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Lafayette Parish, Louisiana

Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
Lafayette Parish Courthouse
Map of Louisiana highlighting Lafayette Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded January 17, 1823
Named for Marquis de la Fayette
Seat Lafayette
Largest city Lafayette
Area
 • Total 269 sq mi (697 km2)
 • Land 269 sq mi (697 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 221,578
 • Density 825/sq mi (319/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .gov.lafayettelawww

Lafayette Parish (French: Paroisse de Lafayette) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 221,578.[1] The parish seat is Lafayette.[2] The parish was founded in 1823.[3] It was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French general who rendered assistance to the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.[4]

Lafayette Parish is part of the Lafayette, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent parishes 2.2
    • National protected area 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
  • National Guard 5
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Town 6.2
    • Census-designated places 6.3
    • Unincorporated communities 6.4
  • Prison 7
  • Notable residents 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

See History of Lafayette, Louisiana for main article.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 269 square miles (700 km2), of which 269 square miles (700 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-smallest parish in Louisiana by land area and third-smallest by total area.

Major highways

Adjacent parishes

National protected area

Demographics

Home to a number of Cajun peoples, as of the census[11] of 2000, there were 190,503 people, 72,372 households, and 48,851 families residing in the parish. The population density was 706 people per square mile (273/km²). There were 78,122 housing units at an average density of 290 per square mile (112/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 73.36% White, 23.80% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.37% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.73% speak Spanish.[2]

There were 72,372 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the parish the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $36,518, and the median income for a family was $45,158. Males had a median income of $36,428 versus $22,751 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $19,371. About 11.80% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

The parish often went for the Democratic candidate before the 1970s, but has trended Republican since that time.[12] The parish went for the Republican Presidential candidate from 1992 to 2000 and did so by generally increasing margins. The results in 2004 gave Republican John F. Kerry won 35% of the vote and 31,210 votes. In the 2008 election Lafayette Parish cast the majority of its votes for Republican John McCain. He won 65% of the vote and 62,055 votes. Democrat Barack Obama finished far behind him winning 34% of the vote and 32,145 votes.[13]

National Guard

The HQ and other units of the 256th IBCT reside in the city of Lafayette, Louisiana. This unit of over 3,500 Soldiers has deployed twice to Iraq, 2004-5 and 2010. This unit has also responded to disasters such as: Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Gustav, Hurricane Isaac, and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill.

Communities

Map of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Prison

County

Name Address Zip Aged
Lafayette Parish Correctional Center 916 Lafayette St, Lafayette, Louisiana 70501 13+

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "History". Lafayette County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved September 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States.  
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ David Leip's Election Atlas
  13. ^ The New York Times electoral map
  14. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links

  • Lafayette Consolidated Government
  • Lafayette Economic Development Authority
  • Lafayette Convention and Visitors Center
  • Lafayette Public Library
  • Lafayette Parish Clerk of Court
  • Lafayette Parish American History and Genealogy Project

Geology

  • Heinrich, P. V., and W. J. Autin, 2000, Baton Rouge 30 x 60 minute geologic quadrangle. Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • Heinrich, P. V., J. Snead, and R. P. McCulloh, 2003, Crowley 30 x 60 minute geologic quadrangle. Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

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