World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of defunct and relocated National Hockey League teams

Article Id: WHEBN0000242798
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of defunct and relocated National Hockey League teams  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of NHL playoff series, California Golden Seals, Companies, NHL General Manager of the Year Award, NHL Stadium Series
Collection: Defunct National Hockey League Teams, Lists of Defunct Sports Teams, National Hockey League Lists, Sports Team Relocations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of defunct and relocated National Hockey League teams

Patrick Roy helped the Avalanche franchise win its first Stanley Cup during their first season of play in Colorado.[1]

The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional men's ice hockey league, consisting of 30 member clubs in North America: 23 in the United States and seven in Canada. It was founded in 1917 following the suspension of its predecessor league, the National Hockey Association (NHA).[2] The league is considered to be one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.[3] The Stanley Cup, the oldest professional sports trophy in North America, is awarded annually to the league champion.[4] The NHL Board of Governors review and approve the relocation of any member club.[5] Each team appoints an individual or individuals to represent their team on the Board of Governors.[6] A majority vote (more than half) is needed for relocation of a club.[7] Clubs considered permanently relocated moved out of their respective home territories, which includes the city that they were located in, plus 50 miles of the city's corporate limits.[6]

Under the constitution of the NHL, membership in the NHL is on a partnership basis, each partner holding a "franchise" from the League for the operation of a hockey club in its designated city.[8] The franchise can out-live teams located in different cities. For example, the Kansas City Scouts, Colorado Rockies, and the New Jersey Devils are one franchise. A franchise's history includes the records of competition won in different cities, as differently-named teams. Naming and team logos and designs are registered with the league. The current Ottawa Senators and Winnipeg Jets had to get the formal permission of the league members to use the name of the previous franchise that had used the team nickname. The league considers the history of the current Senators to not include the original Senators; the Jets' franchise history includes the Atlanta Thrashers' history, not the first Winnipeg Jets.

There are 19 defunct and relocated NHL teams. The Montreal Wanderers, original Ottawa Senators, and the Quebec Bulldogs had played in the NHA before joining the NHL; Quebec joined the NHL two years later as the Athletics.[9] The Pittsburgh Pirates played in the US Amateur Hockey Association as the Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets before joining the NHL in 1925.[10] The first NHL team to disband was the Wanderers, citing the lack of available players due to World War I.[11] The first team to relocate was the Athletics, who relocated to Hamilton, Ontario to become the Hamilton Tigers. The NHL president at the time, Frank Calder, stripped the franchise from owner Mike Quinn and sold it to a Hamilton-based company.[12] Three franchises became defunct due to the Great Depression: the Philadelphia Quakers, the St. Louis Eagles, and the Montreal Maroons. During their time in the NHL, the Senators and Maroons both won the Stanley Cup championship multiple times, with four and two respectively. The Brooklyn Americans was the last team to become defunct in the NHL. The franchise was struggling financially, and due to the lack of players via World War II, was suspended prior to the 1942–43 season. The franchise formally ceased in 1946.[13] The Americans departure reduced the number of teams to six. This began what became known as the Original Six era of the NHL.

The Original Six era ended when the NHL expanded twofold in 1967. Two teams from the expansion—the California Golden Seals and the Minnesota North Stars—relocated to other cities. The Golden Seals moved to Cleveland after nine seasons in the San Francisco Bay Area to become the Cleveland Barons; this was the first time in four decades the NHL approved a franchise relocation.[14] Two years later, after failed overtures towards merging with the Washington Capitals and the Vancouver Canucks, the Barons merged with the North Stars.[15] The Barons are the only NHL team to merge operations with another one.[16] The North Stars relocated to Dallas in 1993 to become the Stars.[17]

After six additional expansion teams, the merger of the Cleveland Barons with the Minnesota North Stars, and the NHL–WHA merger, the league had expanded to 21 teams by 1979. Three of the four teams from the NHL–WHA merger relocated to other cities: the Quebec Nordiques, the original Winnipeg Jets, and the Hartford Whalers.[18] The Nordiques became the Colorado Avalanche in 1995, while the Winnipeg Jets became the Phoenix Coyotes in 1996, with the Hartford Whalers moving to Greensboro, NC and becoming the Carolina Hurricanes in 1997. The Winnipeg Jets identity was revived in 2011, when a Winnipeg-based company received approval from the league to purchase the struggling Atlanta Thrashers and relocate them to Winnipeg for the 2011–12 season.[19] Out of the seven active relocated franchises in the NHL, two have not yet won the championship: the Coyotes and the Jets.[20]

