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Lafayette, Indiana

Lafayette, Indiana
City
City of Lafayette
Downtown Lafayette and the Riehle Plaza & CityBus depot in August 2011.
Downtown Lafayette and the Riehle Plaza & CityBus depot in August 2011.
Flag of Lafayette, Indiana
Flag
Nickname(s): "Star City"
Coordinates:
Country United States of America
State Indiana
County Tippecanoe
Townships Fairfield, Perry, Sheffield, Wea
Platted 1825
Incorporated 1853
Founded by William Digby
Named for General Lafayette
Government
 • Mayor Tony Roswarski (D)
Area[1]
 • City 27.74 sq mi (71.85 km2)
 • Land 27.74 sq mi (71.85 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
 • Metro 904.6 sq mi (2,343 km2)
Elevation[2] 692 ft (211 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City 67,140
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 67,925
 • Density 2,420.3/sq mi (934.5/km2)
 • Metro 201,789
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47901, 47904, 47905, 47909
Area code(s) 765
Twin cities
 • Ōta City Japan
FIPS code 18-40788[5]
GNIS feature ID 0437501[6]
Interstate Highways I-65
U.S. Highways
Major State Roads
Waterways Wabash River
Airports Purdue University Airport
(West Lafayette)
Public transit CityBus
Website http://www.lafayette.in.gov

Lafayette ( or lah-fee-YET) is a city in and the county seat of Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States,[7] located 63 miles (101 km) northwest of Indianapolis and 105 miles (169 km) southeast of Chicago. West Lafayette, on the other side of the Wabash River, is home to Purdue University, which contributes significantly to both communities. Together, Lafayette and West Lafayette form the core of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area.

According to the 2010 United States Census, the population of Lafayette was 67,140, roughly a 19% increase from 56,397 in 2000. Meanwhile the 2010 U.S. Census pegged the year-round (excluding Purdue University students) population of West Lafayette at 29,596 and a Tippecanoe County population of 172,780.[8]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Climate and weather 3
  • Demographics 4
    • 2010 census 4.1
    • 2000 census 4.2
  • Government 5
  • Education 6
    • Colleges 6.1
    • Public 6.2
    • Private 6.3
  • News and media 7
  • Transportation 8
  • Economy 9
  • Arts and Culture 10
    • Arts Organizations 10.1
    • Fairs and Festivals 10.2
  • Notable people 11
    • Entertainment 11.1
    • Sports 11.2
    • Business, law, politics 11.3
    • Academic, science, technology 11.4
  • Points of interest 12
  • Notable buildings 13
  • Community events 14
  • Gallery 15
  • See also 16
  • References 17
  • External links 18

History

General Lafayette, 1792
This panoramic map illustrates a bird's-eye view of Lafayette, Indiana, in 1868.
Wabash River, looking North. View from the John T. Meyers pedestrian bridge, which links the cities of Lafayette and West Lafayette

When European explorers arrived at the area around what is now Tippecanoe County, it was inhabited by a tribe of Miami Indians known as the Ouiatenon or Weas. In 1717, the French government established Fort Ouiatenon across the Wabash River and three miles (5 km) south of present-day Lafayette. The fort became the center of trade for fur trappers, merchants and Indians. An annual reenactment and festival known as Feast of the Hunters' Moon takes place there each autumn.[9]

The town of Lafayette was Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Lafayette toured the United States in 1824 and 1825

In its earliest days, Lafayette was a shipping center on the Wabash River. In 1838, Henry Leavitt Ellsworth, the first United States Patent Commissioner, published a booklet titled Valley of the Upper Wabash, Indiana, with Hints on Its Agricultural Advantages, to promote settlement of the region. By 1845, Ellsworth had purchased 93,000 acres (380 km2) of farmland in and around Lafayette and moved there from Connecticut to supervise land sales.[10] By 1847 Ellsworth was distributing broadsides looking for farmers to purchase his farmland.[11] He became president of the Tippecanoe County Agricultural Society in April 1851 – despite some local resentment over what was called "the Yale Crowd" – but he was defeated the same year when he ran for the Indiana House of Representatives.[12] Ellsworth Street and Ellsworth Historic District are named for the early real estate developer.[13]

The Wabash and Erie Canal in the 1840s stimulated trade and affirmed Lafayette's regional prominence. railroads arrived in the town in the 1850s, connecting it with other major markets. The Monon Railroad connected Lafayette with other sections of Indiana.

