Lisbon airport

Lisbon Portela Airport
Aeroporto da Portela
200px
IATA: LISICAO: LPPT
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Portugal
Operator ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, SA
Serves Lisbon
Location Portela de Sacavém
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 114 m / 374 ft
Coordinates 38°46′27″N 009°08′03″W / 38.77417°N 9.13417°W / 38.77417; -9.13417Coordinates: 38°46′27″N 009°08′03″W / 38.77417°N 9.13417°W / 38.77417; -9.13417

Website ana.pt
Map
LPPT
LPPT
Location within Portugal
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 3,805 12,484 Asphalt
17/35 2,304 7,559 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Aircraft Movements 144,620
Passengers 15,301,176
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]

Lisbon Portela Airport, also known as Lisbon Airport (IATA: LISICAO: LPPT), is an international airport located in the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. In Portuguese, it is called Aeroporto de Lisboa, Aeroporto da Portela, or Aeroporto da Portela de Sacavém. It takes its name from the neighbouring parish (freguesia) of Portela in Loures Municipality, formerly known as Portela de Sacavém.

The airport is the main international gateway to Portugal and a major European hub. It is one of the largest and best equipped airports in Western Europe for maintenance,[2] navigation and air traffic control,[3] and passenger service, having been nominated as Europe's Leading Airport for five consecutive years in the World Travel Awards.[4] In 2012, the airport handled 15.3 million passengers[5] and 93,871 tonnes of cargo (2010).[6]

The airport is the main base-hub of TAP Portugal and its subsidiary Portugália as well as for EasyJet and SATA International and also the charter airlines euroAtlantic Airways, Hi Fly and White Airways. The airport is run by ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal which has been concessioned to the French group Vinci Airports in February 2013.[7]

History


The airport opened on 15 October 1942 during the Second World War. As a neutral airport it was open to both German and British airlines, it was a hub for smuggling people into, out of and all around Europe, as widely referenced in the classic film Casablanca, whose plot revolved around an escape attempt to Lisbon airport. As such, it was heavily monitored by both Axis and Allied spies. Although Portugal was neutral, the airport was used by allied flights en route to Gibraltar, North Africa and Cairo.[8]

At the end of the war the airport developed quickly and by 1946 was used by major airlines like Air France, British European Airways, Iberia, KLM, Sabena, Pan Am and Trans World Airlines and by 1954 the number of passengers had reached 100,000.[8]

A 1951–52 airport diagram[9] shows four runways at 45-deg angles: 1350-m runway 5, 1024-m rwy 9, 1203-m rwy 14, and 1170-m rwy 18. Runways 5 and 36 were each being extended northward to become 1999 m.

A major upgrade in 1959–62 included a new runway capable of taking the first generation jets, Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8.[8] The first jet aircraft movement was an Air France Caravelle in 1960.[8] In 1962 runway 03/21 came into use, it was 3,130 m (10,270 ft) and would allow direct transatlantic flights.[8] The first direct flight to New York was operated by a TWA Boeing 707 who also operated the first Boeing 747 service in 1970.[8] When TAP ordered the 747, five large parking bays were built in 1972 and the terminal was enlarged.[8] A major upgrade to the buildings and facilities was started in 1983 and the first air bridges were added in 1991.[8]

Relocation Plans

The airport is now surrounded by urban development, being one of the few airports in Europe located inside a major city. This led to a national debate on whether to keep the present location or to build a new airport; the last option was chosen. Initially, Ota, a village 50 km (31 mi) north of Lisbon, was chosen as one of the sites for the new airport. In 2007 an independent study coordinated by the Portuguese Industry Confederation (CIP) suggested Alcochete as an alternative location (see Alcochete Airport). In Alcochete a military training facility currently occupies the site, but the military agreed to abandon the location provided it could transfer its facility to a different area. A second government-contracted study led by the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (LNEC)[10] concluded in late 2007 that Alcochete was the best location.

The selection of Alcochete was announced on 10 January 2008, more than 35 years after the first capacity increase studies were initiated. Portuguese prime minister José Sócrates announced that Alcochete was the preliminary choice, to be finalised after public consultation.[11][12] The location of Alcochete as the construction site of the future Lisbon Airport was confirmed by the socialist government of José Socrates on 8 May 2008,[13] but the contract was shelved as part of Portugal's cost-cutting measures, and completely dismissed from Portugal's transportation strategy plans in July 2013, with investment being concentrated on expanding and further improving the existing Lisbon Airport infrastructure.[14]

In November 2006, the company operating the airport, ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, announced an expansion plan for some airport structures, in order to respond to current passenger traffic growth trends and full capacity use of the airport, originally intended to respond to growth until the new airport was to be finished in 2017. This plan involved the construction of Terminal 2 (concluded and operational since August 2007) and expansion of Terminal 1, with new boarding gates (concluded in 2011), a large new shopping and restaurant area, new airbridges and new parking positions and a more efficient use of currently existing structures and a new underground Metro de Lisboa station, inaugurated in July 2012.

