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Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education

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Title: Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education  
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Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education

Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education
Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey
Official seal
Established 6 September 1943 [1]
Type Private
President Salvador Alva Gómez
Rector David Noel Ramírez Padilla
Academic staff 8,567 (2010)[2]
Students 90,173 (2010)[2]
Undergraduates 49,498 (2010)[2]
Postgraduates 17,136 (2010)[2]
Location Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
Campus 31 across Mexico; mostly urban [3]
Colors White and blue          
Athletics Borregos Salvajes (Rams)
Affiliations SACS, APRU, Universitas 21, ECIU, ANUIES, CUDI, FIMPES
Website http://www.itesm.edu
ITESM logo
High school students account for the difference between its total number of students and the sum of graduate and undergraduate students.

The Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (in Spanish: Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, ITESM) commonly shortened as Monterrey Institute of Technology (Tecnológico de Monterrey) or Monterrey Tech (Tec de Monterrey) is one of the largest private, nonsectarian and coeducational multi-campus universities in Latin America with over 90,000 students at the high school, undergraduate, and postgraduate levels.[2]

Based in Monterrey, Mexico, the Institute has 31 campuses in 25 cities throughout the country[3] and is known for becoming the first university ever connected to the Internet in Latin America[4] and the Spanish-speaking world,[5][nb 1] having one of the top graduate business schools in the region[6] and being one of the leaders in patent applications among Mexican universities.[7]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • Expansion 1.2
  • Campuses 2
    • Campuses by region 2.1
    • Other infrastructure 2.2
  • Organization 3
    • High schools 3.1
  • Academics 4
    • Admissions 4.1
    • Accreditations 4.2
    • Academic memberships 4.3
    • Faculty 4.4
    • Libraries 4.5
    • Rankings 4.6
    • Joint programs and international partnerships 4.7
  • Research 5
  • Student life 6
    • Athletics 6.1
  • Noted people 7
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • See also 10

History

Early years

The Institute was founded on 6 September 1943 by a group of local businessmen led by León Ávalos y Vez, an MIT alumnus and then director-general of the School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering of the National Polytechnic Institute, who designed its first academic programs and served as its first director-general.[9]

In its early years the Institute operated at Abasolo 858 Oriente in a large, two-story house located a block and a half away from Zaragoza Square, behind the city's Metropolitan Cathedral.[9] As these facilities soon proved to be insufficient, it started renting out adjacent buildings and by 1945 it became apparent that a university campus was necessary. For that reason, a master plan was commissioned to Enrique de la Mora and on 3 February 1947 what would later be known as its Monterrey Campus was inaugurated by Mexican President Miguel Alemán Valdés.[1]

Because the operations of the local companies were highly reliant on U.S. markets, investments, and technology; internationalization became one of its earliest priorities. In 1950 it became the first foreign university in history to be accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS),[10] one of the six regional accreditation agencies recognized by the United States Department of Education. Its foreign accreditation would end up being a decisive influence in its development, as it was forced to submit itself to external evaluation earlier than most Mexican universities (1967)[10] and unlocked additional sources of revenue, such as tuition funds from foreign students interested in taking summer courses in Mexico for full-academic credit.[10]

Expansion

The Eugenio Garza Sada Memorial honors the Institute's chief founder and promoter at the Monterrey Campus

Its growth outside the city of Monterrey began in the late-1960s, when both its

List of Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education faculty List of Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education alumni

