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LaPorte County, Indiana

LaPorte County, Indiana
LaPorte County Courthouse in La Porte, Indiana
LaPorte County Courthouse in La Porte, Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Country United States
State Indiana
Regions Northwest Indiana and Michiana
Metro area Chicago Metropolitan
Established April 1, 1832
Named for "The Door" or "The Port" (fr.)[1]
County seat La Porte
Largest city Michigan City
(population and total area)
 • Type County
 • Body Board of Commissioners
 • Commissioner Michael Bohacek (D, 1st)
 • Commissioner David L. Decker (D, 2nd)
 • Commissioner Vidya Kora (D, 3rd)
 • County Council
 • County 613.26 sq mi (1,588.3 km2)
 • Land 598.30 sq mi (1,549.6 km2)
 • Water 14.96 sq mi (38.7 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Area rank 2nd largest county in Indiana
 • Region 2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Elevation 778 ft (237 m)
Population (2010)
 • County 111,467
 • Estimate (2013) 111,281
 • Rank 15th largest county in Indiana
542nd largest county in U.S.[2]
 • Density 186/sq mi (72/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434
 • Region 819,537
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46340, 46345-46, 46348, 46350,
46352, 46360-61, 46365, 46371,
46382, 46390-91, 46532, 46552,
46554, 46574
Area code 219
Congressional districts 1st and 2nd
Indiana Senate districts 5th and 8th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 9th, 17th and 20th
FIPS code 18-091
GNIS feature ID 0450507

U.S. Routes

State Routes


La Porte Municipal
Michigan City Municipal


East Arm Little Calumet River
Kankakee River
Lake Michigan
Little Calumet River
Trail Creek

Amtrak station

Michigan City

South Shore Line stations

11th StreetCarroll Avenue Hudson Lake

Public transit Michigan City Transit
  • Indiana county number 46
Demographics (2010)[3]
White Black Asian
84.1% 10.8% 0.5%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.3% 4.3% 5.5%

LaPorte County[4] is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 111,467.[5] The county seat is the city of La Porte,[6] and the largest city is Michigan City.

This county is part of the Northwest Indiana and Michiana regions of the Chicago metropolitan area.

The LaPorte County Courthouse is located in the county seat of La Porte and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected area 2.2
    • Major highways 2.3
    • Railroads 2.4
  • Municipalities 3
    • Cities 3.1
    • Towns 3.2
    • Census-designated places 3.3
    • Unincorporated communities 3.4
  • Townships 4
  • Public libraries 5
  • Hospitals 6
  • Climate and weather 7
  • Education 8
  • Government 9
    • County elected officials 9.1
  • Demographics 10
  • See also 11
  • Notes 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14


LaPorte County was formed in 1832. La porte means "the door" or "the port" in French.[1] French travelers or explorers so named the area after discovering a natural opening in the dense forests that used to exist in this region, providing a gateway to lands further west.[7][8]

Before white settlement, all of the land that forms modern-day LaPorte County, and adjacent Starke County to the south belonged to the Potawatomi Indian nation. These Indians were forcibly removed to Kansas by the United States government in 1838, and many died on what survivors called the Trail of Death.[9][10]

LaPorte County's initial White American settlers were Yankee immigrants, that is to say they were from New England or were from upstate New York and had parents who were from New England, and were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were part of a wave of New England settlers moving west into what was then the Northwest Territory after the completion of the Erie Canal. The original White settlers in LaPorte County specifically hailed from the Massachusetts towns of Granville, Boston, Bridgewater, West Bridgewater, Andover, Nantucket Island and Hampshire County; the Connecticut towns of Colchester, Wethersfield, Granby and New Haven; the New Hampshire towns of Bradford, Amherst and Goffstown; the Vermont villages of Dorset, Albany and Fairfax; many also came from Orange County, Vermont, Caledonia County, Vermont and Penobscot County, Maine. They were mainly members of the Congregational Church, but as a result of the Second Great Awakening many became Baptists and many also converted to Pentecostalism and Methodism before moving to what is now La Porte County. When they arrived in what is now LaPorte County, there was nothing but virgin forest and wild prairie, the New England settlers cleared roads, built farms, constructed churches, erected government buildings, and established post routes. As a result of this migration, LaPorte County was culturally continuous with early New England culture for many years.[11]

When the county was initially proposed and organized, its boundaries did not extend as far south or east as they do today. A section of land north of the Kankakee River originally belonged to Starke County. However, residents living in that area had difficulty crossing the river in order to reach the rest of the county. It was necessary to travel some distance east to Lemon's bridge, before making the journey south. Effectively isolated from the rest of Starke County, these residents asked that their land be annexed to LaPorte County, which was completed on January 28, 1842. Thereafter, the Kankakee River formed the southern boundary of the county. Finally, on January 10, 1850, some twenty sections of land were annexed from St. Joseph County to the east, giving LaPorte County the boundaries that essentially exist to this day.[9]

Whether the correct spelling of the city and county is "La Porte" or "LaPorte" is disputed,[12] although state law refers to "LaPorte County."[13][14]

LaPorte County is also famous for being the scene of the Belle Gunness serial murders. She lived on a farm on the outskirts of LaPorte County.


