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London Borough of Richmond

London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
London borough
Official logo of London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Council logo
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Status London borough
Admin HQ Twickenham
Incorporated 1 April 1965
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Richmond London Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader Cllr. The Rt Hon. The Lord True (Conservative)
 • Mayor Cllr. Meena Bond
 • MPs Vince Cable (Lib Dem)
Zac Goldsmith (Con)
 • London Assembly Cllr. Tony Arbour (Con) AM for South West
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 22.17 sq mi (57.41 km2)
Area rank 262nd (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 187,500
 • Rank 89th (of 326)
 • Density 8,500/sq mi (3,300/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1] 75.7% White British
2.6% White Irish
10.6% Other White
0.5% White & Black Caribbean
0.3% White & Black African
1.0% White & Asian
0.7% Other Mixed
2.8% Indian
0.7% Pakistani
0.4% Bangladeshi
0.8% Other Asian
0.8% Black Caribbean
0.7% Black African
0.2% Other Black
0.9% Chinese
1.3% Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcodes TW, SW, KT
Police force Metropolitan Police
Website

The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames (London postal district. Its council is covered in detail at Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council.

The borough is home to the National Physical Laboratory and the attractions of Hampton Court Palace, Twickenham Stadium and the WWT London Wetlands Centre that draw domestic and international tourism.

Settlement, economy and demography

The borough is approximately half parkland – large areas of London's open space fall within the borough boundaries, including Kew Gardens and three Royal Parks of London. The predominant other land use is residential use and most businesses within the boundaries consist of retail, property improvement/development and professional services; parts of it rival Stanmore Hill and Kenley as the highest house-price districts and neighbourhoods of Outer London including Barnes, Richmond, St Margarets, Cambridge Park and Marble Hill parts of Twickenham and much of East Sheen. In 2006, research commissioned by a major mortgage lender found that on the quantitative statistical indices used the borough had the best quality of life in London and was in the top quarter of local authorities nationwide. A neighbouring authority in Surrey achieved the best quality of life in that report.[2]

Demography is a diverse picture as in all of London: each district should be looked at separately and even those do not reflect all neighbourhoods. Whatever generalisations are used, "the fine-grained texture of London poverty" by its minutely localised geography must always be taken into account according to an influential poverty report of 2010.[3] Every borough bar one - Richmond-upon-Thames - contains at least one ward with an above-average level (for London) of working-age adults receiving out-of-work benefits, but even this borough - reflecting the best result - has two standard poverty indices of sixteen in which it is placed in the worst quarter of boroughs.[3]

List of districts

Districts and neighbourhoods or villages
London SW13 Barnes Castelnau Barnes Common
London SW14 East Sheen
Mortlake
Richmond TW9 Richmond (approx. half)
Kew Kew Green
Richmond TW10 Richmond (approx. half)
Petersham
Ham
Hampton TW12 Hampton
Hampton Hill
Kingston upon Thames KT1
Like E. Molesey, post town is not in the borough
Hampton Wick
East Molesey KT8
Like the above, post town is not in the borough
Hampton Court, Hampton
Teddington TW11 Teddington
Twickenham TW1 Twickenham (part) Marble Hill/Cambridge Park/East Twickenham
St Margarets
Strawberry Hill
Twickenham TW2 Twickenham (part) Fulwell Twickenham Green
Whitton

The above are arranged by post town

Attractions, parks and open spaces


Parks take up a great deal of the borough and include Richmond Park, Bushy Park, Kew Gardens, and Hampton Court Park. There are over 100 parks and open spaces within its boundary and 21 miles (34 km) of river frontage. 140 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.

The borough is home to the National Physical Laboratory and the attractions of Hampton Court Palace, Twickenham Stadium and the WWT London Wetlands Centre that draw domestic and international tourism.

