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Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo

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Title: Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo  
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Subject: Álvares de Azevedo, José de Alencar, Spiritism, Brazilian translators, Gonçalves de Magalhães, Viscount of Araguaia
Collection: 1806 Births, 1879 Deaths, 19Th-Century Architects, 19Th-Century Brazilian People, 19Th-Century Dramatists and Playwrights, 19Th-Century Journalists, 19Th-Century Painters of Historical Subjects, 19Th-Century Poets, 19Th-Century Translators, Brazilian Academics, Brazilian Architects, Brazilian Cartoonists, Brazilian Diplomats, Brazilian Dramatists and Playwrights, Brazilian Journalists, Brazilian Nobility, Brazilian Poets, Brazilian Romantic Painters, Brazilian Spiritual Mediums, Brazilian Translators, Brazilian Writers, French–portuguese Translators, Greek–portuguese Translators, Male Journalists, Male Poets, Patrons of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, People from Rio Grande Do Sul, Recipients of the Order of Christ (Brazil), Recipients of the Order of the Rose, Romantic Poets, Spiritism, Titles of Nobility in the Americas, Translators to Portuguese
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Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre
Porto-Alegre in an 1869 painting
by Pedro Américo
Born Manuel José de Araújo Porto-Alegre
(1806-11-29)November 29, 1806
Rio Pardo, Brazil
Died December 30, 1879(1879-12-30) (aged 73)
Lisbon, Portugal
Pen name Tibúrcio do Amarante
Occupation Writer, painter, caricaturist, professor, diplomat, architect
Nationality Brazilian
Alma mater Escola Nacional de Belas Artes
Period 19th century
Genre Poetry, theatre, painting, drawing, editorial cartoon
Literary movement Romanticism
Spouse Ana Paulina Delamare
Children Carlota Porto-Alegre, Paulo Porto-Alegre

Manuel José de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo (November 29, 1806 – December 30, 1879), was a Brazilian Romantic writer, painter, architect, diplomat and professor, considered to be one of the first Brazilian editorial cartoonists ever. He is the patron of the 32nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Spiritism 2
  • Literary works 3
    • Poetry 3.1
    • Theater plays 3.2
    • Fiction 3.3
    • Translations 3.4
  • Famous paintings 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Life

Porto-Alegre was born Manuel José de Araújo in Rio Pardo, Rio Grande do Sul, to Francisco José de Araújo and Francisca Antônia Viana. He would change his name to Manuel de Araújo Pitangueira during the independence of Brazil, due to nativist causes. Later on, he finally changed it to its definitive form: Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre.

In 1826, he moved to Rio de Janeiro, in order to study painting with Jean-Baptiste Debret at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (at the time called the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes). He also studied at what is now the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras and took a Medicine course and Philosophy. In 1831, he left Brazil along with Debret to Europe, in order to improve his painting techniques. In 1835, he went to Italy, where he met Gonçalves de Magalhães, another Brazilian poet. He and Magalhães would create in France, in the year of 1837, a short-lived magazine named Niterói, alongside Francisco de Sales Torres Homem. Also in 1837, he becomes history painting teacher at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes, in a post that would last until 1848, when he would become a drawing teacher at the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras, and starts doing his first caricatures. In 1838, he married Ana Paulina Delamare, having with her two children: Carlota Porto-Alegre (the future wife of painter Pedro Américo) and future diplomat Paulo Porto-Alegre.

A herma of Porto-Alegre in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

In 1840 he is named the official painter and decorator of Emperor Pedro II's palace. He decorated the imperial palace in Petrópolis, the wedding of Pedro II with Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies and the aforementioned emperor's coronation. He was decorated with the Order of Christ and the Order of the Rose.

The coat of arms of the Baronage of Santo Ângelo, the same worn by the Araújo family

Reuniting with Gonçalves de Magalhães and Torres Homem, he founded a periodic named Minerva Brasiliense, that lasted from 1843 to 1845. He would publish in this periodic his poem Brasiliana. In 1844, alongside Torres Homem, he founded the humoristic magazine Lanterna Mágica, where he published his caricatures.

In 1849, Porto-Alegre founded the magazine Guanabara, alongside Joaquim Manuel de Macedo and Gonçalves Dias. The magazine, considered the official journal of the Romantic movement in Brazil, lasted until 1856.

In 1852, he enters the political career, assuming a position as a substitute councilman in the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro, lending service in the areas of urbanism and public health. He would exerce this post until 1854, the year when he became the headmaster of the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes, lasting until 1857.

In 1860, Porto-Alegre entered the diplomatic career, where he served as the consul of Brazil in the Kingdom of Prussia, in the Kingdom of Saxony and later in Portugal, where he died. (Porto-Alegre's remains were brought to Brazil in 1922.)

He was proclaimed Baron of Santo Ângelo by Emperor Pedro II in 1874, and was a member of the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute.

Spiritism

While in Dresden in 1865, Porto-Alegre wrote a letter to Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, then-tutor of Princess Isabel's children, in which he reveals that he became a Spiritist and was able to psycograph messages from the Beyond, and Isabel would ask him "who was [her] guardian spirit". The letter, now being kept at the Brazilian National Archives, has 12 pages.[1]

Literary works

Poetry

  • Ode Sáfica (1830 — dedicated to Jean-Baptiste Debret)
  • Canto Inaugural (1855)
  • Brasiliana (1863)
  • Colombo (epic poem — 1866)
From left to right: Gonçalves Dias, Porto-Alegre and Gonçalves de Magalhães, on a picture dating from circa 1858

Theater plays

  • Prólogo Dramático (1837)
  • Angélica e Firmino (1845)
  • A Destruição das Florestas (1845)
  • A Estátua Amazônica (1851)
  • A Restauração de Pernambuco (1852)
  • A Noite de São João (1857)
  • Cenas de Penafiel (1858)
  • Os Judas (1859)
  • O Prestígio da Lei (1859)
  • Os Lobisomens (1862)
  • Os Voluntários da Pátria (1877)

Fiction

  • Excertos das Memórias e Viagens do Coronel Bonifácio do Amarante (under pen name Tibúrcio do Amarante) (1848)

Translations

Famous paintings

References

  1. ^ Além da Vida magazine, 30th edition. Brazilian National Archives, Rio de Janeiro.

External links

  • at the official site of the Brazilian Academy of LettersColomboExcerpts of Porto-alegre's epic poem (Portuguese)
  • Porto-Alegre's biography at the official site of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (Portuguese)
  • A chronology of Porto-Alegre's life in Itaú Cultural (Portuguese)
Preceded by
New creation
Coat of arms of the Baron of Santo Ângelo
Baron of Santo Ângelo

1874 — 1879
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
New creation

Brazilian Academy of Letters - Patron of the 32nd chair
Succeeded by
Carlos de Laet (founder)
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