Terminal 2 is used by 4 scheduled low-cost flight airlines for departures to European, North Atlantic islands and North African destinations, while Terminal 1 handles all arrivals and regular scheduled and chartered flights from most major European and North American air carriers. In October 2010, the European low cost airline EasyJet officially opened a new hub at Lisbon Airport, exclusively using Terminal 2 for departures to 20 destinations.[15] A free shuttle bus connects Terminal 1 Departures area and Terminal 2 every 10 minutes.[16]

Between 2007 and 2013 several improvements and expansions have been performed upon Lisbon Airport. These included the construction of Terminal 2 and lighting along with baggage claim refurbishment, all of which have been completed. Outstanding are the new cargo facilities, fuel storage, north pier and boarding lounge, north bus gate and baggage claim, enlargement of express cargo facilities, electrical refurbishments, expansion of south pier, departure lounge refurbishments and underground station and other terminal improvements.[17] As part of the definite solution for Lisbon Airport, in July 2013 a new commercial area was inaugurated in the Terminal 1 air side area, with 20 new stores and spacious naturally lighted internal circulation areas.[18]

With the long-term concession of ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal to the French group Vinci Airports[7] the project for a new airport was definitely abandoned in July 2013, and it was decided that the existing Lisbon Airport would be further upgraded to surpass 18 million passengers annually, and would remain the definite solution for this major European gateway.[19]

Infrastructure

Lisbon Airport has two runways, both served by parallel taxiways for higher traffic use, and capable of accommodating large-size aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400. The airport has zero visibility approach and landing capacity with ILS cat. III on runway 21 and extremely low visibility approach and landing ILS cat. II on runway 03.[20]

Airlines and destinations




Passenger

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
1
Aigle Azur Paris-Orly 1
Air Berlin Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca 1
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson (begins 21 June 2014) 1
Air Europa
operated by Privilege Style
Madrid 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Méditerranée Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Lyon
1
Air Moldova Chișinău 1
Air Transat Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau
1
Binter Canarias Gran Canaria 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1
EasyJet Amsterdam, Asturias (ends 28 March 2014), Berlin-Schönefeld, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Funchal, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Luxembourg (begins 10 December 2013), Lyon, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Nice (begins 10 April 2014), Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Valencia (ends 9 November 2013), Venice-Marco Polo (ends 28 March 2014)
Seasonal: Bristol, Liverpool
2
EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva 2
Emirates Dubai 1
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn
Seasonal: Stuttgart
1
Iberia Madrid 1
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg (begins 31 March 2014) 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen
2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 1
Ryanair Beauvais (begins 26 November 2013), Charleroi (begins 26 November 2013), Hahn (begins 26 November 2013), London-Stansted (begins 26 November 2013) 2
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen 1
SATA International Boston, Horta, Ponta Delgada, Santa Maria, Terceira, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Montréal-Trudeau
Charter: Cancún, Punta Cana, St Petersburg
1
STP Airways
operated by euroAtlantic Airways
São Tomé 1
Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva (begins 11 April 2014), Zurich 1
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda 1
TACV Gran Canaria, Praia, Sal, São Vicente
Seasonal: Boa Vista
1
TAP Portugal Accra, Amsterdam, Bamako, Barcelona, Belém-Val de Cans (begins 3 June 2014), Belo Horizonte-Confins, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bissau, Boa Vista, Bologna, Brasília, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Campinas-Viracopos, Caracas, Casablanca, Copenhagen, Dakar, Düsseldorf, Faro, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Funchal, Geneva, Hamburg, Helsinki, Horta, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Luxembourg, Madrid, Manchester, Manaus (begins 3 June 2014), Maputo, Marrakech, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Natal, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Orly, Pico Island, Ponta Delgada, Porto, Porto Alegre, Prague, Praia, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, Sal, Salvador, São Paulo-Guarulhos, São Vicente, Stockholm-Arlanda, Terceira, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Porto Santo
1
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
A Coruña, Algiers, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Funchal, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Nice, Porto, Seville, Tangier, Toulouse, Valencia 1
TAP Portugal
operated by White Airways
São Tomé 1
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo 1
Transavia.com Amsterdam, Eindhoven 2
Transavia.com France Nantes, Paris-Orly 2
Tunisair Tunis 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 1
United Airlines Newark 1
US Airways Seasonal: Charlotte (begins 23 May 2014),[21] Philadelphia 1
Vueling Barcelona, Paris-Orly 1


Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".px; ">

Lisbon
Faro
Porto
Palma de Mallorca
Madrid
Barcelona
Seville
Valencia
Bilbao
A Coruna
Malaga
Asturias
Nantes
Lyon
Nice
Paris
Marseille
Bordeaux
Toulouse
Zurich
Geneve
Basel
Rome
Milan
Bologna
Venice
Amsterdam
Brussels
Luxembourg
Frankfurt
Munich
Hamburg
Stuttgart
Dusseldorf
Berlin
Cologne
Vienna
Prague
Budapest
Zagreb
London
Bristol
Edinburgh
Liverpool
Manchester
Dublin
Cork
Helsinki
Copenhagen
Oslo
Stockholm
Moscow
St Petersburg
Eindhoven
Warsaw
Istanbul
Kiev
Bucharest
Chişinău
Argel
Tangier
Tunis
Casablanca
Tel Aviv
European and North African destinations from Lisbon

Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".px; ">

Accra
Gran
Canaria
Tunis
Bamako
Dakar
São Tomé
Bissau
Casablanca
Marrakech
Tangier
São Vicente
Sal
Praia
Luanda
Maputo
Argel
Dubai
Tel Aviv
African and Middle Eastern destinations from Lisbon

Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".px; ">

Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
São Paulo
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Campinas
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Rio de Janeiro
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Porto Alegre
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Recife
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Belo Horizonte
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Brasília
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Fortaleza
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Belem
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Manaus
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".">Natal
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Salvador
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Caracas
South American destinations from Lisbon

Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".px; ">

Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Cancún
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Punta Cana
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
New York
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Miami
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Charlotte
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Philadelphia
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Toronto
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Boston
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Montreal
North American destinations from Lisbon


Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".px; ">

Madeira
Destinations in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira