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List of World Heritage Sites in Southern Europe

 

List of World Heritage Sites in Southern Europe

The World Heritage Sites in all of the 15 sovereign countries (also called "state parties") of Southern Europe: Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain and Vatican City.[1] There are no sites in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. Due to their geographical location, the Portuguese site on Madeira and four Spanish sites on the Canary Islands are not included here but in the List of World Heritage Sites in Africa.[2]

The top two countries by number of World Heritage Sites are located in this region: Italy with 49 sites and Spain with 44 sites (40 sites not including those on the Canary Islands). Seven sites are shared between several countries: Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (Holy See and Italy), Pyrénées - Mont Perdu (France and Spain), Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland) and Heritage of Mercury - Almadén and Idrija (Slovenia and Spain).[3] The first sites from the region were inscribed in 1979 a year after the list's conception, and included six sites in the former Yugoslavia and one site in Italy.[4][5] Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).[6] Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Southern Europe, there are 130 cultural, 6 natural, and 4 mixed sites.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." One of the sites (Medieval Monuments in Kosovo) in Southern Europe is listed as endangered and four sites (Old City of Dubrovnik, Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor, Plitvice Lakes National Park and Butrint) were previously listed. Possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of other cases.[7][8]

Contents

  • Legend 1
  • Inscribed sites 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Legend

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[6]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Inscribed sites

  * Trans-border site
  † In danger
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex A row of water basins leading to a large palace building. Provinces of Caserta and Benevento, Campania,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
700187000000000000087 (210); buffer zone 111 (270) 1997 [9]
Acropolis, Athens Ruins of a white temple with columns on a rock above a city. Attica,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
70003040000000000003.04 (7.5); buffer zone 117 (290) 1987 [10]
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada A courtyard with a gallery and a basin supported by lion sculptures. Province of Granada, Andalusia,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1994 The three sites are remnants of the Moorish influence in southern Spain. The fortress Alhambra and the palace Generalife were built by the rulers of the Emirate of Granada. The Albayzín district contains examples of the Moorish vernacular architecture and was added to the listing in 1994. [11]
Alto Douro Wine Region A river with terraced vineyards. Douro Subregion, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province,  Portugal
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
700424600000000000024,600 (61,000); buffer zone 225,400 (557,000) 2001 [12]
Aranjuez Cultural Landscape A large palace building with white and orange walls. Aranjuez, Community of Madrid,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70032048000000000002,048 (5,060); buffer zone 16,605 (41,030) 2001 The landscape around the Royal Palace of Aranjuez was developed by the Spanish royal family over a course of three centuries and contains innovative horticultural and design ideas. The area was the exclusive property of the royal family until the 19th century when the modern civilian city developed. [13]
Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia Roman stone church. Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia,  Italy
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002155000000000000155 (380) 1998 [14]
Archaeological Area of Agrigento Ruins of a classical temple with columns. Province of Agrigento, Sicily,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002934000000000000934 (2,310); buffer zone 1,869 (4,620) 1997 [15]
Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata A street with ruined houses. Province of Naples, Campania,  Italy
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
700198000000000000098 (240); buffer zone 24 (59) 1997 [16]
Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco Ruins of an amphitheatre near the sea. Province of Tarragona, Catalonia,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002100000000000000100 (250) 2000 The prominent Roman city of Tárraco at the site of modern-day Tarragona served as the capital of the provinces of Hispania Citerior and later Hispania Tarraconensis. The amphitheatre was constructed in the 2nd century. Most remains are only fragments or preserved under more modern buildings. [17]
Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida Ruins of an amphitheatre near the sea. Province of Badajoz, Extremadura,  Spain
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1993 Mérida was founded in 25 BC by the Romans as Emerita Augusta and was the capital of the Lusitania province. Remains from the Roman era include a bridge, aqueduct, amphitheatre, theatre, circus, and forum. [18]
Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina) Facade of an underground structure with a painting above the door. Imathia, Central Macedonia,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(iii)
70031421000000000001,421 (3,510); buffer zone 4,812 (11,890) 1996 [19]
Archaeological Site of Atapuerca
Archaeological excavation site in red earth.
Province of Burgos, Castile and León,  Spain
Cultural:
(iii)(v)
2000 The caves in the Atapuerca Mountains contain fossil remains of the earliest human beings discovered in Europe dating from nearly one million years ago. The Sima de los Huesos or "Pit of Bones" contains the world's largest collection of hominid fossils. [20]
Archaeological Site of Delphi Ruins of an amphitheatre in a mountain landscape. Phocis, Central Greece,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700151000000000000051 (130); buffer zone 14,314 (35,370) 1987 [21]
Archaeological Site of Mystras
A complex of buildings partially in ruins in a mountain landscape.
Laconia, Peloponnese,  Greece
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700154000000000000054 (130); buffer zone 1,203 (2,970) 1989 [22]
Archaeological Site of Olympia Ruins of buildings and a column. Elis, Western Peloponnese,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002106000000000000106 (260); buffer zone 1,458 (3,600) 1989 [23]
Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns A gate of stone with a relief of two four legged animals. Argolis, Peloponnese,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
1999 [24]
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites A white church with a white tower next to it.  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700414563000000000014,563 (35,990); buffer zone 4,087 (10,100) 2000 [25]
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua A garden with a church in the background. City and Province of Padua, Veneto,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
70002200000000000002.20 (5.4); buffer zone 11 (27) 1997 [26]
Burgos Cathedral White gothic style cathedral. Burgos, Province of Burgos, Castile and León,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
1984 The Gothic-style cathedral was constructed between the 13th and 16th centuries. It is the burial place of Spanish national hero, El Cid. [27]
Butrint Ruins of an amphitheatre and other structures. Sarandë District,  Albania
Cultural:
(iii)
70033980000000000003,980 (9,800); buffer zone 4,611 (11,390) 1992[nb 1] The site had been listed as endangered 1997–2005 following damages due to management and conservation. [28]
[29]
[30]
Castel del Monte Octagonal castle with a tower on each of the eight corners. Andria and Corato, Province of Bari, Puglia,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)
70003100000000000003.10 (7.7); buffer zone 10,847 (26,800) 1996 [31]
Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí
Stone church with a separate massive tower.
