World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender firsts by year

Article Id: WHEBN0020979518
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender firsts by year  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Milk (film), 2009, Timeline of LGBT history, LGBT history, Sea queens
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender firsts by year

This list of Openly LGBT people remain a demographic minority in most places. In areas that historically are not known for having (or being friendly to) LGBT people who do not remain closeted, a "first" can make it easier for other openly LGBT persons to enter the field or for those who are closeted to come out. Openly LGBT people being visible in society affects societal attitudes toward homosexuality, bisexuality, and transgenderism on a wider level.

One commonly cited example is [1]

1800s to 1930s


  • The first known reference to lesbians in Mormon history occurred in 1856, when a Salt Lake man noted in his diary that a Mormon woman was "trying to seduce a young girl.[2]



  • German journalist Anna Rüling, in a speech to the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee in Berlin, makes the first known public statement of the socio-legal problems faced by lesbians.


  • The first explicit reference to lesbianism in a Mormon magazine occurred when the "Young Woman's Journal" paid tribute to "[2]


  • Lesbian Elsa Gidlow, born in England, published the first volume of openly lesbian love poetry in the United States, titled "On A Grey Thread."


  • [3] Published Friendship and Freedom, the first American gay publication.


  • In Berlin in 1931, Dora R, born as Rudolph R, became the first known transgender woman to undergo vaginoplasty. [4]


  • Mona's 440 Club, the first lesbian bar in America, opened in San Francisco in 1936.[5][6] Mona's waitresses and female performers wore tuxedos and patrons dressed their roles.[6]


  • Frances V. Rummell, an educator and a teacher of French at Stephens College, published an autobiography under the title Diana: A Strange Autobiography; it was the first explicitly lesbian autobiography in which two women end up happily together.[7] This autobiography was published with a note saying, "The publishers wish it expressly understood that this is a true story, the first of its kind ever offered to the general reading public".[7]




  • Vice Versa — First lesbian-interest publication in the United States.



  • Euro-American became the first widely known person to have sex reassignment surgery.
  • "Spring Fire," the first lesbian paperback novel, and the beginning of the lesbian pulp fiction genre, was published in 1952 and sold 1.5 million copies.[8][9] It was written by lesbian Marijane Meaker under the false name Vin Packer,[8] and ended unhappily.




  • Liverpool born April Ashley became Britain's first person to undergo sexual reassignment surgery[11][12]
  • Cpls. Fannie Mae Clackum and Grace Garner, U.S. Air Force reservists in the late 1940s and early 1950s, became the first people to successfully challenge their discharges from the U.S. military for being gay, although the ruling turned on the fact that there wasn’t enough evidence to show the women were lesbians — rather than that there was nothing wrong with it if they were.[13]


  • José Sarria — first openly gay person to run for public office in the United States (San Francisco city-county supervisor).[14]


  • The first photograph of lesbians on the cover of lesbian magazine The Ladder appeared in September 1964, showing two women from the back, on a beach looking out to sea.


  • The first lesbian to appear on the cover of lesbian magazine The Ladder with her face showing was Lilli Vincenz in January 1966.
  • In 1966 the first case to consider transsexualism in the US was heard, Mtr. of Anonymous v. Weiner, 50 Misc. 2d 380, 270 N.Y.S.2d 319 (1966). The case concerned a transsexual person from New York City who had undergone sex reassignment surgery and wanted a change of name and sex on their birth certificate. The New York City Health Department refused to grant the request, and the court ruled that the New York City and New Jersey Health Code only permitted a change of sex on the birth certificate if an error was made recording it at birth, so the Health Department acted correctly. The decision of the court in Weiner was affirmed in a case brought by Deborah Hartin, Mtr. of Hartin v. Dir. of Bur. of Recs., 75 Misc. 2d 229, 232, 347 N.Y.S.2d 515 (1973) and Anonymous v. Mellon, 91 Misc. 2d 375, 383, 398 N.Y.S.2d 99 (1977).



  • In the aftermath of the [16]


  • Rev. James Lewis Stoll, M.Div. (January 18, 1936 – December 8, 1994), a Unitarian Universalist minister, is the first ordained minister of an established denomination to come out as gay. He leads the effort that convinced the Unitarian Universalist Association to pass their first-ever gay rights resolution in 1970.[17]

1960s (year unknown)

  • In the late 1960s in New York, Mario Martino founded the Labyrinth Foundation Counseling Service, which was the first transgender community-based organization that specifically addressed the needs of female-to-male transsexuals.



  • The Greek letter lambda was selected as a symbol by the Gay Activists Alliance of New York in 1970.
  • The first lesbian/feminist bookstore in the U.S. was the Amazon Bookstore Cooperative, which opened in Minneapolis in 1970. It later became True Colors bookstore (with a labrys acting as the "T,") but has since closed.[18]
  • On June 28, 1970, the first gay and lesbian pride parades in the world were held simultaneously in New York City, Chicago and Los Angeles to commemorate the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots.[19] Today such parades are held annually throughout the world.[20]
  • In September 1970, University of Southern California staff member Del Whan taught the first LGBTQ class at USC. Her class, entitled "Social Movement: Gay Liberation" was offered through the Experimental College. It soon evolved into a student group called The Gay Liberation Forum, the first gay and lesbian group on campus. After years of struggle the group was finally recognized by USC in 1975. It continues today under the name Queer and Ally Student Assembly.


  • In February 1971 Virginia Hoeffding and Del Whan of the Los Angeles Gay Liberation Front opened the Gay Women's Service Center in Echo Park. It was the first social service center for lesbian women in the country. Their listing in the phone book was the first time the word "Gay" had ever appeared in the directory.
  • The University of Michigan became the first college in America to establish an LGBT office.[21]
  • In 1971, during a UCLA conference called "The Homosexual in America," Betty Berzon became the first psychotherapist in the country to come out as gay to the public.[22]
  • December 1971: first off-Broadway play to discuss romantic gay relationship, Nightride by Lee Barton, opens.[23]



  • Sally Miller Gearhart became the first open lesbian to obtain a tenure-track faculty position when she was hired by San Francisco State University, where she helped establish one of the first women and gender study programs in the country.[39]
  • Lavender Country, an American country music band, released a self-titled album which is the first known gay-themed album in country music history.[40]


  • Kathy Kozachenko — first openly gay or lesbian candidate to win public office in the United States (won a seat on the Ann Arbor, Michigan, city council)
  • Elaine Noble became the first openly gay or lesbian candidate ever elected to a state-level office in America when she was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives.[41] She had come out as a lesbian during her campaign.[41]
  • Allan Spear - served almost thirty years in the Minnesota Senate, including nearly a decade as President of the Senate.
  • Gay activists in Boston chose the purple rhinoceros as a symbol of the gay movement after conducting a media campaign in 1974. They selected this animal because, although it is sometimes misunderstood, it is docile and intelligent – but when a rhinoceros is angered, it fights ferociously. Lavender was used because it was a widely recognized gay pride color; the heart was added to represent love and the "common humanity of all people."
  • In December 1974, the lambda was officially declared the international symbol for gay and lesbian rights by the International Gay Rights Congress in Edinburgh, Scotland.


  • Minneapolis became the first city in the United States to pass trans-inclusive civil rights protection legislation.[42]
  • Clela Rorex, a clerk in Boulder County, Colorado, issued the first same-sex marriage licenses in the United States, issuing the very first of them to Dave McCord and Dave Zamora, on March 26, 1975.[43] Six same-sex marriages were performed as a result of her giving out licenses, but all of the marriages were overturned later that year.[43]


  • In 1976 the first case in the United States which found that post-operative transsexuals could marry in their post-operative sex was decided. It was the New Jersey case M.T. v. J.T., 140 N.J. Super. 77, 355 A.2d 204, cert. denied 71 N.J. 345 (1976). Here the court expressly considered the English Corbett v. Corbett decision, but rejected its reasoning.



Harvey Milk in 1978. Milk was the first openly gay elected politician in California
  • Harvey Milk — first openly gay or lesbian candidate elected to political office in California; seventh openly gay/lesbian elected official nationally (third man to be openly gay at time of his election)
  • San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Marching Band and Twirling Corp — world's first openly gay musical group
  • Samois, the first lesbian S/M group in the United States, was founded.[52]
  • Robin Tyler became the first out lesbian on U.S. national television, appearing on a Showtime comedy special hosted by Phyllis Diller. The same year she released her comedy album, Always a Bridesmaid, Never a Groom, the first comedy album by an out lesbian.[53]
  • Gilbert Baker raised the first Rainbow Flag at San Francisco Pride on June 25, 1978.


1970s (year unknown)

  • Angela Douglas founded TAO (Transsexual/Transvestite Action Organization), which published the Moonshadow and Mirage newsletters. TAO moved to Miami in 1972, where it came to include several Puerto Rican and Cuban members, and soon grew into the first international transgender community organization.







  • Becky Smith and Annie Afleck became the first openly lesbian couple in America granted legal, joint adoption of a child.[69]


  • Barney Frank — first U.S. congressman to come out as gay of his own volition.
  • David Norris — first openly gay elected senator in the Republic of Ireland.
  • A group of 75 bisexuals marched in the 1987 March On Washington For Gay and Lesbian Rights, which was the first nationwide bisexual gathering. The article "The Bisexual Movement: Are We Visible Yet?", by Lani Ka'ahumanu, appeared in the official Civil Disobedience Handbook for the March. It was the first article about bisexuals and the emerging bisexual movement to be published in a national lesbian or gay publication.[70]



  • Dallas S. Drake — first openly gay firefighter (Fire Motor Operator) in the upper Midwest (Burnsville Fire Department, Burnsville, Minnesota).[73]
  • Glen Murray — first out gay man elected to a City Council in Canada having not previously held office. Fort Rouge Ward Winnipeg, Canada
  • Denmark — first country to legally recognize same-sex registered partnership.
  • Ien Dales - first openly lesbian government minister in the Netherlands.



  • Justin Fashanu — first professional Football (Soccer) player ever to identify himself publicly as gay (Swedish footballer Anton Hysén recently [2011] became the second).


  • An episode of Fox's Roc (TV series) airing on October 20 ("Can't Help Loving That Man") depicted the first same-sex marriage on U.S. prime time television.[74]
  • Dale McCormick became the first open lesbian elected to a state Senate (she was elected to the Maine Senate).[75]
  • Sherry Harris was elected to the City Council in Seattle, Washington, making her the first openly lesbian African-American elected official.[76]
  • The first lesbian kiss on television occurred; it was on L.A. Law between the fictional characters of C.J. Lamb (played by Amanda Donohoe) and Abby (Michele Greene).[77]
  • The first [79][80] It is the largest,[80] most famous, and pre-eminent such conference in the United States.[81]


  • Althea Garrison was elected as the first transgender state legislator in America, and served one term in the Massachusetts House of Representatives; however, it was not publicly known she was transgender when she was elected.[82]
  • The first Dyke March (a march for lesbians and their straight female allies, planned by the Lesbian Avengers) was held in Washington, D.C., with 20,000 women marching.[83][84]
  • The Triangle Ball was held; it was the first inaugural ball in America to ever be held in honor of gays and lesbians.
  • Roberta Achtenberg became the first openly gay or lesbian person to be nominated by the president and confirmed by the U.S. Senate when she was appointed to the position of Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity by President Bill Clinton.[85]




  • Michael Kirby — first openly gay judge of the High Court of Australia (appointed February 1996; named his male partner in his 1999 entry in "Who's Who in Australia")
  • Bob Brown — first openly gay member of the Parliament of Australia (elected March, his term started July)
  • South Africa — first country to explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in its constitution.
  • The first lesbian wedding on television occurred, held for fictional characters Carol (played by Jane Sibbett) and Susan (played by Jessica Hecht) on the TV show Friends.[89]



Jackie Biskupski - first openly gay elected official in Utah, won a seat in the Utah House of Representatives.