Lafayette was the site of the first official air mail delivery in the United States, which took place on August 17, 1859, when John Wise piloted a balloon starting on the Lafayette courthouse grounds. Wise hoped to reach New York; however, weather conditions forced the balloon down near Crawfordsville, Indiana, and the mail reached its final destination by train. In 1959, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 7¢ airmail stamp commemorating the centennial of the event.[14]

Lafayette is home to the only Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Allied Community Center in the State of Indiana. Pride Lafayette, Inc. was formed in 2003, and is located at 640 Main Street, in the heart of downtown.[15]

Geography

Lafayette is located at (40.410585, -86.874681)[16] and lies in Fairfield and Wea Townships. Elevation at the court house is 550 feet (168 m), but city elevations range from a little over 500 feet (150 m) at the Wabash River to approximately 700 feet (210 m) in the areas of Murdock Park and Columbian Park.

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 27.74 square miles (71.8 km2), all land.[1]

Climate and weather

In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −33 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and again in January 1994; and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) inches in February to 4.24 inches (108 mm) inches in June.[17]

Climate data for Lafayette, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
74
(23)
82
(28)
89
(32)
93
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
98
(37)
102
(39)
92
(33)
80
(27)
71
(22)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 31.6
(−0.2)
36.9
(2.7)
48.5
(9.2)
60.7
(15.9)
72.3
(22.4)
81.4
(27.4)
84.5
(29.2)
82.5
(28.1)
76.9
(24.9)
64.8
(18.2)
49.9
(9.9)
36.9
(2.7)
60.57
(15.87)
Average low °F (°C) 14.3
(−9.8)
18.3
(−7.6)
28.7
(−1.8)
38.7
(3.7)
49.7
(9.8)
58.9
(14.9)
62.4
(16.9)
60.4
(15.8)
52.6
(11.4)
41.3
(5.2)
31.7
(−0.2)
20.5
(−6.4)
39.79
(4.33)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−23
(−31)
−15
(−26)
4
(−16)
24
(−4)
36
(2)
42
(6)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
19
(−7)
−2
(−19)
−25
(−32)
−33
(−36)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.91
(48.5)
1.73
(43.9)
2.98
(75.7)
3.26
(82.8)
4.18
(106.2)
4.38
(111.3)
3.91
(99.3)
3.73
(94.7)
2.78
(70.6)
2.44
(62)
3.04
(77.2)
2.56
(65)
36.90
(937.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
4.8
(12.2)
2.9
(7.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.8
(2)
5.2
(13.2)
21.2
(53.8)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.6 7.7 10.2 10.9 10.6 10.4 8.9 8.4 7.6 8.3 9.8 10.1 112.5
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.3 3.3 1.7 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 3.5 15.1
Source #1: The Weather Channel (January record high)[18]
Source #2: NOAA[19]

Demographics

Location of the Lafayette-Frankfort CSA and its components:
  Lafayette Metropolitan Statistical Area
  Frankfort Micropolitan Statistical Area
Broadside advertising sale of 200-acre farms, Lafayette, Indiana, 1847

Lafayette is the larger principal city of the Lafayette-Frankfort CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Lafayette metropolitan area (Benton, Carroll, and Tippecanoe counties) and the Frankfort micropolitan area (Clinton County),[20][21][22] which had a combined population of 212,408 at the 2000 census.[5]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 67,140 people, 28,545 households, and 15,863 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,420.3 inhabitants per square mile (934.5/km2). There were 31,260 housing units at an average density of 1,126.9 per square mile (435.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.6% White, 6.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 5.8% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population.

There were 28,545 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.4% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 31.9 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 56,397 people, 24,060 households, and 13,666 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,806.5 people per square mile (1,083.9/km2). There were 25,602 housing units at an average density of 1,274.1 per square mile (492.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.91% White; 3.22% African American; 0.37% Native American; 1.22% Asian; 0.04% Pacific Islander; 4.61% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.11% of the population.

There were 24,060 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 42.5% were married couples living together; 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present; and 43.2% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 individuals and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18; 14.2% from 18 to 24; 31.3% from 25 to 44; 19.3% from 45 to 64; and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,859, and the median income for a family was $45,480. Males had a median income of $32,892 versus $23,049 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,217. About 8.0% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The government consists of a mayor – elected in a citywide vote – and a city council which consists of nine members of whom six are elected from individual districts. Three members are elected at-large.