See also

  1. ^ a b c Elizondo Elizondo, Ricardo (1993). El Tecnológico de Monterrey: Relación de 50 años (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Datos y cifras" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d "¿Dónde estamos?" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  4. ^ a b Islas, Octavio; Gutiérrez, Fernando (December 2001). "El porvenir de NIC México" (in Spanish). Razón y Palabra. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  5. ^ a b Sanz, Miguel A. "Fundamentos históricos de la Internet en Europa y en España" (in Spanish).  
  6. ^ Economist Intelligence Unit. "EGADE—Tec de Monterrey".  
  7. ^ a b "2009 Mexican Institute of Industrial Property Annual Report" (PDF) (in Spanish).  
  8. ^ Elizondo Elizondo, Ricardo (2000). Setenta veces siete (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: Ediciones Castillo. pp. 25–26.  
  9. ^ a b c Mendirichaga, Rodrigo (1982). El Tecnológico de Monterrey: Sucesos, anécdotas, personajes (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: Ediciones Castillo.  
  10. ^ a b c d e Elizondo Elizondo, Ricardo (2000). Setenta veces siete (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: Ediciones Castillo.  
  11. ^ Gómez Junco, Horacio (1997). Desde adentro (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: Fondo Estatal para la Cultura y las Artes de Nuevo León. p. 178.  
  12. ^ a b Gómez Junco, Horacio (1997). Desde adentro (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: Fondo Estatal para la Cultura y las Artes de Nuevo León.  
  13. ^ Cruz Limón, Carlos (2002). "The Virtual University:Customized Education in a Nutshell". In Paul S. Goodman. Technology enhanced learning: opportunities for change. Mahwah, N.J., U.S.A.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. p. 186.  
  14. ^ "Delegation Record for .MX".  
  15. ^ "Tec de Monterrey anuncia cambios en su organización" [Monterrey Tech announces changes in its organization]. Milenio (in Spanish). 23 November 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  16. ^ "Desaparece el Tec de Monterrey en Mazatlán" [Monterrey Tech at Mazatlan cease operations] (in Spanish). El Sol de Mazatlán. 5 February 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Inician construcción del Centro Médico Zambrano Hellion" (in Spanish). Crónica Intercampus. 2008-04-04. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  18. ^ "Llega a Argentina el Tecnológico de Monterrey" (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Agencia Informativa del Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  19. ^ "José Antonio Fernández es nombrado Presidente del Consejo del Sistema Tecnológico de Monterrey" (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: ITESMAC. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  20. ^ "Business Social Responsibility Award to Don Eugenio Garza Lagüera". Monterrey, Mexico: FEMSA. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  21. ^ "Stanford Business School Honors CEMEX CEO Lorenzo Zambrano for Excellence in Leadership". Monterrey, Mexico: Stanford Graduate School of Business News. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  22. ^ a b c Reyes Salcido, Edgardo (2009-03-04). "Muere Fernando García Roel". El Porvenir (in Spanish) (Monterrey, Mexico). Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  23. ^ Gómez Junco, Horacio (1997). Desde adentro (in Spanish). Monterrey, Mexico: Fondo Estatal para la Cultura y las Artes de Nuevo León. p. 23.  
  24. ^ a b "Salvador Alva nuevo Rector del Sistema Tecnológico de Monterrey" (in Spanish). Milenio. 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  25. ^ a b "Prof. David Noel Ramírez". Instituto Global para la Sostenibilidad and Arizona State University. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  26. ^ a b "Resume". Mexico: ITESM. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Toma protesta David Noel Ramírez como rector del Tec de Monterrey" [David Noel Ramírez takes oath as president of ITESM]. Milenio (in Spanish) (Mexico City). January 10, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011. 
