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Karl Eberhard Schöngarth

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Title: Karl Eberhard Schöngarth  
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Subject: Massacre of Lviv professors, Walter Kutschmann, Wolfgang Birkner, Hans Krueger, Einsatzgruppen
Collection: 1903 Births, 1946 Deaths, 20Th-Century Executions by the United Kingdom, Einsatzgruppen Personnel, German People Executed by Hanging, Gestapo Personnel, Holocaust Perpetrators, Kapp Putsch Participants, Nazis Convicted of War Crimes, People Executed by the British Military by Hanging, People from Leipzig, People from Saxony Executed by Hanging, People from the Kingdom of Saxony, Recipients of the SS Honour Ring, Recipients of the SS-Ehrenring, Recipients of the Sword of Honour of the Reichsführer-SS, Recipients of the War Merit Cross, 1St Class, SS and Police Leaders, SS-Brigadeführer, Waffen-SS Personnel
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Karl Eberhard Schöngarth

Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth as SS-Oberführer
Born (1903-04-22)22 April 1903
Leipzig, German Empire
Died 16 May 1946(1946-05-16) (aged 43)
Hamelin Prison, Allied-occupied Germany (Hanged)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Schutzstaffel
Years of service 1924—1945
Rank SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor der Polizei
Awards War Merit Cross First Class with Swords
War Merit Cross Second Class with Swords
SS-Ehrenring
Other work Perpetrator of genocide; executed as a war criminal

Representative of Einsatzgruppen in the General Government of Poland
To The Wannsee Conference
20 January & 6 March 1942

Karl Georg Eberhard Schöngarth (22 April 1903 – 16 May 1946) was a German Nazi, appointed SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei (Brigadier General) on Himmler’s orders in 1943. He was a war criminal who perpetrated mass murder and genocide in occupied Poland during the Holocaust.[1]

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Summary of military career 2
    • Promotions 2.1
    • Notable decorations 2.2
  • Notes and references 3

Biography

Schöngarth was born in Leipzig, Saxony. In 1933 he became a member of the SD Intelligence Service of the SS. During the German attack on Poland he was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer and served as Senior Inspector of SiPo Security Police in Dresden. In January 1941 he was sent to Kraków, Poland, as the Senior Commander of SiPo and the SS intelligence. During the time Schöngarth was stationed in Kraków, he formed several Einsatzgruppen (Special Action Groups) in Warsaw, Radom, and Lublin, with the intention of perpetrating massacres. He was responsible for the murder of up to 10,000 Jewish citizens between July and September 1941 and the massacre of Lviv professors behind the frontline of Operation Barbarossa. Schöngarth attended the Wannsee Conference on 20 January 1942, along with Dr. Rudolf Lange (Einsatzgruppen A), who had also participated in the Holocaust. From early July 1944 until the end of war he worked as Commander of the Gestapo in the Netherlands.[2]

Schöngarth was captured by the allies at the end of the war. After an investigation into his background, he was charged with the crime of murdering a downed Allied pilot (on 21 November 1944) and tried by a British Military Court in Burgsteinfurt. He was found guilty of this war crime on 11 February 1946 and sentenced to death by hanging. Schöngarth was executed by Albert Pierrepoint on 16 May 1946 at Hameln Prison.

Summary of military career

Promotions

Karl Eberhard Schöngarth before WW2

Notable decorations

Notes and references

  • Holocaust Research Project: Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
  1. ^  
  2. ^ Norman Federlein & Chris Webb. "Security Police Commander, Eberhard Karl Schongarth". Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  • This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German WorldHeritage.
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