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List of rice varieties

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List of rice varieties

Worldwide there are more than 40,000 different varieties of rice, species name Oryza sativa. Here are some of the common and popular varieties.

Contents

  • Major categories 1
  • African varieties 2
  • Australian varieties 3
  • Bangladeshi varieties 4
  • Cambodian varieties 5
  • Canadian varieties 6
  • Chinese varieties 7
  • Dominican varieties 8
  • French varieties 9
  • Indian varieties 10
    • Rice varieties of Karnataka 10.1
    • Traditional Kerala rice varieties 10.2
    • Assamese rice varieties 10.3
    • Tamil Nadu rice varieties 10.4
  • Indonesian rice varieties/landraces 11
  • Iranian varieties 12
  • Italian varieties 13
  • Japanese varieties 14
  • Lao / Thai varieties 15
  • Pakistan varieties 16
  • Portuguese varieties 17
  • Philippine varieties 18
  • Sri Lankan varieties 19
  • Spanish varieties 20
  • Thai varieties 21
  • United States varieties 22
    • California varieties 22.1
    • Carolina varieties 22.2
    • Louisiana varieties 22.3
  • Vietnamese varieties 23
  • See also 24
  • References 25

Major categories

There are four major categories of rice worldwide: Indica, japonica, aromatic and glutinous.[1]

African varieties

Australian varieties

  • Doongara - semi-dwarf long grain, hard cooking (high amylose)
  • Illabong - semi-dwarf arborio style
  • Koshihikari - tall short grain Japonica style
  • Kyeema - tall long grain, fragrant
  • Langi - semi-dwarf long grain, soft jade cooking (low amylose)
  • Opus - semi-dwarf short grain Japonica style
  • Reiziq - semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Sherpa - semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Topaz - semi-dwarf fragrant long grain

Bangladeshi varieties

  • Akia Beruin Red
  • Akia Beruin White
  • Balam Dhan - This a group of local Aman rice varieties.
  • Balam-small Red
  • Balam-small White
  • Bashmoti Rice
  • BINA Dhan - This is a group of high yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture.
  • Binni Rice
  • BrriDhan - This is a group of high yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute.
  • Chinigura Rice
  • Digha Dhan - This a group of deepwater Aman rice varieties.
  • Hail Girvi
  • Hamim
  • Hori Dhan
  • Irri Rice
  • Kalijira Rice - similar to basmati and jasmine rice but with very tiny, short grains, resembling sushi rice
  • Kalo Beruin
  • Katari Bhog
  • Kathali Beruin Red
  • Kathali Beruin White
  • Khara Beruin
  • Khato Dosh
  • Lapha
  • Lathial-7 Red
  • Lathial-7 White
  • Loha Sura
  • Matichak
  • Miniket Rice
  • Modhu Beruin Red
  • Modhu Beruin White
  • Mou Beruin
  • Moulata
  • Pajam
  • Pakh Beruin
  • Raujan-1
  • Raujan-2
  • Sakhorkhana
  • Shail Dhan - This a group of exotic Aman rice varieties
  • Tepu Dhan
  • Thakur Bhog

Cambodian varieties

  • Bonla Pdao(បន្លាផ្ដៅ)
  • Cammalis - extra long jasmine rice
  • Long Rice
  • Neang Khon(នាងខុន)
  • Neang Minh(នាងមិញ) - long grain rice
  • Phka Khnei(ផ្កាខ្ញី) - another fragrant variety, phka meaning "flower".
  • Phka Malis(ផ្កាម្លិះ) - Cambodia Jasmine Rice
  • Phka Romdul(ផ្ការំដូល)
  • Red Rice
  • Sen Kro Ob(សែនក្រអូប)
  • Sen Pi Dao(សែនពិដោ)