  • Dana International — first transsexual to win the Eurovision Song Contest.
  • Glen Murray — first out gay man to be elected mayor of a major city in the world: Winnipeg, the capital of Manitoba (population 700,000).
  • [97]
  • Tammy Baldwin became the first openly gay or lesbian non-incumbent ever elected to United States Congress, and the first open lesbian ever elected to Congress, winning Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district seat over Josephine Musser.[98][99]
  • The first bisexual pride flag was unveiled on Dec 5th, 1998.[100]
  • Julie Hesmondhalgh first began to play Hayley Anne Patterson, British TV’s first transgender character.[101]




  • The Transgender Pride flag, created by transgender woman Monica Helms, was first shown, at a pride parade in Phoenix, Arizona.
  • Civil unions were legalized in Vermont (the first state to do so) and Carolyn Conrad and Kathleen Peterson became the first couple in the United States to be civilly united.[103]




  • Ang Ladlad — the first lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) political party
  • David Cicilline — first openly gay mayor of a U.S. state capital (Providence, Rhode Island)
  • Gene Robinson — first openly gay person to be ordained bishop in a major Christian denomination
  • On 1 November 2003, Taiwan Pride, the first gay pride parade in the Chinese-speaking world, was held in Taipei, with over 1,000 people attending.[114] It has taken place annually since then, but still, many participants wear masks to hide their identity because homosexuality remains a social taboo in Taiwan. However, the 2010 parade attracted 30,000 attendees and increasing media and political attention, highlighting the growing rate of acceptance in Taiwan. Since 2010, there has also been a pride parade in Kaohsiung, which attracted over 2,000 people.[115]
  • In 2003 Reuben Zellman became the first openly transgender person accepted to the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, where he was ordained in 2010.[116][117][118]
  • In 2003 the Reform rabbi Reconstructionist Rabbinical College which addressed the psychological, legal, and religious issues affecting people who are intersex or transsexual.[113]


  • Bill Siksay — first openly gay Canadian elected to a first term as Member of Parliament
  • Felipe "Alejandra" González Pino — First transgender councilman in Chile (Lampa commune)
  • Oras Tynkkynen — first openly gay member of parliament in Finland. Initially appointed as a replacement for an MP who stepped down, was elected to his seat in 2007.
  • The first all-transgender performance of the Vagina Monologues was held. The monologues were read by eighteen notable transgender women, and a new monologue revolving around the experiences and struggles of transgender women was included.[119]
  • Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon became the first same-sex couple to be legally married in the United States,[120] when San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom allowed city hall to grant marriage licenses to same-sex couples.[121] However, all same-sex marriages done in 2004 in California were annulled.[122] After the California Supreme Court decision in 2008 that granted same-sex couples in California the right to marry, Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon remarried, and were again the first same-sex couple in the state to marry.[123][124] Later in 2008 Prop 8 illegalized same-sex marriage in California,[125] but the marriages that occurred between the California Supreme Court decision legalizing same-sex marriage and the approval of Prop 8 illegalizing it are still considered valid, including the marriage of Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon.[126] However, Del Martin died in 2008.[127]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in the state of Massachusetts, and Marcia Hams and Sue Shepard became the first same-sex couple to marry in Massachusetts,.[128][129]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in part of Oregon, as after researching the issue and getting two legal opinions, the commissioners decided Oregon's Constitution would not allow them to discriminate against same-sex couples. The Chairwoman of the Board of Commissioners ordered the clerk to begin issuing marriage licenses.[130] Mary Li of Portland and her partner, 42-year-old Becky Kennedy, became the first same-sex couple to marry in Oregon.[131] However, later that year, Oregon voters passed a constitutional amendment defining marriage as involving one man and one woman.[132] The same-sex marriages from 2004 were ruled void by the Oregon Supreme Court.[133]
  • James McGreevey, then governor of New Jersey, came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay state governor in United States history.[134] He resigned soon after.[134]
  • Bisi Alimi became the first Nigerian to declare his homosexuality on television.[135]


  • Bonnie Bleskachek became the first openly lesbian fire chief of a major metropolitan area in the United States (Minneapolis).
  • Liverpool Register Office became the UK's first to include a gay couple on the front cover of civil ceremony promotional material[136][137]
  • Transgender activist Pauline Park became the first openly transgender person chosen to be grand marshal of the New York City Pride March, the oldest and largest LGBT pride event in the United States.
  • The Simpsons became the first cartoon series to dedicate an entire episode to the topic of same-sex marriage.[138]
  • The first European Transgender Council Meeting was held in Vienna. [139]
  • Alexandra Billings became the first openly trans woman to have played a transgender character on television, which she did in the 2005 made-for-TV movie Romy and Michelle: A New Beginning. [140]


In 2006 Kim Coco Iwamoto became the first transgender official to win statewide office in Hawaii.
  • Chaya Gusfield and Rabbi Lori Klein, both ordained in America, became the first openly lesbian rabbis ordained by the Jewish Renewal movement.
  • In the United Kingdom, since 2006 the Pink Jack has been widely used to represent a unique British Gay and Lesbian identity.
  • In 2006 Kim Coco Iwamoto was elected as a member of the Hawaii Board of Education, making her at that time the highest ranking openly transgender elected official in the United States, as well as the first openly transgender official to win statewide office.[141]
  • Elliot Kukla, who came out as transgender six months before his ordination in 2006, was the first openly transgender person to be ordained by the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.[142]
  • Arizona became the first state to reject a ban on same-sex marriage (it would have banned domestic partnerships and civil unions too) although it did accept one in 2008.[143]
  • State Rep. Patricia Todd, D-Birmingham, became Alabama's first openly gay public official when she was elected in 2006.[144]


  • Jenny Bailey — the first openly transgender mayor in the United Kingdom.[145]
  • Theresa Sparks — first openly transgender police commissioner (San Francisco).[146] In 2003 Theresa Sparks had been the first openly transgender woman ever named "Woman of the Year" by the California State Assembly.[147]
  • Jalda Rebling, a German woman born in the Netherlands and ordained in America, became the first openly lesbian cantor ordained by the Jewish Renewal movement.
  • From 2007 to 2008 actress Candis Cayne played Carmelita Rainer, a transgender woman having an affair with married New York Attorney General Patrick Darling (played by William Baldwin), on the ABC prime time drama Dirty Sexy Money.[148][149][150] The role made Cayne the first openly transgender actress to play a recurring transgender character in prime time.[148][149][150]
  • Joy Ladin became the first openly transgender professor at an Orthodox Jewish institution (Stern College for Women of Yeshiva University).[151][152]
  • On 29 November, the first foreign gay wedding was held in Hanoi, Vietnam between a Japanese and an Irish national. The wedding raised much attention in the gay and lesbian community in Vietnam.[153]
  • Amaranta Gómez Regalado (for México Posible) became the first transsexual person to appear in the Mexican Congress.
  • Ellen DeGeneres became the first open lesbian to host the Academy Awards.[154]
  • Ventura Place in Studio City was renamed Dr. Betty Berzon Place in her honor, making it the first street ever officially dedicated to a known lesbian in California. [155]


Rachel Maddow in August 2008


In 2009 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir became the Prime Minister of Iceland and thus became the first openly gay head of government in modern times.
  • Eva Brunne became the first lesbian bishop in the world and the first bishop of the Church of Sweden to be in a registered same-sex partnership.
  • Lesbian and Gay Band Association — first LGBT-represented contingent marching in a U.S. presidential inaugural parade. The parade on January 20 was in celebration of Barack Obama's incoming administration.
  • Jared Polis — first male U.S. congressperson to be openly gay when first elected to office
  • Jóhanna SigurðardóttirPrime Minister of Iceland, and the first openly homosexual head of government in modern times. (On an elected basis, in contrast to Per-Kristian Foss, who was briefly acting Prime Minister of Norway in 2002.)
  • Carol Ann Duffy — first openly lesbian or gay Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.[170]
  • Alejandro Freyre and José María di Bello — first same-sex marriage in Latin America.[171]
  • Gareth Thomas — first openly gay professional rugby player still playing the game.[172]
  • Annise Parker was elected as the first openly gay or lesbian mayor of Houston, Texas.[173]
  • Diego Sanchez became the first openly transgender person to work on Capitol Hill; he was hired as a legislative assistant for Barney Frank.[174] Sanchez was also the first transgender person on the Democratic National Committee's (DNC) Platform Committee in 2008.[175][176]
  • Barbra “Babs” Siperstein was nominated and confirmed as an at-large member of the Democratic National Committee, becoming its first openly transgender member.[177]
  • Kitzen and Jeni Branting married in the Coquille Indian tribe's Coos Bay plankhouse, a 3-year-old meeting hall built in traditional Coquille style with cedar plank walls. They were the first same-sex couple to have their marriage recognized by the tribe, of which Kitzen was a member.[178][179]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Iowa, and Shelley Wolfe and Melisa Keeton became the first lesbian couple (and the second same-sex couple) to marry in Iowa.[180][181]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Vermont,[182] and Claire Williams and Cori Giroux became one of the first same-sex couples to marry in Vermont (others including them married the moment same-sex marriage was legalized).
  • Guido Westerwelle became the first openly gay foreign minister and vice chancellor of Germany.
  • All My Children featured daytime TV's first lesbian wedding.[183]
  • Simone Bell became the first African-American lesbian elected to serve in a U.S. state legislature.[184]
  • In September 2009, Vandy Beth Glenn delivered the first United States Congress testimony (before the House of Representatives) from an openly transgender witness, urging passage of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act.[185][186]
  • In October 2009, LGBT activist Amy Andre[187] was appointed as executive director of the San Francisco Pride Celebration Committee, making her San Francisco Pride's first openly bisexual woman of color executive director.[188][189]
  • Dylan Orr became the first openly transgender presidential appointee in America, when he was appointed as special assistant in the Department of Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy.[190]



  • Annise Parker — first openly gay mayor of a major (population over 1 million) U.S. city (Houston)
  • Sharon Lubinski — first openly gay United States Marshal
  • Steven Davies - first openly gay international cricketer
  • Guinness World Records recognized transgender man Thomas Beatie as the world's "First Married Man to Give Birth."[191]
  • Amanda Simpson became the first openly transgender woman presidential appointee in America when she was appointed as senior technical adviser in the Commerce Department's Bureau of Industry and Security.[192]
  • [195][196]
  • Victoria Kolakowski became the first openly transgender judge in America.[197]
  • Mary Glasspool became the first openly lesbian bishop ordained by the Episcopal Church of the United States (serving the Diocese of Los Angeles).[198]
  • Mary Albing became the first openly lesbian minister ordained by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, serving the Lutheran Church of Christ the Redeemer on the south side of Minneapolis.[199]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in the District of Columbia, and Sinjoyla Townsend and Angelisa Young became the first same-sex couple to marry in the District of Columbia.[200]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in New Hampshire,[201] and Linda Murphy and Donna Swartwout became one of the first same-sex couples to marry in New Hampshire (others including them married the moment same-sex marriage was legalized).[202]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Argentina, the first Latin American country in doing so
  • Hollyoaks, produced and filmed at the Liverpool based Lime Pictures studios, became the first ever British soap opera to introduce a teenage transsexual storyline[203][204][205]
  • The Liberal Democrats became Britain’s first major political party to formally endorse same-sex marriage at their Liverpool party conference[206]
  • Phyllis Frye became Texas’s first openly transgender judge.[207]
  • Chai Feldblum, who was openly lesbian, became the first openly LGBT person to serve on the EEOC.[208]


  • The Suquamish tribe of Washington legalized same-sex marriage on August 1, 2011, following a unanimous vote by the Suquamish Tribal Council. At least one member of a same-sex couple has to be an enrolled member of the tribe to be able to marry in the jurisdiction.[209]
  • Dominic Hannigan and John Lyons — first openly gay members of Dáil Éireann.
  • In the Polish parliamentary election, 2011, Anna Grodzka is elected as the first transgender member of the Polish Sejm, and the first in European history,[210] and Robert Biedroń is elected as Poland's first openly gay male member of the Sejm.
  • Ruth Davidson - first openly gay leader of a major British political party
  • Elio Di Rupo - first openly gay Prime Minister of Belgium, second openly homosexual head of government in Europe.
  • Chaz Bono appeared on the 13th season of the US version of Dancing with the Stars in 2011. This was the first time an openly transgender man starred on a major network television show for something unrelated to being transgender.[211]
  • Harmony Santana became the first openly transgender actress to receive a major acting award nomination; she was nominated by the Independent Spirit Awards as Best Supporting Actress for the movie Gun Hill Road.[212]
  • Courtney Mitchell and Sarah Welton, both from Colorado, were married in Nepal's first public lesbian wedding ceremony, although the marriage was not legally recognized in Nepal.[213]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in New York state, and Kitty Lambert and Cheryle Rudd became the first same-sex couple to be married in New York state.[214][215]
  • Liverpool born Anton Hysén came out as Sweden's first openly gay male footballer and the second openly gay high-level footballer in the world, ever[216]
  • Liverpool, England recognises gay quarter with rainbow street signs[217]
  • Rachel Isaacs was the first openly lesbian rabbi ordained by the Conservative movement’s Jewish Theological Seminary ("JTS"), which occurred in May 2011.[218]
  • Brenda Sue Fulton was named to the West Point Board of Visitors, making her the first openly gay member of the board that advises the Academy.[219]
  • Petty Officer 2nd Class Marissa Gaeta of California and Petty Officer 3rd Class Citlalic Snell of Los Angeles became the first same-sex couple chosen to share the first kiss upon a U.S. Navy ship's return.[220][221]
  • Brooke (last name withheld) was hired as the New York Fire Department's first openly transgender employee.[222]
  • Greg Meyer becomes the first openly queer individual to win one of America's National Debate Championships, the American Parliamentary Debate Association's National Championship.
  • Miss New York, Claire Buffie, became the first Miss America contestant to campaign for the Miss America title on a gay rights platform.[223]
  • Jaiyah “Johnny” Saelua became the first openly transgender international footballer to play in the World Cup when she took the field for American Samoa in Oceania’s first round of World Cup qualifiers for Brazil 2014. [224]
  • A resolution submitted by South Africa requesting a study on discrimination and sexual orientation (A/HRC/17/L.9/Rev.1) passed, 23 to 19 with 3 abstentions, in the UN Human Rights Council on June 17, 2011.[225] This is the first time that any United Nations body approved a resolution affirming the rights of LGBT people.[226]
  • Fred Karger began his unsuccessful run for the 2012 Republican nomination for President, which made him America’s first openly gay Republican presidential candidate.[227]