Province of Lleida, Catalonia,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
2000 The small valley at the edge of the Pyrenees contains churches in Romanesque style decorated with Romanesque murals, statues, and altars. The churches are unique for their tall, square bell towers. [32]
Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville
Cityscape with a large church and another large building.
Province of Seville, Andalusia,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(vi)
700112000000000000012 (30); buffer zone 187 (460) 1987[nb 2] The Alcázar was built during the Almohad dynasty that ruled southern Spain until the Reconquista. The cathedral dates to the 15th century and holds the tombs of Ferdinand III and Christopher Columbus. The Archivo (Archive) houses documents relating to the colonization of the Americas. [33]
Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena
A white stone church with one tall tower.
City and Province of Modena, Emilia–Romagna,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
70001200000000000001.20 (3.0); buffer zone 1.10 (2.7) 1997 [34]
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain Rock painting of a bison in red and black. Santillana del Mar, Cantabria,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(iii)
70032235000000000002,235 (5,520) 1985[nb 3] The Cave of Altamira contains examples of cave painting from the Upper Paleolithic period, ranging from 35,000 to 11,000 BC. The original listing contained seventeen decorated caves. The caves are well-preserved because of their deep isolation from the external climate. [35]
Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores Coastal town with white houses and churches with red roofs. Terceira Island, Azores,  Portugal
Cultural:
(iv)(vi)
1983 [36]
Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci
Painting of the last supper.
Province of Milano, Lombardy,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)
70001500000000000001.50 (3.7) 1980 [37]
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula Ruins of a temple with columns. Province of Salerno, Campania,  Italy
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
7005159110000000000159,110 (393,200); buffer zone 178,101 (440,100) 1998 [38]
City of Valletta Coastal city with churches and a large dome. Malta Island,  Malta
Cultural:
(i)(vi)
700156000000000000056 (140) 1980 [39]
City of Verona
A city with a small square and a tower.
City and Province of Verona, Veneto,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
7002453000000000000453 (1,120); buffer zone 431 (1,070) 2000 [40]
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto A three storied villa. Provinces of Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona and Vicenza, Veneto,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)
7002334000000000000334 (830) 1994[nb 4] [41]
[42]
Convent of Christ in Tomar Christian religious building with a bell. Tomar, Santarém District,  Portugal
Cultural:
(i)(vi)
1983 [43]
Costiera Amalfitana Mountainous coastline. Province of Salerno, Campania,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
700411231000000000011,231 (27,750) 1997 [44]
Crespi d'Adda
A row of parallel and connected factory buildings.
Province of Bergamo, Lombardy,  Italy
Cultural:
(iv)(v)
1995 [45]
Cultural Landscape of Sintra Buildings with red roofs on a hillside. Sintra,  Portugal
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
7002946000000000000946 (2,340); buffer zone 3,641 (9,000) 1995 [46]
Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana A mountain village with a church. Mallorca,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
700430745000000000030,745 (75,970); buffer zone 78,617 (194,270) 2011 [47]
Delos A row of white lion sculptures on pedestals. Cyclades, South Aegean,  Greece
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002351000000000000351 (870) 1990 [48]
Doñana National Park Wetlands with birds. Huelva and Sevilla Provinces, Andalusia,  Spain
Natural:
(vii)(ix)(x)
700454252000000000054,252 (134,060) 1994[nb 5] The park consists of the delta region where the Guadalquivir River reaches the Atlantic Ocean. It is home to a diverse variety of biotopes, such as lagoons, marshlands, dunes, and maquis. The park is one of the largest heronries in the Mediterranean region and holds more than 500,000 water fowl during the winter period. [49]
[50]
Durmitor National Park Fog in a mountain landscape with white rocks.  Montenegro
Natural:
(vii)(viii)(x)
700432100000000000032,100 (79,000) 1980[nb 6] [51]
[52]
Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna
Mosaic showing a man with a crown.
City and Province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
70001320000000000001.32 (3.3) 1996 [53]
Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč Small courtyard of a church with Christian paintings on the outside of the upper floor. Poreč, Istria County,  Croatia
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
70001100000000000001.10 (2.7) 1997 The episcopal complex, with its striking mosaics dating back to the 6th century, is one of the best examples of early Byzantine art and architecture in the Mediterranean region and the world. It includes the basilica itself, a sacristy, a baptistery and the bell tower of the nearby archbishop's palace. [54]
Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia Grass-covered conical structures. Provinces of Rome and Viterbo, Lazio,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
700121000000000000021 (52); buffer zone 5,786 (14,300) 2004 [55]
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta Sunset over a river. City and Province of Ferrara, Emilia–Romagna,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)
700446712000000000046,712 (115,430); buffer zone 117,649 (290,720) 1995[nb 7] [56]
[57]
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Ramparts of Elvas. Alentejo,  Portugal
Cultural:
(iv)
7002179000000000000179 (440); buffer zone 608 (1,500) 2012 The site, extensively fortified from the 17th to 19th centuries, represents the largest bulwarked dry ditch system in the work. Within its walls, the town contains barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries. While Elvas contains remains dating back to the 10th century A.D., its fortification began when Portugal regained independence in 1640. The fortifications designed by Dutch Jesuit Padre João Piscásio Cosmander represent the best surviving example of the Dutch school of fortifications anywhere. The site also contains the Amoreira Aqueduct, built to enable the stronghold to withstand lengthy sieges. [58]
Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius Ruins of a building with columns. Eastern Serbia,  Serbia
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
7002179000000000000179 (440); buffer zone 545 (1,350) 2007 The Late Roman fortified palace compound and memorial complex of Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius, in the east of Serbia, was commissioned by Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus, in the late 3rd and early 4th centuries. It was known as Felix Romuliana, named after the emperor’s mother. The site consists of fortifications, the palace in the north-western part of the complex, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex, and a tetrapylon. The group of buildings is also unique in its intertwining of ceremonial and memorial functions. [59]
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli
Narrow street lined by four storied buildings.
