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Moselle

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Subject: List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants (2006 census), Sam Hocevar, Bezirk Lothringen, Local law in Alsace-Moselle, Metz
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Moselle

Moselle
Typical landscape of Moselle vineyards near Schweich
Origin Vosges mountains
Mouth Rhine
Basin countries France, Germany, Luxembourg
Length 545 km (339 mi)
Source elevation 715 m (2,346 ft)
Avg. discharge 290 cubic metres per second (10,000 cu ft/s)
Basin area 28,286 km2 (10,921 sq mi)
Moselle river near Cochem, Germany
Beilstein on the Moselle

The Moselle (French: Moselle, IPA: ; German: Mosel; Luxembourgish: Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany. It is a left tributary of the Rhine, which it joins at Koblenz. A small part of Belgium is also drained by the Moselle through the Sauer and the Our.

Its name comes from the Latin Mosella, meaning the "Little Meuse" (Mosa in Latin). The river gave its name to two French départements: Moselle and Meurthe-et-Moselle.

Geography

The source of the Moselle is at the western slope of the Ballon d'Alsace in the Vosges mountains. The Moselle flows through the Lorraine region, west of the Vosges. Further downstream, in Germany, the Moselle valley forms the division between the Eifel and Hunsrück mountain regions. Its total length from source to mouth is approximately 546 kilometres (339 mi).

Mosel basin area

Towns along the Moselle River are:

Literature

The Moselle was celebrated in Mosella, a Latin poem by Ausonius (4th century). In the 20th century, the river and the folklore and local history of the towns along its banks were described by British travel writer Roger Pilkington. In the tale, "The Seven Swabians" of the Brothers Grimm, the eponymous Swabians drown trying to cross the Moselle.

Tributaries

From the left: Madon, Terrouin, Esch, Rupt de Mad, Orne, Fensch, Gander, Syre, Sauer, Kyll, Salm, Lieser, Alf, Endert, Brohlbach, Elz.

From the right: Moselotte, Vologne, Meurthe, Seille, Saar, Olewiger Bach, Avelsbach, Ruwer, Feller Bach, Dhron, Ahringsbach, Kautenbach, Lützbach, Flaumbach, Altlayer Bach, Baybach, Ehrbach.

Economy

The Moselle valley between Metz and Thionville is an industrial area, with coal mining and steel manufactures.

The Moselle valley is famous for its beautiful scenery and the excellent wine produced. Most well-known is the German Mosel wine region, while the Luxembourgish winegrowing region is called Moselle Luxembourgeoise and the French region is called AOC Moselle. Most notable among the wines produced here are Riesling, Elbling, Müller-Thurgau, Kerner, and Auxerrois. The German part of the Moselle is a popular tourist destination. An important asset is today's Moselradweg, the 311-kilometre (193 mi) long cycleway from Metz to Koblenz, which also connects to nine other cycleways.

Navigation

Fankel barrage

The Moselle has been made navigable for large cargo ships up to 110 metres (360 ft) long[1] from the Rhine in Koblenz up to Neuves-Maisons, south of Nancy. For smaller ships it is connected to other parts of France through the Canal de l'Est and the Canal de la Marne au Rhin. There are locks in Koblenz, Lehmen, Müden, Fankel, Sankt Aldegund, Enkirch, Zeltingen, Wintrich, Detzem, Trier, Grevenmacher, Palzem,[1] Apach, Kœnigsmacker, Thionville, Richemont, Talange, Metz, Ars-sur-Moselle, Pagny-sur-Moselle, Blénod-lès-Pont-à-Mousson, Custines, Pompey, Aingeray, Fontenoy-sur-Moselle, Toul, Villey-le-Sec, and Neuves-Maisons.[2]

Castles

Moselle river flowing through Metz
Cochem Castle, overlooking the Mosel

See also:

See also

A liberty pole erected by the Moselle during the French Revolution, water colour by Goethe, 1793

References

  1. ^ a b Elwis database
  2. ^ Service Navigation du Nord-Est
  3. ^ http://www.thurant.de

External links

  • mosel.de, mosel.de
  • Die Mosel, die-mosel.de
  • Moseltal, moseltal.de
  • www.mosel.com, mosel.com
  • HoloGuides - Moselle, hologuides.com
  • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law Peace Palace Libray at ppl.nl
  • Livecam Moselle river, webcam.cochem.c
  • German-Luxembourgish-French Mosel Agency (in German/French)
  • )Wasser- und Schifffahrtsamt TrierGerman Waterways Agency Trier ( (in German)
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