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List of largest craters in the Solar System

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Title: List of largest craters in the Solar System  
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Subject: List of tallest mountains in the Solar System, Lists of superlatives in astronomy, Solar System
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List of largest craters in the Solar System

Following are the largest craters on various worlds of the Solar System.

Body Crater Diameter Diameter of
parent body
Ratio Notes
Mercury Caloris Basin 01.551,550 km (963 mi) 4880 32%  
Rembrandt 00.715715 km (444 mi) 15%  
Venus Mead 00.28280 km (170 mi) 12,100 2%  
Earth Vredefort 00.275250–300 km (160–190 mi) 12,740 2%  
Moon Procellarum Basin 02.53,000 km (1,900 mi) 3470 86% Not confirmed as an impact basin.
South Pole–Aitken basin 02.52,500 km (1,600 mi) 70%  
Mare Imbrium 01.1451,145 km (711 mi) 33%  
Mars North Polar Basin 09.5510,600 × 8,500 km (6,550 × 5,250 mi) 6780 40% Not confirmed as an impact basin
Hellas Planitia 02.32,300 km (1,400 mi) 34% Largest visible crater in the Solar System
Utopia Planitia 03.33,300 km (2,100 mi) 49% Largest confirmed impact basin on Mars and in the Solar System
Vesta Rheasilvia 00.505505 km (310 mi) 529 (569)[1] 90%[1] See also List of tallest mountains in the Solar System
Veneneia 00.40395 km (250 mi) 70%[1] Partially obscured by Rheasilvia
Ganymede (Jupiter) Epigeus 00.343343 km (213 mi) 5270 6½%    
Callisto (Jupiter) Valhalla 00.36360 km (224 mi) 4820 7½%  
Heimdall 00.21210 km (130 mi) 4%    
Mimas (Saturn) Herschel 00.139139 km (86 mi) 396 35% See also List of tallest mountains in the Solar System
Tethys (Saturn) Odysseus 00.445445 km (277 mi) 1060 42%  
Dione (Saturn) Evander 00.350350 km (220 mi)[2] 1023 34%  
Rhea (Saturn) Mamaldi 00.480480 km (300 mi)[3] 1530 31%  
Tirawa 00.36360 km (220 mi) 24%  
Titan (Saturn) Menrva 00.392392 km (244 mi) 5150 7½%    
Iapetus (Saturn) Turgis 00.58580 km (360 mi) 1470 39%  
Engelier 00.504504 km (313 mi) 34%  
Gerin 00.445445 km (277 mi) 30% Gerin is overlain by Engelier
Falsaron 00.424424 km (263 mi) 29%    
Titania (Uranus) Gertrude 00.326326 km (203 mi) 1580 21% Little of Titania has been imaged, so it may well have larger craters.


  1. ^ a b c Rheasilvia and Veneneia are 95% and 75% of the mean diameter of Vesta, 529 km. However, the mean is affected by the craters themselves. They are 89% and 69% the mean equatorial diameter of 569 km.
  2. ^ USGS
  3. ^ USGS

See also

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