World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mithradates I

Article Id: WHEBN0000446067
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mithradates I  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 159 BC, 160 BC, 171 BC, Star and crescent, Eucratides I, Azerbaijan (Iran)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mithradates I

For other people named Mithridates, see Mithridates (disambiguation).
Mithridates I of Parthia
"King of kings of Iran"
Seleucid era, corresponding to 140–139 BC.
Reign 171-138 BC
Born 195 BC
Died 138 BC
Predecessor Phraates I of Parthia
Successor Phraates II of Parthia
Dynasty Arsacid dynasty
Religious beliefs Zoroastrianism

Mithridates or Mithradates I (Persian: مهرداديکمMehrdād), (ca. 195 BC? – 138 BC) was the "Great King" of Parthia from ca. 171 BC – 138 BC, succeeding his brother Phraates I. His father was King Phriapatius of Parthia, who died ca. 176 BC). Mithridates I made Parthia into a major political power by expanding the empire to the east, south, and west. During his reign the Parthians took Herat (in 167 BC), Babylonia (in 144 BC), Media (in 141 BC) and Persia (in 139 BC).

Biography

Mithridates first expanded Parthia's control eastward by defeating King Eucratides of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom. This gave Parthia control over Bactria's territory west of the Arius river, the regions of Margiana and Aria (including the city of Herat in 167 BC).

"The satrapy Turiva and that of Aspionus were taken away from Eucratides by the Parthians." (Strabo XI.11.2[1])

These victories gave Parthia control of the overland trade routes between east and west (the Silk Road and the Persian Royal Road). This control of trade became the foundation of Parthia's wealth and power and was jealously guarded by the Arsacids, who attempted to maintain direct control over the lands through which the major trade routes passed.

In Persia in 139 BC, Mithridates I captured the Seleucid King Demetrius II, and held him captive for 10 years while consolidating his conquests. Demetrius II later married Mithridates I's daughter Rhodogune and had several children with her.

Parthian victories broke the tenuous link with Greeks in the West that had sustained the Hellenistic kingdom of Greco-Bactria, yet Mithridates I actively promoted Hellenism in the areas he controlled and titled himself Philhellene ("friend of the Greeks") on his coins. The coins minted during his reign show the first appearance on Parthian coinage of a Greek-style portrait showing the royal diadem, the standard Greek symbol for kingship. Mithradates I resumed the striking of coins, which had been suspended ever since Arsaces II of Parthia (211–191 BC) had been forced to submit to the Seleucid Antiochus III (223–187 BC) in 206 BC.

His name assigned him to the protection of Mithra and carried the god's authority in some measure.

Mithridates was killed in battle near Seleucia-on-Tigris, fighting the resurgent Seleucid forces under Antiochus VII Sidetes; brother of Demetrius II.

Mithridates I's son, Phraates (138–128 BC), succeeded him on his death as Great King.

References

Mithridates I of Parthia
Died: 138 BC
Preceded by
Phraates I
King of Parthia
171–138 BC
Succeeded by
Phraates II

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.