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Mukdahan

Mukdahan
มุกดาหาร
Town
View from Haw Kaew Mukdahan Observation Deck
View from Haw Kaew Mukdahan Observation Deck
Mukdahan is located in Thailand
Mukdahan
Coordinates:
Country  Thailand
Provinces Mukdahan Province
Amphoe Amphoe Mueang Mukdahan
Elevation 140 m (460 ft)
Population (2000) 180,600[1]
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)

Mukdahan (Thai: มุกดาหาร) is a town (thesaban mueang) and capital of Mukdahan Province, which became Thailand's 73d province in 1982. In the northern region of the country, on the right (west) bank of the river Mekong, it was formerly a district of Nakhon Phanom Province. The population of the municipal area was 180,600[2] in the year 2010. Mukdahan is 645 km northeast of Bangkok.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Climate 3
  • Second Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge 4
  • Ho Kaeo Mukdahan 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Etymology

The city was established at the mouth of Muk Creek (Thai: ห้วยมุก) and named Mukdahan from Kaeo Mukdahan, derived from the following:

  • Kaeo แก้ว noun or adjective: glass other than sheet glass; a glass, a tumbler; gem-like, precious, exquisite.
  • Muk มุก noun: mother-of pearl; nacre.
  • Da ดา verb intransitive: to advance along a wide front
  • Han หาร verb intransitive or transitive: to divide; to be divided.

History

Prehistoric paintings and other archaeological discoveries show that the area of Mukdahan was the location of ancient communities. The modern history of the city begins late in the Ayutthaya Era (1350-1767). In the years 1767–1770, Prince Kinnari, son of Prince Suriwong, ruler in Ban Luang Phonsim of Savannakhét, established a settlement at the mouth of Muk Creek, across the Mekong from Savannakhét. In the reign of King Taksin, 1768–1782, Prince Kinnari received appointment as Phraya Chandara Sri Surat with a rank equivalent to viceroy. In 1893, Savannakhét District of Mukdahan was ceded to France.[3]

Climate

Mukdahan has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 35.2 °C (95.4 °F). The monsoon season runs from late-April through early-October, with very heavy rains and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Mukdahan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.3
(97.3)
38.7
(101.7)
40.6
(105.1)
41.2
(106.2)
41.1
(106)
40.0
(104)
36.2
(97.2)
35.4
(95.7)
35.3
(95.5)
35.0
(95)
34.8
(94.6)
35.0
(95)
41.2
(106.2)
Average high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
31.4
(88.5)
34.1
(93.4)
35.2
(95.4)
33.8
(92.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88)
31.1
(88)
30.8
(87.4)
29.4
(84.9)
28.1
(82.6)
31.49
(88.68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
24.8
(76.6)
27.9
(82.2)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84)
28.2
(82.8)
27.9
(82.2)
27.2
(81)
27.2
(81)
26.4
(79.5)
24.4
(75.9)
22.1
(71.8)
26.4
(79.52)
Average low °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
17.9
(64.2)
21.3
(70.3)
23.8
(74.8)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
21.9
(71.4)
19.0
(66.2)
15.5
(59.9)
21.28
(70.28)
Record low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
9.2
(48.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
19.3
(66.7)
18.8
(65.8)
21.3
(70.3)
20.9
(69.6)
17.7
(63.9)
12.3
(54.1)
9.4
(48.9)
5.3
(41.5)
3.2
(37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
15
(0.59)
30
(1.18)
87
(3.43)
182
(7.17)
290
(11.42)
226
(8.9)
343
(13.5)
255
(10.04)
93
(3.66)
9
(0.35)
1
(0.04)
1,534
(60.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 2 3 6 13 16 15 19 15 7 1 0 98
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[4]

Second Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge

The Second Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge across the Mekong to Savannakhet, Laos was completed in December 2006.

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan (Thai: หอแก้วมุกดาหาร), or Mukdahan Tower, is an observation tower 65.5 metres in height, constructed in 1996 to honor the 50th anniversary of the king's accession to the throne.

  • 1st Floor—Art and Culture Museum
  • 2nd Floor—History and Culture of eight ethnic tribes of Mukdahan
  • 3rd-5th Floors—Pillar of the tower
  • 6th Floor—360° Observation deck
  • 7th Floor—A silver Buddha image in the meditation position called Phra Buddhanavamingmongkol (Thai: พระพุทธนวมิ่งมงคลดาหาร), and the Buddha image for each day of the week

References

  1. ^ "Thailand Census 2,010" (PDF). National Statistical Office Thailand. National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2,014-09-15. 
  2. ^ "Thailand Census 2010" (PDF). National Statistical Office Thailand. National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2014-09-15. 
  3. ^ Ho Kaeo Mukdahan Museum Brochure
  4. ^ "Climate Normals for Mukdahan".  

External links

  • Mukdahan travel guide from Wikivoyage

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