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Lilongwe

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Lilongwe

Lilongwe
Lilongwe is located in Malawi
Lilongwe
Lilongwe
Location of Lilongwe
Coordinates:
Country  Malawi
Region Central Region
District Lilongwe
Elevation 1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Population (2008)National Statistical Office of Malawi
 • Total 669,021
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)

Lilongwe (named after the Lilongwe River) is the largest and capital city of Malawi with an estimated population of 1,077,116 for 2015. The city is located in the central region of Malawi, near the borders with Mozambique and Zambia.

History

Lilongwe had existed for centuries as a small fishing village on the banks of the Lilongwe River, later developing into an important trading center in Malawi's central region. Its growth was encouraged when the country's former head of state, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, established it as Malawi's new capital city in 1975.

Geography

Topography

Lilongwe is located on plateau situated at an altitude of 1,050 m (3,440 ft) above sea level.

Climate

Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwa), with pleasantly warm summers and mild winters. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics. Lilongwe features a short wet season that runs from December to March and a lengthy dry season that covers much of the remainder of the year, particularly June and July which are cooler than the rest of the year. However, the city sees heavy downpours during its rainy season, seeing around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) of rain in a month during the wettest months.
Climate data for Lilongwe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
29
(84)
28
(82)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
36
(97)
33
(91)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
27
(81)
30
(86)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
15
(59)
14
(57)
16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
19
(66)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
16
(61)
13
(55)
10
(50)
7
(45)
6
(43)
7
(45)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
17
(63)
12
(54)
Record low °C (°F) 12
(54)
11
(52)
10
(50)
4
(39)
2
(36)
−1
(30)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
1
(34)
8
(46)
11
(52)
10
(50)
−3
(27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
210
(8.27)
130
(5.12)
30
(1.18)
n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 70
(2.76)
170
(6.69)
850
(33.46)
Source: Weatherbase[1]

Divisions

The City Centre of Lilongwe

Lilongwe is divided into a New and Old City. The former has hotels, embassies and offices while the latter has markets, bus stations, cafes and restaurants. The modern shops of the City are contrasted by the street and walled markets of Old Town.

Market in Lilongwe
A craft market in Lilongwe

Society and culture

Food

Due in part to the growth of the expatriate community and the increasing importance of tourism, the number of international restaurants has risen very rapidly over recent years. The city now offers a rich and internationalized diversity of cuisine.

Youth centres

There are several youth centres in this town. The city assembly runs the Lilongwe community ground located close to police unit south east of the main bus terminal. The youth centre is surrounded by a wall 10 metres high. Local teams and youth use the facilities to play basketball, football, karate, boxing, volleyball, and many other games.

Another major youth centre is Don Bosco Youth Centre located at Area 23, on the outskirts of the town. It is run by the Salesians of Don Bosco. Young people come to this place to play and pray. In addition to the good grounds and courts that it has, there is a technical school that holds over 600 young people who train in different trades.[2]

Transportation

Lilongwe to Johannesburg bus

Airport

Lilongwe's Kamuzu International Airport (LLW) fields regular flights to Johannesburg, Addis Ababa, Nairobi, Lusaka and domestic services to Blantyre. The airport is located to the north of Lilongwe, approximately 20 kilometers from the City Centre.

Buses

There are regular bus services from Lilongwe to Blantyre, Zomba, Kasungu and Mzuzu.[3]

Rail

There is a rail service to Lilongwe. To the west the line runs towards Zambia, and to the east to Salima.[4]

Education

Lilongwe is also an educational centre of Malawi. The city is home to many Educational Institutions, including:

  • University of Malawi
  • Bunda College
  • The Malawi Institute of Management (MIM)
  • Kamuzu College of Nursing
  • Lilongwe Technical College

References

  1. ^ Lilongwe Climate Normals, accessed 2 December 2012
  2. ^ "Don Bosco Youth Technical Institute - Lilongwe". dbc-malawi.org. 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Getting there & away". Lilongwe. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "(Malawi Rail Map)". Railroad Development Corporation. Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  • Gerke, W.J.C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi (Johannesburg: Swan Publishing, 1968)

External links

Lilongwe travel guide from Wikivoyage

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