Tippecanoe County Courthouse

Education

Colleges

Public

K-12 public education in Lafayette is provided by the Lafayette School Corporation. The Tippecanoe School Corporation also administers county schools nearby. New Community School is a tuition-free elementary charter school (sponsored by Ball State University) located on the north side of Lafayette. Beacon Academy is a charter school located in West Lafayette.

Private

News and media

Newspaper

  • Journal & Courier. The newspaper, which serves the Greater Lafayette area, has its newsroom and offices located in downtown Lafayette. Journal & Courier also has its own printing services for itself and other papers in the region on the eastside of Lafayette.
  • Purdue Exponent. Purdue University's daily independent student newspaper serves Purdue, West Lafayette, and Lafayette, and has its newsroom and offices located just off campus on Northwestern Avenue in West Lafayette.
  • The Lafayette Leader

Television

Commercial Radio Stations

Non-commercial Radio Stations

Transportation

Sagamore Parkway (as seen from West Lafayette)

Airports

Highways

Railroads
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides passenger rail service to Lafayette through the Cardinal to Chicago, Washington D.C., and New York City. Norfolk Southern; CSX; Kankakee, Beaverville and Southern Railroad; and Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway (RailAmerica) provide freight rail service. Many of the rail lines that originally passed through the downtown were redirected in the mid-1990s to a rail corridor near the Wabash River.[23][24]

CityBus

Bus Service

Economy

Much of the economy of the city of Lafayette and the surrounding area is centered around the academic and industrial activities of Purdue University. The university and its associated businesses employ the largest portion of the Lafayette workforce. However, private industry and commerce independent of the university also exist in the community. Some notable examples include:

Arts and Culture

Arts Organizations

  • Tippecanoe Arts Federation
  • Art Museum of Greater Lafayette

Fairs and Festivals

  • Art in the Park
  • OUTfest
  • Mosey Down Main St.
  • Round the Fountain Art Fair
  • Taste of Tippecanoe
  • Uptown Jazz and Blues Festival
  • Dancing and Cruising in the Streets

Notable people

For notable residents associated with Purdue University, see List of Purdue University people.

Entertainment

Sports

Business, law, politics

Academic, science, technology

Points of interest

Notable buildings

Community events

  • A Taste of Tippecanoe (Mid June)
    the Taste of Tippecanoe in June 2008
  • Mosey Down Mainstreet- Early Summer
  • OUTfest

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files.  
  2. ^ "USGS detail on Lafayette". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  4. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder".  
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ "Lafayette (city), Indiana – QuickFacts".  
  9. ^ "Feast of the Hunters' Moon". Tippecanoe County Historical Association. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  10. ^ A Day in the Life of Tippecanoe County, Tippecanoe County Historical Association
  11. ^ Guide to the Henry Leavitt Ellsworth Papers, Yale University Library
  12. ^ A Day in the Life of Tippecanoe County, Tippecanoe County Historical Association
  13. ^ During the period of Ellsworth's residence in Lafayette, two of his children came to national attention. His son Henry William Ellsworth was confirmed as United States chargé d'affaires at Stockholm, Sweden, in January 1846; and Ellsworth's daughter Annie suggested the words of the first telegraph message sent by her father's friend Samuel F. B. Morse in May 1844.
  14. ^ First Air Mail Flight
  15. ^ Pride Lafayette home page
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  17. ^ "Monthly Averages for Lafayette, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  18. ^ "Monthly Averages for Lafayette, IN (47905)".  
  19. ^ "Climatology of the United States No. 20: LAFAYETTE 8 S, IN 1971–2000".  
  20. ^ METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  21. ^ MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  22. ^ COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  23. ^ Amtrak in Lafaytte, Indiana 1994 gregarnst
  24. ^ Amtrak in Lafaytte, Indiana May 1995 gregarnst
  25. ^ Online Live Bus timings updates, 2007-05-11.
  26. ^ imdb page of Tammy Lynn Michaels
  27. ^ Home Page: Ken Navarro
  28. ^ imdb page of Victor Potel
  29. ^ "Eric Bruntlett Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 27, 2012. 

External links

  • City of Lafayette, Indiana website
  • Lafayette Online
  • Lafayette, Indiana travel guide from Wikivoyage
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