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List of German inventors and discoverers

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Title: List of German inventors and discoverers  
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Subject: Invention, Innovation, Culture of Germany, German cuisine, Martin Waldseemüller
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List of German inventors and discoverers



This is a list of German inventors and discoverers. The following list comprises people from Germany or German-speaking Europe, and also people of predominantly German heritage, in alphabetical order of the surname.

Existing A B C D E F G H  I   J  K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
See also Notes References External links

A

B

Martin Behaims Globe 1493
Ludwig Bölkow, instrumental in the development of the Me 262.
Carl von Clausewitz, father of modern military theory.

C

D

Gottlieb Daimler, co-founder of Mercedes-Benz

E

Albert Einstein in 1921, the year he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics

F

Max Planck presents Albert Einstein with the Max-Planck medal, Berlin June 28, 1929

G

Fagus Factory, designed by Walter Gropius and Adolf Mayer
  • Hermann Ganswindt: Inventor and spaceflight scientist, whose inventions (such as the dirigible, the helicopter, and the internal combustion engine) are thought to have been ahead of his time.
  • Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss: German mathematician and physical scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy and optics. Sometimes referred to as "the Prince of Mathematicians".
  • Hans Geiger: Inventor of the Geiger–Müller counter in 1928. It detects the emission of nuclear radiation through the ionization produced in a low-pressure gas in a Geiger–Müller tube. Further improved by Walther Müller.
  • Heinrich Geißler: Inventor of the Geissler tube.
  • Reinhard Genzel: Astrophysicist, he and his group were the first to track the motions of stars at the centre of the Milky Way and show that they were orbiting a very massive object, probably a supermassive black hole.
  • Walter Gerlach: Physicist who co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field, the Stern–Gerlach effect.
  • Edmund Germer: Inventor of the neon lamp (Neonlampe).
  • Max Giese: Inventor of the first concrete pump in 1928.
  • Heinrich Göbel: Inventor of Hemmer for Sewing Machines, 1865,[6] Vacuum Pump (Improvement of the Geissler-System of vacuum pumps, 1881[7] and Electric Incandescent Lamp (sockets to connect the filament of carbon and the conducting wires), 1882[8]
  • Kurt Gödel: Important discoveries in math and logic, such as the incompleteness theorems
Johannes Gutenberg in a 16th-century copper engraving

H

Otto Hahn, the first man to split the atomic nucleus
  • Fritz Haber: German chemist and Nobel laureate who pioneered synthetic ammonia and chemical warfare.
  • Theodor W. Hänsch: Physicist, developed laser-based precision spectroscopy further to determine optical frequency extremely accurately. Nobel laureate in 2005.
  • Otto Hahn: German chemist and Nobel laureate who pioneered the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry. Considered to be "the father of nuclear chemistry" and the "founder of the atomic age". Discovered many isotopes, Protactinium and nuclear fission.
  • Samuel Hahnemann: Physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
  • Harald zur Hausen: Virologist, discovered the role of papilloma viruses in the development of cervical cancer. His research made the development of a vaccine against papilloma possible, which will drastically reduce cervical cancer in future. Nobel laureate 2008.
  • Henry J. Heinz: Tomato ketchup and fifty six other things.
  • Werner Heisenberg: Theoretical physicist who made fundamental contributions to quantum mechanics. Discovered a particle's position and velocity cannot be known at the same time. Discovered atomic nuclei are made of protons and neutrons.
  • Wolfgang Helfrich: Co-inventor of Twisted nematic field effect.
  • Rudolf Hell: Inventor of the first fax machine (Hellschreiber).
  • Richard Hellmann: Hellmann's (Blue Ribbon) Mayonnaise, 1905.

I

  • Otmar Issing: Economist who invented the "pepet pillar" decision algorithm now used by the ECB.

J

K

Monument to Robert Koch on his name square in Berlin.

L

Me 163 Replica designed by Alexander Lippisch.