  28. ^ Rowling, Kevin (June 2006). "Education in Mexico". World Education Services. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  29. ^ a b "Find an IB World School: Mexico". International Baccalaureate. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  30. ^ "Tecnológico de Monterrey recibe al College Board" (in Spanish). Crónica Intercampus. 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  31. ^ "Requisitos de admisión" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  32. ^ Rangel, Marisa (2008-01-24). "RZMM: Consolidación en calidad y prestigio" (in Spanish). Panorama (Tecnológico de Monterrey). p. 3. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  33. ^ "Requisitos de admisión" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  34. ^  
  35. ^ Crónica Intercampus (2008-11-14). "'"Reconocen la calidad académica de la EGADE, obtiene la 'Triple Corona. Tecnológico de Monterrey. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  36. ^ "Reciben la acreditación internacional ABET 11 carreras de la Escuela de Ingeniería del Tecnológico de Monterrey" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  37. ^ "Acreditaciones" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  38. ^ a b León Martínez, Tansania (2005-11-23). "Centro de Diseño madurará a incubados" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  39. ^  
  40. ^  
  41. ^  
  42. ^ "Andrew Heiskell Awards For Innovation in International Education". Institute of International Education. 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  43. ^ "Bibliotecas" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  44. ^ "Patrimonio cultural" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  45. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2010". 2010. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  46. ^  
  47. ^  
  48. ^  
  49. ^ "EGADE-Tec de Monterrey". The Economist. 2009-10-19. Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  50. ^ a b  
  51. ^ "La Universidad Virtual y Carnegie Mellon University ofrecen maestría con doble titulación". Crónica Intercampus (in Spanish). Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  52. ^ "Rankings". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  53. ^ Ortiz, Aída (2008-02-20). "Inaugura Presidente de México edificio de la EGAP" (in Spanish). Agencia Informativa ITESM. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  54. ^ "Global MBA for Latin American Managers". Thunderbird School of Global Management. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  55. ^ "HSC signs agreement for new graduate program with Monterrey Tech". Texas A&M Health Science Center. 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  56. ^ http://www.itesm.edu/wps/portal/egade?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/connect/EGADE/Inicio/Programas+Acad%C3%A9micos/Maestr%C3%ADas/GBS+Introducci%C3%B3n+EGADE+MTY
  57. ^ Guerra, Raymundo (2008-02-28). "Ofrecen doble titulación a IQs" (PDF) (in Spanish). Panorama. p. 9. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  58. ^ Córdova Rojas, Consuelo (2008-02-29). "Realiza centro del ITESM investigaciones en varios sectores" (in Spanish). El Porvenir. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  59. ^ García, Diana. "Tiene Tecnológico de Monterrey 1er. lugar en solicitudes de patente" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  60. ^ Otero Briz, Mariana (2009-03-26). "Presentó México 218 solicitudes de patentes en 2008" (in Spanish). El Financiero. p. 20. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  61. ^ Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey: Décimo Aniversario 1943-1953 (in Spanish). Monterrey: Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey. January 1954. p. 26.  
  62. ^  
  63. ^ Aviles, Karina (2007-01-03). "OCDE: insuficientes investigadores en México para actividades de alta calidad" (in Spanish). La Jornada. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  64. ^ "Google desarrolla proyectos de investigación con el Tecnológico de Monterrey" (in Spanish). Transferencia: Posgrado, Investigación y Extensión en el Campus Monterrey. 2007-02-02. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  65. ^ "Buscan en plantas mexicanas solución a enfermedades" (in Spanish). El Siglo de Torreón. 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  66. ^ "Water Center for Latin America and the Caribbean". Inter-American Development Bank. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  67. ^ "Abren Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Motorola" (in Spanish). Crónica Intercampus. