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Northumberland, New York

Northumberland, New York
Town
Northumberland, New York is located in New York Adirondack Park
Northumberland, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates:
Country United States
State New York
County Saratoga
Area
 • Total 32.9 sq mi (85.2 km2)
 • Land 32.3 sq mi (83.8 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation 282 ft (86 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,603
 • Density 142.3/sq mi (54.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12831, 12866, 12871
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-53737
GNIS feature ID 0979294

Northumberland is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 4,603 at the 2000 census. The name comes from a location in Great Britain.

The Town of Northumberland is at the county's east border and northeast of Saratoga Springs.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Notable residents 1.1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Communities and locations in Northumberland 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The area was first settled around 1765. Previously, it was in the territory of Mohican natives, who had two villages in the town.

The town was formed in 1798 from the Town of Saratoga. Parts of its territory were subsequently removed to form the new towns; Hadley (1801), Moreau (1805), and Wilton (1818).

The Champlain Canal was formally opened in 1823.

The Col. Sidney Berry House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[1]

Notable residents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.9 square miles (85 km2), of which, 32.3 square miles (84 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it (1.67%) is water.

The east town line is the border of Washington County and is marked by the Hudson River.

US Route 4 is a north-south highway by the Hudson River at the southeast corner of Northumberland. New York State Route 32 is a north-south highway that intersects New York State Route 50 at Gansevoort. US-4 and NY-32 are conjoined in Northumberland.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,603 people, 1,593 households, and 1,264 families residing in the town. The population density was 142.3 people per square mile (54.9/km²). There were 1,717 housing units at an average density of 53.1 per square mile (20.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.09% White, 0.54% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.

There were 1,593 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 36.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $51,559, and the median income for a family was $53,523. Males had a median income of $36,964 versus $28,185 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,104. About 4.8% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Northumberland

  • Bacon Hill – A hamlet northwest of Northumberland village. It is named after Ebenezer Bacon, an early settler, but was previously called "Fiddletown" and "Popes Corners."
  • Callahans Corners – A hamlet south of Jewell Corner and located near the center of the town on NY-32.
  • Gansevoort – A hamlet in the northern part of the town on NY-32. It is named after Peter Gansevoort.
  • Griffin Island – An island in the Hudson River in the northeast part of the town.
  • Jewell Corner – A hamlet southeast of Gansevoort on NY-32.
  • Northumberland – The hamlet of Northumberland is located at the junction of US-4 and NY-32 by the Hudson River.
  • Starks Knob – A hamlet south of Northumberland village on US-4.
  • Thompson Island – A island in the Hudson River south of Griffin Island.

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Town of Northumberland
  • Early history of Northumberland
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