M

N

Walther Nernst, Nobel laureate

O

P

  • Wolfgang Paul: Physicist. Co-developed the non-magnetic quadrupole mass filter which laid the foundation for what we now call an ion trap. Shared the Nobel Prize in 1989.
  • Hans von Pechmann: Chemist, renowned for his discovery of diazomethane in 1894. Pechmann condensation and Pechmann pyrazole synthesis.
  • Julius Richard Petri: Bacteriologist who is generally credited with inventing the Petri dish while working as assistant to Robert Koch.
  • Emil Pfeiffer: Discovery of Infectious mononucleosis
  • Fritz Pfleumer: Inventor of magnetic tape for recording sound. He builts the world's first practical tape recorder, called Magnetophon K1.
  • Max Planck: Physicist, Scientist. He is considered to be the founder of the quantum theory, and one of the most important physicists of the twentieth century.
  • Robert Wichard Pohl: In 1938, together with Rudolf Hilsch, built first functioning solid-state amplifier using salt as the semiconductor.
  • Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization. During his tenure the first wind tunnel in Germany was built here, thereby establishing a specific design for wind tunnels (Göttingen type).

Q

R

Paul Reuter aged 53 years (1869) by artist Rudolf Lehmann

S

Hand mit Ringen: print of Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen's first "medical" x-ray, of his wife's hand, taken on 22 December 1895 and presented to Professor Ludwig Zehnder of the Physik Institut, University of Freiburg, on 1 January 1896
Borosilicate glass as used in chemical labs - Type 3.3 according to (DIN ISO 3585)

T

U

  • Dietrich "Diedrich" Uhlhorn: Engineer, mechanic and inventor, who invented the first mechanical tachometer (1817), between 1817 and 1830 inventor of the Presse Monétaire (level coin press known as Uhlhorn Press) which bears his name.

V

W

Wankel engine, type DKM54 (1957)

X

Konrad Zuse's Z1; replica in the German Museum of Technology in Berlin

Y

Z

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Albrecht Ludwig Berblinger (1770-1829), known as the "Flying Tailor of Ulm", started with flight experiments in Ulm, Germany, in the early 19th century. He gained experience in downhill gliding with a maneuverable airworthy semi-rigid hang-glider and then attempted to cross the Danube River at Ulm's Eagle's Bastion on 31 May 1811. The tricky local winds caused him to crash and he was rescued by fishermen, making him the first survivor of a water immersion accident of a heavier-than-air manned "flight machine". Though he failed in his attempt to be the first man to fly, Berblinger can be regarded as one of the significant aviation pioneers who applied the "heavier than air" principle and paved the way for the more effective glide-flights of Otto Lilienthal (1891) and the Wright Brothers (1902). Less known are Berblinger's significant contributions to the construction of artificial limbs for medical use, as well as the spring-application in aviation. His invention of a special mechanical joint was also used for the juncture of the wings of his "flying machine". Because of his worthwhile contributions to medicine and flight, in 1993 the German Academy of Aviation Medicine named an annual award for young scientists in the field of aerospace medicine in his honor.

References

  1. ^ http://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?locale=de_EP&CC=GB&NR=131402 Improvements in the Composition and Manufacture of Sausage Meat and the like; Patent
  2. ^ http://depatisnet.dpma.de/DepatisNet/depatisnet?window=1&space=menu&content=treffer&action=pdf&docid=AT000000074310B&Cl=2&Bi=1&Ab=&De=2&Dr=&Pts=&Pa=&We=&Sr=&Eam=&Cor=&Aa=&so=desc&sf=vn&firstdoc=0&NrFaxPages=2&pdfpage=2 Patent; page 2
  3. ^ John M. Barry, The Great Influenza; The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History (New York: Penguin Books, 2005) 70.
  4. ^ "Blattnerphone", Orbem.co.uk, retrieved 07 February 2014
  5. ^ Renouf, Edward (1901-02-15). "Noble gases".  
  6. ^ Goebel's patent 47.632 „Hemmer for Sewing Machines"
  7. ^ Goebel's patent 252658 „Vacuum Pump"
  8. ^ Goebel's patent 266358 „Electric Incandescent Lamp"
  9. ^ Christian Friedrich Schönbein (18 October 1799 - 29 August 1868)
  10. ^ History of coin pressing
  11. ^ Boyne, Walter J. (1980). Messerschmitt Me 262 : arrow to the future. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 117.  

External links

  • "Made in Germany"
  • German Inventions - Discoveries
  • A Sampling of German Inventors and Inventions
  • German inventors—"Made in Germany"
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