Canadian varieties

Chinese varieties

  • Black Asian paswation

Dominican varieties

French varieties

Indian varieties

Rice varieties of Karnataka

  • BR-2655 (produced in SFPP Project, VC Farm, Mandya, Karnataka, India)
  • IR-30864
  • Jaya[5]
  • Thanu[6]
  • Tunga

Traditional Kerala rice varieties

  • Arikirai
  • Aryan (ml:ആര്യൻ)
  • Boli Ari
  • Cheera Thouvan
  • Chembaavu (ചെമ്പാവ്)
  • Chenjeera
  • Chennellu
  • Cherumadan
  • Chitteni (ml:ചിറ്റേനി)
  • Chuvanna Choman
  • D1 (Uma)
  • Dhebi
  • Gandhakasala
  • Jeerakasala
  • Kaattaazhi (കാറ്റാഴി)
  • Kariyadukkan
  • Karutharikannan
  • Keeripallan
  • Kochathikkalaari (കൊച്ചതിക്കലാരി)
  • Kodukayama
  • Kozhivalan
  • Kumaro-athikkalaari (കുമരൊ അതിക്കലാരി)
  • Kunjinellu
  • Kunjuvithu
  • Kuppakayama
  • Kuttadan (കുറ്റാടൻ)
  • Malakkannan
  • Malakkaran
  • Matta Palakkad (പാലക്കാടന്‍ മട്ട)
  • Modan
  • Mundakan (മുണ്ടകൻ)
  • Mundodan
  • Mundot
  • Munnayan
  • Nallachennellu
  • Njavara
  • Odachan
  • Oryssa
  • Palliyaran
  • Paravalappan
  • Ponnariyan
  • Punjakayama
  • Rajadhani
  • Rajakayama
  • Ratha Choodi
  • Sughikayama
  • Thavalakkannan (ml:തവളക്കണ്ണൻ)
  • Thonnuran
  • Thottam
  • Thovvan
  • Undakayama
  • Vachan
  • Vattan (ml:വട്ടൻ)
  • Vayalthoova (വയൽത്തൂവ)
  • Vellachoman
  • Vellariyan
  • Vellathovvan
  • Velutharikannan
  • Wayanad Kayamma (കയമ്മ)

Assamese rice varieties

  • Bahadur
  • Bora
  • IR-8
  • Jaha
  • Jahingia
  • Kushal
  • Laodubi
  • Malbhog
  • Maniram
  • Manuhar
  • Naldubi
  • Suwagmoni
  • sali

