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La Grande, Oregon

La Grande, Oregon
City
Motto: The Hub of Northeast Oregon
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oregon
County Union
Incorporated 1865
Government
 • Mayor Steve Clements (D)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 4.61 sq mi (11.94 km2)
 • Land 4.58 sq mi (11.86 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 2,785 ft (849 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 13,082
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 13,048
 • Density 2,856.3/sq mi (1,102.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97850
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-40350[3]
GNIS feature ID 1164107[5]
Website www.ci.la-grande.or.us

La Grande is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States. Originally named "Brownsville," it was forced to change its name because that name was already being used for a city in Linn County. Its current name comes from an early French settler, Charles Dause, who often used the phrase "La Grande" to describe the area's beauty. The population was 13,082 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat of Union County.[7] La Grande lies east of the Blue Mountains and southeast of Pendleton.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early settlement 1.1
    • Growth 1.2
    • Sugar factory 1.3
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Museums and other points of interest 4
    • Commercial district 4.1
  • Education 5
  • Media 6
  • Transportation 7
    • Highways 7.1
    • Rail 7.2
    • Air 7.3
  • Notable people 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Early settlement

The [10] La Grande was incorporated as a city in 1865,[9] and platted in 1868.[11]

Growth

La Grande grew rapidly during the late 1860s and early 1870s, partially because of the many gold mines in the region and the valley's agricultural capabilities. The early business establishments centered on C Avenue between present day Fourth Street and the hillside on the west end.[10]

In 1884, the railroad came to the flat slightly east of "Old Town".[10] This helped the town to grow, and also gave rise to "New Town", centered on Adams Avenue and built parallel to the railroad tracks.

By 1900, La Grande's population was 2992, representing half of the population of Baker City.[12]

La Grande's Eastern Oregon University, formerly known as Eastern Oregon State College, began in 1929 as Eastern Oregon Normal School, a teachers college.[13]

Sugar factory

La Grande had a factory for processing sugar beets into raw sugar. The sugar beets came from the nearby Mormon town of Nibley, Oregon, and both were owned by the Oregon Sugar Company. R. Doerstling, the superintendent of the factory in 1899, reported seeing a Native American teepee built out of used cloth filters from the factory.[14]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.61 square miles (11.94 km2), of which, 4.58 square miles (11.86 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2] The town is a major hub in the Grande Ronde Valley. Mount Emily is a Grande Ronde Valley landmark towering over the city of La Grande to the north. It often features prominently on logos of local organizations, and is matched on the other side of the valley by a similar landmark, Mount Harris.

Climate

Climate data for La Grande, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 34
(1)
39
(4)
45
(7)
52
(11)
61
(16)
70
(21)
79
(26)
79
(26)
70
(21)
59
(15)
43
(6)
36
(2)
55.6
(13)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
25
(−4)
25
(−4)
28
(−2)
36
(2)
43
(6)
46
(8)
46
(8)
39
(4)
32
(0)
27
(−3)
21
(−6)
32.3
(0.2)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.8
(71)
2.01
(51)
2.09
(53)
1.89
(48)
2.01
(51)
1.69
(43)
0.59
(15)
0.91
(23)
1.06
(27)
1.69
(43)
2.52
(64)
2.95
(75)
22.21
(564)
Average rainy days 12 12 12 9 8 7 4 5 6 12 12 13 112
Source: http://worldclimateguide.co.uk/climateguides/oregon/lagrande-or.php

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,082 people, 5,395 households, and 3,073 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,856.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,102.8/km2). There were 5,794 housing units at an average density of 1,265.1 per square mile (488.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.3% White, 0.8% African American, 1.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 1.5% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.[3]

There were 5,395 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.0% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.93.[3]

The median age in the city was 32.8 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 16% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 23.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.[3]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,327 people, 5,124 households, and 2,982 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,833.5 people per square mile (1,094.1/km²). There were 5,483 housing units at an average density of 1,260.3 per square mile (486.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.92% White, 1.26% Asian, 0.90% Pacific Islander, 0.78% Native American, 0.68% African American, 1.40% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.77% of the population.[3]

There were 5,124 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93.[3]

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 16.5% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.[3]

The median income for a household in the city was $31,576, and the median income for a family was $40,508. Males had a median income of $32,746 versus $21,930 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,550. About 8.3% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.[3]

Museums and other points of interest

Commercial district

See also Wikimedia Commons
City Hall, located within the historic commercial district and formerly used as a Post Office and federal building.

La Grande includes a historic commercial district listed on the National Register of Historic Places in September 2001. The 42.7-acre (17.3 ha) district is bounded by the following:[19]

Education

The city is served by the La Grande School District, which includes Central Elementary School, Island City Elementary, Greenwood Elementary School, La Grande Middle School, and La Grande High School. La Grande is the home of Eastern Oregon University.

Media

The Observer is the local daily newspaper. Local radio stations include KLBM AM 1450 and the following stations on the FM dial: KEOL FM 91.7, KUBQ FM 98.7, KWRL FM 99.9, KTVR FM 90.3 KCMB FM 104.7, and KRJT FM 105.9.

Transportation

Highways

Eastbound exit 261 into La Grande off Interstate 84

Rail

La Grande is a crew change point on the Huntington and La Grande subdivisions of the Union Pacific Railroad, originally constructed through the area in 1884 by the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company.[20] Between 1977 and 1997, the city was a regular stop along the former route of Amtrak's Pioneer between Chicago, Salt Lake City, Portland and Seattle.[21] La Grande is also the junction of the Idaho Northern and Pacific Railroad's 20-mile (32 km) short line to Elgin.[22]

Air

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Steve Clements".  
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder".  
  4. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". 2010 Demographic Profile Data.  
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Reavis, J (2005). "First Settlement in Grande Ronde Valley, Union County, Oregon". Oregon Genealogy. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b  
  10. ^ a b c d e Reavis, J (2005). "La Grande History, Union County, Oregon". Oregon Genealogy. Retrieved December 29, 2008. 
  11. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon.  
  12. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon.  
  13. ^ Allen, Cain (2005). "Eastern Oregon Normal School". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved December 3, 2009. 
  14. ^ Arrington, Leonard J. (1966). Beet sugar in the West; a history of the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, 1891-1966.  ; see also Ogden Standard, 1899-07-08)
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  16. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211.
  17. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" ( 
  18. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Standards and Guidelines Manual for Historic Rehabilitation and Preservation for La Grande, Oregon" ( 
  20. ^ Halvorson, Gary (2005). "A 1940 Journey Across Oregon: Baker to La Grande". Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  21. ^ "P.R.I.I.A Section 224 Pioneer Route Passenger Rail Study" (PDF). Amtrak. Retrieved December 3, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Idaho Northern & Pacific Railroad INPR #331". Union Pacific. Retrieved December 3, 2009. 
  23. ^ "Darrell P. Ourso". intelius.com. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 

External links

  • City of La Grande (official website)
  • La Grande listing in the Oregon Blue Book
  • "La Grande".  
  • Union County Chamber of Commerce
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