In 2012 Kyrsten Sinema became the first openly bisexual person elected to the U.S. Congress.
  • Katie Ricks became the first open lesbian ordained by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)[228]
  • Air Force Col. Ginger Wallace became the first known out member of the U.S. military to have their same-sex partner participate in the pinning ceremony tradition that had been reserved for spouses and family members. Her partner of 10 years, Kathy Knopf, pinned colonel wings on Wallace days after the two attended President Obama's State of The Union address as a guest of the First Lady.[229]
  • Navy Chief Elny McKinney and Anacelly McKinney became the first known same-sex couple to marry on a U.S. military base. They were wed at Naval Base Point Loma in San Diego.[230]
  • President Barack Obama became the first sitting U.S. president officially in favor of same-sex marriage.
  • Barney Frank became the first sitting member of Congress to be married to a same-sex spouse.
  • Sally Ride's obituary reveals that she had been in a 27-year sexual relationship with Tam O’Shaughnessy making her the first known LGBT person to have served as an astronaut.
  • Liverpool was the first city in the world to officially mark IDAHO with a programme of free events.[231]
  • Ullet Road Unitarian Church, Liverpool, hosted the first UK civil partnership on religious premises.[232]
  • Liverpool Football Club became the first Premier League club to take a stand against homophobia and be officially represented at a UK 'Pride' event at Liverpool Pride.[233]
  • In 2012, at a ceremony in Arlington, Army Reserve officer Tammy Smith became the first openly gay, active duty general in American history. Smith was promoted to brigadier general at a private ceremony at the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery.[234]
  • Kylar Broadus, founder of the Trans People of Color Coalition of Columbia, Missouri, spoke to the U.S. Senate in favor of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act.[235][236] His speech was the first-ever U.S. Senate testimony from an openly transgender witness.[236]
  • The D.C. Office of Human Rights created America’s first government-funded campaign to combat anti-transgender discrimination.[237]
  • Taiwan's first same-sex Buddhist wedding was held for Fish Huang and her partner You Ya-ting, with Buddhist master Shih Chao-hui presiding over the ritual.[238]
  • The first lesbian Super PAC, LPAC, was created to represent the interests of lesbians in the United States, and to campaign on LGBT and women's rights issues.[239][240][241][242]
  • Tammy Baldwin was elected as the first openly lesbian or gay U.S. Senator.[243]
  • Kyrsten Sinema was elected to the House of Representatives, becoming the first openly bisexual member of Congress in American history.[244][245] She represents Arizona's 9th Congressional district.[245]
  • Mary Gonzalez became the first state representative to come out as pansexual.[246]
  • Stacie Laughton became the first openly transgender person elected as a state legislator in United States history. She was elected to the New Hampshire state legislature.[247] In 1992 Althea Garrison had been elected as a state legislator, serving one term in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, but it was not publicly known she was transgender when she was elected.[248]
  • San Francisco voted to become the first U.S. city to provide and cover the cost of sex reassignment surgeries for uninsured transgender residents.[249]
  • Mark Pocan was elected in Wisconsin’s 2nd Congressional District, becoming the first openly gay candidate who will follow an openly gay member of the U.S. Congress (in this case Tammy Baldwin).[250]
  • Sean Patrick Maloney became the first openly gay candidate elected to represent New York in Congress.[251]
  • Mark Takano became the first openly gay person of color to win election to the U.S. House. He was elected to represent California’s 41st Congressional District.[250]
  • Josh Boschee was elected as North Dakota's first openly gay legislator.[252]
  • Stephen Skinner was elected as West Virginia's first openly gay state legislator.[253]
  • Jacob Candelaria was elected as New Mexico's first openly gay male state legislator.[254]
  • Brian Sims became Pennsylvania's first openly gay state legislator who was out when he was elected.[255]
  • After Brian Sims was elected but before he took office, Rep. Mike Fleck came out as gay, making him Pennsylvania's first openly gay state legislator.[256]
  • David Richardson was elected as Florida's first openly gay state legislator.[257]
  • Colorado Democrats elected Mark Ferrandino as the first openly gay House speaker in state history.[258]
  • Maine, Maryland, and Washington became the first states to pass same-sex marriage by popular vote.[259] Maine was the very first state to do so, followed by Maryland.[260]
  • The first same-sex marriage at the U.S. Military Academy was held for a young lieutenant and her partner (Ellen Schick and Shannon Simpson) at the Old Cadet Chapel in West Point’s cemetery.[261][262]
  • Kate McKinnon became Saturday Night Live's first openly lesbian cast member; Danitra Vance never disclosed her sexual orientation publicly, but was revealed to be a lesbian when she died.[263][264]
  • The first same-sex marriage at the U.S. Military Academy's Cadet Chapel at West Point (not to be confused with the Old Cadet Chapel) was held for Brenda Sue Fulton and Penelope Dara Gnesin.[261][265] Fulton was a veteran and the communications director of an organization called Outserve, which represents actively serving gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender military personnel.[265]
  • The first same-sex couple became engaged in the White House (Ben Schock and Matthew Phelps).[266]
  • The Right Reverend Doctor Gary Paterson - August 2012 - Elected Moderator of the United Church of Canada, becoming the first openly gay leader of a major Christian denomination.[267]
  • City Councilmember Marlene Pray joined the Doylestown, Pennsylvania council in 2012, though she resigned in 2013; she was the first openly bisexual office holder in Pennsylvania.[268][269]
  • On 28 June 2012 Diana King declared "Yes I am a Lesbian" to her fans from her official Facebook page, thus becoming the first Jamaican artist to ever publicly come out.[270][271]
  • California became the first state to sign a ban on therapy that claims to convert gay people into heterosexual. The California law, enacted in 2012, is as of 2013 held up in federal courts on first amendment grounds.[272][273]
  • Orlando Cruz became the world's first professional boxer to come out as gay.[274]
  • On September 18, 2012, Berkeley, California became what is thought to be the first city in the U.S. to officially proclaim a day recognizing bisexuals.[275] The Berkeley City Council unanimously and without discussion declared Sept. 23 as Bisexual Pride and Bi Visibility Day.[276]
  • Emily Aviva Kapor, who had been ordained privately by a Conservadox rabbi in 2005, began living as a woman in 2012, thus becoming the first openly transgender female rabbi.[277]
  • Rainbow Jews, an oral history project showcasing the lives of Jewish bisexual, lesbian, gay, and transgender people in the United Kingdom from the 1950s until the present, was launched.[278] It is the United Kingdom's first archive of Jewish bisexual, lesbian, gay, and transgender history.[279]
  • In November 2012, the [280] The Southern Poverty Law Center noted that the lawsuit is "groundbreaking" insofar as it is the first time a conversion therapy provider has been sued for fraudulent business practices.[281]


  • Barack Obama mentioned the word "gay" and the issue of gay rights for the first time in a speech at the U.S. presidential swearing in; specifically, he did so in his inaugural address.[282]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Minnesota and Rhode Island, and by the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation in the state of Washington, the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, and the Santa Ysabel Tribe.[283][284][285][286][287][288]
  • Kathleen Wynne became the first openly LGBT premier of a Canadian province, namely Ontario, after defeating Sandra Pupatello in the third round of voting of the Ontario Liberal party's leadership race on January 26, 2013. Sworn in on February 11, 2013, she is the party's first openly LGBT leader and Ontario's first female premier.
  • Robbie Rogers announced he was gay on February 15, 2013, becoming the only male fully capped international association footballer to do so.
  • Chris Anderson of Chattanooga, Tennessee, became the first openly gay elected official to win a contested election in Tennessee.[289][290][291]
  • Jason Collins on April 29, 2013, became the first active male professional athlete in a major North American team sport to publicly come out as gay.
  • Rep. Mark Pocan's spouse Philip Frank became the first same-sex spouse of a federal lawmaker to officially receive a House spouse ID.[292][293] In 2009, Marlon Reis, the spouse of Rep. Jared Polis (D-Colo.), was issued a congressional spouse ID, but later card services told him that he had been given the designation accidentally.[293]
  • Autumn Sandeen, a U.S. veteran and transgender woman, received a letter from a Navy official stating, “Per your request the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System (DEERS) has been updated to show your gender as female effective April 12th, 2013.” Allyson Robinson of Outserve declared, "To our knowledge, this is the first time that the Department of Defense has recognized and affirmed a change of gender for anyone affiliated, in a uniformed capacity — in this case a military retiree."[294]
  • For the first time, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs decided to allow the same-sex spouse of a military veteran to be buried in a U.S. national cemetery. VA Secretary Eric Shinseki gave permission for retired Air Force officer Linda Campbell, 66, to bury the ashes of her same-sex spouse Nancy Lynchild at Williamette National Cemetery in Oregon.[295]
  • The first same-sex kiss ever on a Eurovision stage occurred at the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest when Krista Siegfrids, who sang "Marry Me", ended her semi-final performance by kissing one of her female dancers.[296]
  • Dr. Saul Levin was named on May 15, 2013 as the new chief executive officer and medical director of the American Psychiatric Association, making him the first known openly gay person to head the APA.[297]
  • Ukraine had its first gay pride march, which was held in Kiev.[298]
  • Robbie Rogers joined the Los Angeles Galaxy, making him the first openly gay male athlete to compete in Major League Soccer.[299]
  • Rehana Kausar and Sobia Kamar, both from Pakistan, became the first Muslim lesbian couple to get married in a civil ceremony in the United Kingdom.[300]
  • Fallon Fox came out as transgender, thus becoming the first openly transgender athlete in MMA history.[301]
  • Jallen Messersmith of Benedictine College in Atchison, Kan., came out and is believed to be the first openly gay player in U.S. men's college basketball.[302]
  • Guy Erwin became the first openly gay bishop to be elected to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA); he was elected to the Southwest California Synod of the ELCA.[303]
  • France legalized same-sex marriage and adoption, and Vincent Autin and Bruno Boileau became the first couple to have a legal same-sex marriage under the new law.[304]
  • Major General Patricia “Trish” Rose became the first openly lesbian two-star general in the U.S. Air Force, and the highest ranking openly gay officer in the entire U.S. military at the time.[305]
  • The Bi Writers Association, which promotes bisexual writers, books, and writing, announced the winners of its first Bisexual Book Awards.[306] An awards ceremony was held at the Nuyorican Poets Café.[306]
  • Kristin Beck, formerly Chris Beck, came out as the first openly transgendered retired Navy SEAL.[307]
  • The U.S. Senate confirmed Nitza Quiñones Alejandro to a federal judgeship, making her the first openly gay Latina to hold such a post.[308]
  • Cason Crane became the first openly gay man to summit Mount Everest.[309]
  • U.S. Air Force Under Secretary Eric Fanning took over as acting secretary of the U.S. Air Force, becoming the highest ranking openly LGBT official at the Department of Defense; he is openly gay.[310]
  • The Director's Guild of America elected Paris Barclay as its first black and first openly gay president.[311]
  • Julian Marsh and Traian Povov become the first married gay couple to have a green card application approved, in this case for Julian Marsh.[312]
  • A married lesbian couple in Colorado became the first to receive a marriage-based green card, making Cathy Davis the first same-sex spouse to become a lawful permanent resident of the United States.[313]
  • Kristin Perry and Sandra Stier became the first same-sex couple to be married in California since Proposition 8 was overturned.[314]
  • Daniel Kawczynski, MP for Shrewsbury and Parliamentary Private Secretary to Welsh Secretary David Jones, became the first MP in Britain to come out as bisexual.[315]
  • Maureen Le Marinel became the first openly lesbian union president elected in Britain.[316] She was elected to the presidency of Unison, one of Britain's largest trade unions.[316]
  • Same Love, a hit single from Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, became the first Top 40 song in the U.S. to promote and celebrate same-sex marriage.[317]
  • For the first time, the California Department of Education's list of recommended books for grades Pre-K-through-12 included a book with a transgender theme, I Am J by Cris Beam.[318]
  • The first UFC match between two openly-gay fighters, Liz Carmouche and Jessica Andrade, was held.[319]
  • Benjamin Medrano was elected as the first openly gay mayor in Mexico's history, being elected mayor of the township of Fresnillo.[320]
  • Although same-sex marriage is illegal in Pennsylvania as of July 2013, in that month Loreen Bloodgood married Alicia Terrizzi, making them the first same-sex couple to marry in Pennsylvania; the Montgomery County register of wills, D. Bruce Hanes, had said that his office would issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.[321][322]
  • Although same-sex marriage is illegal in Pennsylvania as of August 2013, in that month Mayor John Fetterman officiated the first same-sex marriage in Allegheny County, between John Kandray and Bill Gray.[323]
  • California enacted America's first law protecting transgender students; the law, called the School Success and Opportunity Act, declares that every public school student in California from kindergarten to 12th grade must be “permitted to participate in sex-segregated school programs and activities, including athletic teams and competitions, and use facilities consistent with his or her gender identity, irrespective of the gender listed on the pupil’s records.”[324]
  • Darren Young (real name: Fred Rosser) became the first active professional wrestler to come out as gay.[325]
  • Master Sgt. Angela Shunk and her wife, Tech. Sgt. Stacey Shunk, became the first same-sex couple to receive an assignment together under the U.S. Air Force’s Join Spouse program.[326]
  • Jennifer Pritzker came out as transgender in 2013 and thus became the world's first openly transgender billionaire.[327]
  • On Celebrate Bisexuality Day, the White House held a closed-door meeting with almost 30 bisexual advocates so they could meet with government officials and discuss issues of specific importance to the bisexual community; this was the first bi-specific event ever hosted by any White House.[328][329]
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg became the first member of the U.S. Supreme Court to officiate a same-sex wedding.[330]
  • Movie director Kim Jho Gwang-soo and his partner Kim Seung-hwan became the first South Korean gay couple to publicly wed, although it was not a legally recognized marriage.[331]
  • Harvey Milk was chosen as the first openly LGBT political official to be featured on an American postage stamp.[332]
  • Carol McCrory and Brenda Clark became the first same-sex couple to have their marriage application accepted by Buncombe County Register of Deeds Drew Resigner, which makes them the first same-sex couple to have their marriage application accepted in the South.[333]
  • Andy Herren became the first openly gay winner of the Big Brother reality show.[334]
  • The first gay pride parade in Montenegro was held.[335]
  • The first gay pride week in Curacao was held.[336]
  • The first Indo-American lesbian wedding was held.[337] It was held in Los Angeles.[338]
  • The first televised Romanian same-sex wedding was held.[339] It was between two men, and was done on the reality show Four Weddings and a Challenge.[339]
  • The Portland Trail Blazers became the first NBA team to support same-sex marriage.[340][341]
  • Todd Hughes became the first openly gay U.S. circuit judge.[342]
  • The first United Nations ministerial meeting on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals was held.[343] Representatives from the US, France, Argentina, Brazil, Croatia, the Netherlands, Norway, Japan, New Zealand and the EU, along with executive directors of Human Rights Watch and the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, reaffirmed their commitments to working together to end discrimination and violence towards the LGBT community.[343] UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay delivered remarks [press release] commending the LGBT community and praising the fact that, "many countries have embarked on historic reforms—strengthening anti-discrimination laws, combating hate crime against LGBT people and sensitizing public opinion."[343]
  • New Jersey held its first legal same-sex marriages.[344]
  • Rabbi Deborah Waxman was elected as the President of the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College.[345][346] As the President, she is believed to be the first woman and first lesbian to lead a Jewish congregational union, and the first female rabbi and first lesbian to lead a Jewish seminary; RRC is both a congregational union and a seminary.[345][347]
  • A six-year-old girl named Luana, who was born a boy, became the first transgender child in Argentina to have her new name officially changed on her identity documents.[348] She is believed to be the youngest to benefit from the country’s new Gender Identity Law, which was approved in May 2012.[348]
  • Q Radio, which went on the airwaves in September, claims to be India’s first radio station which caters to the country’s lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender people.[349]
  • Jennifer Finney Boylan was chosen as the first openly transgender co-chair of GLAAD's National Board of Directors.[350]
  • On 31 October 2013, Paris Lees became the first openly transgender panellist to appear on the BBC's Question Time programme, drawing praise from commentators who included former Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott and the Labour Party deputy leader Harriet Harman.[351]
  • Stephen Alexander, of Rhode Island, became the first high school coach to come out publicly as transgender.[352]
  • Nikki Sinclaire came out as transgender, thus becoming the UK’s first openly transgender Parliamentarian.[353]
  • San Francisco's first Project Homeless Connect for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people was held.[354]
  • Kevin Rudd becomes the first Prime Minister of Australia to openly support same-sex marriage.
  • Lucy Vallender converted to Islam, thus becoming the United Kingdom's first openly transgender Muslim woman.[355]
  • Mark C. Goldman became the first openly gay president of the American Conference of Cantors, a Reform Jewish organization.[356]
  • Ben Barres became the first openly transgender scientist in the US National Academy of Sciences in 2013.[357]
  • On November 1 Audrey Gauthier was elected president of CUPE 4041, representing Air Transat flight attendants based in Montreal. [358] She thus became the first openly transgender person elected president of a union local in Canada. [359]