Province of Genoa, Liguria,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
700116000000000000016 (40); buffer zone 113 (280) 2006 [60]
Hal Saflieni Hypogeum Underground structure. Paola, Malta Island,  Malta
Cultural:
(iii)
1980 [61]
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija Almadén mine.  Slovenia;  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
7002104000000000000104 (260) 2012 [62]
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian
A grey palace building with columns.
Split-Dalmatia County,  Croatia
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700121000000000000021 (52) 1979 The palace was built by the Roman emperor Diocletian at the turn of the fourth century AD, and later served as the basis of the city of Split. A cathedral was built in the Middle Ages inside the ancient mausoleum, along with churches, fortifications, Gothic and Renaissance palaces. The Baroque style makes up the rest of the area. [63]
Historic Centre of Cordoba Dense city centre with white houses and a large church or palace complex. Province of Córdoba, Andalusia,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1984[nb 8] The original listing was the Great Mosque of Córdoba, a 7th-century mosque converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral in the 13th century by Ferdinand III. During the high period of the Moorish rule of the region, Córdoba had over 300 mosques and architecture that compared to that of Constantinople, Damascus, and Baghdad. [64]
[65]
Historic Centre of Évora Ruins of a classical columned temple. Évora Municipality, Alentejo,  Portugal
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
1986 [66]
Historic Centre of Florence Bridge across a river with buildings on it. City and Province of Florence, Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002505000000000000505 (1,250) 1982 [67]
Historic Centre of Guimarães
A square palace complex with white walls and many chimneys.
Braga District, Minho Province,  Portugal
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700116000000000000016 (40); buffer zone 45 (110) 2001 [68]
Historic Centre of Naples Narrow street with five-storied buildings. City and Province of Naples, Campania,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
1995 [69]
Historic Centre of Oporto Metal bridge across a river and city centre built on a hillside. Norte,  Portugal
Cultural:
(iv)
1996 [70]
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Building with white columns in the lower floor and Christian paintings on the walls of the upper floor.
 Holy See; Rome, Lazio,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
70031485000000000001,485 (3,670) 1980[71] [72]
Historic Centre of San Gimignano A small town dominated by many tall stone towers.. San Gimignano, Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
700114000000000000014 (35) 1990 [73]
Historic Centre of Siena A large square surrounded by multi-storied buildings. One of the buildings has a tall and narrow tower. City and Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
7002170000000000000170 (420); buffer zone 9,907 (24,480) 1995 [74]
Historic Centre of the City of Pienza Narrow street and three-storied houses. Pienza, Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
70004410000000000004.41 (10.9) 1996 [75]
Historic Centre of Urbino A large palace in a city. Province of Pesaro, Marche,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 3,609 (8,920) 1998 [76]
Historic Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra White houses with greyish roofs on a hillside. Berat and Gjirokastër,  Albania
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
700159000000000000059 (150); buffer zone 136 (340) 2005[nb 9] [77]
Historic City of Toledo City with churches and other large structures on a hillside near a river. Province of Toledo, Castile–La Mancha,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(vi)
1986 Toledo was founded by the Romans, served as the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom, was important in Muslim Spain and during the Reconquista, and briefly served as the capital of Spain. The city combines Christian, Muslim, and Jewish influences. [78]
Historic City of Trogir Coastal town with a palm tree promenade and houses with red roofs. Split-Dalmatia County,  Croatia
Cultural:
(ii)(v)
70006400000000000006.40 (15.8); buffer zone 4.80 (11.9) 2008 Trogir's rich culture was created under the influence of old Greeks, Romans, and Venetians. It is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. [79]
Historic Walled Town of Cuenca Town built on a rocky cliff. Province of Cuenca, Castile–La Mancha,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(v)
1996 The Moors built the fortified city in the early 8th century, and it was captured by the Christians in the 12th century. The cathedral is the first Gothic example in Spain. The town is also famous for its casas colgados, houses that hang over the edge of a cliff. [80]
Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture Balearic Islands,  Spain
Mixed:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(ix)(x)
70038564000000000008,564 (21,160) 1999 The coast of Ibiza is home to posidonia oceanica, a seagrass only found in the Mediterranean that supports a diverse coastal and marine ecosystem. The island also contains numerous Phoenician ruins, and the fortified and walled older portions of the city date to the 16th century. [81]
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) A group of volcanic islands. Southern Tyrrhenian Sea,  Italy
Natural:
(viii)
70031216000000000001,216 (3,000) 2000 [82]
La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia Interior of a building with high curled columns. Valencia, Province of Valencia, Valencian Community,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
1996 La Lonja (or Llotja in Valencian language) de la Seda means Silk Exchange in English, and the group of Gothic buildings demonstrate the wealth of Valencia as an important Mediterranean and European mercantile city in the period. [83]
Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture
Vineyards with low walls built of boulders and the sea in the distance.
Azores,  Portugal
Cultural:
(iii)(v)
7002190000000000000190 (470); buffer zone 2,445 (6,040) 2004 [84]
Las Médulas Landscape with red rocks. Province of León, Castile and León,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1997 The Romans established a gold mine and worked the site for two centuries. They used an early form of hydraulic mining and cut aqueducts in the rock cliffs to provide water for the operations. The Romans left in the early 3rd century, leaving sheer cliff faces and mining infrastructure that is intact today. [85]
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)
White baroque church.
Provinces of Catania, Ragusa and Syracuse, Sicily,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)(v)
7002113000000000000113 (280); buffer zone 306 (760) 2002 [86]
Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)
Basilica of San Salvatore in Brescia.
 Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
700114000000000000014 (35); buffer zone 306 (760) 2011 The site includes seven Longobards towns: Brescia, Cividale del Friuli, Castelseprio, Spoleto, Campello sul Clitunno, Benevento and Monte Sant'Angelo. [87]
Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley A small stone hut in the mountains. Encamp, Andorra la Vella, Sant Julià de Lòria, Escaldes-Engordany,  Andorra
Cultural:
(v)
2004[nb 10] [88]
[89]
Mantua and Sabbioneta Palace like building with a colonnade.  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002235000000000000235 (580); buffer zone 2,330 (5,800) 2008 [90]
Medieval City of Rhodes Fortresss at a harbour with sailing boats. Rhodes, South Aegean,  Greece
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
700166000000000000066 (160) 1988 [91]
Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
7002125000000000000125 (310); buffer zone 3,539 (8,750) 2013 [92]
Medieval Monuments in Kosovo Stone church with various towers. Kosovo,[nb 11] officially listed as Autonomous Province of Kosovo,  Serbia
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
70002880000000000002.88 (7.1); buffer zone 115 (280) 2004[nb 12] The four edifices of the site reflect the high points of the Byzantine-Romanesque ecclesiastical culture, with its distinct style of wall painting, which developed in the Balkans between the 13th and 17th centuries. The Dečani Monastery was built in the mid-14th century for the Serbian king Stefan Dečanski and is also his mausoleum. The Patriarchate of Peć Monastery is a group of four domed churches featuring series of wall paintings. The 13th-century frescoes of the Church of Holy Apostles are painted in a unique, monumental style. Early 14th-century frescoes in the church of the Holy Virgin of Ljevisa represent the appearance of the new so-called Palaiologian Renaissance style, combining the influences of the eastern Orthodox Byzantine and the Western Romanesque traditions. The style played a decisive role in subsequent Balkan art. The site has been listed as endangered since 2006 due to a lack of legal protection and management; political instability and security. [93]
[94]
Megalithic Temples of Malta
Prehistoric stone structure with a geometric relief.
Gozo and Malta Island,  Malta
Cultural:
(iv)
1980[95] [96]
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad A bridge with many arcs across a river. Republika Srpska,  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70001500000000000001.50 (3.7); buffer zone 12 (30) 2007 [97]
Meteora Rock pillars with buildings on top of some of them. Trikala, Thessaly,  Greece
Mixed:
(i)(ii)(iv)(v)(vii)
7002272000000000000272 (670); buffer zone 1,884 (4,660) 1988 [98]
Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios
Mosaic of a baptemn.
Attica, Central Greece and North Aegean,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
70003700000000000003.70 (9.1); buffer zone 5,816 (14,370) 1990 [99]
Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid A large building complex with towers. San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Community of Madrid,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(vi)
1984 El Escorial is one of several Spanish royal sites due to its history as a residence of the royal family. The palace was designed by King Philip II and architect Juan Bautista de Toledo to serve as a monument to Spain's central role in the Christian world. [100]
Monastery of Alcobaça Church facade integrated into a complex of white buildings with red roofs. Alcobaça, Leiria District,  Portugal
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
1989 [101]
Monastery of Batalha Gothic church Batalha, Leiria District,  Portugal
Cultural:
(i)(ii)
69999800000000000000.98 (2.4); buffer zone 86 (210) 1983 [102]
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon White tower near the sea. Lisbon,  Portugal
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
70002660000000000002.66 (6.6); buffer zone 103 (250) 1983[nb 13] [103]
Monte San Giorgio A wooded mountain and a lake.  Italy;   Switzerland
Natural:
(viii)
70031089000000000001,089 (2,690); buffer zone 3,207 (7,920) 2003[104] [105]
[106]
Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias
High and narrow stone church building.
Asturias,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
1985[nb 14] The Kingdom of Asturias remained the only Christian region of Spain in the 9th century. It developed its own style of Pre-Romanesque art and architecture that is displayed in various churches and other monuments. The original entry titled "Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias" and was extended to include other monuments such as La Foncalada. [107]
[108]
Mount Athos A large building complex and church built on a cliffside. Autonomous region of Mount Athos,  Greece
Mixed:
(i)(ii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)
700433042000000000033,042 (81,650) 1988 [109]
Mount Etna Sicily,  Italy
Natural:
(viii)
700419237000000000019,237 (47,540) 2013 [110]
Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon
A tower of reddish stone.
Teruel and Zaragoza Provinces, Aragon,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
1986[nb 15] The original listing contained four churches in Teruel in the Mudéjar style, a blending of traditional Islamic and contemporary European styles. In 2001, the listing was expanded to include an additional six monuments. [111]
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region Stone church next to a lake. Ohrid Municipality,  Macedonia
Mixed:
(i)(iii)(iv)(vii)
700483350000000000083,350 (206,000) 1979[nb 16] [112]
[113]
Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor A town in rocky mountains next to a bay or lake. Bay of Kotor, Kotor and surrounding territory,  Montenegro
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1979 The site had been listed as endangered 1979–2003 following the damage due to an earthquake from April 15, 1979. [114]
[115]
[116]
Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar A high bridge across a river with its peak at the middle. Herzegovina-Neretva Canton,  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cultural:
(vi)
2005 [117]
Old City of Dubrovnik Marina in a city with churches and a fort. Dubrovnik-Neretva County,  Croatia
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
700197000000000000097 (240); buffer zone 54 (130) 1979[nb 17] Dubrovnik became a prosperous Maritime republic during the Middle Ages, it became the only eastern Adriatic city-state to rival Venice. Supported by its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. The site had been listed as World Heritage in Danger 1991–1998 due to the Croatian War of Independence. [118]
[119]
[120]
Old City of Salamanca Cityscape with two large churches. Province of Salamanca, Castile and León,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
1988 Salamanca is important as a university city, as the University of Salamanca, founded in 1218, is the oldest in Spain and among the oldest in Europe. The city was first conquered by the Carthaginians in the 3rd century, and later ruled by the Romans and Moors. The city centre represents Romanesque, Gothic, Moorish, Renaissance, and Baroque architecture. [121]
Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches Defensive stone wall with semi-circular towers. Province of Ávila, Castile and León,  Spain
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1985[nb 18] The defensive wall surrounding the original town was constructed in the 11th century. It features 82 semicircular towers and 9 gates, and is one of the most complete examples of town walls in Spain. [122]
Old Town of Cáceres An old town with churches built on a hillside. Province of Cáceres, Extremadura,  Spain
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1986 The old town combines Roman, Islamic, Northern Gothic, and Italian Renaissance architectural influences, including more than 30 Islamic towers. [123]
Old Town of Corfu View over an old town near the sea with a castle. Corfu, Ionian Islands,  Greece
Cultural:
(iv)
700170000000000000070 (170); buffer zone 162 (400) 2007 [124]
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct A three-storied aqueduct running through a town. Province of Segovia, Castile and León,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 The Roman aqueduct was constructed in the 1st century, the medieval Alcázar palace in the 11th century, and the cathedral in the 16th. [125]
Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona A large building complex of red stone. Province of Barcelona, Catalonia,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
1997[nb 19] Both buildings were constructed in the early 20th century and designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner in the modernist Art Nouveau movement that was very popular in Barcelona in that period. The two buildings are Montaner's most famous works. [126]
Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika A church with a square bell tower. Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
70005330000000000005.33 (13.2) 1988 [127]
Palmeral of Elche
A forest of palm trees with a city in the background.