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  68. ^ Guerra, Raymundo (2008-04-10). "Innovan con Centro de Microprocesos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Panorama. p. 5. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  69. ^ Ángeles, Alejandro; Moctezuma, Regina (2008-03-17). "Innovación: de la academia a la empresa" (in Spanish). CNN Expansión. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  70. ^ a b "Cronología de Campeones Nacionales (12 Grandes)" (in Spanish). Organización Nacional Estudiantil de Futbol Americano. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  71. ^ "Tecnológico de Monterrey: Plan de Inversión Educativa" (in Spanish). ITESM. 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  72. ^ Wingfield, Brian; Hau, Louis (2008-01-21). "In Pictures: The World's Most Expensive Universities". Forbes. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  73. ^ Campos, Luciano (8 November 2013). "Asomos de homofobia en el Tec de Monterrey" [Signs of homophobia at Monterrey Tech]. Proceso (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  74. ^ "Residencias: Preguntas frecuentes" (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  75. ^ Herrera Beltrán, Claudia (2005-04-15). "Reprime el Tec a alumna que increpó al Presidente" (in Spanish). La Jornada. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  76. ^ Herrera Beltrán, Claudia; Bolaños, Ángel (2005-04-16). "Se desiste el Tec de expulsar a estudiante" (in Spanish). La Jornada. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  77. ^ "El Estadio Tecnológico" (in Spanish). Terra Networks. 2008-09-12. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  78. ^ "Celebra 60 aniversario" (PDF). Semanario Panorama (Tecnológico de Monterrey). Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  79. ^ "FIFA World Cup: Venues". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  80. ^ "Obtiene 47 medallas el Tecnológico de Monterrey en la Universiada Nacional 2008". Crónica Intercampus (in Spanish). Tecnológico de Monterrey. 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  81. ^ "Se divide la ONEFA, con la creación de la Conferencia del Centro" (in Spanish). Notimex. 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  82. ^ "Abandonan la ONEFA" (in Spanish). Milenio. 2009-03-14. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  83. ^ "Dos más se quedan" (in Spanish). Milenio. 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  84. ^ "Fuera Borregos" (in Spanish). Milenio. 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  85. ^ "Ya tienen rival para la final" (in Spanish). Milenio. 2009-10-24. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  86. ^ "Ahora ellos dicen no" (in Spanish). Milenio. 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  87. ^ Peña Nieto, Enrique (2013-01-24). "Profile of President Enrique Peña Nieto". The Presidency of Mexico. Retrieved 2012-02-012. 
  88. ^ "Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez". U.S. Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  89. ^ "The cabinet". Presidencia de la República. 2008-08-08. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  90. ^ "Face value: The master builder". The Economist. 2005-10-13. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  91. ^ "José Antonio Fernández Carbajal". Femsa. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  92. ^ "Ricardo Salinas Pliego & family". Forbes. 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  93. ^ "Juan Beckman Vidal". Revista Líderes Mexicanos. 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  94. ^ "Alexander Balankin CV". Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica (IPN). Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  95. ^ UNESCO (2007-07-05). "Australian Marine Park Authority and Mexican Ecologist Receive 2005 Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Protection". Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  96. ^ Acm sigmod. "SIGMOD Awards". Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  97. ^ Ball, Philip (2007-08-16). "Achievement index climbs the ranks" (PDF). Vol. 448. Nature. p. 737. Archived from the original on 2008-04-19. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  98. ^ Rosas, Sergio Luis (2008-04-23). "Recuerdos del Ayer" (in Spanish). El Siglo de Torreón. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 

