World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kazan Cathedral, Saint Petersburg

Article Id: WHEBN0002180668
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kazan Cathedral, Saint Petersburg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Auguste de Montferrand buildings and structures, Churches completed in 1811, Visitor attractions in Saint Petersburg, Nevsky Prospekt, Saint Petersburg culture
Collection: Andrey Voronikhin Buildings, Auguste De Montferrand Buildings and Structures, Buildings and Structures in Saint Petersburg, Cathedrals in Saint Petersburg, Churches Completed in 1811, Defunct Museums in Russia, Neoclassical Architecture, Nevsky Prospekt, Religious Buildings Completed in 1811, Russian Orthodox Cathedrals, Saint Petersburg Culture, Vasily Stasov Buildings and Structures, Visitor Attractions in Saint Petersburg
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kazan Cathedral, Saint Petersburg

Kazan Cathedral
Kazan Cathedral in winter
Basic information
Location Nevsky Prospect, 25 Saint Petersburg, Russia
Affiliation Russian Orthodox
Ecclesiastical or organizational status cathedral
Status Active
Website .rukazansky-spb
Architectural description
Architect(s) Andrey Voronikhin
Architectural style Empire
Groundbreaking 1801
Completed 1811
Width 56.7 m
Height (max) 71.5 m
Interior view
Interior view of the dome

Kazan Cathedral or Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor (Russian: Каза́нский кафедра́льный собо́р), also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan, is a cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church on the Nevsky Prospekt in Saint Petersburg. It is dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan, probably the most venerated icon in Russia.


  • Background 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4
  • External links 5


The construction was started in 1801 and continued for ten years while being supervised by Alexander Sergeyevich Stroganov.[1] Upon its completion in 1811, the new temple replaced the Church of Nativity of the Theotokos, which was disassembled when the Kazan Cathedral was consecrated.

It was modelled by Andrey Voronikhin[2] after the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.[1] Some art historians assert that Emperor Paul intended to build a similar church on the other side of Nevsky Prospect that would mirror the Kazan Cathedral but his plans failed to materialize. Although the Russian Orthodox Church strongly disapproved of the plans to create a replica of a Catholic basilica in Russia's then capital, several courtiers supported Voronikhin's Empire Style design.

After Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812, and the commander-in-chief Mikhail Kutuzov asked Our Lady of Kazan for help, the church's purpose was to be altered. The Patriotic War over, the cathedral was perceived primarily as a memorial to the Russian victory against Napoleon.[2] Kutuzov himself was interred in the cathedral in 1813; and Alexander Pushkin wrote celebrated lines meditating over his sepulchre. In 1815, keys to seventeen cities and eight fortresses were brought by the victorious Russian army from Europe and placed in the cathedral's sacristy. In 1837, Boris Orlovsky designed two bronze statues of Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly in front of the cathedral.

In 1876, the Kazan demonstration, the first political demonstration in Russia, took place in front of the church. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the cathedral was closed. In 1932 it was reopened as the pro-Marxist "Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism."[3] Services were resumed in 1992, and four years later the cathedral was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church. Now it is the mother cathedral of the metropolis of St. Petersburg.

The cathedral's interior, with its numerous columns, echoes the exterior colonnade and is reminiscent of a palatial hall, being 69 metres in length and 62 metres in height. The interior features numerous sculptures and icons created by the best Russian artists of the day. A wrought iron grille separating the cathedral from a small square behind it is sometimes cited as one of the finest ever created.[4][5]

The cathedral's huge bronze doors are one of three copies of the original doors of the Baptistry in Florence, Italy (the other two are in San Francisco and on the Baptistry itself).

See also


  1. ^ a b Koeppe & Giusti 2008, p. 352.
  2. ^ a b "Kazan Cathedral". Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  3. ^ For a perspicacious account of the "Museum" written a few years before the fall of Soviet communism, see (retrieved 2008 January 28).
  4. ^ Klimov, Evgeny. "Русское искусство в эпоху Пушкина". 
  5. ^ Л. А. Баранова, В. М. Саблин. "Ансамбль Казанского собора". Ограды Санкт-Петребурга. 


  • Koeppe, Wolfram; Giusti, Anna Maria, eds. (2009). Art of the royal court: treasures in Pietre Dure from the palaces of Europe. Michigan: Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 352.  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.