Tamil Nadu rice varieties

  • Aduthurai (ADT-1 to 49)
  • Akshayadhan[7]
  • Ambasamudharam (ASD-1 to 19)
  • Amsipiti Dhan
  • Aravan Kuruva
  • Ariyan Nel
  • Arubatham Samba (CO-21)
  • Aruvadhan Kodai
  • Arwa
  • Basmati Tukda
  • Bhatta Dhan
  • Biagunda Dhan
  • Bod Dhan
  • Chengalpattu Sirumani
  • Chennel
  • Chithiraikar (Pondy)
  • Chithiraikkar
  • Chomala
  • Chot Dhan
  • Cochin Samba
  • Coimbatore (CO-1 to 43)
  • Eravapandi (PTB-18)
  • Gandakesala
  • Improved Samba Mahsuri
  • Improved White Ponni
  • IR-20
  • IR-50
  • Jil Jil Vaigunda
  • Jirkudai
  • Jogarnath Dhan
  • Kadaikazhuthan
  • Kaividhai Samba
  • Kalarpaalai
  • Kalarpalai
  • Kalinga III[8]
  • Kaliyan Samba
  • Kallimadaiyan
  • Kallundai
  • Kallurundaiyan
  • Kamban Samba
  • Kandasel/Kandasali
  • Kappakkar
  • Kappa Samba
  • Kar Samba
  • Karthigai Samba
  • Karunguruvai
  • Karuppu Nel
  • Karuthakkar
  • Katarni
  • Kattanur Nel
  • Katta Samba
  • Kattukuthalam
  • Kattu Samba
  • Kattu Vaniyam
  • Kitchili Samba
  • Kollan Samba
  • Kollikkar
  • Konakkuruvai
  • Koomvalai
  • Kouni Nel
  • Kudaivazhai
  • Kudavazhai
  • Kudhiraival Samba
  • Kullakaar
  • Kundri Manisamba
  • Kunthali
  • Kurangu Samba
  • Kuruvai
  • Kuruvai Kalanchiyam
  • Kuruvaikalayan (ASD-4)
  • Kuzhiyadichan
  • Lakshmi Kajal
  • Lendhi Dhan
  • Mahate
  • Mal-bhog
  • Manakathai
  • Mansoori
  • Mappillai Samba
  • Maranel
  • Mathimuni
  • Mattai 110
  • Mattaikkar
  • Mattaikkuruvai (ADT-26)
  • Mottakur
  • Murugangar Nel
  • Muttakkar
  • Nalla Manisamba
  • Navara
  • Neelasamba
  • Ninni Dhan
  • Norungan
  • Njavara
  • Oazhava Katrazhai
  • Ondrarai Samba
  • Oldisaur Dhan
  • Ottadai
  • Paddy Varieties conserved by CIKS
  • Parwmal
  • Pathrakali
  • Pattaraikkar
  • Pattar Pisin
  • Periyavari
  • Perungar
  • Pisini
  • Pitchavari
  • Ponni Rice
  • Poongar
  • Poovan Samba
  • Puzhuthiikar
  • Puzhuthikal
  • Puzhuthi Samba
  • Rasagadam
  • Rongalachi Dhan
  • Sadakar
  • Samba
  • Samba Mosanam
  • Sandikar
  • Sanna Samba (ADT-13)
  • Seela Rice
  • Seeraga Samba
  • Selam Samba
  • Sembilipanni
  • Sempalai
  • Sempalai (D.K.M.)
  • Sigappu Jermany
  • Sigappu Kuzhiyadichan
  • Sivappu Chithiraikar
  • Sivappu Kuruvikar
  • Soolaikuruvai
  • Sooran Kuruvai
  • Sornavali
  • Sornavari
  • Sureka
  • Surti Kolam/Kolam (varieties of Gujrat)
  • Thangam Samba
  • Thidakkal
  • Thinni
  • Thooyamallee
  • Trichy 3
  • Tulsi-manjari Black
  • Vadan Samba
  • Vaigunda
  • Valla Arakkan
  • Vangu Vellai
  • Varadhan[9]
  • Varalan
  • Varappu Kudainchan
  • Vasaramundan
  • Veer Adangan
  • Veethivadangan (ASD-3)
  • Velchi
  • Veliyan
  • Vellai Chithiraikkar
  • Vellaikkariyan
  • Vellaikkuruvai
  • Vellaikkuruvai (Sobanapuram - Thuraiyur)
  • Vellai Nel
  • Vellai Poonkar

