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List of urban areas in the European Union

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List of urban areas in the European Union

This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have greater than 500,000 inhabitants each in 2014. This list is an attempt to present a consistent list of population figures for urban areas in the European Union. All the figures here have been compiled by Demographia.

Important notes

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart (discounting rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc.). A metropolitan area is an urban area plus the satellite cities around the urban area and the agricultural land in between.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list below contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have introduced green belts which impacts the urban area but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city. Furthermore the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • If you are used to higher figures for the cities listed below (London is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc.), this is because figures here are only for urban areas, which are typically smaller than metropolitan areas. Urban areas can be computed by private people or institutions using maps and looking where the built-up area stops. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants

Rank Urban Area Image State Population Density (per km²) Annual growth rate (%)
1 Paris France 10,975,000 3,800 0.83
2 London United Kingdom 10,149,000 5,900 0.07
3 Ruhr area Germany 6,722,000 2,800 0.01
4 Madrid Spain 6,183,000 4,600 0.27
5 Milan Italy 5,264,000 2,800 −0.16
6 Barcelona Spain 4,656,000 4,300 0.12
7 Berlin Germany 4,006,000 2,900 0.01
8 Rome Italy 3,798,000 3,400 0.89
9 Naples Italy 3,726,000 3,600 0.01
10 Athens Greece 3,515,000 5,000 0.29
11 Lisbon Portugal 2,669,000 2,800 0.39
12 Rotterdam-The Hague
Netherlands 2,657,000 2,500 0.39
13 Manchester United Kingdom 2,560,000 4,000 −0.03
14 Birmingham (West Midlands) United Kingdom 2,448,000 3,800 −0.03
15 Katowice (Silesian Metropolis) Poland 2,231,000 3,500 0.11
16 Brussels Belgium 2,072,000 2,600 0.02[1]
17 Hamburg Germany 2,057,000 2,500 0.43[1]
18 Cologne-Bonn Germany 2,003,000 2,200 0.50
19 Bucharest Romania 1,932,000 6,800 0.10[1]
20 Munich Germany 1,911,000 2,900 0.72[1]
21 Frankfurt Germany 1,856,000 3,400 0.50
22 Leeds-Bradford United Kingdom 1,787,000 4,200 0.24[1]
23 Vienna Austria 1,739,000 3,800 1.04[1]
24 Budapest Hungary 1,724,000 1,000 −0.19
25 Warsaw Poland 1,716,000 3,200 0.67
26 Amsterdam Netherlands 1,600,000 2,500 0.41[1]
27 Valencia Spain 1,561,000 3,000 0.29[1]
28 Lyon France 1,542,000 1,300 0.50[1]
29 Turin Italy 1,499,000 4,000 −0.16[1]
30 Porto Portugal 1,496,000 3,600 1.05[1]
31 Stockholm Sweden 1,456,000 3,800 0.58[1]
32 Marseille France 1,369,000 1,300 0.46[1]
33 Stuttgart Germany 1,354,000 3,100
34 Prague Czech Republic 1,264,000 4,400 −0.07[1]
35 Copenhagen Denmark 1,231,000 2,700 0.04[1]
36 Helsinki Finland 1,203,000 2,400 0.81[1]
37 Sofia Bulgaria 1,185,000 5,700 0.78[1]
38 Glasgow United Kingdom 1,182,000 3,300 0.07[1]
39 Dublin Ireland 1,158,000 2,500 1.14[1]
40 Seville Spain 1,100,000 5,600
41 Lille Belgium 1,016,000 2,200 0.50[1]
42 Antwerp Belgium 990,000 1,500 0.05[1]
43 Nice France 962,000 1,300 0.52[1]
44 Łódź Poland 939,000 5,000 −0.67[1]
45 Toulouse France 880,000 1,100 0.72[1]
46 Liverpool United Kingdom 864,000 4,400 0.11[1]
47 South Hampshire United Kingdom 856,000
48 Bordeaux France 845,000 700 0.60[1]
49 Thessaloniki Greece 840,000 4,300 0.39[1]
50 Florence Italy 821,000 3,700
51 Newcastle upon Tyne (Tyneside) United Kingdom 780,000 4,200 0.16[1]
52 Gdańsk (Tricity) Poland 775,000 5,000
53 Kraków Poland 760,000 3,500
54= Bilbao Spain 750,000 5,800
54= Riga Latvia 750,000 2,900
56 Palermo Italy 731,000 6,000 0.12[1]
57 Nottingham United Kingdom 730,000 4,200
58 Catania Italy 720,000 2,900
59= Malaga Spain 700,000 3,600
59= Las Palmas Spain 700,000 6,800
59= Zaragoza Spain 700,000 5,700
59= Zagreb Croatia 700,000 4,400
59= Dresden Germany 700,000 2,200
59= Hannover Germany 700,000 2,500
65 Sheffield United Kingdom 685,000 4,000
66 Nuremberg Germany 660,000 3,000
67= Bremen Germany 650,000 2,400
67= Utrecht Netherlands 650,000 3,900
69 Genoa Italy 625,000 8,000
70 Bristol United Kingdom 617,000 3,900
71= Wrocław Poland 600,000 4,800
71= Poznań Poland 600,000 2,700
73 Nantes France 585,000 1,100
74 Belfast United Kingdom 580,000 3,500
75 Leipzig Germany 575,000 2,000
76 Toulon France 559,000 700
77 Mannheim Germany 552,000 3,500
78= Liège Belgium 550,000 1,900
78= Vilnius Lithuania 550,000 2,500
78= Gothenburg Sweden 550,000 2,700
81 Saarbrücken Germany 515,000 2,200
82= Douai-Lens France 510,000 1,100
82= Bologna Italy 510,000 3,300
82= Aachen Germany 510,000 1,500
85 Leicester United Kingdom 509,000

See also

Notes

  • Figures without citations are from Demographia: World Urban Areas

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects

External links

  • United Nations list of urban agglomerations in the European Union (as tabulated by INSEE).
  • Population of urban areas provided by UK National Statistics for UK urban areas
  • e-Geopolis: research group, university of Paris-Diderot, France - About world urbanization
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