Neurilemmoma

Schwannoma
Classification and external resources
10 9 ICD-O: DiseasesDB MeSH D009442

A schwannoma (also known as an "neurilemmoma,"[1]:621 "neurinoma,"[2] "neurolemmoma,"[2] and "Schwann cell tumor"[2]) is a benign nerve sheath tumor composed of Schwann cells, which normally produce the insulating myelin sheath covering peripheral nerves.

Schwannomas are very homogeneous tumors, consisting only of Schwann cells. The tumor cells always stay on the outside of the nerve, but the tumor itself may either push the nerve aside and/or up against a bony structure (thereby possibly causing damage). Schwannomas are relatively slow growing. For reasons not yet understood, schwannomas are mostly benign and less than 1% become malignant, degenerating into a form of cancer known as neurofibrosarcoma.

Schwannomas can arise from a genetic disorder called neurofibromatosis. They are universally S-100 positive.

Schwannomas can be removed surgically, but can then recur.

See also

  • Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma
  • List of inclusion bodies that aid in diagnosis of cutaneous conditions

Additional images

References

See also

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