Most of the metropolitan areas that have hosted relocated or defunct teams have been given another NHL team. Montreal, Quebec City and Atlanta all have two defunct or relocated teams with the Wanderers and Maroons, the Athletics and Nordiques, and the Flames and Thrashers, respectively. Philadelphia (Philadelphia Flyers), Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh Penguins), and St. Louis (St. Louis Blues) gained teams during the 1967 expansion. After losing the Americans, two more teams have been added into the New York metropolitan area: the New York Islanders in 1972 and the New Jersey Devils in 1982. Other former host-metropolitan areas of NHL teams that have been given another team include: San Francisco Bay Area (San Jose Sharks in 1991), Ottawa (current Ottawa Senators in 1992), Denver (Colorado Avalanche in 1995), Minneapolis – St. Paul (Minnesota Wild in 2000) and Winnipeg (current Jets in 2011).[21]

Contents

  • Defunct and relocated teams 1
    • Notes 1.1
  • Map of defunct and relocated teams 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

Defunct and relocated teams

First First year in the NHL
Last Last year in the NHL
Record Win–loss–tie–overtime record
Win% Winning percentage
PA NHL (1918–1926) / Stanley Cup playoff (1927–) appearances
SC Stanley Cup wins
* Denotes active franchise
Team First Last Relocated to Seasons Record Win% PA SC Reason for relocation/disbandment Reference
Montreal Wanderers 1917 1918[g] Defunct 1 1–5–0 .167 0 0 Lack of available players due to World War I and arena burned down[11] [22]
Quebec Athletic Club 1919 1920 Hamilton Tigers 1 4–20–0 .167 0 0 Sold to a Hamilton-based company[12] [23]
Hamilton Tigers 1920 1925 Defunct 5 47–78–1 .377 0 0 Ceased operations due to players' strike; players were bought by the New York Americans.[24] [25]
Pittsburgh Pirates[a] 1925 1930 Philadelphia Quakers 5 67–122–23 .370 2 0 Financial problems during the Great Depression[10] [26]
Philadelphia Quakers 1930 1931 Defunct 1 4–36–4 .136 0 0 Financial problems during the Great Depression[10] [27]
Ottawa Senators[b] 1917 1934 St. Louis Eagles 16[h] 258–221–63 .534 9 4 Financial problems during the Great Depression[28] [29]
St. Louis Eagles 1934 1935 Defunct 1 11–31–6 .292 0 0 Financial problems during the Great Depression[30] [31]
Montreal Maroons 1924 1938 Defunct 14 271–260–91 .509 11 2 Financial problems during the Great Depression[32] [33]
Brooklyn Americans[c] 1925 1942 Defunct 17 255–402–127 .406 5 0 Financial problems, plus lack of players due to World War II; formally ceased in 1946.[13] [34]
California Golden Seals[d] 1967 1976 Cleveland Barons 9 182–401–115 .343 2 0 In search of better financial conditions; [35] [36]
Kansas City Scouts 1974 1976 Colorado Rockies 2 27–110–23 .241 0 0 Financial problems; sold to a group of investors with the intention to move.[37] [38]
Cleveland Barons 1976 1978 Minnesota North Stars (merge) 2 47–87–26 .375 0 0 Both teams with financial problems[15] [36]
Atlanta Flames 1972 1980 Calgary Flames* 8 268–260–108 .506 6 0 Financial problems; sold to Nelson Skalbania with the intention to move to Calgary.[39] [40]
Colorado Rockies[e] 1976 1982 New Jersey Devils* 6 113–281–86 .325 0 0 Sold to John McMullen; New Jersey is McMullen's home state. [41] [38]
Minnesota North Stars 1967 1993 Dallas Stars* 26 758–970–334 .449 17 0 In search of better financial conditions[17][42] [43]
Quebec Nordiques 1979 1995 Colorado Avalanche* 16 497–599–160 .459 9 0 Financial problems; sold to a Denver-based group.[44] [45]
Winnipeg Jets[f] 1979 1996 Arizona Coyotes* 17 506–660–172 .442 11 0 Sold to a group of investors with the intention to move in search of better financial conditions.[46] [47]
Hartford Whalers 1979 1997 Carolina Hurricanes* 18 534–709–177 .438 8 0 In search of better financial conditions[48] [49]
Atlanta Thrashers 1999 2011 Winnipeg Jets* 11[i] 342–437–45–78 .447 1 0 Financial problems; sold to a Winnipeg-based company.[19] [50]

Notes

  • a Not affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball (MLB)
  • b Not affiliated with the present-day Ottawa Senators
  • c The team was formerly known as the New York Americans (1925–41).
  • d The team was formerly known as the California Seals (1967) and Oakland Seals (1967–70).
  • e Not affiliated with the Colorado Rockies of MLB
  • f Not affiliated with the present-day Winnipeg Jets
  • g The Wanderers played four games during the 1917–18 season before becoming defunct; a further two games were defaulted before the club folded.[51]
  • h The Senators were on hiatus during the 1931–32 season due to financial problems.[52]
  • i The 2004-05 season was cancelled due to the season lockout.[53]

Map of defunct and relocated teams

Map of the defunct and relocated NHL teams; the team names are clickable.