According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 613.26 square miles (1,588.3 km2), of which 598.30 square miles (1,549.6 km2) (or 97.56%) is land and 14.96 square miles (38.7 km2) (or 2.44%) is water.[15]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Major highways



The municipalities in La Porte County and their populations as of the 2010 Census:



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


LaPorte County contains 21 townships, more than any other county in the state.[16] The townships, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Public libraries

The county is served by five different public library systems:

  • LaCrosse Public Library[17]
  • LaPorte County Public Library has its main location in La Porte as well as the Coolspring, Fish Lake, Hanna, Kingsford Heights, Rolling Prairie and Union Mills branches.[18]
  • Michigan City Public Library[19]
  • Wanatah Public Library[20]
  • Westville-New Durham Township Public Library has its main location in Westville.[21]


Climate and weather

La Porte, Indiana
Climate chart ()
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[22]

In recent years, average temperatures in La Porte have ranged from a low of 12 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.68 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.79 inches (122 mm) in June.[22]


Public schools in LaPorte County are administered by seven different districts:

Colleges and Universities


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[29][30]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[29][30]

Court: The county has five elected trial court judges. They include the LaPorte Circuit Court and Superior Courts one through four. The judges are elected to six-year terms on partisan ballots. Superior Courts three and four maintain small claims dockets. Decisions from any trial court may be appealed to the Indiana Court of Appeals.[30] The Circuit Court and Superior court three are located in the city of La Porte; Superior courts one, two and four are located in Michigan City.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[30]

LaPorte County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district and is represented by Jackie Walorski in the United States Congress. It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 5 and 8[31] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 9, 17 and 20.[32]

County elected officials


As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 111,467 people, 42,331 households, and 28,228 families residing in the county.[40] The population density was 186.3 inhabitants per square mile (71.9/km2). There were 48,448 housing units at an average density of 81.0 per square mile (31.3/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 84.1% white, 10.8% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.5% of the population.[40] In terms of ancestry, 30.7% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 11.5% were Polish, 8.3% were English, and 5.9% were American.[41]

Of the 42,331 households, 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 39.6 years.[40]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $56,679. Males had a median income of $45,537 versus $30,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,599. About 9.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.[42]

See also


  1. ^ Other = Combined percentages for American Indian or Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; other races; and two or more races


  1. ^ a b "Origin of Indiana County Names". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  2. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  4. ^ LaPorte County Information Technology. "LaPorte County Online Government". 
  5. ^ a b "La Porte County QuickFacts".  
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Calumet Beginnings: Schoon, Kenneth J. (2003)
  8. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 560. 
  9. ^ a b La Porte County Historical Society
  10. ^ "History of 1838 Trail of Death". 
  11. ^ The expansion of New England: the spread of New England settlement and institutions to the Mississippi River, 1620-1865 by Lois Kimball Matthews page 201-202
  12. ^ Stephens, Dave (2012-01-22). "La(?)Porte's Space Odyssey".  
  13. ^ Indiana Code 33-33-46.
  14. ^ Indiana Code 3-3-5.
  15. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  16. ^ Daniels, E. D. (1904). A twentieth century history and biographical record of La Porte County, Indiana. Lewis Publishing Co. p. 38. 
  17. ^ "LaCrosse Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  18. ^ "LaPorte County Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  19. ^ "Michigan City Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  20. ^ "Wanatah Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  21. ^ "Westville-New Durham Township Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  22. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for La Porte, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ "". 
  25. ^ "Michigan City Area Schools / Homepage". 
  26. ^ "New Prairie United School Corporation - Welcome!". 
  27. ^ "South Central Community School Corporation". 
  28. ^ "Home". 
  29. ^ a b  
  30. ^ a b c d  
  31. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  32. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  33. ^ LaPorte County Information Technology. "Board of Commissioners". 
  34. ^ LaPorte County Information Technology. "LaPorte County Council". 
  35. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  36. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  37. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  38. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  40. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  41. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  42. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  43. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table DP03, Selected Economic Charactaristics. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
  44. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table DP04, Selected Housing Charactaristics. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-28.

External links

  • Official website
  • Access LaPorte County official community site
  • Greater LaPorte Chamber of Commerce
  • Healthy Communities of LaPorte County

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