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Larger urban zone

 

Larger urban zone

The Functional Urban Area (FUA) - formerly known as larger urban zone (LUZ) - is a measure of the population and expanse of metropolitan areas in Europe.[1] It consists of a city and its commuting zone.[2]

The definition was introduced in 2004 by Eurostat, the statistical agency of the European Union (EU), in agreement with the national statistics offices in the member states.[3][4] Data is provided on cities in the EU, its candidate countries and EFTA countries.

In 2006 LUZ definitions were changed significantly, improving the comparability of LUZ definitions across different countries. Several cities, such as Marseille, Lille and Nice, are excluded by definition from the list of LUZs on technical, definitional grounds, such as the coincidence of the metropolitan area with the urban zone.[5][6][7]

Contents

  • Eurostat's urban definitions 1
  • Ranking methodology 2
  • List of larger urban zones by population 3
  • Urban Audit 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Eurostat's urban definitions

The list below shows the population sizes of cities in the European Union as well as candidate countries and non-EU EFTA countries. The list is limited to those cities whose Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) have populations of at least 500,000. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from which a significant share of the residents commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region." To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat adjusts the LUZ boundaries to administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region.

Ranking methodology

The list below contains the cities in the European Union and associated countries that participated in the third round of the Urban Audit programme. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. The figures in the Eurostat database are an attempt at a compromise between harmonised data for all of the European Union, and with availability of statistical data, making comparisons more accurate. The data used is from the 2006 Urban Audit III, which uses information collected for 2004.[8]

List of larger urban zones by population

Although the latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and EU candidate countries, the only candidate country for which there is available data is Turkey. (Marseille, Lille, Nice, Cordoba, Badajoz, Toulon and Montpellier should be added on the updated 2004 list: see the French WorldHeritage page for the complete and updated 2004 list.) The 2008 updated data from Urban Audit IV[9] has been partially published (still missing cities). The Urban Audit V with 2011 data was to be published from 2013 on,[10] but as of May 2014 "the results of the 2011 data collection are being collected."[11]

Rank City name Country LUZ population LUZ area (km²) Population Density (per km²)
1 London
London
 United Kingdom 12,208,100 8,920[12] 1,336
2 Paris
Paris
 France 11,755,918 12,079.87[12] 918
3 Istanbul
Istanbul
 Turkey 11,044,642 5,313 2,564
4 Madrid
Madrid
 Spain 6,569,530 8,022 724
5 Ruhr
Dortmund
 Germany 5,302,179 4,435 1,196
6 Berlin
Berlin
 Germany 5,097,712 17,385 286
7 Barcelona
Barcelona
 Spain 4,917,163 1,796.64 2,356
8 Athens
Athens
 Greece 4,164,475 3,806.92 1,054
9 Greater Copenhagen
Copenhagen
 Denmark