In December 2006, Sport England published a survey which revealed that residents of Richmond upon Thames were the second most active in England in sports and other fitness activities. 29.8% of the population participate at least three times a week for 30 minutes.[4]

The river Thames becomes narrower than at any part of Inner London towards its flow into the borough and becomes non-tidal at Teddington Lock in the borough; its main axis runs south to north, rather than west to east through more than half of the borough.[5]

History

The borough was formed in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Twickenham from Middlesex with the Municipal Borough of Richmond and the Municipal Borough of Barnes from Surrey; council offices were centred at York House in Twickenham. The name "Richmond upon Thames" was coined at that time; it is now commonly but inaccurately used to refer to Richmond only.

Architecture

Three royal palaces present some of London's fine examples of Tudor architecture. tall-ceiling Georgian, Regency, Victorian and Edwardian styles were in the borough early epitomised by the wealthiest inhabitants of London whose homes largely still stand, built in what were sedate riverside villages, from Garrick Villa to Kew Green. Most instrumental to founding a new mainstream style was avant-garde 18th century neo-gothic Strawberry Hill House by Horace Walpole.

Politics

The borough currently has a Conservative-led council which has been the most common administration since its formation. The previous administration was led by the Liberal Democrats.

Conservative Lib Dem Labour Others
2010 Conservative 30 24 - -
2006 Liberal Democrat 19 35 - -
2002 Conservative 39 15 - -
1998 Liberal Democrat 14 34 4 -
1994 Liberal Democrat 7 43 2 -
1990 Liberal Democrat 4 48 - -
1986 Liberal/SDP Alliance 3 49 - -
1982 Conservative (minority) 26 26 - -
1978 Conservative 34 18 - -
1974 Conservative 36 10 8 -
1971 Conservative 37 3 14 -
1968 Conservative 54 - - -
1964 Conservative 41 - 12 1

Transport

Buses

The borough is served by the following London bus routes: 33, 65, 72, 110, 111, 190, 209, 216, 265, 267, 281, 283, 285, 290, 337, 371, 391, 411, 419, 430, 465, 481, 485, 490, 493, H22, H37, R68, R70, X26 and night routes N9 and N22.

Rail services

The borough is connected to central London by the National Rail services of South West Trains. The London Underground, District Line, serves Richmond and Kew Gardens stations: both are also served by London Overground trains on the North London Line.

The other stations are: Barnes; Barnes Bridge; Fulwell; Hampton; Hampton Wick; Mortlake; North Sheen; St Margarets; Strawberry Hill; Teddington; Twickenham and Whitton.

Education

Richmond upon Thames is the local education authority for the borough, and has responsibility for 52 schools.

Sport and leisure

Main article: List of sports clubs in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames


The borough has a Non-League football club Hampton & Richmond Borough F.C. who play at Beveree Stadium. The Twickenham Stadium hosts rugby internationals and the Twickenham Stoop is home to the Harlequins Rugby Team and London Broncos rugby league team.

Richmond Rugby Club are also active and share their grounds with London Scottish. The Richmond Minis is a large youth rugby organisation whilst the Richmond Heavies organise games for more veteran players.

Cricket is played in many locations around the borough including Ham Common, Richmond Green and Kew Green.

The River Thames flows through the borough and there are a number of sailing and rowing clubs located along it.

The borough has a large amount of equestrian activity; this includes the Horse Rangers Association and Ham Polo Club.

Richmond's swimming pools, Pools on the Park, are located on Twickenham Road close to the town centre. The outdoor pool is open in the summer months only.

Twin towns and sister cities

Richmond upon Thames is twinned with:[6]

See also

References

External links

  • Richmond upon Thames Council
  • online
  • Richmond Online Communities website
  • Totally Richmond website
  • Visit Richmond
  • Your Richmond
  • Library Local History Notes on houses and persons mentioned
  • Free Richmond Virtual Simulation

Coordinates: 51°25′N 0°20′W / 51.417°N 0.333°W / 51.417; -0.333

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