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List of white dwarfs

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List of white dwarfs

This is a list of exceptional white dwarfs.

Contents

  • Firsts 1
  • Extremes 2
  • List 3
  • Nearest 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • See also 7

Firsts

These were the first white dwarfs discovered fitting these conditions

Title Star Date Data Comments Notes Refs
First discovered Sirius B 1852 Sirius B is also the nearest white dwarf (as of 2005) [1][2]
First found in a binary star system Sirius B 1852 Sirius system [1][2]
First double white dwarf system LDS 275 1944 L 462-56 system [3]
First solitary white dwarf
First white dwarf in a planetary system
First white dwarf with a planet WD B1620-26 2003 PSR B1620-26 b (planet) This planet is a circumbinary planet, which circles both stars in the PSR B1620-26 system [4][5]
First white dwarf with an orbitting planet As of 2013, no planets have been found orbitting only a white dwarf [6]

Extremes

These are the white dwarfs which are currently known to fit these conditions

Title Star Date Data Comments Notes Refs
Nearest Sirius B 1852 8.6 ly (2.6 pc) Sirius B is also the first white dwarf discovered. [1][2]
Furthest SN UDS10Wil progenitor 2013 z=1.914 SN Wilson is a type-Ia supernova whose progenitor was a white dwarf [7][8][9]
Farthest extant
Oldest
Youngest
Highest surface temperature KPD 0005+5106
H1504+65
2008
2011
200,000 K (200,000 °C; 360,000 °F) Currently a tie between two white dwarfs at 200000 K [10][11]


[12]

Lowest surface temperature
Most luminous
Least luminous
Brightest apparent
Dimmest apparent
Most massive
Least massive
Largest
Smallest

List

List of white dwarfs that are otherwise extremely noteworthy

Star Date Data Comments Notes Refs

Nearest

10 nearest white dwarfs
Star Distance Comments Notes Refs
Sirius B 8.58 ly (2.63 pc) Sirius B is also the first white dwarf discovered. It is part of the Sirius system. [1][2][13][14]
Procyon B 11.43 ly (3.50 pc) Part of Procyon system [13][14]
van Maanen's Star 14.04 ly (4.30 pc) [13][14]
GJ 440 15.09 ly (4.63 pc) [13]
40 Eridani B 16.25 ly (4.98 pc) Part of 40 Eridani system [13][14]
Stein 2051 B 18.06 ly (5.54 pc) Part of Stein 2051 system [13][14]
LP 44-113 20.0 ly (6.1 pc) [14]
G 99-44 20.9 ly (6.4 pc) [14]
L 97-12 25.8 ly (7.9 pc) [14]
Wolf 489 26.7 ly (8.2 pc) [14]
Timeline of nearest white dwarf recordholders
Star Date Distance Comments Notes Refs
Sirius B 1852— 8.6 ly (2.6 pc) Sirius B is also the first white dwarf discovered [1][2]

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Atlas of the Universe, "The Universe within 12.5 Light Years: The Nearest Stars", Richard Powell, 30 July 2006 (accessed 2010-11-01)
  2. ^ a b c d e BBC News, "Hubble finds mass of white dwarf", Christine McGourty, 14 December 2005 (accessed 2010-11-01)
  3. ^ W. J. Luyten (September 1944). "Note on the Double White Dwarf L 462-56 = LDS 275". Astrophysical Journal 100: 202.  
  4. ^ Steinn Sigurdsson, Harvey B. Richer, Brad M. Hansen, Ingrid H. Stairs, Stephen E. Thorsett (July 2003). "A Young White Dwarf Companion to Pulsar B1620-26: Evidence for Early Planet Formation". Science 301 (5630): 193–196.  
  5. ^ "Looking for planets around white dwarfs". Professor Astronomy. 20 August 2010. 
  6. ^ Amanda Doyle (25 February 2013). "Detecting Life on Planets that Orbit White Dwarf Stars". AstroBiology Magazine. 
  7. ^ Jason Major (5 April 2013). "Hubble Spots the Most Distant Supernova Ever". Discovery Channel. 
  8. ^ "CANDELS Finds the Most Distant Type Ia Supernova Yet Observed". Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS). 23 April 2013. 
  9. ^ David O. Jones, Steven A. Rodney, Adam G. Riess, Bahram Mobasher, Tomas Dahlen, Curtis McCully, Teddy F. Frederiksen, Stefano Casertano, Jens Hjorth, Charles R. Keeton, Anton Koekemoer, Louis-Gregory Strolger, Tommy G. Wiklind, Peter Challis, Or Graur, Brian Hayden, Brandon Patel, Benjamin J. Weiner, Alexei V. Filippenko, Peter Garnavich, Saurabh W. Jha, Robert P. Kirshner, Henry C. Ferguson, Norman A. Grogin, Dale Kocevski (2 April 2013). "The Discovery of the Most Distant Known Type Ia Supernova at Redshift 1.914". The Astrophysical Journal (May 2013) 768 (2).  
  10. ^ Thaindian News, "Astronomers discover Universes hottest white dwarf", ANI, 13 December 2008 (accessed 2010-11-09)
  11. ^ K. Werner, T. Rauch, J. W. Kruk (September 2007). "KPD0005+5106: Hottest DO White Dwarf Much Hotter Than Assumed". Conference Proceedings of 17–21 September 2007 - Hydrogen-Deficient Stars ASP Conference Series (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, published 2008) 391: 239.  
  12. ^ K. Werner, T. Rauch (27 January 2011). "UV spectroscopy of the hot bare stellar core H1504+65 with the HST Cosmic Origins Spectrograph". Astrophysics and Space Science (September 2011) 335 (1): 121–124.  
  13. ^ a b c d e f David Taylor (2012). "White Dwarf Stars Near The Earth" (PDF). The Life and Death of Stars. Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences - Northwestern University. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "White dwarfs within 10 parsecs". Sol Station. 2011. 

See also


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