout the year. At this small stone temple, approached through a cave passage, the matted tress (jata) of Lord Shiva is worshipped. Hence, Lord Shiva is also called as Jatadhar or Jateshwar. It is approachable only by 12 km (7.5 mi) trekking from the nearest road head of Helong on the Rishikesh-Badrinath road.[1]

Contents

  • Legend 1
  • Geography 2
  • Access 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Legend

The epic legend narrated on the creation of the Panch Kedar temples is that Pandavas of Mahabharata epic history, while chasing Lord Shiva to seek his pardon for the fratricidal sins committed by them during the Kurukshetra war, realized that Shiva, in order to distance himself from the Pandavas, took the incognito form of a bull. But when this form of Shiva was discerned by Bhima, the second of the Pandava brothers, tried to hold on to the bull's tail and hind legs. But the bull vanished underground at Guptakashi. Subsequently it reappeared in five different forms: His hump appeared at Kedarnath, his bahu (arm) was spotted at Tungnath, his head surfaced at Rudranath, the stomach and navel were traced at Madhyamaheswar and his jata (tress) was divined at Kalpeshwar.[4] Another legend states that this place was much preferred by sages of folklore for meditation. Particular mention is made of sage Arghya who through his austere penance created Urvashi, the famous apsara (nymph) at this place. Durvasa, an ancient sage, son of Atri and Anasuya, considered an incarnation of Shiva, known for his short temper did penance and meditated under the Kalpavriksha, the wish fulfilling divine tree in the precincts of the temple.[3] Further, it is said that Durvasa had given Kunti, mother of Pandavas, a boon that "she could invoke any of the forces of nature and they would appear before her and grant whatever she desired". Once, when Pandavas, were in exile here, in order to test them Durvasa visited them along with his disciples and desired to be dined by them. Unfortunately, there was no food available within the house to feed the surprise guests. Draupadi, wife of Pandavas, sought Lord Krishna's help. Krishna materialised on the scene and solved the problem.[5]

Worship

The temple priests at this temple also are the Dasnamis and Gossains, disciples of Adi Shankara. At Tungnath also the priests are Khasiya Brahmins. These priests hail from South India; the Namboodiri brahmin sect who worship at Badrinath and Kedarnath from Kerala, the Jangamas are lingayats from Mysore and the Dasnami Gossains belong to Adi Shankara’s group. The priests at the Rudranath temple are Dasnamis and Gosains.[6]

Geography

An evening view of snow peaks seen in Garhwal Himalayas
View of nada devi Peak

The Kalpeshwar temple is located in the Urgam valley of the Himalayan mountain range near Urgam village (2 km (1.2 mi) short of the temple). On the bridle path from Helang to Kalpeshwar, the confluence of the Alaknanda and Kalpganga rivers is seen. Kalpganga river flows through the Urgam valley.[7][8] The Urgam valley is a dense forest area. The valley has apple orchards and terraced fields where potato is grown extensively.[9]

Access

Access to Kalpeshwar by road up to Urgam is from Rishikesh, a distance of 253 km (157.2 mi) on the Rishikesh-Badrinath road. Earlier the trek route existed from Helang to Kalpeshwar via Urgam village for a distance of 10 km (6.2 mi). But now a good jeep-able road is constructed from Helang to Urgam, so from Urgam it's just 2 km trek to reach Kalpeshwar. The nearest airport is at Jolly Grant, Dehradun at a distance of 272 km (169.0 mi) and the nearest railhead, Rishikesh, is 255 km (158.4 mi). Boodha Kedar temple surrounded by potato fields is seen on the trek route. Also seen is the Dhyan Badri temple at Urgam Village, one of the Sapt Badri (seven Badri) temples.[10]

Panch Kedar

References

  1. ^ a b "Kalpeshwar". Shri Badrinath -Shri Kedarnath Temple Committee. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  2. ^ J. C. Aggarwal; Shanti Swarup Gupta (1995). Uttarakhand: past, present, and future. Chamoli district (Concept Publishing Company). p. 222.  
  3. ^ a b "Kalpeshwar: Panch Kedar- Travel Guide". chardhamyatra.org. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  4. ^ "Panch Kedar Yatra". Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  5. ^ "Panch Kedar". Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  6. ^ Jha, Makhan. India and Nepal. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 143.  
  7. ^ "Sight seeing and Things to do in Kalpeshwar". Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  8. ^ "Kalpeshwar". Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  9. ^ "Trekking in India". Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  10. ^ "Kalpeshwar temple". Retrieved 2009-07-17. 

External links

  • Locations of Panch Kedar - Schematic sketch
  • Panch Kedar, trek map, page 78
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.