References

  1. ^ The first connection from Spain was completed in mid-1990 (see Sanz) while the Institute was connected in February 1989 (see Islas).

Notes

As for staff and faculty, at least two rectors or directors of different universities have been lecturers or members of the staff at the Tech: former Secretary of Economy and Foreign Relations, Luis Ernesto Derbez at the University of the Americas, Puebla and Enrique Cabrero Mendoza at CIDE. In addition, the Ex-Rector Rafael Rangel Sostmann is member of the External Advisory Council of the World Bank Institute.

At least two late presidential candidates and democracy activists, Luis Donaldo Colosio and Manuel Clouthier, were former graduates. Over a dozen Mexican governors and cabinet members have attended classes at the Tech, including former Secretary of Commerce and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) negotiator Herminio Blanco. In cultural affairs, Gabriel Zaid has distinguished himself as one of the leading Mexican intellectuals of the 20th century and in sports Fernando Platas and Víctor Estrada have both won Olympics medals, while former coach of Mexico's national football team, Miguel Mejía Barón, is in charge of the Football Department at Puebla.[98]

In science and technology, Alexander Balankin, former lecturer at the Mexico City Campus,[94] has received the 2005 UNESCO Science Prize for his works on Fractal Mechanics; Ernesto Enkerlin received UNESCO's 2005 Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation for his involvement in sustainability[95] and two alumni have been members of the United States President's Information Technology Advisory Committee: Pedro Celis (Distinguished Engineer at Microsoft) and Héctor García Molina, former Director of Stanford University's Computer Science Department, 1999 ACM SIGMOD Innovations Award[96] and highest h-index in Computer Science.[97]

From December 2006 to January 2009 both the U.S. Secretary of Commerce and the Mexican Secretary of Economy (former Kelloggs' CEO Carlos Gutiérrez[88] and Gerardo Ruiz Mateos[89]) were Tech alumni. Other businesspeople include Cemex' CEO Lorenzo Zambrano,[90] FEMSA's CEO José Antonio Fernández Carbajal,[91] Grupo Salinas' CEO Ricardo Salinas Pliego[92] and Casa Cuervo's CEO Juan Beckman.[93]

The Institute has graduated prominent and influential members in several areas, particularly among the Latin American business community, including current President of Mexico, in office since 2012 Enrique Peña Nieto, who holds a MA in Business Administration from Toluca Campus.[87]

Noted people

Although there are local adaptations, since 1945 the system-wide sports mascot is the ram (borrego salvaje), traditionally embodied in a male bighorn sheep. A somewhat popular urban legend states that the mascot was chosen by the American football team on its way to a match, after spotting a male sheep on the road. According to the official sources, however, the mascot was chosen during an official contest held by students in the mid-1940s.[10]

[86] For the 2010 season, the Institute decided not to participate in the ONEFA championship and, instead, asked the CONADEIP, a national athletic association of private educational institutions, to create an American football championship.[85] which its four teams ended up playing between themselves in a Tech-only championship.[84] and one of its campuses won every American Football Collegiate Championship in Mexico ([80])Universiada The Tech has a good record in college athletics, picking up over 18% of the medals at the 2007 national collegiate competition (

The Estadio Tecnológico, aside from hosting athletic and cultural events, hosts professional football matches since 1952[77] and served as an official venue for the 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship[78] and the 1986 FIFA World Cup.[79]

Athletics

The number of international students vary notably among campuses. As of December 2009, some 4,516 foreign students were studying in one of its campuses while 5,746 Tech students were taking courses in a foreign university.[2]

The Institute goes great lengths to provide scholarships to those in need, awarding partial financial assistance to up to 47.65% of its student population.[2] However, with tuition fees of almost MXN $200,000 per academic year[71] (among the highest in Latin America according to Forbes magazine)[72] most of its student community comes from upper and upper-middle class and the overall atmosphere is arguably politically and socially conservative. For example, there are no official LGBT student clubs or associations (and some members of its executive staff have actively lobbied against their formation);[73] no coeducational residence halls; opposite-sex visits are forbidden in dormitories; attendance is taken daily at 10:00 p.m. in women's dormitories[74] and some high school staff in the Mexico City Campus has publicly admonished students for questioning conservative politicians during school visits[75] (although no disciplinary action was ever taken).[76]

Student life, traditions and activities vary notably among campuses. Generally speaking, student involvement is encouraged by the local campus through an office of student affairs, which supervises most of the student clubs, regional associations and its student federation.

