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List of mango cultivars

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Title: List of mango cultivars  
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Subject: International Mango Festival, Eldon (mango), Irwin (mango), Haden (mango), Sammar Bahisht
Collection: Flora of India, Lists of Cultivars, Lists of Foods, Mango Cultivars
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List of mango cultivars

Worldwide, hundreds of mango cultivars exist. In mango orchards, multiple cultivars are often grown together to improve cross-pollination. Two of the most important cultivars are the Chaunsa, which is particularly common in Pakistan, and the Tommy Atkins, which dominates the world export trade because it can be easily transported and has a good shelf-life, although it is reputed not to have the same flavor as that of a chaunsa.

Mangos of the Kensington Pride cultivar

Contents

  • Table of mangoes 1
  • List of cultivars by nation 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Table of mangoes

The following are among the more widely grown mango cultivars, listed by the country in which they were selected or are most extensively cultivated:

Common
name(s)
Image Origin/
region
Notes
Alampur Baneshan India, United States
Alice United States
Almaas Pakistan
Alphonso India, Pakistan, Ecuador, Egypt, Sudan, United States "King of Mangoes", very sweet with fibreless pulp, rich in vitamin A and C, founded mainly in Devgad & Ratnagiri Districts of Maharashtra, India. This cultivar is available in Feb till end of May.
Amrapali India
Anderson United States
Angie United States
Anwar Ratol Multan, Punjab (Pakistan) Small in size and flesh without fibre . Peak season is mid July to August.
Ataulfo Ecuador, Mexico
Bailey's Marvel United States
Banganapalli India The largest volume mango cultivar in the world, this medium-large fruit ripens to a golden-yellow exterior and a straw-yellow to golden-yellow interior. Very juicy, slightly tangy with little or no fibre and a creamy texture. It originates from the erstwhile princely state of Banganapalle, in present-day Andhra Pradesh, India.
Bennet Alphonso United States
Beverly United States
Bombay India, Nepal, United States
Brahm Kai Meu United States
Brooks Australia, United States
Carabao (Philippine Mango) Philippines The Queen of Mangoes, Philippine Mango was confirmed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s sweetest Mango.[1] The Ataulfo (mango) and Manilita mango cultivars originated from the Philippine Mango variety. It can be traced back in the Manila-Mexico galleon trade in the years 1600-1800's. It was also known then as Manila Super-Mango[2]
Carrie United States
Chaunsa Sindh, Pakistan The most tasteful, luscious and with aromatic fragrance, Chaunsa mango has powerful antioxident and anticancer abilities and is high in proteins and vitamins. Cities of Mirpur Khas Sindh and Multan, Rahim Yar Khan from Punjab, Pakistan are very famous in the world for the Chaunsa Mango.
Chok anan Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Thailand
Cogshall United States
Cushman United States
Dasheri Pakistan, India, Nepal
Dot United States
Duncan United States
Earlygold United States
Edward United States
Eldon United States
Emerald United States
Fazli (mango) Bangladesh, India
Fajri Kalan Pakistan
Fairchild United States
Fascell United States
Florigon United States
Ford United States
Gary United States
Glenn Italy, United States
Gold Nugget United States
Golden Lippens United States
Graham United States
Haden Australia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, United States
Hatcher United States
Himsagar Bangladesh, India
Ice Cream United States
Irwin Australia, Costa Rica, United States, Taiwan, Japan (Okinawa) In Japan this variety is marketed as Apple Mango, and in the case of imports from Japan one needs to take care not to confuse it with the Apple Mango grown in the Philippines.
Ivory
China Also known as the Jingu Ivory mango, or Ivory mango, this long, thin mango is named for its resemblance to a young elephant's tusk. It has thin skin, smooth skin. The flesh contains very few fibres, and constitutes approximately 82 percent of the fruit. It was first introduced into Yunnan, China from Thailand in 1914. The actual tree that was the first to be imported still grows, and during one year produced almost 500 kg of fruit.[3]
Jakarta United States
Jean Ellen United States
Julie Ecuador, United States A colourful, potato shaped mango with a sweet-tart flavour and a tall growth habit. Very popular in the Caribbean Sea, including Jamaica the British Virgin Islands, the United States Virgin Islands, and Barbados.
Kalepad Andhra Pradesh, India
Keitt Australia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Italy, United States
Kensington Pride Australia, Italy, United States
Kent Australia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Mexico, United States
Lakshmanbhog India
Lancetilla Honduras, United States
Langra Bangladesh, Pakistan (Sindh), India,
Lippens United States
Madame Francis Haiti Large kidney shaped mango that ripens to a golden yellow colour with piquant flesh Commonly exported to the United States in spring; often a feature of NYC fruit stands.
Mallika India, Nepal, United States
Manilita United States
Momi K[4] Hawaii, United States Teardrop shaped with a narrow point. Ripens to a reddish orange blush. Flesh has creamy consistency.
Muhammad Wala Pakistan
Mulgoba India, United States
Neelam India, Pakistan
Osteen Italy, United States
Palmer Australia, Brazil, United States
Parvin United States
Rosigold United States
Ruby United States
Saigon United States
Sindhri Sindh Pakistan Sindhi Mango cultivated in Sindhri town Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan
Saharni Pakistan
Sammar Bahisht Pakistan, India
Sensation United States
Shan-e-Khuda Pakistan
Sindhri Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan Sindhi Mango cultivated in Sindhri town Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan
Sophie Fry United States
Southern Blush United States
Spirit of '76 United States
Springfels United States
Sunset United States
Tommy Atkins Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Mexico, United States, Venezuela One of the most commonly sold mangoes in the world. has extremely long shelf life. Hard and oblong exterior.
Torbert United States
Totapuri India
Valencia Pride United States
Van Dyke Italy, United States
Young United States
Zill United States

List of cultivars by nation

Apple mango

See also

References

  1. ^ "Philippine Mango is the sweetest in the world, confirmed by Guinness Book of World Records". Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Manila Super Mango (Philippine Mango), the world's sweetest mango.". Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Jinggu "Ivory" Mango-Yunnan Tourism Website". En.ynta.gov.cn. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  4. ^ http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/crops/i_mango.htm
  5. ^ "Australian Mangoes - Australian Varieties". Mangoes.net.au. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  6. ^ http://www.freshplaza.it/images/2010/1220/coltivazione_del_mango_in_Sicilia.pdf
  7. ^ "Mukuyu farm, 20ha of commercial land in Ukambani| Kibwezi river". Better Globe Forestry. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 

External links

  • Philippine Mango: Sweetest Mango in the World
  • Mango cultivars
  • U.S. National Mango Board
  • Indian Mango Varieties
  • Species of Taiwan mango
  • [4]
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