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National Assembly (Serbia)

 

National Assembly (Serbia)

National Assembly
Народна скупштина
Narodna skupština
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Maja Gojković (SNS)
Since 23 April 2014
Vice Presdients
Veroljub Arsić, (SNS)
Igor Bečić, (SNS)
Gordana Čomić, (DS)
Ninoslav Stojadinović, (NDS-Z)
Vladimir Marinković, (SDPS)
Konstantin Arsenović, (PUPS)
Structure
Seats 250
Political groups
Elections
Last election
16 March 2014
Meeting place
House of the National Assembly
13 Nikola Pašić Square,
Belgrade, Serbia
Website
.rs.parlamentwww
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Serbia

The National Assembly (Serbian: Народна скупштина / Narodna skupština, pronounced ) is the unicameral legislature of Serbia. The assembly is composed of 250 proportionally elected deputies by secret ballot, on 4 years term. The assembly elects a president (speaker) who presides over the sessions.[1] The current president of the national assembly is Maja Gojković since 23 April 2014.

The National Assembly exercise supreme legislative power. It adopts and amends the Constitution, elects Government, appoints and dismisses Constitutional Court judges, president of the Supreme Court of Cassation, Governor of the National Bank of Serbia and other state officials. All decisions are made by majority vote of deputies at the session at which majority of deputies are present, except for amending the Constitution, when two thirds majority is needed.[2]

The assembly convenes in the House of the National Assembly in Belgrade.[2]

Contents

  • Competencies 1
  • Elections 2
  • Deputies 3
    • President and vice-presidents 3.1
    • Parliamentary groups 3.2
    • Since 2000 3.3
  • Sessions 4
    • Acts 4.1
    • Committees 4.2
  • Building 5
  • Composition 6
    • Leadership 6.1
  • Members 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Competencies

The competencies the National Assembly are defined by the Constitution of Serbia, articles 98-110:[1][2]

  • adopts and amends the Constitution;
  • decides on changes concerning the borders of Serbia;
  • calls for the national referendum;
  • ratifies international contracts when the obligation of their ratification is stipulated by the Law;
  • decides on war and peace and declares state of war or emergency;
  • supervises the work of security services;
  • enacts laws and other general acts;
  • gives prior consent to the Statute of the autonomous province;
  • adopts defence strategy;
  • adopts development plan and spatial plan;
  • adopts the budget and end-of-year balance, at the government’s proposal;
  • grants amnesty for criminal offences.
  • elects the Government, supervises its work and decides on expiry of term of office of the government and ministers;
  • appoints and dismisses Constitutional Court judges;
  • appoints the president of the Supreme Court of Cassation, court presidents, public prosecutors and judges;
  • appoints and dismisses the Governor of the National Bank of Serbia and supervises his/her work;
  • appoints and dismisses other officials stipulated by the Law.

Performs other functions stipulated by the Constitution and Law.

Elections

Parliamentary elections are regulated by the Constitution.[1] The elections are held after the four-year term of the previous assembly has expired, but can also be held before that if the Assembly dismisses the Government or the Government resigns and no majority can be reached to elect new Government. Elections are called by the President of Serbia 90 days before the end of the term of office of the National Assembly, so that elections are finished within the following 60 days. Elections are closed party-list proportional. The whole country is one electoral district. 250 seats are than distributed between the lists using d'Hondt method. There is a minimum voting threshold of 5%, so that only the party lists which get more than 5% of the votes are awarded the seats. There is no threshold for the ethnic minority lists.

After the elections, the first session of the new Assembly is convened by the Speaker from the previous convocation, so that the session is held not later than 30 days from the day of declaring the final election results.[2]

Deputies

The assembly is composed of 250 deputies. At least 30% of the deputies are women. Deputies may not hold dual functions which represent a conflict of interest.[2] Deputies enjoy parliamentary immunity.

President and vice-presidents

By means of majority votes of all deputies, the National Assembly elects the President of the Assembly (speaker) and one or more Vice-Presidents (deputy speakers), usually one vice-president from each parliamentary group. The President of the National Assembly represents the National Assembly, convokes its sessions, presides over them and performs other official activities. The vice-presidents assist the President in performing the duties within his/her purview.

In case the President is temporarily absent, one of the Vice-Presidents designated by him/her stands in for him/her. If the President does not designate any of the Vice-Presidents to stand in for him/her, the oldest Vice-President shall stand in for him/her.[2]

The Secretary of the National Assembly is appointed by the National Assembly. Secretary of the National Assembly assists the President and Vice-Presidents in preparing and chairing sittings. His/her term of office is terminated upon the constitution of a newly elected National Assembly, while he/she shall continue discharging his/her duties until the appointment of a new Secretary.[2] Secretary is not elected from the deputies, and is not member of the Assembly.