See also

References

  1. ^ Kevin Shea, ed. (February 15, 2008). "One on One with Patrick Roy". HHOF.com.  
  2. ^ Holzman 2002, p. 159
  3. ^ Darren Everson (May 7, 2009). "The Four Sports Commissioners Weigh In".  
  4. ^ "Stanley Cup History".  
  5. ^ McGran, Kevin (June 6, 2009). "NHL`s secret constitution revealed".  
  6. ^ a b "Constitution of the National Hockey League". The Star (Toronto). Retrieved May 17, 2011. 
  7. ^ Wiebe, Ken (May 23, 2011). "NHL return remains on ice".  
  8. ^ NHL Constitution, p. 2
  9. ^ Pincus 2006, p. 24
  10. ^ a b c Bouchette, Ed (May 2, 1999). "Ice Age".  
  11. ^ a b McFarlane, Brian. "Early Leagues and the Birth of the NHL".  
  12. ^ a b Holzman 2002, p. 230
  13. ^ a b McFarlane 1990, p. 43
  14. ^ McFarlane 1990, p. 144
  15. ^ a b McFarlane 1990, p. 163
  16. ^ "10 Sports Franchises That Have Gone Bankrupt: 1978 Cleveland Barons".  
  17. ^ a b Montville, Leigh (April 19, 1993). "Spleen for Green".  
  18. ^ Willes, Ed (2004). The Rebel League: The Short and Unruly Life of the World Hockey Association. McClelland & Stewart.  
  19. ^ a b "NHL Board of Governors officially approve Atlanta Thrashers’ relocation to Winnipeg".  
  20. ^ "Stanley Cup Champions and Finalists". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Teams". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Montreal Wanderers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Quebec Bulldogs Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  24. ^ Pincus 2006, p. 35
  25. ^ "Hamilton Tigers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Philadelphia Quakers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  28. ^ "No NHL Hockey Team for Ottawa Next Winter".  
  29. ^ "Ottawa Senators Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  30. ^ "St Louis Out of Title Hunt: League Buys Franchise Splits Players Among Remaining Eight Clubs".  
  31. ^ "St. Louis Eagles Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  32. ^ Coleman, Charles L. (1969). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol II. Progressive Publications. 
  33. ^ "Montreal Maroons Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  34. ^ "New York Americans Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  35. ^ Bass, Alan (2011). The Great Expansion: The Ultimate Risk That Changed the NHL Forever. p. 83.  
  36. ^ a b "Cleveland Barons Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Scout Move Almost Complete". Leader-Post. Associated Press. July 16, 1976. Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  38. ^ a b "New Jersey Devils Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Flames Sold, To Move to Calgary".  
  40. ^ "Calgary Flames Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  41. ^ McFarlane 1990, p. 206
  42. ^ "The 35 Biggest Moments in Modern Dallas History".  
  43. ^ "Dallas Stars Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  44. ^ Deacon, James (June 5, 1995). "Nordiques Move to Colorado".  
  45. ^ "Colorado Avalanche Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Phoenix isn't only city interested in Winnipeg Jets".  
  47. ^ "Phoenix Coyotes Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  48. ^ Rabinovitz, Jonathan (March 27, 1997). "Another Blow to Hartford: Whalers to Leave, Rejecting Arena Offer".  
  49. ^ "Carolina Hurricanes Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Atlanta Thrashers Franchise Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 
  51. ^ "1917-18 NHL Season Summary". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  52. ^ *Wong, John Chi-Kit (2005). Lords of the Rinks: The Emergence of the National Hockey League, 1875–1936. Toronto, Ontario:  
  53. ^ *Burnside, Scott (February 16, 2005). "Lockout's future holds myriad possibilities".  

Further reading

  • "Team Index". Hockey-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  • Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002), Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey,  
  • McFarlane, Brian (1990), 100 Years of Hockey, Summerhill Press,  
  • Pincus, Arthur (2006), "The Official Illustrated NHL History",  

External links

  • "NHL Constitution" (pdf). Biz of Hockey. 
  • "NHL Bylaws" (pdf). Biz of Hockey. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.