In 2014 Carlos Bruce became the first openly gay member of Congress in Peru.
  • The first same-sex marriage at the Rose Parade was held, for Aubrey Loots and Danny LeClair.[360]
  • The marriage of Giuseppe Chigiotti and Stefano Bucci became the first overseas same-sex marriage to be legally recognized in Italy; the two were married in New York in 2012.[361]
  • Berlin, Germany unveiled the world's first cemetery for lesbians.[362]
  • Umma Azul was the first child of a lesbian couple to be baptized by the Catholic Church in Argentina.[363]
  • Conner Mertens, Willamette University's kicker, became the first active college football player to come out as LGBT; he came out as bisexual.[364]
  • Meghan Stabler became the first openly transgender woman to be named Working Mother magazine's Working Mother of the Year. [365]
  • Good Luck Charlie on The Disney Channel became the first TV show on a child-targeting network to feature a same-sex couple (the characters' names were Susan and Cheryl).[366]
  • Starkville became the first city in Mississippi to pass a resolution supporting the LGBT community; the resolution states that the city does not condone discrimination of any kind, including any against its citizens for their sexual orientation or gender identity.[367]
  • The Bisexual Resource Center, based in Boston, Massachusetts, declared March 2014 as the first Bisexual Health Awareness Month, with the theme "Bi the Way, Our Health Matters Too!"; it included the first social media campaign to address disparities in physical and mental health facing the bisexual community.[368]
  • Queen Elizabeth II praised the London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard for their 40-year history making it the first time the Crown has ever publicly supported the LGBT community. They received a comment from the Queen saying: “Best wishes and congratulations to all concerned on this most special anniversary.”[369]
  • Toni Atkins was elected as the first openly lesbian speaker of the California Assembly.[370]
  • Judith Levy was confirmed by the Senate as the first openly lesbian federal judge in Michigan.[371]
  • Gypsy Vered Meltzer was elected to the City Council in Appleton; as such he became the first openly transgender elected official in Wisconsin.[372]
  • Anna Guillot and Chrissy Kelly, who were married in New York in 2012, became the first same-sex couple in Mississippi to create a public record of their marriage, which they did by paying to record their marriage license from New York at the Rankin County Chancery Clerk’s Office in Brandon, Mississippi.[373] However, this did not give their marriage legal standing in Mississippi.[373]
  • Emilia Maria Jesty, daughter of a lesbian couple, was the first child born in Tennessee to have a woman listed on the birth certificate as her "father."[374]
  • UMass basketball player Derrick Gordon came out, thus becoming the first openly gay player in Division I college men's basketball.[375]
  • Jeremy Pemberton married Laurence Cunnington, and thus Pemberton became the first priest in the Church of England to defy the Church's ban on gay clergy marrying.[376]
  • Michael Sam was drafted by the St. Louis Rams and thus became the first openly gay player to be drafted into the National Football League.[377]
  • The world's first homoerotic stamps were produced in Finland, celebrating one of the country's most famous artists - Tom of Finland. Art critic Estelle Lovatt says "the stamps are a 'great statement' given that the country bans gay marriage".[378]
  • In March 2014, same-sex marriage was legalized in Michigan, and Glenna DeJong and Marsha Caspar became the first same-sex couple married in Michigan; however, later that year the overturning of Michigan's ban on same-sex marriage was indefinitely stayed.[379][380]
  • In May 2014, same-sex marriage was legalized in Arkansas, and Kristin Seaton and Jennifer Rambo became the first same-sex couple married in Arkansas: later that year, same-sex marriage in Arkansas was suspended by the Arkansas Supreme Court.[381][382]
  • In May 2014, same-sex marriage was legalized in Oregon, and Deanna Geiger and Janine Nelson became the first same-sex couple to marry in Oregon.[383]
  • The U.S. Naval Academy Chapel's first-ever same-sex wedding was held for David Bucher, a 49-year-old Academy graduate who works at the Pentagon, and partner Bruce Moats.[384]
  • Costa Rica flew the gay pride flag at their presidential palace; the [385]
  • The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs agreed to give survivor benefits to the first-known same-sex war widow, Tracy Dice Johnson, whose wife Donna Johnson died in a suicide bombing attack in 2012.[386]
  • Laverne Cox was on the cover of the June 9th, 2014 issue of Time, and was interviewed for the article “The Transgender Tipping Point" by Katy Steinmetz, which ran in that issue and the title of which was also featured on the cover; this makes Cox the first openly transgender person on the cover of Time.[387][388][389]
  • Both lesbian parents were listed on their children's birth certificates in Australia, which is the first time an Australian birth certificate indicates that both members of a same-sex couple were the legal parents of a child at birth.[390]
  • Best Bi Short Stories, the first book of its type, was published; it was edited by Sheela Lambert, who contributed the story Memory Lane.[391]
  • Cyprus' first ever gay pride parade draws several thousands of participants.[392]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Pennsylvania.[393]
  • Carlos Bruce came out and thus became the first openly gay member of Congress in Peru.[394]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Wisconsin, but later that year same-sex marriages in Wisconsin were put on hold while the ruling striking down the state's ban on such unions was appealed.[395][396]
  • Idaho's same-sex marriage ban was declared unconstitutional, but another court stayed the ruling.[397][398]
  • The United Church of Christ filed a lawsuit challenging North Carolina’s ban on same-sex marriage, which is America’s first faith-based challenge to same-sex marriage bans; the Central Conference of American Rabbis and the Alliance of Baptists joined the lawsuit later that year.[399][400]
  • Lynne Brown was appointed as the first openly gay cabinet minister in South Africa, which also makes her the first openly gay person to be appointed to a cabinet post in any African government.[401][402][402]
  • Zakhele Mbhele became the first openly gay person to serve in South Africa's parliament, which also makes him the first openly gay black member of parliament in any African nation.[403]
  • Maite Oronoz Rodríguez became the first openly gay person to be nominated for a seat on Puerto Rico's Supreme Court and was confirmed for the seat later that year.[404][405]
  • Darrin P. Gayles became the first openly gay African-American man to be confirmed as a U.S federal judge.[406]
  • The book Bisexuality: Making the Invisible Visible in Faith Communities, the first book of its kind, was published.[407] It is by Marie Alford-Harkey and Debra W. Haffner.[407]
  • Transgender Studies Quarterly, the first non-medical academic journal devoted to transgender issues, began publication in 2014, with Susan Stryker and Paisley Currah as coeditors.[408]
  • Petra De Sutter became the first openly transgender person to serve in Belgium's Parliament, specifically its Senate.[409]
  • Britain's first Jewish lesbian marriage was held for Nicola Pettit, who is Jewish, and her girlfriend Tania Ward, in a ceremony which contained Jewish elements.[410] They married in Brighton Town Hall, in southern England, and then had their union blessed by a rabbi.[410] It was the first same-sex wedding involving a Jewish person since the same-sex marriage Act came into force.[410]
  • Toni Atkins served as acting governor of California for a day after Governor Jerry Brown left for a trade mission to Mexico, Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom flew to the east coast for a Special Olympics appearance, and Senate President Pro Tempore Darrell Steinberg was in Chicago for personal business.[411] She thus became California's first openly gay governor on that day.[411]
  • Laverne Cox became the first openly transgender person to be nominated for an Emmy in an acting category: Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her role as Sophia Burset in Orange Is the New Black.[412][413][414]
  • Yein Kai Yee and Sutpreedee Chinithigun, both British citizens, were married at the British Embassy in Vietnam, thus becoming the first same-sex British couple to marry in Vietnam.[415]
  • The Transgender Trends panel was the first panel on that subject ever held at San Diego Comic-Con.[416]
  • Gordon Stevenson and Peter Fraser, a dual Australian/British citizen, were the first to be married in Australia under British same-sex marriage laws; they were married at the British consulate in Sydney, Australia.[417]
  • The first Jewish boat participated in the Amsterdam Pride Canal Parade.[418] Dana International was on the boat, as well as the Fokkens twins (Louise Fokkens and Martine Fokkens), who are famous in the Netherlands for having worked 50 years as sex workers in Amsterdam’s Red Light District before their retirement earlier in 2014.[419] Marianne van Praag, a Reform rabbi from The Hague, was the only rabbi aboard.[419][420]
  • The first Moroccan boat participated in the Amsterdam Pride Canal Parade.[421]
  • Cosmopolitan magazine, a women's magazine, offered sex advice to lesbians for the first time in its history.[422]
  • Pascal Tessier, a 17-year-old from Chevy Chase, Md., became the first known openly gay Boy Scout to be an Eagle Scout.[423]
  • The 100 block of Turk Street was renamed Vicki MarLane after trans activist Vicki Marlane; this was the first time in San Francisco history for a street to be named after a transgender icon.[424]
  • The United Church of Christ was the first religious denomination to be a major sponsor of the Gay Games, as a fourth-tier silver sponsor of Gay Games 9.[425]
  • The Cleveland Foundation was the first presenting sponsor in the history of the Gay Games.[426]
  • Edward Sarafin, a backup offensive lineman at Arizona State, became the first active Division I football player to come out as gay.[427]
  • Florida based bank C1 Financial became the first publicly listed bank in the United States to have an openly gay CEO (Trevor Burgess) when its stock became available to trade in August 2014.[428]
  • The San Francisco Police academy graduated its first publicly reported transgender police officer, Mikayla Connell.[429]
  • Chris Mosier became the first openly transgender man inducted into the National Gay and Lesbian Sports Hall of Fame.[430][431]
  • BBC2 commissioned Britain’s first transgender sitcom, called Boy Meets Girl, which follows the developing relationship between Leo, a 26 year-old man and Judy, a 40 year-old transgender woman.[432]
  • Maria Walsh came out as gay after being crowned the Rose of Tralee, thus becoming the first openly gay Rose of Tralee. [433]
  • Mills College became the first single-sex college in the U.S. to adopt a policy explicitly welcoming transgender students. [434]
  • Mauricio Ruiz became the first serving member of the Chilean armed forces to announce he was gay. [435]
  • Canadian-based writer and illustrator Eiynah wrote Pakistan's first anti-homophobia children's book, "My Chacha Is Gay"; she first wrote it online and had it released in print in 2014. [436]
  • Hong Kong held its first international symposium on LGBTI rights. [437]
  • For the first time in Italian history, a court granted permission for the adoption of a child living with a gay couple. The child was the biological daughter of one of the women in the couple, and her partner was allowed to legally become her co-parent through adoption. The couple had been living together in Rome since 2003, and the decision was taken by Rome's Juvenile Court. [438]
  • The memorial honoring LGBT people persecuted by the Nazis in Tel Aviv, the first specific recognition in Israel for non-Jewish victims of the Holocaust, was unveiled in 2014.[439]
  • The 5th European Transgender Council Meeting was held in Budapest, Hungary – the first such conference to take place in Central and Eastern Europe. [440]
  • Mount Holyoke College became the first Seven Sisters college to accept transgender students. [441]
  • Mikie Goldstein became the first openly gay man to be ordained as a Conservative Jewish Rabbi.[442] Later that year he became the Israeli Conservative movement’s first openly gay congregational rabbi with his installation as spiritual leader of its synagogue in Rehovot (Congregation Adat Shalom-Emanuel). [443]
  • Monica Wehby aired the first campaign ad for American national office featuring a same-sex couple (Ben West and Paul Rummell). [444]
  • Kinnon MacKinnon became the first openly transgender man to earn a gold in powerlifting at the Gay Games in the 2014 Games. [445]
  • ICEIS Rain became the first openly two-spirit person to perform at the Aboriginal Peoples Choice Music Awards. [446]
  • Jim Ferlo came out as gay, thus becoming the Pennsylvania Senate's first openly gay legislator. [447]
  • Padmini Prakash became India’s first openly transgender television news anchor. [448]
  • The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission filed two lawsuits against companies accused of discriminating against employees on the basis of gender identity; these lawsuits were the first Title VII action taken by the federal government on behalf of transgender workers. [449] The lawsuits were filed for Amiee Stephens and Brandi Branson, both transgender women. [450]
  • The UN Human Rights Council adopted a second resolution related to sexual orientation and gender identity on September 26, 2014. [451] [452] It passed by a vote of 25-14 and is the first time in the Council’s history that it adopted a resolution on LGBT rights with the majority of its members. [453] [454]
  • In 2014 California became the first state in the U.S. to officially ban the use of trans panic and gay panic defenses in murder trials. [455]
  • In 2014 Virginia becomes the first state in the Southeastern United States to legalize Same-Sex Marriage.
  • Luisa Revilla Urcia became the first openly transgender person elected to a public office in Peru when she won a seat on the local council in La Esperanza in the province of Trujillo in northwestern Peru. [456]
  • In 2014 Laura Davis Danforth became the first openly LGBTQ person to be appointed Head of School at a boarding school in North America. She and her wife, Paula Chu, will be the first same-sex couple living in a head's house at a boarding school when they officially join the Masters School (NY) community in 2015.
  • The Arizona Interscholastic Association Executive Board approved the first transgender student-athlete to play in a winter sport in Arizona. [457]
  • Family Circle featured a same-sex couple for the first time in its November 2014 issue. [458]
  • Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple Inc., came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay CEO on the Fortune 500 list. [459]
  • Professional strongman Rob Kearney came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay man actively competing in professional, international strongman competitions. [460]
  • Maura Healey became the first openly gay state attorney general elected in America (she was elected attorney general of Massachusetts.) [461][462]
  • Susan Collins won reelection, thus becoming the first Republican senator to be reelected while supporting same-sex marriage.[463]
  • Lea T became the face of American hair-care brand Redken, thus making her the first openly transgender model to front a global cosmetics brand.[464][465][466]
  • Edgars Rinkēvičs became the first lawmaker in Latvia to announce he is gay, which also makes him the most prominent openly gay politician in a former Soviet Bloc state.[467]
  • A national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention campaign featured an openly transgender person, Jennifer Barge, as its spokesperson for the first time.[468]
  • Aditi Hardikar became the first woman of color to serve the White House as their liaison to the LGBT community.[469]
  • A contingent of the group OutVets became the first LGBT organization in history to march in Boston’s Veterans Day parade.[470]
  • At least 1,000 transgender Bangladeshis held Bangladesh's first pride march, to mark one year since the government recognized them as a third gender.[471]
  • Derrick Gordon became the first openly gay athlete to play a game in Division I men’s basketball.[472]
  • Dale Scott came out as gay in 2014, thus becoming the first openly gay umpire in Major League Baseball.[473]
  • Poland elected its first openly gay city mayor (Robert Biedroń, elected mayor of Słupsk.)
  • Matthew Muir was sworn in as the first openly gay judge to sit on New Zealand’s High Court bench.[474]
  • The Labor government in Victoria, Australia appointed Martin Foley as Minister of equality, marking the first time an Australian government has ever had a dedicated Minister overseeing gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex issues.[475]
  • In 2014, Robbie Rogers became the first openly gay male athlete to win a big-time team pro sports title in the United States when the LA Galaxy won the Major League Soccer Cup.[476]