Parliamentary groups

  • Official website

External links

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource: Constitution of Serbia
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q National Assembly of Serbia: Informer (This text is in public domain as the official material of the Republic of Serbia state body or a body performing public functions, under the terms of Article 6, Paragraph 2 of Serbian copyright law)

References

Members

Veroljub Arsić (Serbian Progressive Party)
Igor Bečić (Serbian Progressive Party)
Gordana Čomić (Democratic Party)
Ninoslav Stojadinović (New Democratic Party)
Vladimir Marinković (Social Democratic Party of Serbia)
Konstantin Arsenović (Party of United Pensioners of Serbia)

Leadership

Composition

The national assembly convenes in the House of the National Assembly building, located on Nikola Pašić Square in downtown Belgrade.

The National Assembly building during construction in the 1920s

Building

Parliamentary Groups nominate members for each Committee proportionally to the number of deputies they have at the National Assembly. The proposed candidate list for Committee members is voted on as a unit, by open voting.[2]

Before being considered by the National Assembly, a bill is considered by competent Committees and the Government, if it is not the submitter of the bill. In their opinion, the Committees and the Government may propose that the National Assembly accept or reject the bill.[2]

Committees are standing working bodies of the National Assembly established to consider and review issues falling within the purview of the National Assembly, to propose official documents, as well as to carry out reviews of policies pursued, and laws, by-laws and other regulations implemented by the Government, to be done by each Committee for the field that falls within its purview; and also to perform other duties foreseen by the Rules of Procedure. There are 30 standing Committees, and each Committee may, from its midst, appoint one or more sub-committees to consider certain issues from its purview.[2]

Committees

The Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly of Serbia regulate the organisation and work of the National Assembly and the manner in which the deputies’ rights and duties are exercised.[2]

Acts passed by the National Assembly are:[2]

Acts

If the Assembly is in crisis, The President of the Republic may dissolve the National Assembly, upon an elaborated proposal of the government. The government may not propose dissolution of the Assembly, if a proposal has been submitted to dismiss the Government. The National Assembly is also dissolved if it fails to elect the Government within 90 days from the day of its constitution. The National Assembly may not be dissolved during the state of war and emergency. The National Assembly, which has been dissolved, only performs current or urgent tasks. In case of declaration of the state of war or emergency, its full competence is re-established and lasts until the end of the state of war, that is, emergency.[2]

The National Assembly adopts decisions by majority vote of deputies at the session at which majority of deputies are present. The deputies vote “For” a motion, “Against” a motion, or abstain from voting.[2]

The right to propose laws, other regulations and general acts belongs to every deputy, the government, assemblies of autonomous provinces or at least 30,000 voters. The Ombudsman and National Bank of Serbia also have the right to propose laws falling within their competence. Upon the request of the majority of all deputies or at least 100,000 voters, the National Assembly may call a referendum on issues falling within its competence.[2]

The National Assembly is convoked for two regular sessions per year, starting on the first workdays of March and October. The Assembly is convoked for extraordinary session at the request of at least one-third of the deputies or the request of the Government, with previously determined agenda. The National Assembly can be convoked without announcement upon the declaration of the state of war or emergency. The proposed agenda for a National Assembly sitting is prepared by the president. A quorum for the work of the National Assembly exists if a minimum of one-third of deputies are present at the National Assembly sitting. The quorum for the work of the National Assembly on Voting Days exists if at least 126 deputies are present at the sitting.[2]

The first session of the new Assembly is convened by the Assembly Speaker from the previous convocation. The first sitting of the National Assembly is chaired by the oldest deputy. He/she is assisted in his/her work by the youngest deputy from each of the four party lists that polled the largest number of seats, and by the Secretary of the Assembly from the previous convocation. At the first sitting of the National Assembly the President of the Assembly, Vice-Presidents and the members of the working bodies of the National Assembly are elected and the Secretary of the National Assembly is appointed.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev addresses the National Assembly on 20 October 2009.

Sessions

Since 2000

The Parliamentary groups usually, but not necessary, correspond to the electoral party lists. Sometimes deputies from two or more lists join to form one group, but more usually members of one list, who joined together before the elections just to pass the threshold, split into two or more Parliamentary groups.

[2]

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