Province of Alicante, Valencian Community,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(v)
2000 The grove of date palm trees was formally laid out with irrigation systems under the Moors in the 10th century. The palmeral is a rare example of Arab agricultural practices in Europe. [128]
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa White church, leaning tower and a circular building. City and Province of Pisa, Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)(vi)
70008869999999999998.87 (21.9); buffer zone 254 (630) 1987[129] [130]
[131]
Plitvice Lakes National Park Turqois colored lakes among white rocks. Lika-Senj County,  Croatia
Natural:
(vii)(viii)(ix)
700419200000000000019,200 (47,000) 1979[nb 20] Over time, water has flown over the natural limestone and chalk, creating natural dams which in turn have created a series of connecting lakes, waterfalls, and caves. The nearby forests are home to bears, wolves and many rare bird species. The site had been listed as endangered 1992–1997 due to the potential threat from the Croatian War of Independence. [132]
[133]
[134]
Poblet Monastery
Entrance to a beige stone church decorated with sculptures..
Vimbodí i Poblet, Province of Tarragona, Catalonia,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
1991 The monastery was founded by the Cistercians in 1151 and is one of the largest in Spain. It is associated with various royal families in medieval Spain, particularly the kings of Aragon. It is the burial place of Aragon monarchs Alfonso II, John I, John II, James I, Ferdinana I, and Peter IV. [135]
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) A coastal town with multi storied colorful houses. Province of La Spezia, Liguria,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
70034689000000000004,689 (11,590) 1997 [136]
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
Pile dwelling over a lake.
 Austria;  France;  Germany;  Italy;  Slovenia;   Switzerland
Cultural:
(iv)(v)
7002274000000000000274 (680); buffer zone 3,961 (9,790) 2011 [137]
Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde Rock carvings of animals including a horse.  Portugal;  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(iii)
1998[138] The original 1998 listing contained examples of Upper Palaeolithic rock art in the Côa Valley of Portugal. In 2010 it was extended to include 645 engravings in the archaeological zone of Siega Verde in Spain. The two sites represent the most well-preserved collection of open-air Palaolithic art in the Iberian peninsula. [139]
Pyrénées - Mont Perdu A rocky mountain landscape. Gèdre, Hautes-Pyrénées, Midi-Pyrénées,  France; Communes of Torla, Fanlo, Tella-Sin, Puértolas and Bielsa in Province of Huesca, Aragon,  Spain
Mixed:
(iii)(iv)(v)(vii)(viii)
700430639000000000030,639 (75,710) 1997[140] The site contains the Pyrenees mountain chain along the French-Spanish border. The Spanish portion contains two of the largest canyons in Europe, while the French side contains three large cirque walls [141]
Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos
Ruins and a column.
Samos, North Aegean,  Greece
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002668000000000000668 (1,650); buffer zone 402 (990) 1992 [142]
Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza A stone church with one tower. Province of Jaen, Andalusia,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70009000000000000009.00 (22.2); buffer zone 176 (430) 2003 Renovations of the two towns in the 16th century were done under the emerging Renaissance style and are among the first examples of the style in Spain. [143]
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy Large symmetrical palace complex with white walls. Province of Torino, Piedmont,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)(v)
7002371000000000000371 (920); buffer zone 6,931 (17,130) 1997[nb 21] [144]
[145]
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes A train running through a snowy mountain valley.  Italy;   Switzerland
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
7002152000000000000152 (380); buffer zone 109,386 (270,300) 2008 [146]
Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula
Rock drawing of a deer.
Andalusia, Aragon, Castile–La Mancha, Catalonia, Murcia and Valencia,  Spain
Cultural:
(iii)
1998 The site includes over 750 examples of rock art from the late prehistoric period, which feature images ranging from geometric shapes to scenes of men hunting animals. [147]
Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Rock drawing of warriors. Province of Brescia, Lombardy,  Italy
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
7002432000000000000432 (1,070); buffer zone 1,018 (2,520) 1979 [148]
Roman Walls of Lugo A stone wall. Province of Lugo, Galicia,  Spain
Cultural:
(iv)
2000 The walls built to protect the Roman town of Lucus in the 3rd century remain entirely intact and are the best remaining example in Western Europe. [149]
Route of Santiago de Compostela A shell and a drinking bottle. Aragon, Navarre, La Rioja, Castile and León and Galicia,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
1993 The Route, or the Way of St. James, is a pilgrimage from the French-Spanish border to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, where the apostle James is believed to be buried. [150]
Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe A complex of various buildings including towers made of natural stones. Guadalupe, Province of Cáceres, Extremadura,  Spain
Cultural:
(iv)(vi)
1993 The monastery is home of Our Lady of Guadalupe, a shrine to Mary found in the 13th century after being buried from Muslim invaders in 714. The Virgin of Guadalupe and the monastery served as important symbols during the Reconquista, culminating in 1492, the same year as Columbus' discovery of America. The Guadalupe Virgin became an important symbol during the evangelization of America. [151]
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy A circular building on top of a mountain. Lombardy, Piedmont,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
700191000000000000091 (220); buffer zone 722 (1,780) 2003 [152]
Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus Ruins of an amphitheatre. Argolis, Peloponnese,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
70031394000000000001,394 (3,440); buffer zone 3,386 (8,370) 1988 [153]
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano Mountain with some rocks and three fortresses on top.  San Marino
Cultural:
(iii)
700155000000000000055 (140); buffer zone 167 (410) 2008 [154]
San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries An old church building of stone. San Millán de la Cogolla, La Rioja,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
700119000000000000019 (47); buffer zone 266 (660) 1997 The original Suso monastery was founded in the mid-6th century, and is the location where the Glosas Emilianenses were written. The codixes are considered the first written examples of the Spanish and Basque languages, and the monastery is considered the birthplace of written and spoken Spanish. The newer Yuso monastery was built in the 16th century. [155]
Santiago de Compostela (Old Town) A large cathedral with many towers. Province of A Coruña, Galicia,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(vi)
1985 The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is the reputed burial-place of the apostle James, and is the terminus of the Way of St. James, a pilgrimage across northern Spain. The town was destroyed by Muslims in the 10th century and rebuilt during the following century. [156]
Škocjan Caves Very large entrance to a cave. Škocjan pri Divaci, Matavun and Betanja in Divača and Sežana communes, Obalno-kraška statistical region,  Slovenia
Natural:
(vii)(viii)
7002413000000000000413 (1,020) 1986 [157]
Stari Grad Plain Foundations of a former building and a plain with trees. Split-Dalmatia County,  Croatia
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(v)
70031377000000000001,377 (3,400); buffer zone 6,403 (15,820) 2008 The Stari Grad Plain is an agricultural landscape that was set up by the ancient Greek colonists in the 4th century BC, and remains in use today. The plain is generally still in its original form. The ancient layout has been preserved by careful maintenance of the stone walls over 24 centuries. [158]
Stari Ras and Sopoćani
Ruins of a fortress in the mountains.