See also


  1. ^ Smith, Raymond, Haider-Markel, Donald, eds., (2002). Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation, ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-256-8, p. 204.
  2. ^ a b Gay & Lesbian Mormons. Affirmation. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  3. ^ Hogan and Hudson, p. 244
  4. ^ "Trans Media Watch". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Duberman, Martin;  
  6. ^ a b James R. Smith San Francisco's Lost Landmarks, Quill Driver Books, 2004 ISBN 1884995446 p. 84.
  7. ^ a b History Detectives . Investigations – Diana. PBS. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  8. ^ a b Spring Fire (Lesbian Pulp Fiction) (9781573441872): Vin Packer: Books. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  9. ^ Lesbian Pulp Fiction Collection. (2009-11-20). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  10. ^ social sciences - Daughters of Bilitis. glbtq (2005-10-20). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  11. ^ "April Ashley: the first Briton to undergo a sex change". London: The Independent. 2 February 2006. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  12. ^ Peter Stanford (24 November 2009). "April Ashley: 50 happy years for sex-swap pioneer". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  13. ^ "Born On The 4th Of July: 12 American LGBT War Heroes / Queerty". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  14. ^ Miller, Neil (1995). Out of the Past: Gay and Lesbian History from 1869 to the Present, p. 347. New York, Vintage Books. ISBN 0-09-957691-0.
  15. ^ Tobin, pg.65
  16. ^ "Social sciences - San Francisco". glbtq. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  17. ^ Mark Oppenheimer (2010-09-18). "Beliefs - Recalling a Haunted Cleric and Neglected Gay Rights Pioneer". Retrieved 2012-07-25. Oppenheimer, Mark (July 1996), "The Inherent Worth and Dignity": Gay Unitarians and the Birth of Sexual Tolerance in Liberal Religion", Journal of the History of Sexuality (University of Texas Press) 7 (1): 73–101, JSTOR 3840443. Oppenheimer, Mark (2003), Knocking on Heaven's Door: American Religion in the Age of Counterculture, Yale University Press, p. 30, ISBN 0-300-10024-8
  18. ^ Pulley, Anna (2012-08-10). "10 Fun Facts You Didn't Know About Lesbians". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  19. ^ Pride of the West|Travel. The Advocate. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  20. ^ Gay pride parades held across the country.. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  21. ^ Beemyn, Genny (2012-08-15). "The Top 10 Trans-Friendly Colleges and Universities". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  22. ^ The Bay Area Reporter Online | Pioneering activist Betty Berzon dies
  23. ^ Barnes, Clive (December 10, 1971). Nightride' -- No Apologies and No Regrets; It Gives Serious View of Homosexual Life Lester Rawlins Stars in Role of Playwright"'". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  24. ^ John Hospers, RIP. reason. Retrieved 2013-04-29.
  25. ^ "'"UCC 'Firsts. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  26. ^ Gay Politicians. eQualityGiving. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  27. ^ GLINN's Timeline of Gay and Lesbian Family Issues. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  28. ^ "Denomination - Good Hope MCC, Cape Town, South Africa". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  29. ^ "social sciences - Metropolitan Community Church". glbtq. 1968-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  30. ^ Howes, Keith. (1998, February). "Gays of Our Lives". Outrage, Number 177, 38-49.
  31. ^ Eskridge Jr., William N. (2002). Equality Practice: Civil Unions and the Future of Gay Rights. Routledge. p. 5. 
  32. ^ Baker v. Nelson, 409 810 (U.S. 1972).
  33. ^ "History and Timeline of the Freedom to Marry in the United States". Freedom to Marry. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  34. ^ "History | Beth Chayim Chadashim". 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  35. ^ Name * (2012-02-10). "BiMedia | Bisexual News & Opinion from". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  36. ^ Donaldson, Stephen (1995). "The Bisexual Movement's Beginnings in the 70s: A Personal Retrospective". In Tucker, Naomi. Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, & Visions. New York: Harrington Park Press. pp. 31–45.  
  37. ^ Highleyman, Liz (2003-07-11). "PAST Out: What is the history of the bisexual movement?". LETTERS From CAMP Rehoboth 13 (8). Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  38. ^ Martin, Robert (1972-08-02). "Quakers 'come out' at conference". The Advocate (91): 8. 
  39. ^ Honoring diversity and courage. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  40. ^ Dickinson, Chris (2000). "Country Undetectable: Gay Artists in Country Music". Journal of Country Music XXI (1): 28–39. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  41. ^ a b >> social sciences >> Noble, Elaine. glbtq. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  42. ^ ">> social sciences >> Transgender Activism". glbtq. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  43. ^ a b “March 26, 1975, the first same-sex marriage licenses in the United States were heroically issued in Boulder by County Clerk, Clela Rorex.” | elephant journal
  44. ^ Jack Rogers Jesus, the Bible, and Homosexuality: Explode the Myths, Heal the Church, Westminster John Knox Press, 2009 ISBN 0-664-23397-X p. 139
  45. ^ FAQs. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  46. ^ David Hein, Gardiner H. Shattuck The Episcopalians, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004 ISBN 0313229589 p. 143
  47. ^ Mary F. Beal (Author). "Angel Dance: A Classic Lesbian Thriller: Mary F. Beal: 9780895944177: Books". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  48. ^ [1]
  49. ^ Subir K Kole (2007-07-11). "Globalizing queer? AIDS, homophobia and the politics of sexual identity in India". Globalization and Health 3: 8.  : "The first academic book on Indian homosexuals appeared in 1977 (The World of Homosexuals) written by Shakuntala Devi, the mathematics wizkid who was internationally known as the human computer. This book treated homosexuality in a positive light and reviewed socio-cultural and legal situation of homosexuality in India and contrasted that with the then gay liberation movement in USA."
  50. ^ Shakuntala Devi (1977). The World of Homosexuals. Vikas Publishing House.  
  51. ^ Jeffrey S. Siker (2006). Homosexuality and Religion. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 127.  : "In her 1977 book, mathematician Shakuntala Devi interviewed..."
  52. ^ The Lesbian Heresy: A Feminist Perspective on the Lesbian Sexual Revolution - Sheila Jeffreys - Google Books. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  53. ^ ">> social sciences >> Tyler, Robin". glbtq. 1942-04-08. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  54. ^ [2]
  55. ^ The Big Interview: Billie Jean King, December 9, 2007.
  56. ^ Grossfeld, Stan (December 3, 2006). "No royalty like King". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  57. ^ Abdill, Rich (July 23, 2012). "Sally Ride Revealed to Be Gay: Her Sister, on Ride's Life, Death, and Desires for Privacy". The New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  58. ^ Wong, Curtis (July 23, 2012). "Sally Ride, First American Woman In Space, Revealed To Have Female Partner Of 27 Years". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  59. ^ Adams Sheets, Connor (July 23, 2012). "Tam O'Shaughnessy: About Sally Ride's Partner Of 27 Years". The International Business Times. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  60. ^ Giorgis, Cyndi; Johnson, Nancy J. (March 1, 2009). "Talking with Sally Ride and Tam O'Shaughnessy". American Library Association. Sally Ride Science. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  61. ^ Joe Garofoli (2012-07-25). "Sally Ride 'never hid,' just private". SFGate. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  62. ^ "Former minister is HIV positive".  
  63. ^ "Reconstructionist Judaism Today". My Jewish Learning. 2002-01-18. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  64. ^ Patrick Califia, "Raising Cane", Out, August 1999, Vol. 8, No. 2, p.32
  65. ^ "Google Drive Viewer". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  66. ^ "Seventy five years of British television: The Mirror looks back at the key moments". The Mirror. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  67. ^ Shales, Tom; Miller, James Andrew (2002), Live from New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live, Back Bay, p. 316,  
  68. ^ Gavzer, Bernard, "What is a Family?", Parade Magazine, 1992
  69. ^ gay rights timeline. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  70. ^
  71. ^ Dana Evan Kaplan Contemporary American Judaism: transformation and renewal Columbia University Press, 2009 ISBN 0231137281, p. 255
  72. ^ Our Roots. Shir Tikvah. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  73. ^ Gessner, John. August 4, 2001 “Studying Gay Homicide is Firefighter’s New Pursuit.” Burnsville This Week. Retrieved from
  74. ^ Kearnan, Scott (June 27, 2013). "Throwback Thursday: Before DOMA, who threw TV's first gay wedding?". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  75. ^ "Maine GayNet - Dale McCormick finds job as Treasurer challenging, rewarding". 1998-01-20. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  76. ^ Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia - Google Books. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  77. ^ Fox Plans Sapphic Smooch for Party of Five … Steve O'Donnell of Lateline Lets It All Out | The New York Observer. (1999-01-31). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  78. ^ Erhardt, Virginia (2007). Head over heels: wives who stay with cross-dressers and transexuals. Haworth Press. p. 11.  
  79. ^ Eleanor J. Brader, "Trans Health Care Reform: It's About Life and Death." Conducive August/September 2009.
  80. ^ a b Jarvie, Jenny (2007-09-16). "The Nation; Transitioning into new jobs, genders; At the first transgender career expo, men and women meet companies that accept them for who they are becoming".  
  81. ^ Federation of Film Societies (2001). Film ... the magazine of the Federation of Film Societies. British Federation of Film Societies. p. 27. 
  82. ^ "Ssocial sciences - Elected Officials". glbtq. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  83. ^ Dyke March: The Next Wave. The Gully. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  84. ^ New England's largest GLBT newspaper. Bay Windows. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  85. ^ "Roberta Achtenberg biography, birth date, birth place and pictures". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  86. ^ Monique Roffey (2 November 1994). "When Anna and Beth kissed Margaret: Anna Friel plays Brookside's lesbian pin-up. Monique Roffey met her". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  87. ^ Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women. New York [u.a.]: Routledge. 2000. p. 440.  
  88. ^ Peter, O'Shea. "Out of the field".  
  89. ^ Getting Hitched: Lesbian Weddings in Film and TV | TV Show Recaps, Celebrity Interviews & News About & For Gay, Lesbian & Bisexual Women. (2008-08-18). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  90. ^ Ellen DeGeneres: Reluctant Lesbian Icon. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  91. ^ Ellen DeGeneres: Reluctant Lesbian Icon (page 2). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  92. ^ "Goodbye Brokeback". BBC News. 27 January 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  93. ^ Siadate, Nazly (2012-08-23). "Americas Six Out Bisexual Elected State Officials". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  94. ^ "Matt & Andrej Koymasky - Famous GLTB - Evelyn C. Mantilla". 2004-08-04. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  95. ^ "Mexican gays poised to make demands for change". CNN interactive. 27 July 1997. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  96. ^ "PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  97. ^ "PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  98. ^ "Baldwin breaks barrier, becomes first openly lesbian House member". CNN. 
  99. ^ NOW Calls Lesbian Rights Supporters to Unite in Strategy. (1999-02-04). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  100. ^ "Counseling and Wellness Services - Safezone Symbols". 1998-12-05. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  101. ^ "Coronation Street says goodbye to its first transgender character ·". 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  102. ^ "BiNet USA". BiNet USA. 1990-06-23. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  103. ^ Goldberg, Carey (2000-07-02). "In Vermont, Gay Couples Head for the Almost-Altar". The New York Times. 
  104. ^ "Psychiatric tests for anti-gay attacker". BBC News. 2002-10-07. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  105. ^ "Richard and Judy's memorable moments". BBC News. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  106. ^ "Richard and Judy screen gay wedding". BBC News. 14 February 2001. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  107. ^ [3]
  108. ^ National LGBT Veterans Memorial
  109. ^ "World's first legally wed lesbian couple celebrates their 10th wedding anniversary". NewsComAu. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  110. ^ (Dutch) Kok: Fortuyn had verkiezingen gewonnen
  111. ^ (Dutch) Pim Fortuyn zou zelf premier zijn geworden
  112. ^ "PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays". 2013-06-09. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  113. ^ a b [4]
  114. ^ "'We are homosecxuals! We love you!'". Teipei Times. 2 November 2003. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  115. ^ "Gay pride parade set for Kaohsiung". 2011-09-20. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  116. ^ "Transgender Jews Now Out of Closet, Seeking Communal Recognition –". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  117. ^ "Mosaic: The Reform Movement on LGBT Issues". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  118. ^ "Rabbi Zellman". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  119. ^ "‘V’ is for Victory, Valentine and Vagina". Baltimore Gay Life. 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  120. ^ "Lesbian couple wedded at SF City Hall Women had been together for five decades". The San Francisco Chronicle. February 13, 2004. 
  121. ^ SF Mayor Gavin Newsom Risks Career on Gay Marriage. Newsweek (2009-01-17). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  122. ^ "Prop 8 proponents seek to nullify same-sex marriages". CNN. 2008-12-19. 
  123. ^ [5]
  124. ^ JESSE McKINLEY (June 16, 2008). "Gay Marriages Begin in California". The New York Times. 
  125. ^ Editorial | Maine was asking the wrong people. (2009-11-09). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  126. ^ California's top court upholds Prop. 8 ban on same-sex marriage. (2009-05-27). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  127. ^ Gordon, Rachel (2008-08-28). "Same-sex Marriage Timeline". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  128. ^ "Same-sex marriage in Massachusetts, 4 years later". CNN. 2008-06-16. 
