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List of offshore wind farms

The locations of 24 of the 25 largest operational offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
List of offshore wind farms
The locations of the European 24 of the world's 25 largest operational offshore wind farms

This page lists the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the three largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the 10 largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of August 2013 the London Array in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 630 MW. This is followed by Gwynt y Môr (576 MW), also in the UK. The Global Tech I wind farm (400 MW) in Germany is the largest project currently under construction.

The biggest producer of wind energy is the Greater Gabbard wind farm. In 2012 it produced 1,195 GigaWatt-hours (GWh). The second largest producer is Horns Rev 2 with 956 GWh produced in 2012. In terms of total production since introduction Horns Rev 1 remains the largest with 5,877 GWh produced since the park opened. Nysted 1, also in Denmark, is the second largest wind farm in the world in terms of total energy produced. Nysted 1 has produced 5,097 GWh since its start. Third is Horns Rev 2 with 2,959 GWh produced.[1]

Contents

  • Top 25 operational offshore wind farms 1
  • Top 3 under construction 2
  • Top 3 biggest producers of energy 3
  • Top proposed wind farm areas 4
  • Other notable offshore wind farms 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Top 25 operational offshore wind farms

This is a list of the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational, rated by nameplate capacity. In the case of a tied bottom place in the table, the wind farm with the earliest commissioning date is used.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Commissioning
Date
Refs
London Array 630 United Kingdom 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2012 [2][3][4]
Gwynt y Môr 576 United Kingdom 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2015 [5]
Greater Gabbard 504[6] United Kingdom 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [7][8][9]
Anholt 400 Denmark 111 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [10][11][12][13]
BARD Offshore 1 400 Germany 80 × BARD 5.0MW 2013 [14][15][16]
Global Tech I 400 Germany 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [17]
West of Duddon Sands 389 United Kingdom 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [18][19]
Walney
(phases 1&2)
367.2 United Kingdom 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[20][21]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
325 Belgium 6 × Senvion 5MW,
48 × Senvion 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[22][23][24][25]
Sheringham Shoal 315 United Kingdom 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [26][27][28][29]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 312 Germany 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [30]
Thanet 300 United Kingdom 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [31][32]
Nordsee Ost 295 Germany 48 × Senvion 6.15MW 2015 [33][34]
Amrumbank West 288 Germany 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [35][36]
Butendiek 288 Germany 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [37][38]
DanTysk 288 Germany 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [39]
EnBW Baltic 2 288 Germany 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [40][41]
Meerwind Süd / Ost 288 Germany 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [42]
Lincs 270 United Kingdom 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [43]
Humber Gateway 219 United Kingdom 73 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [44]
Northwind 216 Belgium 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [45]
Westermost Rough 210 United Kingdom 35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [46][47]
Horns Rev 2 209.3 Denmark 91 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2009 [48]
Rødsand II 207 Denmark 90 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2010 [49][50]
Chenjiagang
(Jiangsu) Xiangshui
201 China 134 × 1.5MW 2010 [51][52]

Top 3 under construction

This is a list of the three largest offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Turbines
& model
Completion Refs
Gemini 600 Netherlands 150 x Siemens SWT- 4.0-130 2017 [53][54]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2) 582 Germany 97 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2016 [55]
Sandbank (Phase 1) 288 Germany 72 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [56]

Top 3 biggest producers of energy

This is a list of the 3 largest offshore wind farms by actual energy production since commissioning.

