World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0023440063
Reproduction Date:

Title: Norsalsolinol  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


CAS number  Y
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C9H11NO2
Molar mass 165.189 g/mol
Main hazards Neurotoxin
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)

Norsalsolinol is a chemical compound that is produced naturally in the body through metabolism of dopamine.[1] It has been shown to be a selective dopaminergic neurotoxin,[2][3][4] and has been suggested as a possible cause of neurodegenerative conditions such as Parkinson's disease and the brain damage associated with alcoholism,[5][6] although evidence for a causal relationship is unclear.[7][8][9]

See also


  1. ^ Maruyama W, Takahashi T, Minami M, Takahashi A, Dostert P, Nagatsu T, Naoi M (1993). "Cytotoxicity of dopamine-derived 6,7-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines". Advances in Neurology 60: 224–30.  
  2. ^ Maruyama Y, Suzuki Y, Kazusaka A, Fujita S (May 2001). "Norsalsolinol uptake into secretory vesicles via vesicular monoamine transporter and its secretion by membrane depolarization or purinoceptor stimulation in PC12 cells". The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science 63 (5): 493–7.  
  3. ^ Maruyama Y, Suzuki Y, Kazusaka A, Fujita S (June 2001). "Uptake of the dopaminergic neurotoxin, norsalsolinol, into PC12 cells via dopamine transporter". Archives of Toxicology 75 (4): 209–13.  
  4. ^ Kobayashi H, Fukuhara K, Tada-Oikawa S, Yada Y, Hiraku Y, Murata M, Oikawa S (January 2009). "The mechanisms of oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis induced by norsalsolinol, an endogenous tetrahydroisoquinoline derivative associated with Parkinson's disease". Journal of Neurochemistry 108 (2): 397–407.  
  5. ^ Dostert P, Strolin Benedetti M, Della Vedova F, Allievi C, La Croix R, Dordain G, Vernay D, Durif F (1993). "Dopamine-derived tetrahydroisoquinolines and Parkinson's disease". Advances in Neurology 60: 218–23.  
  6. ^ Musshoff F, Daldrup T, Bonte W, Leitner A, Lesch OM (October 1997). "Salsolinol and norsalsolinol in human urine samples". Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 58 (2): 545–50.  
  7. ^ Musshoff F, Lachenmeier DW, Kroener L, Schmidt P, Dettmeyer R, Madea B (July 2003). "Simultaneous gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of dopamine, norsalsolinol and salsolinol enantiomers in brain samples of a large human collective". Cellular and Molecular Biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France) 49 (5): 837–49.  
  8. ^ Scholz J, Klingemann I, Moser A (April 2004). "Increased systemic levels of norsalsolinol derivatives are induced by levodopa treatment and do not represent biological markers of Parkinson's disease". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 75 (4): 634–6.  
  9. ^ Musshoff F, Lachenmeier DW, Schmidt P, Dettmeyer R, Madea B (January 2005). "Systematic regional study of dopamine, norsalsolinol, and (R/S)-salsolinol levels in human brain areas of alcoholics". Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 29 (1): 46–52.  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.