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List of Chief Justices of the United States by time in office

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Title: List of Chief Justices of the United States by time in office  
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List of Chief Justices of the United States by time in office

This is a list of Chief Justices of the United States, known as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court until 1866. The list can be sorted by time in office or length of retirement. For incumbent Chief Justice John G. Roberts, the values below are calculated to July 22, 2014.

Chief Justices of the United States

Order by
length
of term
Chief Justice Nominated
by
Date of
judicial oath
Date of
retirement
Length of
term
Length of
retirement
Date of death Order
by date
1 Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall Adams, JohnJ. Adams February 4, 1801 (1801-02-04) July 6, 1835 (1835-07-06) 12,57012,570 days 00,000N/A[1] 1835-07-06July 6, 1835(1835-07-06) 4
2 Taney, RogerRoger B. Taney Jackson, AndrewJackson March 28, 1836 (1836-03-28) October 12, 1864 (1864-10-12) 10,42510,425 days 00,000N/A[1] 1864-10-12October 12, 1864(1864-10-12) 5
3 Fuller, MelvilleMelville Fuller Cleveland, GroverCleveland October 8, 1888 (1888-10-08) July 4, 1910 (1910-07-04) 07,9387,938 days 00,000N/A[1] 1910-07-04July 4, 1910(1910-07-04) 8
4 Rehnquist, WilliamWilliam Rehnquist Reagan, RonaldReagan September 26, 1986 (1986-09-26) September 3, 2005 (2005-09-03) 06,9176,917 days 00,000N/A[1] 2005-09-03September 3, 2005(2005-09-03) 16
5 Burger, WarrenWarren E. Burger Nixon, RichardNixon June 23, 1969 (1969-06-23) September 26, 1986 (1986-09-26) 06,3046,304 days 03,1943,194 days 1995-06-25June 25, 1995(1995-06-25) 15
6 Warren, EarlEarl Warren Eisenhower, DwightEisenhower October 5, 1953 (1953-10-05) June 23, 1969 (1969-06-23) 05,7405,740 days 01,8421,842 days 1974-07-09July 9, 1974(1974-07-09) 14
7 Waite, MorrisonMorrison Waite Grant, UlyssesGrant March 4, 1874 (1874-03-04) March 23, 1888 (1888-03-23) 05,1335,133 days 00,000N/A[1] 1888-03-23March 23, 1888(1888-03-23) 7
8 Hughes, CharlesCharles E. Hughes Hoover, HerbertHoover February 24, 1930 (1930-02-24) June 30, 1941 (1941-06-30) 04,1444,144 days 02,6152,615 days 1948-08-27August 27, 1948(1948-08-27) 11
9 White, EdwardEdward D. White Taft, WilliamTaft December 19, 1910 (1910-12-19) May 19, 1921 (1921-05-19) 03,8043,804 days 00,000N/A[1] 1921-05-19May 19, 1921(1921-05-19) 9
10 Taft, WilliamWilliam H. Taft Harding, WarrenHarding July 11, 1921 (1921-07-11) February 3, 1930 (1930-02-03) 03,1293,129 days 00,03333 days 1930-03-08March 8, 1930(1930-03-08) 10
11 Chase, SalmonSalmon P. Chase Lincoln, AbrahamLincoln December 6, 1864 (1864-12-06) May 7, 1873 (1873-05-07) 03,0743,074 days 00,000N/A[1] 1873-05-07May 7, 1873(1873-05-07) 6
12 Roberts, JohnJohn Roberts Bush, George W.G. W. Bush September 29, 2005 (2005-09-29) Incumbent 03,2183,218 days 00,000Incumbent 2014-07-22 17
13 Vinson, FredFred M. Vinson Truman, HarryTruman June 24, 1946 (1946-06-24) September 8, 1953 (1953-09-08) 02,6332,633 days 00,000N/A[1] 1953-09-08September 8, 1953(1953-09-08) 13
14 Jay, JohnJohn Jay Washington, GeorgeWashington October 19, 1789 (1789-10-19) June 29, 1795 (1795-06-29) 02,0792,079 days 12,37512,375 days 1829-05-17May 17, 1829(1829-05-17) 1
15 Stone, HarlanHarlan F. Stone Roosevelt, FranklinF. Roosevelt July 3, 1941 (1941-07-03) April 22, 1946 (1946-04-22) 01,7541,754 days 00,000N/A[1] 1946-04-22April 22, 1946(1946-04-22) 12
16 Ellsworth, OliverOliver Ellsworth Washington, GeorgeWashington March 8, 1796 (1796-03-08) December 15, 1800 (1800-12-15) 01,7421,742 days 02,5372,537 days 1807-11-26November 26, 1807(1807-11-26) 3
17 Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge Washington, GeorgeWashington August 12, 1795 (1795-08-12) December 15, 1795 (1795-12-15) 00,125125 days 01,6491,649 days 1800-06-21June 21, 1800(1800-06-21) 2

Milestone illustrations

The time frames involved in the length of service by previous holders of the office can be illustrated by comparing them to the length of time it would take for incumbent Chief Justice John Roberts to reach them:

  • To surpass the tenure of his immediate predecessor, William Rehnquist, Roberts will have to serve as Chief Justice until Saturday, September 7, 2024. Roberts's age on that date will be 69 years, 224 days.
  • To surpass John Marshall as the longest-serving Chief Justice in history, Roberts will have to serve as Chief Justice until Wednesday, February 29, 2040. Roberts's age on that date will be 85 years, 33 days.
  • To surpass William O. Douglas as the longest serving Supreme Court Justice in history, Roberts will have to serve on the Supreme Court until Sunday, April 27, 2042. Roberts's age on that date will be 87 years, 90 days.

See also

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