Wind farm Production 2012
(GWh)
Total production
(GWh)
Country Turbines
& model
Official start Refs
Horns Rev 1 676 5877 Denmark 80 × Vestas V80 2.0 MW 2002 [1]
Nysted 1 575 5097 Denmark 72 × Bonus 2.3 MW 2003 [1]
Horns Rev 2 956 2959 Denmark 91 x Siemens 2.3 MW 2009 [1]

Top proposed wind farm areas

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind Farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Consents Refs
Blekinge Offshore 2,500 Sweden Awaiting decision of environmental court [57]
Korea Offshore 2,500 South Korea Korean Government Approved [58]
Moray Firth 1,300 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [59]
Creyke Beck A 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [60][61]
Creyke Beck B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [60][61]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank) 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [59][62]
Irish Sea 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [59]
Teesside A 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [60][61]
Teesside B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [60][61]
Triton Knoll 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [63]

Other notable offshore wind farms

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [64][65][66][67][68][69][70]
Beatrice United Kingdom 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [71][72][73]
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [74][75]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^ London Array's own website announcement of commencement of offshore works
  3. ^ Wittrup, Sanne. First foundation Ing.dk, 8 March 2011. Accessed: 8 March 2011.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ 504 MW extension is planned
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ "VIPs cut ribbon at 400MW Anholt" Recharge News, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  11. ^ Jan Bjerre Lauridsen & Søren Andersen. "Queen says Good Wind to giant turbines" Berlingske, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  12. ^
  13. ^ Anholf Offshore wind farm in 4C Offshore Retrieved 2013-08-27
  14. ^
  15. ^ Rösler eröffnet Offshore-Windpark Bard 1 Retrieved 2013-08-26
  16. ^ German Federal Minister Inaugurates BARD Offshore 1 Retrieved 2013-08-26
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^ Datasheet for site: Walney 1 Offshore wind farm. LORC Knowledge, 2011
  21. ^
  22. ^ C-Power: General Informations
  23. ^
  24. ^ Phase 2 completed
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^ Horns Rev 2 turbines
  49. ^ E.ON finishes Rødsand II Business Week, 14 July 2010. Retrieved: 11 September 2010.
  50. ^ Datasheet for site: Roedsand 2 offshore wind farm. LORC Knowledge, 2011
  51. ^ Jiangsu Xiangshui 201MW wind farm all turbines connected to the grid (Modern Han Chinese language publication)
  52. ^ 4C Offshore Chenjiagang Xiangshui Project
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^ http://www.offshorewind.biz/2015/07/08/sandbank-owf-construction-kicks-off/ Sandbank OWF Construction Kicks Off
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^ a b c New UK offshore wind farm licences are announced, BBC News, 2010-01-08
  60. ^ a b c d
  61. ^ a b c d "Region's MPs lobbied over Dogger Bank wind farm" BBC, 12 October 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2012. Quote: "proposed offshore wind farm"
  62. ^ [1]
  63. ^
  64. ^ Operational offshore wind farms in Europe, end 2009 EWEA. Retrieved: 23 October 2010.
  65. ^ Christensen, Allan S. & Madsen, Morten. Supply Chain study on the Danish offshore wind industry page 33-42 Offshore Center Denmark, 29. August 2005. Retrieved: 23 October 2010.
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^ 4cOffshore listing for Vindeby
  69. ^ Stenstrop, Georg. Vindeby Kulturarv. Retrieved: 1 September 2010.
  70. ^ Prinds, Karsten. "Where offshore wind was invented". OceanWise, 2011
  71. ^ Sharp, Stephen. Scotland shares excellence in renewable energy at World Investment Congress Scottish Enterprise, 15 June 2007. Retrieved: 18 October 2010. "subsea jacket structure which enables the turbines to sit in 45m of water" .. "deepest water depth"
  72. ^ Kempton et al. Supporting Information page 3 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 14 August 2009. Retrieved: 17 October 2010.
  73. ^
  74. ^
  75. ^

External links

  • 4C Offshore's Global Offshore Wind Farm Map and Database
  • The Crown Estate's interactive UK marine estates map
  • LORC Knowledge - Offshore Renewables Map
  • Offshore Center List of offshore wind farms
  • Renewable UK offshore wind page
  • Tethys Map Viewer A compilation of documents, U.S. permitting sites, and international Annex IV project sites and research studies on offshore wind developments that are associated with a geographic location.
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