  129. ^ Top 10 Straight Advocates for Gay and Transgender Rights Celebrate Coming Out Day. HRC. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  130. ^ "First Same-Sex Marriages Performed In Portland | News Archive | Seattle News, Weather, Sports, Breaking News". KOMO News. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  131. ^ Emerald, Daily. "Multnomah Co. issues gay-marriage licenses | Emerald Media". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  132. ^ "Same sex couples who find marriage sacred aren't satisfied with civil unions". The Oregonian. 2011-07-02. 
  133. ^ [6]
  134. ^ a b "James McGreevey - AEI Speakers Bureau". Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  135. ^ "Meet the first gay Nigerian to come out on TV". CNN. 2014-01-16. 
  136. ^ Ian Herbert (3 February 2005). "Liverpool courts pink pound as new gay wedding capital". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  137. ^ "Liverpool is capital for gay wedding ceremonies". Liverpool Echo. 2 February 2005. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  138. ^ Alex Ward (2013-07-01). "Study finds the Simpsons has encouraged gay men to 'come out' with its sympathetic attitude to same sex couples | Mail Online". London: Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  139. ^ "TransGender Europe -". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  140. ^ "'"Alexandra Billings, transgender actor: 'Transparent came up when I had nothing to lose. the Guardian. 
  141. ^ "Hawaiian Becomes Highest-Elected Transgender Official".  
  142. ^ "Transgender Jews Now Out of Closet, Seeking Communal Recognition –". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  143. ^ Garcia, Michelle. "Check Here for Updates on LGBT Races to Watch". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  144. ^ "Patricia Todd, Alabama's first openly gay state legislator, coming to Huntsville to talk Supreme Court gay marriage rulings |". 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  145. ^ "First sex-swap mayor is sworn in". BBC News. 2007-05-24.  Retrieved 2010-02-14.
  146. ^ SF Police Commission Makes History archived on May 29, 2007 from the original, KCBS, May 10, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  147. ^ Delgado, Ray (2003-04-04). "PROFILE / Theresa Sparks / Transgender San Franciscan makes history as Woman of the Year". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  148. ^ a b Brownworth, Victoria A. (October 18, 2007). "October Surprises".  
  149. ^ a b "I Advocate ...".  
  150. ^ a b "Transsexual beauty makes TV history". March 13, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  151. ^ "Through the Door of Life: A Jewish Journey between Genders (Living Out: Gay and Lesbian Autobiog): Joy Ladin: 9780299287306: Books". 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  152. ^ "Performance & Guest Speakers". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  153. ^ "Lễ kết hôn đồng giới tại Hà Nội" (in Tiếng Việt). Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  154. ^ "Ellen DeGeneres hosts the 79th Academy Awards as the first openly gay woman". 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  155. ^ WeHo News | News
  156. ^ Congrats to Rachel Maddow; Knock 'em Dead Tonight! Lesbiatopia, 8 September 2008
  157. ^ "Stu Rasmussen for Mayor - Reality Check". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  158. ^ "US election diary: The sex change we can all believe in - Americas - World". London: The Independent. 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  159. ^ Spellman, Jim (April 22, 2009). "Transgender murder, hate crime conviction a first". CNN. Retrieved 2014-08-21. 
  160. ^ "House Subcommittee Holds First Hearing on Transgender Discrimination - The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights". 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  161. ^ "Same-sex marriage opponents' ranks dwindle". The San Francisco Chronicle. 2008-08-23. 
  162. ^ 'Step By Step' - Hartford Courant. (2009-11-13). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  163. ^ Bye, Beth | The Connecticut Mirror. (2009-07-01). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  164. ^ Mail on Sunday reporter (27 September 2008). "Labour MP becomes first female politician to 'wed' in civil partnership ceremony". London: Daily Mail online. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  165. ^ Salmon, Ben. "Walking Bi | Queer". Portland Mercury. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  166. ^ "Kate Brown". OutHistory. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  167. ^ Walsh, Edward (2008-11-05). "Democrats sweep to capture statewide jobs".  
  168. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. "The Bay Area Reporter Online | Political Notebook: Bisexual, lesbian politicians stump in SF". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  169. ^ Deborah Penny becomes first transgender soldier on the front line in Army history | Mail Online
  170. ^ Stobart, Janet (2009-05-02). "Britain names first woman as poet laureate". Los Angeles Times. 
  171. ^ La noticia del casamiento de Alex y José María recorrió el mundo, 29 December 2009
  172. ^ Wales and Lions full-back Gareth Thomas discloses he is homosexual The Telegraph, 18 December 2009
  173. ^ "Texas-sized first: Newly-elected Annise Parker hailed for being first openly gay mayor of Houston". Daily News (New York). 2009-12-14. 
  174. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (2008-12-18). "HRC Applauds Naming of Diego Sanchez to Key Legislative Staff Position for Chairman Barney Frank". EDGE Boston. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  175. ^ Yager, Jordy (2009-03-10). "'I was not a pretty girl, and I felt like I was a man'". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  176. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (2008-03-31). "First Black Transsexual Delegate Headed to Dems’ Convention". EDGE Boston. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  177. ^ "Trailblazing Transgender Rights Advocate Babs Siperstein Tapped as Hudson Pride Parade Grand Marshal". The Jersey City Independent. 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  178. ^ "Indian gay marriage law takes effect in Oregon". Oregon Faith Report. 2009-05-27. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  179. ^ "Religion in the News | Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  180. ^ Richburg, Keith B. (2009-04-04). "Iowa Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage". The Washington Post. 
  181. ^ Schulte, Grant (2009-04-27). "First same-sex marriage license issued in Iowa". USA Today. 
  182. ^ "Vermont becomes 4th U.S. state to allow gay marriage". Reuters. 2009-04-07. 
  183. ^ "Soap features daytime TV's first lesbian wedding". 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  184. ^ Bagby, Dyana (March 17, 2010). "Georgia lesbian lawmaker brings power to the people from within the Gold Dome".  
  185. ^ "Trans Client Testifies at ENDA Hearing". Lambda Legal. Retrieved 2014-08-16. 
  186. ^ "H.R. 3017, Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2009: Vandy Beth Glenn". September 23, 2009. Retrieved 2014-08-16. 
  187. ^ "Amy Andre to head San Francisco Pride". 
  188. ^ [7]
  189. ^ Adrienne Williams, October 19, 2009. Interview with Amy Andre: New Bisexual Executive Director of SF Pride, BiSocial Network.
  190. ^ "First Timers Club". 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  191. ^ "First Married Man to Give Birth", Guinness World Records 2010 edition, page 110"
  192. ^ "Amanda Simpson, First Transgender Presidential Appointee, Begins Work at Commerce Department - ABC News". 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  193. ^ "First transgender athlete to play in NCAA basketball - CNN". 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  194. ^ "LGBT History Month: Kye Allums, first openly transgender NCAA athlete – LGBTQ Nation". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  195. ^ White, Joseph (November 4, 2010). "Ex-Centennial star deals with transgender publicity". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  196. ^ Wienerbronner, Danielle (2010-11-02). "Kye Allums, Transgender George Washington University Basketball Player, Takes The Court". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  197. ^ Sheridan, Michael (2010-11-17). "California elects nation's first openly transgender judge, Victoria Kolakowski - New York Daily News". Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  198. ^ Episcopal Church consecrates first openly lesbian bishop - CNN. (2010-05-15). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  199. ^ VIDEO: Minneapolis Lutheran church welcomes denomination's first lesbian pastor | San Diego Gay and Lesbian News. San Diego Gay and Lesbian News. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  200. ^ "'"Same-sex couples in D.C. say 'I do. CNN. 2010-03-09. 
  201. ^ A. GOODNOUGH (June 4, 2009). "New Hampshire Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage". The New York Times. 
  202. ^ "New Hampshire now 5th state to allow same-sex marriage". CNN. 2010-01-01. 
  203. ^ Viv Groskop (1 July 2010). "Transgender teens: girls will be boys". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  204. ^ Daniel Kilkelly (9 August 2011). "Jonny Clarke - 'Hollyoaks' Bart McQueen". Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  205. ^ "‘Could I convince them I’m a boy?’". The Stage. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  206. ^ Hélène Mulholland (21 September 2010). "Liberal Democrats back same-sex marriage motion". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  207. ^ "Phyllis Frye becomes Texas’ 1st trans judge". Dallas Voice. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  208. ^ Ring, Trudy (2013-05-24). "Obama Nominates Lesbian Attorney for Second EEOC Term". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  209. ^ Gardner, Steven (August 1, 2011). "Suquamish Tribe approves same-sex marriage".  
  210. ^ "International News | World News - ABC News". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  211. ^ Contributors, Advocate (2011-12-28). "14 Reasons That Made 2011 Great for Trans People". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  212. ^ "14 Reasons That Made 2011 Great for Trans People". 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  213. ^ Wong, Curtis (2011-06-20). "Nepal Lesbian Wedding: U.S. Couple Weds In Nation's First Public Same-Sex Ceremony". Huffington Post. 
  214. ^ Flock, Elizabeth (2011-07-25). "First gay marriage in New York under rainbow-colored Niagara Falls". The Washington Post. 
  215. ^ Jenkins, Sally (2011-06-27). "N.Y. Gov. Cuomo seen as getting political boost from gay marriage bill". The Washington Post. 
  216. ^ Patrick Barkham (29 March 2011). "'"Anton Hysén: 'Anyone afraid of coming out should give me a call. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-29. 
  217. ^ Stephen Gray (11 November 2011). "Liverpool unveils gay street signs". Pink News. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  218. ^ Amy Stone (Summer 2011). "Out and Ordained". Lilith. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  219. ^ "West Point chapel hosts first same-sex marriage | Detroit Free Press". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  220. ^ "Public embrace between two female sailors from California is being hailed as the kiss heard around the world by activists". Los Angeles Times. 2011-12-22. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  221. ^ "Sealed with a (lesbian) kiss: Gay sailors share Navy's traditional homecoming embrace as ship returns". Daily Mail (London). 2011-12-21. 
  222. ^ Michelson, Noah (2011-10-03). "NYC Fire Department Hires First Transgender FDNY Firefighter". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  223. ^ "Miss Kansas Bares Tattoos and 6 Other Memorable Miss America Moments |". 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  224. ^ Pete Smith. "Jaiyah Saelua: interview with the world's first transgender football international - Football -". the Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  225. ^ "UN Human Rights Council". 17 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  226. ^ Jordans, Frank (2011-05-17). "UN group backs gay rights for the 1st time ever".  
  227. ^ "Fred Karger, gay Republican, for president". Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  228. ^ [8]
  229. ^ Garcia, Michelle (2012-09-18). "11 Firsts After The Repeal of DADT". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  230. ^ Garcia, Michelle (2012-09-18). "11 Firsts After The Repeal of DADT". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  231. ^ Alan Weston (15 May 2012). "Liverpool supports IDAHO - the international day of action against homophobia". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  232. ^ "Liverpool Church hosts first religious Civil Partnership". Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  233. ^ "Liverpool FC to march in city Pride parade". Pink News. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  234. ^ "Lesbian Becomes Highest Ranking Out Military Officer - Poliglot". 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  235. ^ Roberts, Monica (2012-06-12). "TransGriot: Kylar's US Senate ENDA Hearing Testimony". Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  236. ^ a b Bolcer, Julie (2012-06-12). "With Senate Hearing, Hope for a Jumpstart on ENDA". Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  237. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (2012-08-03). "EXCLUSIVE: D.C. Office of Human Rights to launch anti-transgender discrimination campaign : Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  238. ^ "Taiwan gets its first same-sex Buddhist wedding". Hindustan Times. 2012-08-11. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  239. ^ Harris, Paul (July 11, 2012). "Lesbian Super Pac to spend big in fight for gay and women's rights".  
  240. ^ Schultheis, Emily (July 11, 2012). "Pro-lesbian super PAC debuts".  
  241. ^ Camia, Catalina (July 11, 2012). "Lesbian PAC launches to boost clout of women".  
  242. ^ "Feminist Daily News 7/12/2012: First Lesbian Super PAC Launched". Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  243. ^ "Tammy Baldwin is elected the first openly gay senator - Yahoo! News". 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  244. ^ Jeremy Duda (2012-11-12). "Kyrsten Sinema wins Arizona's 9th Congressional seat | Arizona Capitol Times". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  245. ^ a b [9]
  246. ^ "Texas State Rep. Mary Gonzalez comes out as a 'pansexual' | Mail Online". London: 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  247. ^ "New Hampshire Elects Nation's First Out Trans Lawmaker". 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  248. ^ "Social sciences - Elected Officials". glbtq. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  249. ^ [10]
