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Morrow County, Oregon

Morrow County, Oregon
Morrow County Courthouse in Heppner
Map of Oregon highlighting Morrow County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1885
Seat Heppner
Largest city Boardman
Area
 • Total 2,049 sq mi (5,307 km2)
 • Land 2,032 sq mi (5,263 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 11,187
 • Density 5.5/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website .com.morrowcountyoregonwww

Morrow County is a county in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,173.[1] The county seat is Heppner.[2] The county is named for one of its first white settlers, Jackson L. Morrow, who was a member of the state legislature when the county was created. Half of the Umatilla Chemical Depot, which includes the Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility, is within the county.

Morrow County is part of the PendletonHermiston, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located on the south side of the Columbia River and is included in the eight-county definition of Eastern Oregon.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected areas 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
  • Economy 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Airports 6.1
    • Major Roads 6.2
  • Communities 7
    • Cities 7.1
    • Unincorporated communities 7.2
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Morrow County was created in 1885 from the western portion of Umatilla County and a small portion of eastern Wasco County.[3] Heppner was designated the temporary county seat at the time the county was created and narrowly defeated Lexington in the election held in 1887 to determine the permanent county seat.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,049 square miles (5,310 km2), of which 2,032 square miles (5,260 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 10,995 people, 3,776 households, and 2,718 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 4,296 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.27% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 19.54% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 24.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.6% were of German, 12.8% American, 8.3% Irish and 8.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 77.3% spoke English and 22.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 3,776 households out of which 38.91% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 8.87% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.70% were non-families. 18.13% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.80% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 106.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,525, and the median income for a family was $40,731. Males had a median income of $32,328 versus $22,887 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,843. 14.80% of the population and 11.30% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.60% of those under the age of 18 and 10.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Politics

Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a John Kerry, and 1.4% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.[12]

[13]

Economy

The principal industries in the county today include agriculture, food processing, lumber, livestock, and recreation. The Columbia River also provides Morrow County with a number of related jobs. A coal-fired generating plant in Boardman also employs a significant number of people.

A grain elevator just outside of Ione.

Early cattlemen found an abundance of rye along the creek bottoms of the region and drove their herds into the area to forage on these natural pastures. Ranching was the primary economic force in the county for many years. Increased settlement, the enclosure of the free grazing lands and diminished pastures due to overgrazing, resulted in the decline of ranching during the 19th century, and farming became predominant. The completion of rail lines into the county in 1883 increased access to markets and encouraged wheat production in the area. The advent of technology for center pivot irrigation has been a further stimulus to the local economy.

The Port of Morrow, situated on the Columbia River near the city of Boardman, was established in 1957.

The coal-fired electricity generation plant, the Boardman Turbine Coal Plant (601 megawatts), is 14 miles (23 km) southwest of the town of Boardman and is owned by Portland General Electric (PGE; 66%-owned and operated), Idaho Power (10%), Pacific Northwest Generating (10%), and General Electric Credit Corp. (16%). There are also two natural gas-fired plants located at the Port of Morrow; Coyote Springs I (255-276 MW), owned and operated by Portland General Electric; and Coyote Springs II (241-280 MW; PGE operator) owned by Avista Corp.

Transportation

Airports

Major Roads

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Oregon: Individual County Chronologies". Oregon Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ http://www.morrowcountyoregon.com/clerk/election/2008/unofficialNovember42008returns.pdf Retrieved on 4/21/09
  12. ^ http://www.city-data.com/county/Umatilla_County-OR.html Retrieved on 4/21/09
  13. ^ http://www.sos.state.or.us/elections/votreg/mar09.pdf Retrieved on 4/21/09

External links

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