An American football player from the State of Mexico Campus overlooks the playing field. Teams from the Institute won every single American Football Collegiate Championship in Mexico from 1998 to 2008[70]

Student life

Additionally, the Institute developed a researcher-friendly patent scheme that aims to attract talented researchers and reduce the national brain drain. The scheme, in which the researcher may receive up to 30% of the patent licencing income,[69] works in combination with its internal MXN$ 100,000 Rómulo Garza Prize and its national MXN$ 200,000 Luis Elizondo Prize and has allowed it to became the leading patent applicant among Mexican universities since 2006.[7]

Despite its inherent difficulties to secure research funds in a developing country where private sponsorship barely accounts for 1.1% of the national spending on science,[63] a new institutional mission in 2005 made social and scientific research in Mexico's strategic areas one of its top priorities for the next decade. As a result, new corporate endowments and funds were committed, new research programs were created (including the first research program financed by Google in Latin America)[64] and important labs and infrastructure have been built, such as the US$ 43 million Femsa Biotechnology Center,[65] the Water Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (financed by the Inter-American Development Bank and the Femsa Foundation),[66] the Motorola Research and Development Center on Home & Networks Mobility,[67] its MXN $24 million Center for Advanced Design at the Guadalajara Campus[38] and, in association with the Mainz Institute of Microtechnology of Germany (IMM), the first center of chemical micro process engineering in Latin America.[68]

Notwithstanding some reputable achievements, throughout most of the 20th century its research activities —normally financed independently or under private sponsorship— were rather scarce in comparison to public universities such as the National Autonomous University of Mexico or the National Polytechnic Institute, whose budgets make up to 30% of the federal spending in higher education and, as such, are heavily financed by the government through the federal budget.[62]

Although some of the founding members of its faculty were prominent researchers (first rector United States.[61]

Its Femsa Biotechnology Center (left) is the leading source of patent applications among its research centers[58] In 2008 the Tech was the leading patent applicant among Mexican universities[59] and generated three times as many international patents as its closest competitors.[60]

Research

  • The Master of Business Administration with a concentration in Global Business and Strategy (MBA-GBS) is a double degree MBA program jointly offered by the Graduate School of Business Administration and Leadership (EGADE) at the Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey, and the Belk College of Business (Belk College) at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.[56]
  • 'The B.A. Finance and Accounting is offered as a joint degree with the University of Texas at Austin, Master in Professional Accounting, ranked #1 Graduate Accounting School in the U.S. by US News and World report since 2007. [1]
Ricardo Legorreta designed the EGAP CEMEX building, which houses the Graduate School of Public Administration and Public Policy, at San Pedro Garza García, a suburb of Monterrey[53]

Some of its academic programs are offered as joint degrees or in partnership with foreign universities:

Joint programs and international partnerships

Among its graduate schools, EGADE has been ranked 7th among the best business schools outside the United States according to the Wall Street Journal (2006),[47] 4th in the world in business ethics and social-responsibility programs according to BusinessWeek magazine (2005),[48] among the 100 best graduate business schools in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit (2009)[49] and its OneMBA program, delivered in partnership with four different institutions (see Joint programs and international partnerships below) was ranked 27 worldwide by the Financial Times in its 2009 Executive Master in Business Administration rankings.[50]

Overall, the Institute is the only Mexican university besides the National Autonomous University of Mexico to be ranked at the 2010 QS World University Rankings, in which it was classified #65 worldwide at its Employer's Review, #269 in Engineering and Information Technology, #232 in Social Sciences and #387 at its overall ranking.[45] In the 2010 International Professional Ranking of World Universities, developed by the École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, it ranked 224 out of 390 worldwide.[46]

Its graduate business school, EGADE, is ranked among the best business schools in the world by several sources (see rankings)

Rankings

The Institute has at least thirty-three libraries in twenty-five Mexican cities holding over 2.4 million books, publications, and 46 types of electronic databases with at least 51,000 specialized magazines and academic journals and over 9000 e-books.[43] Its Cervantean Library, named after Miguel de Cervantes and located in the current rectorate, holds one of the largest collections of Don Quixote incunabula, an original edition of L'Encyclopédie, and the Mario Pani Archives, and other bibliographical treasures while the main library of the Monterrey Campus holds the personal collections of archaeologist Ignacio Bernal.[44]