near Novi Pazar, Raška District,  Serbia
Cultural:
(i)(iii)
7002199000000000000199 (490); buffer zone 9,936 (24,550) 1979 On the outskirts of Stari Ras, the first capital of Serbia, there is an impressive group of medieval monuments consisting of fortresses, churches and monasteries. The monastery at Sopoćani is a reminder of the contacts between Western civilization and the Byzantine world. [159]
Studenica Monastery A church surrounded by a semicircle of buildings. Kraljevo, Raška District,  Serbia
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)(vi)
70001159999999999991.16 (2.9); buffer zone 269 (660) 1986 The Studenica Monastery was established in the late 12th century by Stefan Nemanja, founder of the medieval Serb state, shortly after his abdication. It is the largest and richest of Serbia’s Orthodox monasteries. Its two principal monuments, the Church of the Virgin and the Church of the King, both built of white marble, enshrine priceless collections of 13th- and 14th-century Byzantine painting. [160]
Su Nuraxi di Barumini Foundations of former circular buildings. Barumini, Province of Medio Campidano, Sardinia,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
70002330000000000002.33 (5.8); buffer zone 3.92 (9.7) 1997 [161]
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica Rock caves on a hillside. City and Province of Syracuse, Sicily,  Italy
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
2005 [162]
Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae Ruins of a temple with columns. Messenia, Arcadia and Elis, Western Peloponnese,  Greece
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)
700120000000000000020 (49); buffer zone 202 (500) 1986 [163]
The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik
A white church with a dome.
Šibenik, Šibenik-Knin County,  Croatia
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
69991000000000000000.10 (0.25) 2000 The cathedral is a triple-nave basilica with three apses and a dome (32 m high inside) and is also one of the most important architectural monument of the Renaissance in the eastern Adriatic. [164]
The Dolomites A rocky mountain landscape.  Italy
Natural:
(vii)(viii)
7005141903000000000141,903 (350,650); buffer zone 89,267 (220,580) 2009 [165]
The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse Fortress of dark stones on a hill above a town with white houses. Patmos, Dodecanese, South Aegean,  Greece
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
1999 [166]
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera Structures built into the rock. City and Province of Matera, Basilicata,  Italy
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
70031016000000000001,016 (2,510); buffer zone 4,365 (10,790) 1993 [167]
The Trulli of Alberobello Small white houses with conic roofs. Province of Bari, Puglia,  Italy
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
700111000000000000011 (27) 1996 [168]
Tower of Hercules A stone tower with a square base topped by two octagonal sections. A Coruña, Galicia,  Spain
Cultural:
(iii)
7002233000000000000233 (580); buffer zone 1,936 (4,780) 2009 The Romans built this 55 metres (180 ft) lighthouse on a 57 metres (187 ft) rock to mark the entrance to the A Coruña harbor. It is the only fully preserved and functioning Roman lighthouse. [169]
University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares Plateresque facade of a three storied building. Community of Madrid,  Spain
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
1998 Cardinal Cisneros founded the University of Alcalá in 1499 and is the first example of the planned university city, serving as a model to other European universities and Spanish missionaries in America. The city is the birthplace of Miguel de Cervantes, known for his contributions to the Spanish language and Western literature. [170]
University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia A number of buildings surrounding a central court with a clocktower to the left. Coimbra,  Portugal
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
700136000000000000036 (89); buffer zone 82 (200) 2013 [171]
Val d'Orcia Hilly grass landscape. Province of Siena, Tuscany,  Italy
Cultural:
(iv)(vi)
700461188000000000061,188 (151,200); buffer zone 5,660 (14,000) 2004 [172]
Vatican City Large circular square with colonned buildings and an obilisk in the middle.  Holy See
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)(vi)
1984 [173]
Venice and its Lagoon A city with churches among water. Province of Venezia, Veneto,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)
1987 [174]
Villa Adriana (Tivoli) Ruins of a stone building. Tivoli, Province of Rome, Lazio,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)
700180000000000000080 (200); buffer zone 500 (1,200) 1999 [175]
Villa d'Este, Tivoli Fountain and waterfall in a park. Tivoli, Province of Rome, Lazio,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
70004500000000000004.50 (11.1); buffer zone 7.00 (17.3) 2001 [176]
Villa Romana del Casale Mosaic of girls in bikini playing with a ball. Piazza Armerina, Province of Enna, Sicily,  Italy
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)
70008920000000000008.92 (22.0); buffer zone 10 (25) 1997 [177]
Vizcaya Bridge A metal transporter bridge running high above a river in a town. Biscay, Basque Country,  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)
69998600000000000000.86 (2.1); buffer zone 12 (30) 2006 The bridge was designed by Alberto Palacio to cross the Nervion without disrupting maritime traffic to the Port of Bilbao. It was built in 1893 and is the world's first transporter bridge. [178]
Works of Antoni Gaudí A large palace structure with many towers under construction.  Spain
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
1984[nb 22] The architecture of Antoni Gaudí is part of the Modernist style, but his designs are described as highly unique. The original listing featured Park Güell, Palau Güell, and Casa Milà; the 2005 extension added Casa Vicens, the crypt and nativity façade of Sagrada Família, Casa Batlló, and the crypt at Colònia Güell. [179]
[180]

Notes

  1. ^ Extended in 1999 by a small coastal area in order to prevent tourism developments and minor modification in 2007 declaring the Butrint National Park as buffer zone.