 Sweden

3,888,586 20,871.51 186.31
10 Ankara
Ankara
 Turkey 3,708,047
11 Rome
Rome
 Italy 3,457,690 3,666.66 943
12 Hamburg
Hamburg
 Germany 3,134,620 7,304 429
13 Milan
Milan
 Italy 3,076,643 1,348.32 2,282
14 Katowice
Katowice
 Poland 2,710,397 2,650.65 1,023
15 Stuttgart
Stuttgart
 Germany 2,663,660 3,654 729
16 Warsaw
Warsaw
 Poland 2,660,406 5,198.52 512
17 Munich
Munich
 Germany 2,531,706 5,504 460
18 Budapest
Budapest
 Hungary 3,303,786 7,626 431,1
19 Frankfurt
Frankfurt am Main
 Germany 2,517,561 4,305 585
20 Izmir
Izmir
 Turkey 2,440,902
21 Lisbon
Lisbon
 Portugal 2,435,837 1,432.49 1,700
22 Birmingham
Birmingham
 United Kingdom 2,284,093 1,598 1,475
23 Naples
Naples
 Italy 2,253,964 564.95 3,990
24 Manchester
Manchester
 United Kingdom 2,732,854 1,280 1,984
25 Vienna
Vienna
 Austria 2,179,769 4,610.93[12] 473
26 Bucharest
Bucharest
 Romania 2,140,194 662 3,233
27 Prague
Prague
 Czech Republic 1,964,750 6,977[12] 282
28 Cologne
Cologne
 Germany 1,873,580 1,626 1,152
29 Stockholm
Stockholm
 Sweden 1,860,872 6,519 285
30 Brussels
Brussels
 Belgium 1,800,663 1,613.91 1,116
31 Glasgow
Glasgow
 United Kingdom 1,747,100 3,346 522
32 Turin
Turin
 Italy 1,745,221 1,878.97 929
33 Lyon
Lyon
 France 1,717,300 5,997.68[12] 286
34 Valencia
Valencia
 Spain 1,564,145 1,440.58 1,086
35 Dublin
Dublin
 Ireland 1,535,446[12] 114.99 4,588
36 Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
 Germany 1,525,029 1,201 1,270
37 Leeds
Leeds-Bradford
 United Kingdom 1,499,465 5,114[12] 468
38 Bursa
Bursa
 Turkey 1,458,067
39 Amsterdam
Amsterdam
 Netherlands 1,571,234 859.28 1,680
40 Adana
Adana
 Turkey 1,384,680
41 Liverpool
Liverpool
 United Kingdom 1,365,900 821 1,664
42 Bielefeld
Bielefeld
 Germany 1,297,876 2,921 444
43 Hanover
Hanover
 Germany 1,294,447 2,966 436
44 Nuremberg
Nuremberg
 Germany 1,288,797 2,934 439
45 Sofia
Sofia
 Bulgaria 1,280,457 1,344 953
46 Sheffield
Sheffield
 United Kingdom 1,277,100 1,846 692
47 Kraków
Kraków
 Poland 1,264,322 2,988.65 423
48 Seville
Seville
 Spain 1,249,346 3,081.9 405
49 Bremen
Bremen
 Germany 1,249,291 5,885 213
50 Helsinki
Helsinki
 Finland 1,224,107 2,969.94 412
51 Rotterdam
Rotterdam
 Netherlands 1,186,818 611.75 1,940
52 Łódź
Łódź
 Poland 1,163,516 2,857.51 407
53 Ostrava
Ostrava
 Czech Republic 1,153,876 3,896[12] 296
54 Zagreb
Zagreb
 Croatia 1,110,517 3,719 299
55 Zürich
Zürich
  Switzerland 1,110,478 1,086.14 1,022
56 Gdańsk
Gdańsk
 Poland 1,105,203 3,457.32 320
57 Porto
Porto
 Portugal 1,099,040 562.32 1,954
58 Oslo
Oslo
 Norway 1,090,513 6,920 158
59 Newcastle upon Tyne
 United Kingdom 1,055,600 3,385 312
60 Toulouse
Toulouse
 France 1,052,497 4,706.93[12] 224
61 Gaziantep
Gaziantep!
 Turkey 1,042,732
62 Wrocław
Wrocław
 Poland 1,031,439 4,582.2 225
63 Poznań
Poznań
 Poland 1,018,511 3,719.2 274
64 Bristol
Bristol
 United Kingdom 1,006,600 1,635 616
65 Riga
Riga
 Latvia 1,003,949 5,382.5 187
66 Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
 Greece 995,766 1,455.62
67 Bordeaux
Bordeaux
 France 981,370
68 The Hague
The Hague
 Netherlands 978,161
69 Bilbao
Bilbao
 Spain 939,994
70 Konya
Konya
 Turkey 919,433
71 Antwerp
Antwerpen
 Belgium 915,258
72 Bonn
Bonn
 Germany 908,503
73 Leipzig
Leipzig
 Germany 904,401
74 Dresden
Dresden
 Germany 902,067
75 Leicester
 United Kingdom 887,000
76 Göteborg
 Sweden 873,335
77 Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
 Germany 855,317
78 Palermo
Palermo
 Italy 855,285
79 Vilnius
 Lithuania 850,300
80 Aarhus
Århus
 Denmark 845,971[13] 5,400 157
81 Cardiff
Cardiff
 United Kingdom 841,600
82 Nottingham
Nottingham
 United Kingdom 825,600 4,073 202
83 Diyarbakir
Diyarbakir
 Turkey 814,874
84 Antalya
Antalya
 Turkey 814,685
85 Genoa
 Italy 800,709[14]
85 Edinburgh
 United Kingdom 787,700
86 Szczecin
 Poland 777,806
88 Nantes
 France 751,085
89 Bologna
 Italy 743,965
90 Brno
 Czech Republic 728,101
91 Karlsruhe
 Germany 712,475
92 Málaga
 Spain 699,916
93 Florence
 Italy 696,767
94 Zaragoza
 Spain 685,873
95 Kayseri
 Turkey 675,734
96 Lublin
 Poland 652,642 2,883 226
97 Coventry
 United Kingdom 651,000
98 Kiel
!
 Germany 641,905
99 Belfast
 United Kingdom 641,638
100 Strasbourg
Strasbourg
 France 634,275
101 Augsburg
 Germany 629,139
102 Liège
 Belgium 626,357
103 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
 Spain 625,892
104 Bari
 Italy 623,298
105 Freiburg im Breisgau
 Germany 618,467
106 Venice
 Italy 612,245
107 Padua
Padua
 Italy 605,709
108 Izmit
 Turkey 601,351
109 Bratislava
 Slovakia 601,132
110 Palma
 Spain 593,386
111 Magdeburg
 Germany 588,875
112 Bydgoszcz
 Poland 582,927
113 Kingston upon Hull
 United Kingdom 573,300
114 Catania
 Italy 572,302
115 Utrecht
 Netherlands 564,485
116 Verona
 Italy 563,952
117 Rennes
 France 553,579
118 Vigo
 Spain 548,799
119 Erfurt
 Germany 543,226
120 Grenoble
 France 541,888
121 Linz
 Austria 532,995
122 Białystok
 Poland 523,958
123 Tallinn
 Estonia 521,410
124 Rouen
 France 519,318
125 Santa Cruz
 Spain 507,306
126 Malatya
 Turkey 501,849

