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Kerinci Seblat National Park

 

Kerinci Seblat National Park

Kerinci Seblat National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Mount Kerinci in Kerinci Seblat National Park
Map showing the location of Kerinci Seblat National Park
Kerinci Seblat NP
Location in Sumatra
Location Sumatra, Indonesia
Coordinates
Area 13,750 km2
Established 1999
Governing body Ministry of Forestry

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park in Sumatra island of Indonesia. It has a total area of 13,791 km2, and spans four provinces: West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Flora and fauna 2
  • Conservation and threats 3
  • Wildlife conservation program 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Geography

It is located between 100°31'18"E - 102°44'01"E and 1°07'13"S - 3°26'14"S.

The park area includes a large part of the Barisan mountain range which form the western spine of Sumatra island and includes the highest peak in Sumatra, Mount Kerinci (3,805 m), one of more than five active volcanoes in the national park. This mainly montane park includes hot springs, rivers with rapids, caves, scenic waterfalls and the highest caldera lake in Southeast Asia - Lake Gunung Tujuh while the Great Sumatra Fault runs through the national park making the area of great interest to geologists.

Flora and fauna

The park is home to diversity of flora and fauna. Over 4,000 plant species have been identified to date in the park area, including the world's largest flower, Rafflesia arnoldi, and the plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence, the titan arum.

The fauna include Sumatran tigers and the park is recognised under the Global Tiger Initiative as one of the 12 most important protected areas in the world for tiger conservation. A recent study shows that the Kerinci Seblat National Park in central Sumatra has the highest population of tigers on the island, estimated to be at 165-190 individuals. The park also was shown to have the highest tiger occupancy rate of the protected areas, with 83% of the park showing signs of tigers.[1] In fact, there are more tigers in the Kerinci Seblat National Park than in all of Nepal, and more than in China, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam combined.[2][3]

The national park is home for other kinds of big, medium and small cats, clouded leopard/macan dahan (Neofelis nebulosa), marbled cat/kucing batu (Pardofelis marmorata), leopard cat/kucing hutan (Prionailurus bengalensis) and Asian golden cat/kucing emas (Catopuma temminckii). The Asian golden cats can be found everywhere in the national park because the cats adapt well to various kinds of habitat including open space. One shot of camera trap gave a fabulous photo when a golden cat mother was moving a cub to another location with her mouth.[4]

Other highly endangered species include Sumatran rhinoceros, Sumatran elephants, Sunda clouded leopard, Malayan tapir, Malay sun bear. In 2008 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) added a second species of muntjak deer to the Sumatran list of fauna with the rediscovery of the Sumatran muntjac, a deer not recorded since the late 1920s and now concluded as a new species and not sub species. The park also protects more than 370 bird species, including the Sumatran ground-cuckoo rediscovered in the park in 2002.

The Kerinci area is home to more than 300 bird species, including 17 of Sumatra's 20 endemic birds, making it of particular importance to ornithologists and bird-watching enthusiasts.[5]

The population of Sumatran rhinoceros in the park was estimated to number around 500 in the 1980s,[6] but due to poaching the Kerinci Seblat population is now considered extinct.[7]

Conservation and threats

The national park was declared in 1982, formed from numerous watershed protection forests or hutan lindung and small nature reserves although its borders were only legally confirmed in the late 1990s.

Together with Bukit Barisan Selatan and Gunung Leuser national parks it forms a World Heritage Site, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.[8] Kerinci Seblat National Park is also recognised as an ASEAN Heritage Site.

Wildlife conservation program

To practicing personal relations with Sumatran elephants, Seblat Elephant Conservation Center in Bengkulu Province is the solely Center which receive local and foreign students to learn. Until June 2012 the students (volunteers) came from France, Russia, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Belgium and less from within the country. At the 7 days course, they learn how an elephant tamer takes care of the elephants. They should also help feeding and bathing the 19 elephants at the center besides feeding milk to a two-year-old elephant calf. The students should make a report once they returned to their respective home countries.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wibisono HT, Linkie M, Guillera-Arroita G, Smith JA, Sunarto, et al. (2011)"Population Status of a Cryptic Top Predator: An Island-Wide Assessment of Tigers in Sumatran Rainforests"
  2. ^ "Road-building Plans Threaten Tigers - Jakarta Post April 28 2011"
  3. ^ "No humour, not this time - Debbie Martyr, 21st Century Tiger"
  4. ^ Hendra Gunawan (February 8, 2015). "Kucing Emas Langka Tertangkap Kamera di TNKS Jambi". 
  5. ^ Kerinci Seblat potential world birdwatching destination: observerAntara News: , 21 March 2011
  6. ^ SOS Rhino : Rhino population at Indonesian reserve drops by 90 percent in 14 years, 18 March 2012
  7. ^ Save The Rhino : Sumatran rhino numbers revised downwards, 18 March 2012
  8. ^ "Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra".  
  9. ^ "Foreign students get up close and personal with Sumatran elephants". June 27, 2012. 

External links

  • Kerinci Seblat National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage
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