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Lothar Sieber

Lothar Sieber
Born 7 April 1922
Died 1 March 1945(1945-03-01) (aged 22)
near Stetten am kalten Markt
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Rank Oberleutnant (posthumous)
Trailing scene, Sieber discussed with Erich Bachem the final launch preparations, at the Militärgeschichtliche Sammlung Stetten am kalten Markt

Lothar Sieber (7 April 1922 in Dresden, Germany – 1 March 1945 near Stetten am kalten Markt, Germany) was a German test pilot who was killed in the first vertical take-off manned rocket flight, in a Bachem Ba 349 "Natter".

Before he became a test pilot for Bachem, he piloted an Arado Ar 232 in highly risky sorties. Shortly before his flight, he had become engaged to Gertrud Naudit, a Luftwaffenhelfer. Sieber had held the rank of Second Lieutenant but was demoted to Private after an alcohol-related AWOL. Posthumuously he was promoted to Oberleutnant.


  • The first manned rocket flight 1
  • Impact site 2
  • Aftermath 3
  • See also 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

The first manned rocket flight

On 1 March, at the Truppenübungsplatz Heuberg, Sieber entered the Natter Ba 349A M23 for the first manned vertical take-off of a rocket. The experienced test pilot was told to execute a half roll if the Natter should veer off course. The start worked as planned, Sieber executed the roll maneuvers as soon as the Natter changed its course. After the release of the solid fuel rocket boosters it could be seen that the canopy came off and fell to the ground while the Natter disappeared into the clouds.

Eyewitnesses reported that the main engine kept firing. Soon, the Natter reappeared vertically from the clouds and hit the ground at high speed. All eyes searched for Sieber appearing with his parachute from the clouds, but to no avail.

Impact site

At the impact site, about 7 km away, a 5 m deep crater was found, and except half of a left arm and half of a left leg, only small parts were found, and later only a 14 cm long part of a skull.

In 1998-1999, excavations found the remains of one of the Starthilfsraketen RATO rockets at the impact site, proving that it did not release from the fuselage of the Natter.


Reconstruction of the flight, which lasted 55 seconds and traveled a horizontal distance of 7 km, calculated an average speed of about 800 km/h, thus about 14 km were traveled in total. It is assumed that during the vertical drop, with the engine firing, Sieber inadvertently also became the first human to break the sound barrier.

Things went well at first, but one of the four jettisonable Schmidding boosters failed to release and the Natter got out of control. At 500 m (1,600 ft) the cockpit canopy pulled off as Sieber intended to bail out. He was instructed by radio to keep trying to shake off the booster, but inside the clouds he lost orientation as he presumably did not rely on the automatic radio guiding system which was designed to lead Natters with inexperienced pilots to the heights in which allied bombers operated. The Natter probably turned on its back and flew horizontally rather than climb, thus accelerating which Sieber may have misinterpreted for a steep nose dive, pulling harder on the thrust rudder which made things even worse. Also, the brake parachute did not open due to the booster still being stuck. When the Natter left the clouds, Sieber likely noticed his situation and tried to bail out, but due to the high speed he managed only to get out with his left arm and leg before the violent impact.

As an experienced test pilot had failed to control the Natter, which was intended to be operated by many inexperienced pilots as an interceptor, the SS cancelled the project. The cause was officially explained as a failure of the canopy which may simply not have been properly latched before launch. Photos were altered to hide the fact that a FuG16 radio was in the cockpit, used to order Sieber not to bail out.

Sieber's remains were buried with military honors on 3 March 1945.

See also

Further reading

  • Horst Lommel: Der erste bemannte Raketenstart der Welt, Motorbuch Verlag, 2. Auflage 1998, ISBN 3-613-01862-4
  • Horst Lommel: Vom Höhenaufklärer bis zum Raumgleiter - Geheimprojekte der DFS 1935–1945, Motorbuch Verlag, 1. Auflage 2000, ISBN 3-613-02072-6

External links

  • Abfangjagdflugzeug Bachem Ba 349 "Natter"
  • U.S. Intelligence Report Photos
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