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Mam people

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Title: Mam people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Maya peoples, Huehuetenango Department, Quetzaltenango Department, Guatemala, Mesoamerica
Collection: Indigenous Peoples in Guatemala, Indigenous Peoples in Mexico, Maya Peoples, Mesoamerican Cultures
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Mam people

Mam
Total population
640,000
Regions with significant populations
 Guatemala 617,171[1]
 Mexico 23,632[2]
Languages
Mam, Spanish
Religion
Catholic, Evangelical, Maya religion
Related ethnic groups
Ixil, Tektitek
Woman of the Mame culture. She lives in Pavencul Ejido, Municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico

The Mam are a Native American people in the western highlands of Guatemala and in south-western Mexico who speak the Mam language.

Most Mam (617,171) live in Guatemala, in the departments of Huehuetenango, San Marcos, and Quetzaltenango.[3][4] The Mam people in Mexico (23,632) live principally in the soconusco region of Chiapas.[2]

In Pre-Columbian times the Mam were part of the Maya civilization; the Pre-Columbian capital of the Mam kingdom was Zaculeu.

Many Mam live in and around the nearby modern city of Huehuetenango. The city of Quetzaltenango or Xela was originally Mam. Many more Mam live in small hamlets in the mountains of Northern Guatemala, keeping many of their native traditions. Many Mam are bilingual and speak both Spanish as well as the Mam language, part of the Maya language family, - the latter typically as their first language.

See also

References

  1. ^ "XI Censo Nacional de Población y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002) - Pertenencia de grupo étnico". Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. 2002. Retrieved 2008-05-27.  Note that the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) mentions a different number [2]
  2. ^ a b Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas (CDI) "Mames de Chiapas". CDI. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  3. ^ "Radiografía del Pueblo Mam".  
  4. ^ Ethnologue report for Guatemala

External links

  • A traditional Mayan horse race for the Todos Santos Mam Holiday
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