  250. ^ a b "Gay Politics — Victory Fund celebrates huge night for gay candidates". 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  251. ^ Bolcer, Julie (2012-11-07). "Openly Gay Congressional Winner Makes History in New York". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  252. ^ "Josh Boschee North Dakota’s first gay legislator | WDAY | Fargo, ND". WDAY. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  253. ^ "West Virginia elects first openly gay state legislator – LGBTQ Nation". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  254. ^ "Capitol Report | New Mexico " Jacob Candelaria Jacob Candelaria " Capitol Report | New Mexico". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  255. ^ "Pennsylvania to get first openly gay lawmaker – LGBTQ Nation". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  256. ^ "Republican Pa. lawmaker announces he’s gay". 2012-12-02. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  257. ^ Campbell, Janie (2012-08-15). "David Richardson Elected Florida's First Openly Gay State Legislator In Miami-Dade". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  258. ^ Moreno, Ivan (2012-11-09). "Colo. Democrats pick state’s 1st gay House speaker". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  259. ^ Corte, Rachel La. "Washington voters approve gay marriage | Local News". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  260. ^ "Gay Marry Maine". 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  261. ^ a b "West Point chapel hosts its first same-sex wedding". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  262. ^ David Small (2012-12-01). "First Gay Weddings Held at West Point | OutServe Magazine". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  263. ^ Gilchrist, Tracy E. (8 April 2012). "SNL's First Out Lesbian Featured Player Kate McKinnon Makes Splash with Penelope Cruz Pantene Sketch". SheWired. Retrieved 2012-04-10. 
  264. ^ Danitra Vance's sexual orientation was not revealed until her death in 1994.
  265. ^ a b Singer, Paul. "Lifestyles | Detroit Free Press". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  266. ^ "Gay Marine proposes in the White House — RT USA". 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  267. ^ "Story - Life". Ottawa Citizen. 2011-03-02. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  268. ^ "Marlene Pray Becomes First Openly Bisexual Office Holder In PA - Amplify". 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  269. ^ "Marlene Pray resigns from Doylestown Council - Doylestown". 2013-03-19. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  270. ^ "OUTmusic Awards The Biggest Night of the LGBT Music Industry". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  271. ^ "Yes!! I Am A Lesbian". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  272. ^ Johnson, Chris (2013-08-19). "Christie signs law barring 'ex-gay' conversion therapy - Washington Blade - America's Leading Gay News Source : Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source". Washington Blade. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  273. ^ Pappas, Stephanie (2013-08-19). "Gay Conversion Therapy: What You Should Know - Yahoo! News". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  274. ^ "Interview with First Openly Gay Boxer Orlando Cruz - SPIEGEL ONLINE". 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  275. ^ "Berkeley becomes first US city to declare Bisexual Pride Day, support ‘marginalized’ group". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-09-19. 
  276. ^ "Berkeley Lawmakers Recognize Bisexual Pride Day". Mercury News. Associated Press. September 18, 2012. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. 
  277. ^ "Emily Aviva Kapor: Creating a Jewish Community for Trans Women". The Forward. July 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  278. ^ "About us". Rainbow Jews. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  279. ^ Trove of Jewish LGBT history goes on display in U.K. - Jewish World Features Israel News | Haaretz
  280. ^ "N.J. Lawsuit Alleges JONAH Gay Conversion Therapy Fraud - ABC News". 2012-11-27. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  281. ^ "SPLC files groundbreaking lawsuit accusing conversion therapy organization of fraud". Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  282. ^ "Obama Makes History By Citing Gay Rights in an Inaugural Address - ABC News". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  283. ^ "California Native American Tribe Announces Support of Same Sex Marriage: Santa Ysabel Tribe First in California to Make Proclamation". Rock Hill Herald Online. 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  284. ^ "Pokagon Band Of Potawatomi Indians Marriage Code" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  285. ^ "West Michigan couple have first same-sex wedding in Pokagon Tribal Court". WWMT Newschannel 3. 2013-06-21. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  286. ^ "Colvilles recognize same sex marriage". 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  287. ^ Rudolph, Christopher (March 15, 2013). "Michigan Native American Tribe Recognizes Same-Sex Marriage".  
  288. ^ "Gay couples get hitched in Minnesota, Rhode Island".  
  289. ^ "Chris Anderson embodies 30 years of progress: Chattanooga's first gay councilman sworn in today". 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  290. ^ "Gay Politics — Gay man elected to Chattanooga, Tenn. City Council". 2013-03-05. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  291. ^ Harrison, James (2012-09-04). "Chris Anderson first openly gay candidate in Chattanooga history". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  292. ^ "Rep. Mark Pocan's Husband Granted Congressional Spousal ID". Lez Get Real. 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  293. ^ a b Wing, Nicholas (2013-05-10). "Mark Pocan, Gay Democratic Congressman, Secures Congressional ID Card For Spouse". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  294. ^ Chris Geidner. """Pentagon Recognizes Transgender Veteran, Advocates See A "Shift. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  295. ^ "VA Grants First Burial Rights For Same-Sex Couple - ABC News". 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  296. ^ "Historic lesbian kiss occurs at Eurovision Song Contest". Gay Star News. 2013-05-16. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  297. ^ Chibbaro, Lou (2013-05-21). "Gay DC psychiatrist Saul Levin named head of APA | LGBT News : Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  298. ^ "BBC News - Ukraine stages first gay pride march". 2013-05-25. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  299. ^ "Robbie Rogers becomes 1st openly gay man in U.S. pro soccer". 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  300. ^ "Muslim lesbian couple defy death threats to tie the knot in civil ceremony". Birmingham Mail. 2013-05-26. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  301. ^ Hunt, Loretta (March 7, 2013). "How Fallon Fox became the first known transgender athlete in MMA".  
  302. ^ "Benedictine College basketball player Jallen Messersmith announces he's gay - ESPN". 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  303. ^ Raushenbush, Paul (2013-05-31). "Rev. Guy Erwin: First Openly Gay Lutheran Bishop Elected To ELCA Southwest California Synod". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  304. ^ Ehrenfreund, Max. "Activists celebrate France’s first gay wedding amid mass protests". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  305. ^ "The Morning Pride: June 10, 2013". ThinkProgress. 2013-06-10. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  306. ^ a b "Bi Writers Association announces recipients of Bisexual Book Awards". GLAAD. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  307. ^ Autumn Sandeen (June 13, 2013). "What Kristin Beck’s narrative means to trans open service". LGBT Weekly. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  308. ^ Ring, Trudy (2013-06-13). "First Out Lesbian Latina Confirmed to Federal Judgeship". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  309. ^ "First openly gay man conquers Mount Everest | San Diego Gay and Lesbian News". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  310. ^ "First out, gay man takes over as Acting Secretary of the U.S. Air Force – LGBTQ Nation". 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  311. ^ Matthew, Jacobs (2013-06-26). "Directors Guild Of America Elects Paris Barclay First Black, Openly Gay President". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  312. ^ Reilly, Mollie (2013-06-29). "Gay Couple Receives Green Card After Supreme Court Ruling: DOMA Project". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  313. ^ Anderson, Diane (2013-07-04). "HISTORY MADE! First Same-Sex Spouse Granted Green Card". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  314. ^ "County Clerks Ready for Marriage License Rush". June 28, 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  315. ^ James Legge (2013-06-30). "Tory MP Daniel Kawczynski comes out as bisexual - Home News - UK". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  316. ^ a b Gayapolis, Inc. (2013-07-01). "Gayapolis News - First Lesbian Union President Elected in Britain". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  317. ^ McKinley Jr, James C. (2013-06-30). "Stars align for a gay marriage anthem".  
  318. ^ "First book with transgender theme makes it on CA schools reading list | Pass / Fail | 89.3 KPCC". 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  319. ^ "Liz Carmouche Wins Historic UFC Match Between Two Openly Gay Fighters - VIDEO| Gay News". Towleroad. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  320. ^ Reynolds, Daniel (2013-07-19). "Rural Region Elects Mexico's First Openly Gay Mayor". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  321. ^ Brandt, Evan (2013-07-29). "First Pa. same-sex couple to marry become reluctant focus of debate". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  322. ^ "Montco will not deny same-sex marriage licenses -". 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  323. ^ "Braddock Mayor Performs First Gay Marriage in Allegheny County - The 412 - August 2013". Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  324. ^ Wetzstein, Cheryl (August 12, 2013). "California enacts nation’s first law protecting transgender students". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  325. ^ "WWE superstar Darren Young comes out as gay - News | FOX Sports on MSN". 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  326. ^ "USAF lesbian couple first to receive ‘Join Spouse’ assignment – LGBTQ Nation". 2011-04-12. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  327. ^ Solomon, Brian (2013-09-16). "Jennifer Pritzker Becomes First Transgender Billionaire". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  328. ^ "In Historic First, Bi Activists Gather at White House". September 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  329. ^ "White House to hold closed-door session on bisexual issues next month". August 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  330. ^ "Ruth Bader Ginsburg becomes first SCOTUS member to officiate a gay wedding". 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  331. ^ "First South Korean Gay Couple To Publicly Wed Plans Challenge To Marriage Law - On Top Magazine | Gay news & entertainment". 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  332. ^ Post by Harvey Milk Foundation. (2013-10-10). "Harvey Milk To Be Honored With U.S. Postage Stamp". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  333. ^ Nichols, James (2013-10-15). "Carol McCrory And Brenda Clark, North Carolina Lesbian Couple, Apply For Marriage License Successfully". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  334. ^ "Andy Herren wins Big Brother, becomes first openly gay winner of CBS reality show | Voices". 2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  335. ^ Wong, Curtis (2013-10-20). "Montenegro's First Gay Pride Parade Takes Place Under Heavy Security". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  336. ^ "GAYCURAÇAO.COM - We live and let live!". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  337. ^ "First Indo-American lesbian wedding made guests cry". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  338. ^ "That's a first, Indian bride marries American bride | First Indo-American Lesbian Marriage | Indo-American Lesbian Couple | Lesbian Wedding | Shannon And Seema | Wedding Photographer Steph Grant". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  339. ^ a b Ring, Trudy (2013-09-13). "First Televised Romanian Same-Sex Wedding Gets High Ratings". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  340. ^ Nichols, James (2013-10-16). "Portland Trailblazers Back Gay Marriage, Becoming First NBA Team To Do So". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  341. ^ Greg Hernandez (2013-10-17). "Portland Trail Blazers become first NBA team to endorse gay marriage". Gay Star News. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  342. ^ "Todd Hughes, first openly gay U.S. circuit judge confirmed by Senate". 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  343. ^ a b c "Paper Chase: UN holds first ministerial meeting on gay rights". JURIST. 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  344. ^ Rawlings, Nate (2013-10-21). "New Jersey Couples Celebrate the State's First Gay Marriages |". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  345. ^ a b JTA. "Reconstructionists Pick First Woman, Lesbian As Denominational Leader". The Jewish Week. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  346. ^ "Trailblazing Reconstructionist Deborah Waxman Relishes Challenges of Judaism –". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  347. ^ "RRC Announces New President Elect". Reconstructionist Rabbinical College. October 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  348. ^ a b Bowater, Donna (2013-09-27). "Six-year-old becomes first transgender child in Argentina to change identity". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  349. ^ Tasneem Nashrulla (2013-10-04). "India Gets Its First Radio Station For The LGBT Community". Retrieved 2013-11-01. 
  350. ^ Reynolds, Daniel (2013-11-08). "GLAAD Appoints First Transgender Cochair". Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  351. ^ Roberts, Scott (1 November 2013). "Harriet Harman and John Prescott heap praise on Paris Lees in Question Time debut".  
  352. ^ "Transition game: America’s first publicly out transgender high school coach is opening minds in the conservative rural town of Glocester, R.I.". Outsports. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  353. ^ "Former UKIP MEP reveals she is the UK’s first transgender Parliamentarian ·". 2013-11-17. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  354. ^ Kevin Fagan (2013-10-07). "S.F. tackles dual challenge - being homeless and gay". SFGate. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  355. ^ "Former UK Army soldier becomes Britain's first transgender Muslim - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video". The Voice of Russia. 2013-09-05. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  356. ^ Reform Cantors Conference Installs First Openly Gay President | American Conference of Cantors
