World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nachalo

Article Id: WHEBN0003352392
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nachalo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Novoye Slovo, Legal Marxism, WikiProject Russia/New article announcements/December 2005, Situationist International
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Nachalo

Nachalo (The Beginning) was a Russian Marxist monthly magazine published in Saint Petersburg, Russia, in 1899.

Contents

  • Origins 1
  • History 2
  • Influences 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6

Origins

When Novoye Slovo, the flagship magazine of the Saint Petersburg-based Legal Marxists, was suppressed by the Czarist government in December 1897, their leaders began planning a new magazine. At first, the idea was to have Vladimir Posse (who was close to the Legal Marxists as well as to the narodnik populists) take over Zhizn (Life), a moderate populist magazine, and use it as a platform for Legal Marxism. However, when Posse became Zhizn's editor in early 1899, the Legal Marxists' plans suddenly changed and they started their own magazine, Nachalo, in January 1899 .

History

Nachalo's editorial board consisted of Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Vera Zasulich. In all, there were five issues published between January and May 1899, although the April issue was confiscated by the censors. Starting with issue 2, the magazine was supportive of Eduard Bernstein's revision of Marxism, which caused frictions with Plekhanov, an opponent of Bernstein's and the leader of orthodox Marxism in Russia.

The editors also made an attempt to build up a literary section in collaboration with Anton Chekhov and Russian Symbolists, but were unsuccessful, which made them turn to Maxim Gorky and early Russian Modernists. The magazine was closed down by the government in June 1899, and the Legal Marxists were forced to join Posse's Zhizn as originally planned.

Influences

The last issue (1972) of the Situationist International magazine, featured an editorial analyzing the events of May 1968. The editorial, written by Guy Debord, was title The Beginning of an Era,[1] probably as a detournement reference of Nachalo (The Beginning).

Notes

  • ^ See Maxim Gorky's letter to Chekhov dated ca. January 13, 1899 in Maxim Gorky. Selected Letters, tr. and ed. by Andrew Barratt and Barry P. Scherr, Oxford University Press, 1997, ISBN 0-19-815175-6 pp. 33–34

References

  1. ^ The Beginning of an Era

Further reading

  • Leopold H. Haimson. The Making of Three Russian Revolutionaries: Voices from the Menshevik Past, Cambridge University Press, 1987, ISBN 0-521-26325-5 p. 468.
  • Shmuel Galai. The Liberation Movement in Russia 1900-1905, Cambridge University Press, 1973, (paperback edition 2002), ISBN 0-521-52647-7 p. 96-97.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.