Libraries

The Institute has over 8,500 professors at high school, undergraduate and postgraduate levels: 32.8% full-time, 67.2% part-time, and all of them have the appropriate academic credentials to lecture at their corresponding academic level according to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[2] As of December 2009 some 621 professors taught courses, worked in international projects or attended seminars or congresses at foreign universities while some 818 foreign professors read courses at the Tech.[2] As for their academic development, its faculty training program was bestowed with the 2004 Andrew Heiskell Award for Innovation in International Education by the Institute of International Education.[42]

Faculty

). Federación de Instituciones Mexicanas Particulares de Educación Superior, FIMPES and is a full member of the Mexican Federation of Private Institutions of Higher Education ([10] (1958)public universities (ANUIES) back when it was composed entirely by National Association of Universities and Institutions of Higher Education of Mexico to become a member of the private university The Institute was also the first [41].Caltech and University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, an international consortium of leading research universities including Association of Pacific Rim Universities It is also the only Mexican university, along the National Autonomous University of Mexico, to be enrolled at the [40]; an international network of research-intensive universities established as an "international reference point and resource for strategic thinking on issues of global significance."Universitas 21— and at [39] The Institute is the only Latin American institution at the

Its 1,600 square metres (17,000 sq ft) Center for Advanced Design at the Guadalajara Campus[38]

Academic memberships

As of 2010, 215 undergraduate degrees (99.5%) were accredited by national accrediting councils and 41 were accredited by international accrediting agencies.[2] As for graduate degrees, 8 were accredited by international accrediting agencies and 53 (64%) were listed in the National Census of High-Quality Postgraduate Studies (Padrón Nacional de Posgrados de Calidad, PNPC) by the National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT).[2]

The quality of its programs is also audited by the Institute of Food Technologists, the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management and by the national accrediting councils of Mexico, such as the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (Consejo para la Acreditación de la Educación Superior, COPAES) and the Inter-Institutional Committees for Higher Education Evaluation (Comités Interinstitucionales de Evaluación de la Educación Superior, CIEES).[37]

Studies at the Tech are officially accredited by the Secretariat of Public Education of Mexico (Secretaría de Educación Pública, SEP) and by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS)[34] of the United States. On November 2008, its graduate business school (EGADE) became one of the 34 business schools in the world to hold simultaneous accreditation of its programs by the AACSB of the United States, the Association of MBAs of the United Kingdom and the European Quality Improvement System (EQUIS)[35] while the Institute became the first Latin American university in history to receive full-accreditation on some of its engineering programs by ABET (as opposed to the traditional substantially-equivalent designation given to most schools outside the United States).[36]

The International Center for Advanced Learning (CIAP)

Accreditations

Since 1969 the Institute requires every college applicant to achieve a minimum pass mark at an academic aptitude test (Prueba de Aptitud Académica, PAA) delivered by The College Board, a not-for-profit examination board in the United States.[30] However, each campus is free to request additional requirements; such as a grade average of 80 or 90 in high school (on a 100-point scale) for those willing to transfer or apply to the Monterrey Campus.[31] As of January 2008, 50% of the freshman class at the Monterrey Campus had an average grade of 90 and 25% had an average grade of 95 out of 100 at high school level.[32] As for the graduate schools, the requirements may vary according to the discipline, such as a grade average of 80/100 and 550-points in both the GMAT and the TOEFL for some programs at its Graduate Business School (EGADE).[33]

Admissions

As of 2010, the Institute offers 57 undergraduate degrees, of which 37 are taught in English and are generally awarded after nine semesters of study (except for Medicine and Architecture);[2] 53 master's degrees, generally lasting three to five semesters (and can also be structured in three-months terms),[2] and 10 doctorate degrees varying in length according to their academic field.[2]

Academically, the university is organized into several departments and divisions —as opposed to the traditional faculty school scheme used by most Mexican public universities— and it was the first Mexican university in history to divide the academic year in semesters. Current academic calendar for both high school and undergraduate students is composed of two semesters running from August to December and from January to May (each lasting 16 weeks) and an optional summer session from June to July, where at most two courses can be taken in an intensive basis.