  357. ^ Trans News Editors (11 May 2013). "Neurobiologist Becomes First Transgender Scientist Selected For U.S. National Academy of Science Membership". Transnews (Trans Media Network). Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  358. ^ "Canadian First: Trans Person Elected President of a Union Local". 
  359. ^ "Canadian First: Trans Person Elected President of a Union Local". 
  360. ^ "Rose Parade Sees First Gay Wedding". Time. 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2014-08-21. 
  361. ^ Andrew Potts (2014-04-10). "First overseas same-sex marriage legally recognized in Italy". Gay Star News. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  362. ^ Meghan DeMaria (2014-04-04). "Berlin opens world's first lesbian-only cemetery". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  363. ^ "Lesbians' baby baptized by Catholic Church in Argentina -". CNN. 2014-04-07. 
  364. ^ "First Active College Football Player to Come Out: Willamette U's Conner Mertens | Out Magazine". 2014-01-28. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  365. ^ "Meghan Stabler Named First Transgender Working Mother of the Year". 
  366. ^ Hogan, Heather (2014-01-27). Good Luck Charlie" introduces Disney Channel's first lesbian characters""". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  367. ^ Barnes, Dustin (2014-01-23). "Metro-State | The Clarion-Ledger". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  368. ^ Bi the way, our health matters too!" – It's Bisexual Health Awareness Month!""". GLAAD. 2014-03-03. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  369. ^ "Hear Hear Queen Elizabeth Makes First Gesture of Goodwill to the LGBT Community | Passport Magazine News". 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  370. ^ [11]
  371. ^ Ned Resnikoff (2013-06-13). "Senate confirms first openly lesbian federal judge in Michigan". MSNBC. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  372. ^ Marie, Parker (2014-04-03). "Wisc. Man Becomes the State's First Trans Elected Official". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  373. ^ a b Ring, Trudy (2014-03-25). "Miss. Couple Creates First Record of Same-Sex Marriage". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  374. ^ Biskupic, Joan (2014-04-09). "Gay marriage first in Tenn.: Woman listed as father on birth certificate". Chicago Tribune. 
  375. ^ Gleeson, Scott (2014-04-09). "UMass basketball player Gordon comes out as gay". USA Today. 
  376. ^ Malnick, Edward (2014-04-12). "Church of England faces 'crisis' as gay priest weds". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  377. ^ Belson, Ken (2014-04-10). "In Historic Pick, Rams Take Michael Sam in Final Round of Draft". New York Times. 
  378. ^ “World's first homoerotic stamps produced in Finland”. BBC News. 17 April 2014
  379. ^ "Court indefinitely suspends overturn of gay marriage ban in Michigan - NY Daily News". 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  380. ^ DiBlasio, Natalie (2014-03-22). "First gay couple married in Michigan". USA Today. 
  381. ^ Michael Winter (2014-05-16). "Ark. high court again suspends gay marriage". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  382. ^ "Arkansas issues state's first gay marriage license | Al Jazeera America". 2014-05-10. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  383. ^ "Gay marriage in Oregon: First couple exchanges vows in Multnomah County building". 2014-05-19. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  384. ^ Balding, Justin (2014-05-10). "U.S. Naval Academy Hosts First Same-Sex Wedding for Maryland Couple". NBC News. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  385. ^ "Costa Rica to offer medical benefits to same-sex couples - Chicago Tribune". Reuters. 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  386. ^ Hicks, Josh. "Group: VA awards survivor benefits to first-known gay war widow - The Washington Post". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  387. ^ Westcott, Lucy (2014-05-29). "Laverne Cox Is the First Transgender Person on the Cover of Time". The Wire. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  388. ^ Katy Steinmetz. "The Transgender Tipping Point". TIME. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  389. ^ Myles Tanzer. "Laverne Cox Is On The Cover Of Time Magazine". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  390. ^ Senzee, Thom (2014-05-30). "Australian First: Both Lesbian Parents Named on Birth Certificate". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  391. ^ "Best Bi Short Stories: Bisexual Fiction: Jane Rule, Katherine V. Forrest, Sheela Lambert: 9781613900888: Books". 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  392. ^ "Cyprus' first gay pride parade in Nicosia draws thousands of marchers | South China Morning Post". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  393. ^
  394. ^ "Insults, applause, ridiculousness, Peru’s first openly gay congressman has seen it all". GlobalPost. 2014-05-25. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  395. ^ Ring, Trudy (2014-06-13). "Same-Sex Marriages End in Wisconsin, for Now". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  396. ^ O'Brien, Brendan. "Federal judge strikes down Wisconsin ban on gay marriage". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  397. ^ "Same-sex marriage rulings: What the judges have said". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  398. ^ "Court: Gay marriage must remain on hold in Idaho". AP. 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  399. ^ Price, Mark (2014-06-03). "Rabbis group joins N.C. same-sex marriage suit". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  400. ^ O'Loughlin, Michael (2014-06-06). "Rabbis Join Marriage Equality Fight". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  401. ^ "South Africa appoints first lesbian to cabinet", by David Smith, The Guardian, Monday 26 May 2014.
  402. ^ a b David Smith. "South Africa appoints first lesbian to cabinet | World news". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  403. ^ Senzee, Thom (2014-05-30). "South Africa Gets Its First Openly Gay Parliamentarian". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  404. ^ A first for Puerto Rico as lesbian lawyer is nominated for a seat in Supreme Court | Gay Star News
  405. ^ First Openly LGBT Judge Confirmed to Puerto Rico Supreme Court | Human Rights Campaign
  406. ^ Munzenrieder, Kyle (2014-06-17). "Darrin P. Gayles Becomes First Openly Gay Black Federal Judge | Miami New Times". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  407. ^ a b Cruz, Eliel (2014-06-21). "Organization is Helping Bisexuals Be Happily Embraced By God". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  408. ^ Duke Univ. Press Debuts Academic Journal for Transgender Studies |
  409. ^ its first transgender MP
    The Bay Area Reporter Online | Belgium appoints
  410. ^ a b c Meet Nicola Pettit and Tania Ward, Britain's First Gay Jewish Marriage Partners
  411. ^ a b California Assembly Speaker Becomes First Gay Governor For A Few Hours |
  412. ^ "2014 Primetime Emmy nominees". 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  413. ^ "2014 Emmy Awards: 'Orange Is the New Black's' Laverne Cox Is First Transgender Nominee". 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  414. ^ Gavin Gaughan. "Obituary: Angela Morley | Television & radio". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  415. ^ First gay UK couple marries in Vietnam | Gay Star News
  416. ^ San Diego Comic-Con: The Diversity Conversation |
  417. ^ Gay couple Gordon Stevenson and Peter Fraser marry in Australia under British law
  418. ^ Jewish boat vying for spot in Amsterdam gay parade | Jewish Telegraphic Agency
  419. ^ a b Flamboyant First as Jewish Boat Floats in Amsterdam Gay Pride Canal Fest –
  420. ^ Aboard Amsterdam’s Jewish gay boat, activists warn against tolerating hate | Jewish Telegraphic Agency
  421. ^ Moroccan LGBT Boat Sails in Amsterdam Gay Pride Canal Parade | Morocco World News
  422. ^ Cosmopolitan Has Launched Its First Ever Lesbian Sex Position Guide
  423. ^ Meet the First Openly Gay Eagle Scout |
  424. ^ BeyondChron | Trans Activist Vicki Marlane Honored With Street Name in Tenderloin - BeyondChron
  425. ^ UCC Becomes First Religious Sponsor Of Gay Games |
  426. ^ "Cleveland Foundation Awards $250,000 Grant to the 2014 Gay Games". The Cleveland Foundation. 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  427. ^
  428. ^ Wall Street leaders welcome first openly gay CEO of a US bank Trevor Burgess | Gay Star News
  429. ^ San Francisco Police academy graduates first transgender officer |
  430. ^ 40 Under 40: Chris Mosier Wants Trans People to Feel Comfortable Playing the Sport They Love |
  431. ^ News Release. "National Gay and Lesbian Sports Hall of Fame names 2014 Inductees". Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  432. ^ BBC2 commissions Britain's first transgender sitcom Boy Meets Girl - News - TV & Radio - The Independent
  433. ^ Newly crowned Rose of Tralee reveals she is gay -
  434. ^ Calif. Women's College Makes Trans-Inclusive History |
  435. ^ "BBC News - Chilean sailor makes history after announcing he is gay". BBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  436. ^ "Crowdfunding gives Pakistan its first anti-homophobia children’s book". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  437. ^ "Hong Kong holds its first international symposium on LGBTI rights". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  438. ^ "Italian court allows a child to be legally adopted by gay couple". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  439. ^
  440. ^ "U.S. Embassy in Budapest Supports 5th European Transgender Council Meeting". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  441. ^ "WATCH: First of 'Seven Sisters' Schools to Admit Trans Women". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  442. ^ "Conservative Judaism ordains first openly gay rabbi to lead synagogue in Israel". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  443. ^ "Israel’s Conservative movement gets its first openly gay pulpit rabbi". 7 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  444. ^ "WATCH: Ore. Republican's Campaign Ad Makes Gay History". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  445. ^ "PHOTOS: Meet the First Trans Man to Win a Gay Games Gold in Powerlifting". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  446. ^ "WATCH: Meet Trailblazing Two-Spirit Performer ICEIS Rain". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  447. ^ "Sen. Ferlo makes it official:". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  448. ^ "Padmini Prakash is India’s first transgender news anchor". Washington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  449. ^ "EEOC sues companies over anti-transgender discrimination". MSNBC. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  450. ^ "Federal Government Sues Companies Over Anti-Transgender Discrimination Claims". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  451. ^ "UN passes resolution on behalf of LGBT citizens around the globe". MSNBC. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  452. ^ "PH votes yes to landmark UN reso on gay rights". Rappler. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  453. ^ "UN passes resolution on behalf of LGBT citizens around the globe". MSNBC. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  454. ^ "PH votes yes to landmark UN reso on gay rights". Rappler. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  455. ^ "California Becomes First State to Ban Gay, Trans 'Panic' Defenses". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  456. ^ "Peruvian voters elect country’s first trans council member". Washington Blade. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  457. ^ Richard Obert, azcentral sports (22 October 2014). "AIA approves first transgender athlete to play a sport". 
  458. ^ "Woman's Day Magazine Features Groundbreaking Article About Transgender Family". The Huffington Post. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  459. ^ "Tim Cook Tells the World 'I'm Proud to Be Gay' - WIRED". WIRED. Retrieved October 30, 2014. 
  460. ^ "Pro Strongman Rob Kearney Comes Out as Gay". The Advocate. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  461. ^ "RESULTS: Healey Elected First Out State Attorney General". Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  462. ^
  463. ^ "In An Important First for Republicans, Maine's Susan Collins Wins Reelection". Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  464. ^ Vingan, Alyssa (4 November 2014). "Transgender Model Lea T Lands Big Redken Contract". Retrieved 6 November 2014. Now, Lea T has received her most groundbreaking campaign yet: She's signed on to be a brand muse for global haircare brand Redken, with print and digital campaigns set for a January 2015 release. 
  465. ^ Friedman, Megan (4 November 2014). "Transgender Model Lea T Is Redken's Newest Face".  
  466. ^ Morwenna Ferrier. "Lea T, the transgender hair-care model who’s shifting our perception of beauty norms". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  467. ^ "Gay Star News - Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender global news, entertainment, travel and features". Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  468. ^ "Op-ed: Why An Ad Featuring A Transgender Woman Means So Much". Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  469. ^ "First Woman of Color to Serve White House as LGBT Liaison". The Rainbow Times - Boston LGBT Newspaper Serving New England - Gay News. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  470. ^ "Gay vets reach milestone in Boston, still struggle nationally". MSNBC. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  471. ^ "Transgender Bangladeshis hold first-ever pride march". NST Online. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  472. ^
  473. ^ Buzinski, Jim. "MLB umpire Dale Scott comes out as gay in quietest way possible." SBNation Outsports Retrieved December 2, 2014.
  474. ^ "New Zealand appoints its first openly gay High Court judge Matthew Muir". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  475. ^ "Australia's First Minister of Equality Appointed in Victoria". express Online. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  476. ^


  • Gallo, Marcia M. Different Daughters: A History of the Daughters of Bilitis and the Rise of the Lesbian Rights Movement. California: Seal Press, 2007. ISBN 1580052525
  • Ochs, Robyn and Rowley, Sarah. Getting Bi: Voices of Bisexuals Around the World, second edition. Massachusetts: Bisexual Resource Center, 2009. ISBN 978-0-9653881-5-3
  • Tobin, Kay and Wicker, Randy. The Gay Crusaders. New York: Paperback Library, 1972; Arno, 1975 ISBN 0-405-07374-7
  • Stryker, Susan. Transgender History. California: Seal Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1580052245
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.