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London Borough of Islington

London Borough of Islington
London borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Islington
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Islington
Council logo
Islington shown within Greater London
Islington shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Status London borough
Admin HQ Upper Street, Islington
Created 1 April 1965
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Islington London Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Liberal Democrat (council NOC))
 • Mayor Cllr Richard Greening
 • MPs Jeremy Corbyn (Labour)
Emily Thornberry (Labour)
 • London Assembly Jennette Arnold (Labour) AM for North East
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 5.74 sq mi (14.86 km2)
Area rank 285th (of 326)
Population (mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 63,176
 • Rank 309th (of 326)
 • Density 11,000/sq mi (4,300/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]

47.7% White British
3.9% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
16.4% Other White
2.1% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1.4% White & Asian
2.1% Other Mixed
1.7% Indian
0.5% Pakistani
2.3% Bangladeshi
2.2% Chinese
2.6% Other Asian
6.1% Black African
3.9% Black Caribbean
2.8% Other Black
0.9% Arab

2.4% Other
 • ONS code 00AU
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcodes EC, N, NW, WC
Area code(s) 020
Police force Metropolitan Police
Website .uk.gov.islingtonwww

The London Borough of Islington is a London borough in Inner London with an estimated population of 215,667.[2] It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury, but the merged entity remains the second smallest borough in London and the third smallest district in England. The borough contains two Westminster parliamentary constituencies, Islington North and Islington South & Finsbury. The local authority is Islington Council.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Districts of Islington 2
  • Wards 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
  • Economy 5
  • Transport 6
    • London Underground 6.1
    • London Overground stations 6.2
    • Railway stations 6.3
    • Travel to work 6.4
  • Major public and private bodies in Islington 7
    • Prisons 7.1
  • Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington 8
  • Demographics 9
  • Education 10
    • Universities 10.1
    • Colleges 10.2
    • Schools 10.3
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Etymology

Islington was originally named by the Saxons Giseldone (1005), then Gislandune (1062). The name means 'Gīsla's hill' from the Old English personal name Gīsla and dun 'hill', 'down'. The name then later mutated to Isledon, which remained in use well into the 17th century when the modern form arose.[3] In medieval times, Islington was just one of many small manors in the area, along with Bernersbury, Neweton Berewe or Hey-bury, and Canonesbury (Barnsbury, Highbury and Canonbury - names first recorded in the 13th and 14th centuries). "Islington" came to be applied as the name for the parish covering these villages, and was the name chosen for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, on its formation in 1899. On the merger with Finsbury, to form the modern borough this name came to be applied to the whole borough.

Districts of Islington

The borough includes the areas:

Wards

  • Barnsbury
  • Bunhill
  • Caledonian
  • Canonbury
  • Newington Green
  • Clerkenwell
  • Finsbury Park
  • Highbury East
  • Highbury West
  • Hillrise
  • Holloway
  • Junction
  • Mildmay
  • Saint Georges
  • Saint Marys
  • Saint Peters
  • Tollington

Government and infrastructure

Islington Council is the borough's local authority. It is a London borough council, one of thirty-two principal subdivisions of the administrative area of Greater London. The council was created by the London Government Act 1963 and replaced two local authorities: Finsbury Metropolitan Borough Council and Islington Metropolitan Borough Council. The former Islington Metropolitan Town Hall, at the intersection of Upper Street and Richmond Grove, serves as the present Borough's council building.[4]

Islington is divided into 16 wards, each electing three councillors.[5] Following the May 2014 election, Islington Council comprises 47 Labour Party councillors and 1 Green Party councillor.[6] Of these 48 councillors, the Leader of the Council is Councillor Richard Watts, while the Mayor is Councillor Theresa Debono.[7][6]

Islington is represented by two parliamentary constituencies. Islington North is represented by Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party, the current Leader of the Opposition since 2015. Islington South and Finsbury is represented by Emily Thornberry, of the Labour Party

Islington forms part of the North East constituency for the London Assembly, represented by Jennette Arnold, also of the Labour Party.

Economy

Inmarsat head office

Inmarsat has its head office in the borough.[8]

Transport

Islington Town Hall

Islington has a wide variety of transportation services, with direct connections to the suburbs and the City and West End. Islington also has ten tube stations within its boundaries, with connections by the tube to all around London.

London Underground

There are ten Underground stations in the borough:

These stations principally serve the Northern, Piccadilly and Victoria lines. Farringdon station is also served by the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines.

London Overground stations

There are also several London Overground stations in the borough. They are as follows:

Railway stations

There are several railway stations in the borough. They are as follows:

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 19.4% of all residents aged 16–74; bus, minibus or coach, 10.3%; on foot, 10.3%; bicycle, 6.2%; driving a car or van, 6.0%; train, 3.7%; work mainly at or from home, 3.6%.[9]

Major public and private bodies in Islington

Prisons

There are two prisons in Islington, a men's prison, HM Prison Pentonville and a women's prison HM Prison Holloway, which in the early 20th century was used to hold many suffragettes.

Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington

The Islington N1 Centre.

Demographics

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 65,721. This rose steadily throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; exceeding 200,000 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased — reaching nearly 400,000 by the turn of the century; with the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury particularly suffering deprivation, poverty and severe overcrowding. The increase in population peaked before World War I, falling slowly in the aftermath until World War II began an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). The decline in population reversed in the 1980s, but it remains below its 1971 level.

According to the 2001 census Islington had a population of 175,797. It was 75% White, including 5% White Irish, 6% Black African, 5% Black Caribbean and 2% Bangladeshi. 32% of the borough's residents were owner–occupiers.

According to the 2011 census, Islington has the highest population density of local authorities in England and Wales - 13,875 people per km2.[11]

Islington has the second highest proportion of Irish people in the country, behind London Borough of Brent.[12]

Education

Universities

The London Borough of Islington is home to two higher education institutions:

Moorfields Eye Hospital is a major centre for postgraduate training of ophthalmologists, orthoptists, optometrists, and nurses.

Colleges

The borough also currently contains two colleges of further education:

There are two performing arts colleges. The Urdang Academy and the Musical Theatre Academy are both based in Islington.

Schools

The borough currently maintains 47 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, three special schools and five Pupil Referral Units. In 2000, Cambridge Education Associates, a private firm, took over the management of the Islington's state schools from the local education authority.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. ^ 2013 Mid Year Estimates "UK Population Estimates". ONS. Retrieved 27 June 2014
  3. ^ 'Islington: Growth', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 8: Islington and Stoke Newington parishes (1985), pp. 9-19 accessed: 13 March 2007
  4. ^ . Islington Council http://www.islington.gov.uk/about/contact-complaints/visitingoffices/Pages/townhall.aspx. Retrieved 2014-07-22. 
  5. ^ http://www.islington.gov.uk/Council/councilwho/whocouncillors/default.asp
  6. ^ a b . Islington Council http://democracy.islington.gov.uk/mgMemberIndex.aspx. Retrieved 2014-07-22. 
  7. ^ "Council Leader". Islington Council. Retrieved 2014-07-22. 
  8. ^ "Privacy Policy." Immarsat. Retrieved on 26 March 2014. "99 City Road London EC1Y 1AX United Kingdom"
  9. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  10. ^ Technology Mile (Internet access) accessed 15 March 2007
  11. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171778_270487.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/census/2011/census-data/index.html 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales
  13. ^ BBC education

External links

  • Islington Links
  • Islington Council
  • Weather forecast for Islington
  • Islington Museum and Local History Centre

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