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Kampfgruppe

The Panzerjäger-Abteilung 39 (part of "Kampfgruppe Gräf", from the 21. Panzer Division) of the Afrika Korps on the move. The vehicles are a SdKfz 231 8-rad and motorcycle sidecar combination

In in Luftwaffe usage, which themselves consisted of three or four Staffeln (squadrons), and existed within Kampfgeschwader bomber wings of three or four Kampfgruppen per wing.

Contents

  • Nature 1
  • Application 2
    • First World War 2.1
    • Second World War 2.2
      • Other Services 2.2.1
    • Post-War Era 2.3
  • Examples 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes and references 5

Nature

The Kampfgruppe was an ad hoc

  1. ^ While the word Kampfgruppe in German literally refers to any battle group, the modern usage in the English-speaking world is restricted to World War II. Kampfgruppen in World War I lacked the panzer component and as such were closer to the original meaning of the word.
  2. ^ House, Jonathan M. (2002). Toward Combined Arms Warfare: A Survey of 20th-Century Tactics, Doctrine, and Organization. Us: University Press of the Pacific (also Available online). 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Lucas, J. (2004). Battle Group!: German Kampfgruppen Action in World War Two. USA: Rigel Publications. 

Notes and references

  • East Germany, founded in 1953 and abolished in 1990. It numbered about 400,000 "volunteers" for much of its existence.
  • Task Force
  • Battlegroup (army)

See also

  • Kampfgruppe von Tettau
  • Kampfgruppe 1001 Nacht was a German kampfgruppe formed on the Oder front during the final German offensive of the Second World War. The formation is most notable for its unusual title, referring to the medieval Persian book of 1001 Nights, a collection of tales and fables.

Hundreds of Kampfgruppen are documented to have taken part in operations ranging from a few days to over a year during the war. They left a significant impact in the popular culture and the picture of the Second World War. Famous examples include:

Examples

Currently, the formation closest in use is US Army Task force[4] or the battlegroup formation used by several NATO countries, notably the UK.

Post-War Era

During the course of the Second World War Luftwaffe, Kampfgeschwader bomber units consisted of several Kampfgruppen, which in terms of size were situated somewhere between squadrons and groups of Anglo-American air forces.

While the original concept of Kampfgruppe is usually reserved to the Operation Weserübung. This unit consisted of the heavy cruiser Blücher, the heavy cruiser Lützow, the light cruiser Emden, 3 torpedo boats and 8 minesweepers carrying 2,000 troops to Oslo.

Other Services

German allies fighting alongside the German army also applied the concept of Kampfgruppe, either involuntarily (while being attached to German units), or on their own. Examples include Kampfgruppe Szücs (Hungarian) within the Hungarian Third Army.

With respect to their ad hoc nature and objective-oriented strategy, Finnish ski troops employed during the Soviet-Finnish Winter War of 1939-1940 could, in principle, be considered to be an equivalent to Kampfgruppen. However, given the poor equipment of the Finnish forces, the combined-arms aspect of the Kampfgruppen could not have been applied.[3]

Second World War

The Stormtroopers (in German Stoßtruppen, shock troops, literally punch/push troops) were specialist military troops which were formed in the last years of World War I as the German army developed new methods of attacking enemy trenches, called "infiltration tactics". Men trained in these methods were known in German as Sturmmann (literally "assault man" but usually translated as Stormtrooper), formed into companies of Sturmtruppen (Storm Troops). Other armies have also used the term "assault troops", "shock troops" or fire teams for specialist soldiers who perform the infiltration tasks of stormtroopers.

First World War

Application

[2])-sized formation. Kampfgruppen were generally referred to by either their commanding officer's name or the parent division.battalion (Abteilung, but the most common was an company to a corps A Kampfgruppe could range in size from a [1]

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