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Lafayette County, Missouri

Lafayette County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Lafayette County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded November 16, 1820
Named for Marquis de La Fayette
Seat Lexington
Largest city Odessa
Area
 • Total 639 sq mi (1,655 km2)
 • Land 628 sq mi (1,627 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.6%
Population
 • (2010) 33,381
 • Density 53/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .com.lafayettecountymowww

Lafayette County is a Cooper County and originally named Lillard County for James Lillard of Tennessee, who served in the first state constitutional convention and first state legislature.[3] It was renamed Lafayette County on February 16, 1825, in honor of Revolutionary War hero the Marquis de La Fayette, who was then visiting the United States.[4]

Lafayette County is part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • National protected area 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
    • Public schools 4.1
    • Private schools 4.2
  • Politics 5
    • Local 5.1
    • State 5.2
    • Federal 5.3
      • Political culture 5.3.1
    • Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008) 5.4
  • Communities 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Lafayette County was settled primarily from migrants from the Upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions and started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. As a result, this part of Missouri, and neighboring counties, became known as Little Dixie. In 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population, and the county was strongly pro-Confederate during the American Civil War.[5]

Newcomers from Germany as well as German Americans from St. Louis began arriving shortly before the war, with many more to come afterwards. They eventually made up a large part of the populations of Concordia, Emma, Wellington, Napoleon, Higginsville, Mayview, and Lexington. The German immigrants generally supported the Union during the war.

In November 2013, Leland Ray Kolkmeyer pled guilty, in federal court, of a fraud scheme in which he embezzled more than $1.5 million from Wellington-Napoleon Fire Protection District and Special Road District while being their former treasurer.[6][7][8]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 639 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.6%) is water.[9]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Demographics

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 32,960 people, 12,569 households, and 9,099 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 13,707 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Approximately 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.3% were of German, 17.5% American, 9.9% English and 9.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 12,569 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,235, and the median income for a family was $45,717. Males had a median income of $31,972 versus $22,684 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,493. About 6.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those ages 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

  • Concordia R-II School District – Concordia
    • Concordia Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Concordia High School (07-12)
  • Lafayette County C-1 School District – Higginsville
    • Grandview Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Lafayette County Middle School (06-08)
    • Lafayette County High School (09-12)
  • Lexington R-V School District – Lexington
    • Leslie Bell Elementary School (PK-04)
    • Lexington Middle School (05-08)
    • Lexington High School (09-12)
  • Odessa R-VII School District – Odessa
    • McQuerry Elementary School (K-02)
    • Odessa Upper Elementary School (03-05)
    • Odessa Middle School (06-08)
    • Odessa High School (09-12)
  • Santa Fe R-X School District – Alma
    • Santa Fe Elementary School (K-06)
    • Santa Fe High School (07-12)
  • Wellington-Napoleon R-IX School District – Wellington
    • Wellington-Napoleon Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Wellington-Napoleon High School (07-12)

Private schools

Politics

Local

The Republican Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Lafayette County. Republicans hold a little more than half of the elected positions in the county.

Lafayette County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Mike Dobson Democratic
Circuit Clerk Deana Aversman Republican
County Clerk Linda Niendick Republican
Collector Lori Fiegenbaum Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Harold Hoflander Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Gil Rector Democratic
Commissioner
(District 2)
Tracy Dyer Republican
Coroner Daljeet Singh Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Kellie Ritchie Democratic
Public Administrator Barb Copenhaver Republican
Recorder Patsy Olvera Republican
Sheriff Kerrick Alumbaugh Democratic
Surveyor Mark Nolte Republican
Treasurer Dale Ensor Democratic

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 42.70% 7,022 55.09% 9,060 2.21% 364
2004 52.97% 8,541 45.59% 7,351 1.43% 231
2000 50.32% 7,276 47.94% 6,932 1.74% 251
1996 34.00% 4,450 63.05% 8,252 2.94% 385

Lafayette County is divided into four legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, three of which are held by Republicans and one by a Democrat.

  • District 26 – Joe Aull (D-Marshal). Consists of the communities of Alma, Concordia, Corder, Dover, Lexington, Waverly, and Wellington.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 26 - Lafayette County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Joe Aull 3,945 100.00
  • District 55 – Sheila Solon (R-Blue Springs). Consists of a tiny sliver of the western part of the county.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 55 - Lafayette County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sheila Solon 27 75.00
Democratic Clay Rodgers 8 22.22
Libertarian Jeffrey Hoorfar 1 2.78
  • District 118 – Stanley Cox (R-Sedalia). Consists of the community of Emma.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 118 - Lafayette County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Stanley Cox 38 70.37
Democratic Raymond F. Kinney 13 24.07
Constitution Curtis Shipman 3 5.56
  • District 122 – Mike McGhee (R-Odessa). Consists of the communities of Aullville, Bates City, Higginsville, Lake Lafayete, Napoleon, and Odessa.
Missouri House of Representatives – District 122 - Lafayette County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike McGhee 4,467 62.23
Democratic Holmes Osborne 2,711 37.77

All of Lafayette County is a part of Missouri’s 21st District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Bob Stouffer (R-Napton).

Missouri Senate - District 21 – Lafayette County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bob Stouffer 10,128 63.21
Democratic Joe Sadeghi 5,896 36.79

Federal

All of Lafayette County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 4th Congressional District - Lafayette County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ike Skelton* 6,610 55.32
Republican Vicky Hartzler 4,945 41.39
Libertarian Jason Michael Braun 238 1.99
Constitution Greg Cowan 155 1.30

Political culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 56.88% 9,442 41.58% 6,902 1.52% 256
2004 59.67% 9,656 39.62% 6,412 0.70% 114
2000 54.06% 7,849 43.68% 6,343 2.26% 328
1996 41.57% 5,489 46.34 6,118 12.09% 1,596

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 2,464, than any candidate from either party in Lafayette County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Lafayette County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,148 (35.28%)
Mike Huckabee 979 (30.09%)
Mitt Romney 898 (27.60%)
Ron Paul 160 (4.92%)
Lafayette County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 2,464 (60.75%)
Barack Obama 1,436 (35.04%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 106 (2.61%)

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Disappearing Missouri Names". The Kansas City Star. March 19, 1911. p. 15. Retrieved August 15, 2014 – via  
  4. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 183. 
  5. ^ T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp. 10-11
  6. ^ Public servant steals $1.5 million from two tiny towns in Missouri; The Kansas City Star; November 22, 2013.
  7. ^ Treasurer admits to embezzling over $1 million from small towns’ funds; Fox4KC; November 22, 2013.
  8. ^ Treasurer for road district and fire district pleads guilty to embezzling $1.5 million; justice.gov; November 20, 2013.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Lafayette County Website
  • Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Lafayette County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books

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