World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

New Vishwanath Temple

Article Id: WHEBN0045602535
Reproduction Date:

Title: New Vishwanath Temple  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Varanasi/Selected picture/1, Kashi Vishwanath Temple (disambiguation), Vasanta College for Women, Manikarnika Ghat, Mahendra Singh Patel
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

New Vishwanath Temple

Shri Vishwanath Mandir
श्री विश्वनाथ मंदिर
Shri Vishwanath Mandir as seen from main entrance (East) of the temple
Shri Vishwanath Mandir as seen from main entrance (East) of the temple
Shri Vishwanath Mandirश्री विश्वनाथ मंदिर is located in Uttar Pradesh Varanasi
Shri Vishwanath Mandir
श्री विश्वनाथ मंदिर
Location within Uttar Pradesh Varanasi
Name
Devanagari श्री विश्वनाथ मंदिर
Geography
Coordinates
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Varanasi
Location Benaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Elevation 86.493 m (284 ft)
Culture
Primary deity Lord Shiva
Important festivals Mahashivratri
Nag Panchami
Shravan
Navratri
Makar Sankranti
Architecture
Number of temples Seven
History and governance
Date built 1965
Creator Birla family

Shri Vishwanath Mandir (Hindi: श्री विश्वनाथ मंदिर), also known as Vishwanath Mandir, Vishwanath Temple, New Vishwanath Temple and Birla Temple is one of the most famous temples and biggest tourist attractions in the holy city of Varanasi. The temple is situated in Benaras Hindu University and is dedicated to the Lord Shiva. Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Construction 2
  • Location 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

Shri Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, was destroyed (and reconstructed) several times; in 1194 by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, between 1447-1458 by Hussain Shah Sharqi and then in 1669 CE by Aurangzeb. In 1930s, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya planned to replicate Shri Kashi Vishwanath Mandir in the campus of Benaras Hindu University. The Birla family undertook the construction and foundation was laid in March 1931. The temple (Shri Vishwanath Mandir) was finally completed in 1966.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Construction

Shri Vishwanath Mandir's construction took thirty-five years to complete (1931-1966). The temple is one of the tallest in India and its tower (Shikhara) is the tallest in the world. Total height of the temple is 77 meters (253 feet). Temple's design was inspired by Shri Kashi Vishwanath Mandir and is made mostly of marble.

Shri Vishwanath Mandir, although a Lord Shiva temple, consists of nine temples within one temple and is open to people from all castes, religions and religious beliefs. The Shiva temple is in the ground floor and the Lakshmi Narayan and Durga temples are on the first floor. Other temples within Shri Vishwanath Mandir are Nataraj, Mata Parvati, Lord Ganesha, Panchmukhi Mahadev, Lord Hanuman, Saraswati and Nandi. Entire text of Bhagavad Gita and extracts from sacred Hindu scriptures are inscribed with illustrations on the inner marble walls of the temple.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Location

Shri Vishwanath Mandir is situated 1.7 kilometers inside the campus of Benaras Hindu University (South-West from the main gate). It is 3.3 kilometers South-West of Durga Mandir, 7 kilometers South-West of Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple and 9 kilometers South of Varanasi Railway Station.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Brief description".  
  2. ^ a b c "The temples".  
  3. ^ a b c "Vishwanath Temple". Wikinapia. Retrieved Mar 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "New Vishwanath Temple".  
  5. ^ a b c "Birla Temple". varanasi.org.in. Retrieved Mar 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "History". Eastern  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.