  2. ^ Minor boundary modification in 2010.
  3. ^ Extended in 2008 to include the Palaeolithic cave art of Northern Spain and name change from Altamira Cave to the present name.
  4. ^ Extended in 1996 to include sites outside of the vicinity of Vicenza and name change from Vicenza, City of Palladio to the present name.
  5. ^ Extended in 2005 to bring the property in line with the extended National Park.
  6. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2005 to bring it in line with those of the state National Park.
  7. ^ Extended in 1999 to include the Po Delta and name change from Ferrara, city of the Renaissance to the present name.
  8. ^ Extended in 1994 to include the surroundings of the Cathedral–Mosque of Córdoba and name change from Mosque of Cordoba to the present name.
  9. ^ Extension of borders in 2008.
  10. ^ Minor extension of the buffer zone in 2006.
  11. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  12. ^ Extended in 2006 to include the Patriarchate of Peć monastery, the Gračanica monastery and Our Lady of Ljeviš. Name change from Dečani Monastery to the present name.
  13. ^ Extension of the buffer zone of the Tower of Belém in 2008.
  14. ^ Extended in 1998 to include the Cámara Santa, San Julián de los Prados and the La Foncalada fountain in Oviedo. Name change from Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias to the present name.
  15. ^ Extended in 2001 to include architecture outside of Teruel in Calatayud, Cervera de la Cañada, Tobed and Zaragoza. Name change from Mudejar Architecture of Teruel to the present name.
  16. ^ Extended in 1980 to include the cultural and historical area and name change from Lake Ohrid to Ohrid region with its cultural and historical aspects and its natural environment. Minor boundary modification in 2009.
  17. ^ Extended in 1994.
  18. ^ Minor extension of the boundary in 2007.
  19. ^ Minor modification of the buffer zone in 2008.
  20. ^ Extended in 2000 by 10,020 ha (24,800 acres) to ensure the integrity of the site.
  21. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2010.
  22. ^ Extended in 2005 to include the Nativity façade and Crypt of Sagrada Familia, Casa Vicens, Casa Batlló, and the Crypt in Colonia Güell. Name change from Parque Güell, Palacio Güell and Casa Mila in Barcelona to the present name.

References

General
  • "World Heritage Committee: Sixteenth session" (PDF).  
  • "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-first session" (PDF).  
  • "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-seventh session" (PDF).  
  • "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-ninth session" (PDF).  
  • "World Heritage Committee: Thirtieth session" (PDF).  
Notes
  1. ^ "Number of World Heritage Properties by region".  
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region.  
  3. ^ a b c "World Heritage List".  
  4. ^ "Number of World Heritage properties inscribed each Year".  
  5. ^ (PDF) Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Second Session, Final Report (Report). . Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection".  
  7. ^ "World Heritage in Danger".  
  8. ^ "Decision - 28COM 15B.75".  
  9. ^ "18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex".  
  10. ^ "Acropolis, Athens".  
  11. ^ "Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada".  
  12. ^ "Alto Douro Wine Region".  
  13. ^ "Aranjuez Cultural Landscape".  
  14. ^ "Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia".  
  15. ^ "Archaeological Area of Agrigento".  
  16. ^ "Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata".  
  17. ^ "Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco".  
  18. ^ "Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida".  
  19. ^ "Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina)".  
  20. ^ "Archaeological Site of Atapuerca".  
  21. ^ "Archaeological Site of Delphi".  
  22. ^ "Archaeological Site of Mystras".  
  23. ^ "Archaeological Site of Olympia".  
  24. ^ "Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns".  
  25. ^ "Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites".  
  26. ^ "Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua".  
  27. ^ "Burgos Cathedral".  
  28. ^ "Butrint".  
  29. ^ 21st session 1997, pp. 24–25
  30. ^ 29th session 2005, pp. 31–32
  31. ^ "Castel del Monte".  
  32. ^ "Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí".  
  33. ^ "Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville".  
  34. ^ "Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena".  
  35. ^ "Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain".  
  36. ^ "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores".  
  37. ^ "Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci".  
  38. ^ "Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula".  
  39. ^ "City of Valletta".  
  40. ^ "City of Verona".  
  41. ^ "City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto".  
  42. ^ "Decision - 20COM VIII.C - Extension and Change of Name: The City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (Italy)".  
  43. ^ "Convent of Christ in Tomar".  
  44. ^ "Costiera Amalfitana".  
  45. ^ "Crespi d'Adda".  
  46. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Sintra".  
  47. ^ "Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana".  
  48. ^ "Delos".  
  49. ^ "Doñana National Park".  
  50. ^ "Decision - 29COM 8B.16 - Minor Modifications to the boundaries (Doñana National Park )".  
  51. ^ "Durmitor National Park".  
  52. ^ "Decision - 29COM 8B.15 - Minor Modifications to the boundaries (Durmitor National Park )".  
  53. ^ "Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna".  
  54. ^ "Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč".  
  55. ^ "Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia".  
  56. ^ "Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta".  
  57. ^ "Decision - 23COM VIII.C.2 - Extension: Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po Delta (extension of Ferrara, city of the Renaissance) (Italy)".  
  58. ^ "Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications".  
  59. ^ "Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius".  
  60. ^ "Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli".  
