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Nishinomiya, Hyōgo

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Nishinomiya, Hyōgo

Nishinomiya
西宮
Core city
西宮市 · Nishinomiya

Shukugawa Park in spring

Flag
Hyōgo
Nishinomiya
Nishinomiya
Location in Japan

Coordinates: 34°44′15.35″N 135°20′29.63″E / 34.7375972°N 135.3415639°E / 34.7375972; 135.3415639Coordinates: 34°44′15.35″N 135°20′29.63″E / 34.7375972°N 135.3415639°E / 34.7375972; 135.3415639

Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Hyōgo
Government
 • Mayor Masahiro Kouno
Area
 • Total 99.96 km2 (38.59 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2011)
 • Total 483,598
 • Density 4,800/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Sakura
Address 10-3 Rokutanji-chō, Nishinomiya-shi, Hyōgo-ken
662-8567
Phone number 0798-35-3151
Website City of Nishinomiya

Nishinomiya (西宮市 Nishinomiya-shi?) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, between the cities of Ōsaka and Kōbe. On April 1, 2005, the city of Nishinomiya celebrated its 80th anniversary. It is best known as the home of Kōshien Stadium, where the Hanshin Tigers baseball team plays home games and where Japan's annual high school baseball championship is held. It is also the location of Kwansei Gakuin University, a private university founded by American missionaries in the nineteenth century. Nishinomiya is an important commercial and shipping city in the Kansai region with the third largest population in Hyōgo Prefecture.

As of October 1, 2011 the city has an estimated population of 483,598 and a population density of 4,800 persons per km². The total area is 99.96 km².

Topography

Nishinomiya City is located in the south-east of Hyōgo Prefecture between the cities of Kobe and Osaka. It is bordered by Osaka Bay to the south, the cities of Amagasaki, Itami and Takarazuka along the Mukogawa and Nigawa rivers to the east and by a part of the Rokko Mountains and Kobe City to the north. The city can be divided into two areas: a mountainous area in the north and a coastal plain in the south. Situated in the middle is Mount Kabuto (309 meters), a landmark of the city.

History

  • April 1, 1924: Opening of Kōshien Stadium
  • April 1925: Nishinomiya Town became a municipal organization.
  • April 1933: Nishinomiya merged with Imazu Town, Shiba Village and Taisha Village.
  • February 1941: Nishinomiya merged with Koto Village.
  • May 1942: Nishinomiya merged with Kawaragi Village.
  • April 1951: Nishinomiya merged with Naruo Village, Yamaguchi Village and Shiose Village.
  • January 17, 1995: Great Hanshin earthquake disaster. Nishinomiya City received widespread damage.

Industry

Based on shipping volume, Nishinomiya ranks eighth in Hyōgo Prefecture as of 2001, with food processing industries making up 78.1% of the total. Of this percentage, sake production accounts for 24.3%.

To promote small and middle-size businesses and to improve the living environment in area where houses stand next to factories, the city conducted a collective relocation program of industrial facilities to Naruo-hama and Nishinomiya-hama reclaimed lands.

In general, local industries face difficulties due to the damage caused by the Great Hanshin earthquake and the present economic recession. The number of business establishments, employees, and the shipping volume of local industry is decreasing.


Agriculture

Since most of the farmland is located within the urban district, Nishinomiya agriculture is in a difficult situation and it worsens every year. Currently, efforts are being made to improve farming in order to make it profitable by growing such marketable products as soft vegetables for the big markets of Osaka and Kobe. Other efforts include effective land use by growing crops in greenhouses using hydroponic techniques and development of techniques for safe products.

Residential districts

Nishinomiya is situated between the major cities of Kobe and Osaka. Luxury neighborhoods are common in this city, especially in areas near Ashiya. Some of the shopping malls in Nishinomiya are the Lalaport Koshien and the Hankyu Nishinomiya Gardens.

Universities and colleges

High schools

  • Hōtoku Gakuen High School, with a prominent baseball team

Culture


Points of interest

Sister and friendship cities

  • Sister cities

Special products

  • Sake - Japanese Rice Wine
  • Najio Japanese Paper
  • Bamboo Crafts
  • Japanese Candles

Notable people

Gallery

References

External links

  • Nishinomiya City official website (Japanese)
  • Hyogo Performing Arts Center
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