The oldest academic building in the Monterrey Campus, Aulas I, and the towers of the Center of Advanced Production Technology (CETEC), which house several research centers

Academics

Following the historical trend of Mexico's largest universities,[28] the Institute sponsors several high schools that share one or more national curricula: bilingual, bicultural, multicultural and/or International Baccalaureate, which is administered from Geneva, Switzerland.[29] As of May 2010, over 23,000 students in several campuses were registered as high school students within the system.[2]

High schools

And the rector for the Tecnológico de Monterrey is David Noel Ramírez Padilla. [25] David Noel was appointed the rector of the Tecnológico de Monterrey in 2010 and officially took over in January 2011.[26][27] His administrative philosophy is that of mentorship, promoting development through team work.[26] During his administrative career he has stressed research as a way to confront many of Mexico’s problems, especially to the socioeconomically marginalized. He has also worked to establish the creation of technological parks and programs to promote entrepreneurism to spur development in various regions of Mexico.[25]

The Tecnológico de Monterrey President is Salvador Alva Gómez, former president of PepsiCo Foods & Beverages Latin America.[24]

Former heads of the Institute include:

All campuses are sponsored by boards of trustees) are responsible for electing the rectors or directors of a particular campus. Since February 2012, the president of ITESMAC is José Antonio Fernández, a class of 1976 alumnus and current chairman and CEO of FEMSA, Latin America's largest beverage company.[19][20] Former presidents include the founder, Eugenio Garza Sada (1943–73) and his son, Eugenio Garza Lagüera (1973–97), who both served as chairman of the board of what would later be called FEMSA, and Lorenzo Zambrano (1997-2012), a class of 1966 alumnus and until his passing, head of Cemex, the World's third largest cement producer.[21]

The Old Library Building, current Don Quixote incunabula, an original edition of L'Encyclopédie and other bibliographical treasures[1]

Organization

In addition to the campuses, the Institute manages:

The Rectorate (left) and the CETEC towers at the Monterrey Campus

Other infrastructure

Former campuses include Colima (nowadays an external preparatory school of the Guadalajara Campus), Guaymas (transferred to TecMilenio University in the early 2000s) and Mazatlán (transferred to TecMilenio University in 2009).[16]

As of November 2013, campuses were divided into the following Mexican regions:[15]

Campuses by region

There are thirty-one campuses of the Institute distributed in twenty-five Mexican cities. Each campus is relatively independent but shares a national academic curriculum (see Academics). The flagship campus is located in Monterrey, where the national, system-wide rectorate is located. Most of them deliver both high school and undergraduate education, some offer postgraduate programs and only five (Cumbres, Eugenio Garza Sada, Eugenio Garza Lagüera, Santa Catarina and Valle Alto) deliver high school courses exclusively. Nevertheless, curricular and extension courses and seminars are usually available at most facilities.

The Institute has campuses in twenty-five Mexican cities (see: Campuses by region)

Campuses

In 1987, when the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools demanded faculty members with master's degrees to lecture 100% of its undergraduate courses,[13] the Institute invested considerably in both distance learning and computer network technologies and training, effectively becoming, on 1 February 1989, the first university ever connected to the Internet in both Latin America[4] and the Spanish-speaking world.[5] Such efforts contributed to the creation of its former Virtual University a few years later and allowed it to become the first country-code top level domain registry in Mexico; first by itself from 1989 to 1995, and then as a major shareholder of NIC Mexico, the current national registry.[14]

Aside from the CETYS experiment and the 150 hectares bought in 1951 for the agricultural program's experimental facilities in nearby Organization).

[12][9] and grew into a fully independent institution.Centro de Enseñanza Técnica y Superior (CETYS) and members of the Board cast doubt on its ability to get funds as an out-of-state university. At the end the project was renamed [11]

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