Indonesian rice varieties/landraces

  • Anak Daro
  • Andel Jaran
  • Angkong
  • Batang Lembang
  • Batang Ombilin
  • Batang Piaman
  • Bengawan
  • Cempo
  • Ceredek
  • Ceredek asal Gaduang Surian
  • Ceredek asal Talang Babungo
  • Ceredek Merah
  • Ceredek Putih asal Tanjung Balik
  • Cianjur Pandanwangi (aromatic)
  • Cisokan
  • Dharma Ayu
  • Dryland rice landraces of Java
  • Ekor Kuda
  • Engseng
  • Gropak (Kulon Progo-Jogja)
  • Gundelan (Malang)
  • Indramayu: Gropak
  • Induk Ayam
  • Jambur Urai
  • Kebo
  • Ketan Lusi
  • Ketan Tawon
  • Longong
  • Many deep swamp rice varieties of Kalimantan (Borneo)
  • Markoti
  • Melati
  • Merong (Pasuruan)
  • Ondel
  • Padi Boy Rice
  • Padi Cere Kuning
  • Padi Cere Unggul
  • Padi Gadu (unhulled rice seed)
  • Padi Gandamana
  • Padi Hitam
  • Padi Kidangsari
  • Padi Konyal
  • Padi Kuning
  • Padi Kutu
  • Padi Mendali
  • Padi Mentik
  • Padi Mentik Wangi
  • Padi Pandan Wangi
  • Padi Parak
  • Padi Putih
  • Padi Sari Wangi
  • Padi Sri Wulan
  • Padi Suntiang
  • Padi Wangi Lokal
  • Pemuda Idaman
  • Peta
  • Rajalele (semi-aromatic)
  • Rangka Madu
  • Rejung Kuning
  • Rijal
  • Rojolele
  • Sawah Kelai
  • Siherang
  • Sikadedek
  • Simenep
  • Sri Kuning
  • Srimulih
  • Tambun Data
  • Temanggung black rice
  • Tembaga
  • Tjina
  • Tumpang Karyo
  • Tunjung
  • Umbul-umbul
  • Untup
  • Wulu

Rigg's Sundanese dictionary list 45 varieties of rice for wet field (sawah) and 150 varieties of rice for dry field.[10]

Iranian varieties

Many varieties of rice are cultivated in Iran. A few of them are listed below

Italian varieties

Japanese varieties

Lao / Thai varieties

Pakistani varieties

  • Basmati 198
  • Basmati 370
  • Basmati 385
  • Basmati 515
  • Basmati 2000
  • Basmati Pak or Kernal Basmati
  • D-98
  • DR 82
  • DR 83 Long Grain
  • Himsha Basmati 67
  • Irri-6 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Irri-9 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • C-9 Non basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Kainaat (1121)
  • Kasha Basmati 167
  • Khushbu
  • KS 282 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • KSK 133
  • KSK 434
  • PK 386 Long Grain Rice
  • PS 2 Non Basmati Extra Long Grain Rice
  • PSP 2001
  • SD-D34 Basmati
  • Shadab
  • Shaheen Basmati
  • Shahi Basmati 451
  • Super Basmati
  • Zaiqa HT-1215
  • Moomal

Portuguese varieties

  • Ariete
  • Arroz da terra
  • Ponta rubra
  • Valtejo

Philippine varieties

Sri Lankan varieties

Spanish varieties

Bomba Rice.

Thai varieties

United States varieties

California varieties

Carolina varieties

Louisiana varieties

Vietnamese varieties

See also

References

  1. ^ "The U.S. Rice Export Market" (PDF).  
  2. ^ http://www.shantibhog.com/products/item/aizon-rice.html
  3. ^ http://www.shantibhog.com/products/item/tulsi-joha-rice.html
  4. ^ http://www.shantibhog.com/products/item/ranjit-rice.html
  5. ^ http://www.rkmp.co.in/content/jaya
  6. ^ http://www.rkmp.co.in/content/thanu-kmp-101
  7. ^ http://www.rkmp.co.in/content/akshayadhan
  8. ^ http://www.rkmp.co.in/content/kalinga-iii-cr-2-3-7-1-iet7964
  9. ^ http://www.rkmp.co.in/content/varadhan
  10. ^ Rigg J. A Dictionary of the Sunda language (1862) https://en.wikisource.org/articles/Page%3AA_dictionary_of_the_Sunda_language_of_Java.djvu/376
  11. ^ a b c d Pazuki, Arman & Sohani, Mehdi (2013). "Phenotypic evaluation of scutellum-derived calluses in ‘Indica’ rice cultivars" (PDF). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica 101 (2): 239–247.  
  12. ^ http://www.irri.org/publications/annual/science00.asp

Egyptian Rice Varieties Giza 177 Giza 178 Giza 179 Sakha 101 Sakha 102 Sakha 103 Sakha 104 Sakha 105 Sakha 106 Egyptian Yasmin

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