  61. ^ "Hal Saflieni Hypogeum".  
  62. ^ "Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija".  
  63. ^ "Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian".  
  64. ^ "Historic Centre of Cordoba".  
  65. ^ "Decision - 18COM XI - Extension and Change of Name: The Historic Centre of Cordoba (extension of the Mosque of Cordoba) (Spain)".  
  66. ^ "Historic Centre of Évora".  
  67. ^ "Historic Centre of Florence".  
  68. ^ "Historic Centre of Guimarães".  
  69. ^ "Historic Centre of Naples".  
  70. ^ "Historic Centre of Oporto".  
  71. ^ Extended in 1990 and name change from Historic Centre of Rome to the present name.
  72. ^ "Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura".  
  73. ^ "Historic Centre of San Gimignano".  
  74. ^ "Historic Centre of Siena".  
  75. ^ "Historic Centre of the City of Pienza".  
  76. ^ "Historic Centre of Urbino".  
  77. ^ "Historic Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra".  
  78. ^ "Historic City of Toledo".  
  79. ^ "Historic City of Trogir".  
  80. ^ "Historic Walled Town of Cuenca".  
  81. ^ "Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture".  
  82. ^ "Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)".  
  83. ^ "La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia".  
  84. ^ "Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture".  
  85. ^ "Las Médulas".  
  86. ^ "Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)".  
  87. ^ "Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)".  
  88. ^ "Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley".  
  89. ^ "Decision - 30COM 8B.59 - Minor modifications to the boundaries (Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley)".  
  90. ^ "Mantua and Sabbioneta".  
  91. ^ "Medieval City of Rhodes".  
  92. ^ "Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany".  
  93. ^ "Medieval Monuments in Kosovo".  
  94. ^ 30th session 2006, pp. 157–158
  95. ^ Extended in 1992???
  96. ^ "Megalithic Temples of Malta".  
  97. ^ "Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad".  
  98. ^ "Meteora".  
  99. ^ "Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios".  
  100. ^ "Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid".  
  101. ^ "Monastery of Alcobaça".  
  102. ^ "Monastery of Batalha".  
  103. ^ "Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon".  
  104. ^ Extended in 2010 to include the Italian portion of the site.
  105. ^ "Monte San Giorgio".  
  106. ^ "Decision - 34COM 8B.6 - Natural Properties- Monte San Giorgio (Italy)".  
  107. ^ "Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias".  
  108. ^ "Decision - 22COM VIII.B.2 - Extension: Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias (Spain)".  
  109. ^ "Mount Athos".  
  110. ^ "Mount Etna".  
  111. ^ "Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon".  
  112. ^ "Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region".  
  113. ^ "REPORT OF THE RAPPORTEUR ON THE FOURTH SESSION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE".  
  114. ^ "Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor".  
  115. ^ "World Heritage Committee: Third session" (PDF).  
  116. ^ 27th session 2003, p. 27
  117. ^ "Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar".  
  118. ^ "Old City of Dubrovnik".  
  119. ^ "World Heritage Committee: Fifteenth session" (PDF).  
  120. ^ "World Heritage Committee: Twenty-second session" (PDF).  
  121. ^ "Old City of Salamanca".  
  122. ^ "Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches".  
  123. ^ "Old Town of Cáceres".  
  124. ^ "Old Town of Corfu".  
  125. ^ "Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct".  
  126. ^ "Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona".  
  127. ^ "Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika".  
  128. ^ "Palmeral of Elche".  
  129. ^ Minor modification to boundaries in 2007.
  130. ^ "Piazza del Duomo, Pisa".  
  131. ^ "Decision - 31COM 8B.61 - Nomination of natural, mixed and cultural properties to the world heritage list - Piazza del Duomo, Pisa".  
  132. ^ "Plitvice Lakes National Park".  
  133. ^ 16th session 1992, pp. 24–25
  134. ^ 21st session 1997, pp. 10–11
  135. ^ "Poblet Monastery".  
  136. ^ "Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)".  
  137. ^ "Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps".  
  138. ^ Extended in 2010 by the Siega Verde site in Spain and name change from Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley to the present name.
  139. ^ "Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde".  
  140. ^ Extended in 1999 by an area of 550 ha (1,400 acres) in the upper Valley of Héas.
  141. ^ "Pyrénées - Mont Perdu".  
  142. ^ "Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos".  
  143. ^ "Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza".  
  144. ^ "Residences of the Royal House of Savoy".  
  145. ^ "Decision - 34COM 8B.58 - Cultural Properties - Examination of minor boundary modifications - Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (Italy)".  
  146. ^ "Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes".  
  147. ^ "Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula".  
  148. ^ "Rock Drawings in Valcamonica".  
  149. ^ "Roman Walls of Lugo".  
  150. ^ "Route of Santiago de Compostela".  
  151. ^ "Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe".  
  152. ^ "Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy".  
  153. ^ "Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus".  
  154. ^ "San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano".  
  155. ^ "San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries".  
  156. ^ "Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)".  
  157. ^ "Škocjan Caves".  
  158. ^ "Stari Grad Plain".  
  159. ^ "Stari Ras and Sopoćani".  
  160. ^ "Studenica Monastery".  
  161. ^ "Su Nuraxi di Barumini".  
  162. ^ "Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica".  
  163. ^ "Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae".  
  164. ^ "The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik".  
  165. ^ "The Dolomites".  
  166. ^ "The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse".  
  167. ^ "The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera".  
  168. ^ "The Trulli of Alberobello".  
  169. ^ "Tower of Hercules".  
  170. ^ "University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares".  
  171. ^ "University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia".  
  172. ^ "Val d'Orcia".  
  173. ^ "Vatican City".  
  174. ^ "Venice and its Lagoon".  
  175. ^ "Villa Adriana (Tivoli)".  
  176. ^ "Villa d'Este, Tivoli".  
  177. ^ "Villa Romana del Casale".  
  178. ^ "Vizcaya Bridge".  
  179. ^ "Works of Antoni Gaudí".  
  180. ^ "Decision - 29COM 8B.47 - Extension of Properties Inscribed on the World Heritage List (Parque Güell, Palacio Güell and Casa Mila in Barcelona)".  
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