Urban Audit

Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains:[15][16]

  • Demography
  • Social Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Civic Involvement
  • Training and Education
  • Environment
  • Travel and Transport
  • Information Society
  • Culture and Recreation

See also

References

  1. ^ Position Statement on Cohesion Policy 2014-2020, EuroMETREX. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ "European cities – the EU-OECD functional urban area definition".  
  3. ^ "City statistics - Urban audit". Eurostat. 2006. 
  4. ^ "The shift of Eurostat to Urban Statistics". Dr. Berthold Feldmann, Eurostat. March 2006. 
  5. ^ http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999003.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999004.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/Fiches/RS/AU1999/RS_AU1999006.pdf
  8. ^ "Urban Audit Database". Urbanaudit.org. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  9. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/user-guidance/urban-audit/urban-audit-iv/index.html
  10. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/user-guidance/urban-audit/urban-audit-v/index.html
  11. ^ http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/region_cities/city_urban/urban_audit_data_collections
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Data for 2001 (2004 data not yet available)
  13. ^ http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=urb_lpop1&lang=en
  14. ^ https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:__3eQhm77NgJ:www.cityrailways.it/storage/pdf/01_urbanismi%2520ITALIA_2011.pdf+area+metropolitana+genova+cityrailways&hl=it&gl=it&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESjDMzGUJ7IgpYS5yCMwBhH8_xo7WTNApyU_qcdOttBLmAb_haOeR5wIBY5bmEplh-98jpCUga8D4fl71Qjvxr2hbYQHraBRbro663gnH3C8dzHmOjs1efjT1ZLHrWprsW63AgXU&sig=AHIEtbR1sNS5BPKqqKmb0T76lxtRD0Mk8g
  15. ^ "Urban Audit". European Commission. 2006. 
  16. ^ "State of European Cities Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-04-29. 

External links

  • GMES Urban Atlas: PDF files, ZIP files
  • Eurostat: European cities
  • Eurostat: Total population in Urban Audit cities, Larger Urban Zone
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